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 Edited and updated in 1979 by Helen Estes Seltzer (1920-2010)

Originally published by the Tuttle Publishing Co., Inc., Rutland, Vt. Printed in the U.S.A., 1939. Reprinted, 1979 by Helen Estes Seltzer


Library of Congress Card Number 79-003, ISBN 0-931968-00-3.

A Note to the Reader

Dedicated to the Memory of Our Parents and to All of the Families Represented in the Cary-Estes Genealogy


Abbreviations Used


The Cary Family in England and America


Bates Family


The Estes Family


Reference Books And Magazines


Errata (added by Helen Estes Seltzer in 1979)

A Note to the Reader

Out of print for many years, the CARY—ESTES GENEALOGY has been treasured as an heirloom by the few family members fortunate to possess a copy. This volume carries the family history from Renaissance Italy and Eng­land and Colonial America up to 1939.

Several years ago I set out to carry on the work of the authors, May Folk Webb and Patrick Mann Estes, trying to gather information on all that has happened in the family since 1939 and uncovering new information. Many members of the family have been very generous and cooperative, supplying valuable data about present and past generations. I will be publishing the new material as a separate, matching volume, the CARY—ESTES—MOORE GENEALOGY, very soon.

In the course of my research, as I followed up leads, contacting more and more family members, I discovered that the vast majority not only did not possess but did not even know about the existence of the CARY—ESTES GENEALOGY. They were unaware of their origins and of their ancestral ties with American and European history. I, therefore, felt that it was im­portant to make this book available to the family and to interested libraries and researchers.

This reprint includes all of the text of the first edition, just as it originally appeared. The coats of arms are being printed as a dust jacket rather than bound in with the text so that those who wish can have them framed. Also, please note the brief “errata” section at the end. These are corrections to the original, based on my own research and information provided by family members. Some of these seemingly minor details are very important in estab­lishing your eligibility for membership in such organizations as the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the National So­ciety of the Colonial Dames of America.

To make this edition possible it was necessary to borrow a pristine copy from the Virginia State Library, Richmond. Credit must be given to Lia Hemphill, Head of the Reference Department, and her assistant, Marian Erickson, of the Ludington Library, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, who gracious­ly handled the inter-library loan.

Even after the publication of this book and its companion volume, I will con­tinue to gather information on the family. If you have corrections and/or new material you feel belongs in our family genealogy book, please send them to me. After I have gathered sufficient new material to warrant it, per­haps in about ten years, I may publish a third volume.

I welcome your suggestions, comments, and continued cooperation.


Helen Estes Seltzer, 1981

Dedicated to the Memory of Our Parents and to All of the Families Represented in the Cary-Estes Genealogy


“Good blood, descent from, the great and good, is a high honor and privilege. He that lives worthily of it is deserving of the highest esteem; he that does not, of the deeper disgrace.”



“Those only deserve to be remembered by posterity who treasure up a history of their ancestors.”—Burke.


In 1907 we commenced a research for family history, necessary to join some American patriotic organization.


At that time it was not easy, for only a few persons, compara­tively speaking, had considered the importance of gathering data or preserving family history, so our research extended through many volumes of books and magazines, and innumerable pages were turned before efforts were rewarded which enabled us to connect the past with the present.

During that period of extensive research a thought crystallized in our consciousness, that we could be of service to the family and the large connections by gathering this data and placing the records under one cover for future reference and for future gener­ations to carry on what we had begun.


CARY-ESTES GENEALOGY is the result of that inspiration and of many years of work.


It is finished. Thank you for your help. We did our best. Unto your judgment we commit this work asking your kind consider­ation, for any errors in family history. We were only the clearing house for all material and accepted the information sent us, which we wove together to make this, your genealogy.


This is a labor of sacrifice and love. Cherish it for yourself and for your descendants.


May Folk Webb

August 21, 1938



“People will not look forward to posterity who never look backward to their ancestors.”—Edmund Burke


We wish, first of all, to acknowledge with thanks and deep appreciation the inspiration and cooperation we have received from our cousin, Hon. Patrick Mann Estes, Attorney-at-Law, Nashville, Tennessee, for his keen interest in family history, and for his faithful and untiring research for records through the states of Virginia, Tennessee and into Kentucky and Missouri where the Cary and Estes descendants lived and died. He has been most generous in sending us full information obtained and many of his letters are herein published for permanent record.


In person he has visited many county seats and found valuable history; he has visited old homesteads and landmarks and crumbling tombs of ancestors, and has come in direct contact with members of families, which enabled him to obtain material that correspondence could not procure. In a material way he has aided by enabling us to pay genealogists and county clerks for important research for family history. He is the co-compiler of the CARY-ESTES GENEALOGY.


We give credit also to our cousin Miss Annebel Moore of Brownsville and Memphis, Tennessee, who perhaps was the first to recognize the importance of an accurate family history, and obtained Estes wills and data which we are permitted to use in this genealogy.


The writer’s sister, Mrs. Lucile Folk Cox, of Helena, Arkansas, has been of great help in gathering material of family records and has assisted in the financial part of construction, and has been our inspiration to continue the colossal work we had begun when the burden seemed too heavy to bear.


We absorbed much of the material that Dr. Edgar Estes Folk of Nashville, Tennessee, had gathered over a period of years, a rich legacy given us in his life and left at his death in 1917.

In fact, every member of our immediate family and relatives has taken a keen interest in this genealogy, their genealogy, and they are to be thanked for the inspiration, the cooperation and material encouragement to carry on this great work to its com­pletion. The name of each is recorded under his or her family history as given in the body of this book. We feel grateful and wish all to know that without YOU this genealogy could not have been realized. In union of mind and heart there is strength.


The Libraries of St. Louis, Missouri; Daughters of the American Revolution Library in Memorial Continental Building at Wash­ington, D. C.; War records in the Army and Navy Library and Congressional Library in Washington; New York Public Library; New York Historical Library; private libraries, have all supplied books and material of great value in our continuous research. We wish to thank the patient librarians and clerks for supplying the needed books and magazines for our family history research.

We are indebted to “Visitations of the County of Devon,” by Col. J. L. Vivian and “Worthies of Devon,” by John Prince, for the early Cary records which conform to the records contained in the “Cary Family in England,” by Henry G. Cary of Boston, Massachusetts.


Connecting with the Bristol Carys of England, “The Virginia Carys” has the record of Miles Cary, the emigrant, who came to Virginia in 1640 (or 1645) and settled at Windmill Point, Warwick County.


Most valuable material concerning the early history of the Cary Family in England and in Virginia is contained in the book “The Virginia Carys” compiled and privately published by one of the most distinguished members of the Cary connection, but whose modesty forbids the use of his name. His letters have graciously given us permission to use material from his book but not to mention his name.


We are deeply grateful for his service to the Cary family in the records he published and which are the background for con­nections we have to make in order to continue our lineage to the present date (1938). “The Virginia Carys” closes our lineage with the mention of Judith Cary marrying David Bell and that “this marriage spread the Cary blood and name among a numerous progeny” (page 90). Other Cary lineage is continued in full there.


We take up this clue and continue our search and will find further information in “Marshall Family,” by W. M. Paxton and “Colonial Families of U. S.,” by George Norbury MacKenzie; “Bell Family in America,” by William M. Clemens; “Virginia Magazine of History and Biography” (45 volumes), some of which contain records of Judith Cary and her marriage to David Bell and the records of their children.


“Bates Family,” by Onward Bates takes us a step further and gives a clear lineage back to England of the Bates family which connects in marriage with the Cary and Estes genealogy.

Every volume of the “William and Mary Quarterlies,” of different years’ publication, has been read and has yielded rich returns for the time and effort spent in research for history of the family connections and has shown members of the various branches of the families occupying positions of trust and honor in the old country and influencing America’s early life through the House of Burgesses in their locality and later, nationally.


The reference books and magazines enumerated at end of book have been sources of information as to names or dates of history as we have turned their thousands of pages in our research.


These and other records, books and magazines have been looked over for information pertaining to our ancestors. County Court Clerks have faithfully answered inquiries for local family genealogy.


Old letters stored away in trunks have revealed unexpected dates and names not recorded in books. Wills, marriage records on dusty and forgotten shelves of public offices, have yielded treasured information long since neglected. Leaves from old family Bibles have proven a God-given gift in connecting many records; crumbling tombstones and living relatives have supplied names and dates most valuable and necessary for historical facts and perfection of family history. We owe a great debt of gratitude to members of all branches of the family for their interest, love, co­operation and inspiration in supplying material not found in book or any written page. Credit is given each contributor under
his or her family lineage. We wish, in many instances, that the information were more extensive but could only publish what was sent to us as a clearing house to arrange in the family group.


Letters numbering thousands have been written for informa­tion on family records; hours of research have multiplied into days, wreeks, months and years, -working to obtain names and dates to connect history of the past with each intervening generation.


Neither time, money (which totals to a large amount) nor personal effort have been spared to make this, your genealogy, as complete a family history as records and personal information would permit.


To compile genealogy is an endless task for time does not stand still and changes are constantly taking place. A perfect genealogy today may find many changes tomorrow, for a marriage, birth or a death, will make new history.


In the South much family history was destroyed by fire or ravages of war, or in many instances never recorded, which makes some family links difficult to trace and to connect with succeeding generations.


We are indebted to Mr. Edward S. Lewis, noted genealogist of St. Louis, Missouri, and New York, who has been helpful in his information.


Mrs. Blanche L. Chapman of Virginia, genealogist of accuracy, has found much valuable material on the history of our early Estes ancestors in Virginia.


The organizations of patriotic societies have created an interest in genealogy and have shown the duty of all loyal American families to preserve history and to keep alive the enthusiasm for records so that other generations may continue to carry on this important American work.


To be well born is a heritage given us by our parents; therefore we feel grateful for that blessing and in gratitude pass on to our children and children’s children this worthy legacy.

Unless early records had been preserved we could not have connected with the past.


The Bible emphasizes genealogy and records family history in both the Old and New Testaments and encourages an accurate account of ancestry and preservation of history.

Many of our forefathers have passed into the great beyond and with them knowledge of family history never to be revealed. We deem it, therefore, a duty as well as a privilege, to gather all of the information possible while we are living, and to record facts for future historians. Each generation which fails in this sacred trust leaves a blank page in family history which can never be completed.


We are building not for this day but for tomorrow, and each ancestral stone placed now makes a structure solidly strong for which unborn generations will express gratitude and rise up and call blessed all who have carefully preserved family history of the past and of today.


Gathering material for a genealogy is like constructing a beau­tiful mosaic picture. We search far and wide for the ancestral stones to fit into the proper place.


As it assumes beauty of genealogical form we look upon the finished work and rejoice that the Master assigned to us the task of searching for and finding the ancestral gems hidden through generations. We recognize their beauty which tones into the pic­ture for the children of today and those yet to be born, to view with pride the achievements of their ancestors perpetuated in the colorful mosaic of the CARY-ESTES GENEALOGY.


Should this compilation of family history be of value and assistance then the joy has been ours in rendering a service to all the beloved members and their descendants.


Again we thank you, dear relatives, for your information, inspiration and cooperation which has made this genealogy possible.               


Faithfully yours


May Folk Webb


The Cary-Estes Genealogy has been read by Dr. Robert A. Stewart, Genealogist of Richmond, Virginia, 1938; by Patrick Mann Estes, co-compiler, Nashville, Tennessee; by members of the families and genealogical friends. We thank each one.


M. F. W.

Abbreviations Used












Col.—Colonel, Colonial


d. —died

da., dau.—daughter



e.g.—for example



etc.—Et cetera






Gen’l Reg’r—Genealogical




i.e.—that is







L.—Pound Sterling


S.—Legal Seal




M. P.—Member of Parliament



o. b.—obsequies

O.B.—Order Book

O. S.—Old Style



P. C. C.—Provocative Court

of Canterbury

p. m.—post mortem, afternoon



q. v.—which see







s.p.—died without issue

temp.—time of


unmd .—unmarried




W.B.—Will Book



May Folk Webb



Patrick Mann Estes


The Cary Family in England and America

“Let each one who bears the Cary name

Remember whence his shield and motto came;

All that the family have by valor gained,

Must by the sons be valiantly maintained.

Then take the shield; go forward to the fight;

Guard well the roses; may their silvery light

Shine on brave deeds performed for truth and right.”



Devonshire: Gu. a Chev. ent. 3 swans, Ar.

London and Bristol: Argent on a bend, Sable. Three roses of the field or three roses of the first on a canton of the second.

Crest: A swan’s wings erect, Ar; Beaked and Legged, Gu.



Devonshire: “Virtute Excerptae” (Conspicuous for Bravery or By Valor Gained).

Used by Earl of Monmouth and American Family: “Comme Je Trouve” (As I Find It).

From “The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales,” by Sir Bernard Burke, C.B., LL.D., page 174.

From “Fairbairn’s Book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland.” Revised by Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, page 82.

From “Visitation of the County of Devon,” by Col. J. L. Vivian, page 150.

From “Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland,” by J. Bernard Burke, Esq., page 305:

“In the year 1198 Adam de Karry was Lord of Castle Karry in the County of Somerset.


The ancient family of Cary (Devonshire) derives its surname from the Manor of Kari or Cari as it is called in the Domesday Book.


“Sir John Cary, Knight, represented County Devon in Parlia­ment. For his faithfulness to King Richard II, Henry IV (about 1400 A.D.) banished him and confiscated his lands. His son Rob­ert Cary was a gallant Knight. In proof thereof in the beginning of the reign of Henry V (1412) a certain Knight of Aragon chal­lenged any one of rank, which was accepted by Sir Robert Cary. He vanquished the Challenger and the King restored to him his father’s lands and authorized him to bear the arms of the Knight of Aragon, viz, In a field, silver, on a bend sable, three white roses” (“Worthies of Devon,” page 178).


The Cary Family Pedigree


The following excerpts from the early history of the Cary Family were taken from “The Cary Family in England,” by H. G. Cary, and also excerpts from “The Virginia Carys,” which conform to other records of well known historians as given in this book.


“William of Normandy who conquered England, A. D. 1066, caused to be made a survey of the whole kingdom, giving an account of every estate, its size, kind of land, value and often what it was stocked with. This was recorded in what was called the ‘Domesday Book’ which was deposited and is still preserved at Westminster, London.

In it is the record of the Manor of Kari in the Parish of St. Giles-in-the-Heath, Devonshire, near Lancastor close by the border of Cornwall.


“The small river Kari or Kari Brook, from which the Manor took its name, runs on one side of it. It still retains its name of eight hundred years ago.


“There is, also, the record of the barony of Castle Cari in the central eastern part of Somersetshire, some seventy- five or eighty miles east of that in Devon (page 17).


“The ‘Domesday Book’ record was made in 1086 and in it the name of the Devonshire Manor is spelled Kari and that of the Somersetshire Manor, Cari. The first person of whom any record is made in this family was Adam de Carye who lived at Castle Cari in Somersetshire about a hundred years later than the Domesday record and it is a suggestive fact that he spelled both his name and that of the Manor, Kari.


“That may indicate that he came from Devon and brought the spelling with him. Another consideration is the fact that de means of, i. e., Adam of Kari, therefore it is no doubt true the family started in St. Giles-in-the-Heath (page 18, “Cary Family in England”).


“There is a complete record of the family from Castle Cari. There being no possible doubt of the connection of Castle Cari with the family (page 19, “Cary Family in England”).


“For centuries the Castle had existed only in history but the town where it was located is known today as Castle Cari     

and thus can be found on the maps. It is in Somersetshire and twelve miles south-east from Wells.


“Cari was the family seat of the baron. It is known that it was a fortified place in the time of the Saxons. Much of the time during the reign of Stephen (1136-1154) the barons were divided into two parties, the Lord of Cari being opposed to the King who turned his attention to Castle Cari and took it. In 1153 it was besieged again in spite of its strong fortifications and nearly ruined. Very little is known of it after this.


“The place is marked by an entrance area of about two acres, called the Camp. Implements of war and other relics have frequently been dug up there. The surrounding country is lovely and the views from the hill are famous. In the town are the springs that give rise to the river Cari (“Cary Family in England”). The Cary family in England is one of the oldest as it has been one of the most illustrious and honored in the kingdom.


“The family have filled the very highest positions of trust and honor.”


It will be noticed that most of the men mentioned in this English pedigree were knights and most of their wives were daugh­ters of knights. This shows how prominent the family were, (page 23, “Cary Family in England”).


“The very ancient and distinguished family of Cary which included the Earls of Monmouth, Viscounts Falkland and Baron Hunsdon had from the time of the Tudors numerous branches, particularly in the South and West of England. One of these was long of note and wealth in the city of Bristol. (“The Cary Family in Virginia” in “Richmond, Virginia Critic,” April 26, 1890.)


“As regards the name it is doubtful if it was first applied to a person or a location. Some say it was first used in Kari Brook.


“As William the Conqueror found it in England when he came, it must be as old as the time of the Saxons.


“Prince says: ‘I will not set bounds to this noble name from whence it came. If any shall derive it from the son of the Roman Emperor Carus who was general in Britain A. D. 285, I shall have nothing to oppose’ ”. (page 24, “Cary Family in England,” by Henry G. Cary).

The Cary Family—How the Name Originated


(Pages 3-5 in “The Virginia Carys,” by Permission)


“In the language of the Celtic peoples who covered the British Isles in the time of Julius Caesar, a fortified place was called caer. This passed into a place name and by extension was given to streams on which the forts were built. These names have persisted in Devon, Cornwall, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, where the Celts last held dominion of the land. When the inhabitants of these countries emerged from the family anonymity of the middle ages some of them assumed the names of the lands on which they dwelt. In this way we find family names from caer, in English and Irish variants Cary, Carey, Carew; in Scotland Ker and Carr.


“In spelling, the Devon name has undergone change. In Domesday it was Kari, and so continued down to the end of the thirteenth century; we find it in the form Kary in a marriage settlement as late as 1357. It appears as Cary in the Rolls of Parliament, temp. Richard II, and as early as 1313 in the Bristol Tolzey Book; but in the next century is indifferently Care, Carie, Caree and Carree. By the six­teenth century it had become quite uniformly Carye, and seemed destined to crystallize in that form; but towards the beginning of the seventeenth there is a distinct separa­tion of practice which has persisted ever since.


“On the one hand the Devon and Bristol families, and the Falklands dropped the final e and reverted to Cary.


“The Hunsdons, on the other hand, then began to transpose the final letters and spell Carey, which, with some incon­sistency of practice, they maintained to the end of history. This latter standard was apparently set by Sir George Carey, second Lord Hunsdon; thus in his marriage license, 1545, and when he first went to Parliament, 1554, he spelled Carye, but at last it appears Carey on his tomb in West­minster Abbey.


“As the Hunsdons were the first Carys to take a con­spicuous place in the -world, their spelling of the name has largely entered into the literary tradition.

“Finally, the modern British ordnance map spells the name Carey in respect of the manor from which the Devon family derived their patronymic.”


“In England the Christian names have been John, William, Thomas, Richard, Robert and George.


“Miles, which has multiplied in Virginia, was not original­ly a Cary name, but was derived with maternal blood from the Hobsons in Bristol” (page 6, “The Virginia Carys”).



“The Carys were a very ancient and most respectable family in Virginia.”


“Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia,” Vol. I, Page 288 Parish of Warwick Co., Va., by Bishop Meade.


The Cary Family in England


“American Family Antiquity,” by Albert Welles, pages 69-119
(The name is spelled Kary and Karry)
“Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of
Great Britain,” by Sir Bernard Burke, Esq., Vol. I, page 305.


Visitation of Devon, 1620, Harleian Society Publication 6; pages 47-48.


Adam Carye of Castle Carye, Esq., b. 1170; md. Amy, dau. of Sir William Trevitt, Knight (Vivian’s “Visitations of the County of Devon,” p. 150). (“Cary Family in England” says Adam de Kari was Lord of Castle Kari in A.D. 1198, according to Sir William Pole, md. Ann, dau. of Sir William Trevett, Knight.)


John Carye, Esq., b. about 1200; md. Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Richard Stapleton, Knight (Reign of John and Henry III) (“Tuckett’s Devonshire Pedigree”).


III. William Carye, b. about 1230; md. Alice, dau. of Sir William Beaumonte, Knight (Reign of Henry III and Edward I)-


John Carye, b. about 1270; md. Philippa, dau. of Sir War­ren Archdeacon, Knight (Burke calls him William).


Sir William Carye, b. about 1300; md. Margaret Bozon or Bozume of Clovelly in Devon. (This is the first time the name of that very interesting place appears in the records.) (Reign of Edward III and Richard II) (page 26, “The Cary Family in Eng­land,” by H. G. Cary.)


Sir John Carye, Knight, b. about 1325; md. Agnes, dau. of Lord Stafford, sans issue. Md. (2) Jane, dau. of Sir Guy de Bryen, or Brian, Knight. Named in the Inq. taken 20 Richard II.

The spelling of Carye was changed during the reign of Edward II and has ever since been Cary (page 26, “Gary Family in Eng­land”). In the Inq. taken 20 Richard II, No. 127, he is called Robert de Cary, Armiger (page 150, “Visitations of the County of Devon,” by Col. J. L. Vivian).


Sir John Cary, Knight, b. 1350 at Holway in N. W. Devon, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. M. P. for Devon 37 and 42 Edward III. Deed 1387 attained time Richard II who died on Friday before the feast of Pentecost 1395. Inq. p. m. 20 Richard II, No. 127. Md. Margaret, dau. and heir of Robert Holleway. Settlement before marriage 1376; survived her husband (pages 176-79 in “The Worthies of Devon”; Vivian’s “Visitations of Devon,” page 150).


This Sir John Cary was a very noted man. Prince says: “On the fifth of Nov. 1387, he was by the King Richard II made chief Baron of the Exchequer and advanced to be a Judge of the land; who being now placed in a high and spacious Orb he scattered the Rays of Justice about him with great splendor. In this post he continued many years, manifesting in all his actions an inflex­ible Virtue and Honesty; and, indeed, it fell out at last that he had an extraordinary occasion laid before him, for the proof and tryal thereof, upon which we find him as true as steel, for the greatest dangers could not affright him from his duty and Loyalty to his distressed Master, King Richard II unto whom he faith­fully adhered when others had forsaken him.”


After the king was put to death by Henry IV Sir John Cary was banished and all his goods and land confiscated for his loyalty to his royal master.


Westcote says: “I will speak of Sir John Cary, Baron of the Exchequer in the time of Richard II. This Knight, neither able nor willing, like a willow, to bow with every blast of wind, so confidently and freely spoke his mind, opposing the proceedings for procurators to take the resignation of his master, King Rich­ard, his true and undoubted Sovereign that there-upon he was dis-officed, his goods and land confiscated and himself banished. Prompt me, Muses, if you can and show me such another man” (“Cary Family in England,” by H. G. Cary).

Sir Robert Cary, Knight of Cockington, b. about 1375; son and heir, named as heir to his grandfather Robert de Cary (or Sir John Carye, page 150, “Vivian’s Visitations of County Devon”) in his Inq. taken 20 Richard II charter 9, Sept. 19. Richard II assigning him part of the lands of which his father had been deprived.


Md. (1) Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Philip Courtenay of Powderhan, Kt. Sans issue. Md. (2) Jane, dau. of Sir William Hanksford or Hanchford, Knight.


This is the Robert Cary referred to in the following extract from “Burke’s Heraldry”: “In the beginning of the reign of Henry V (1413-22) a certain knight errant of Aragon, having passed through divers countries and performed many feats of Arms, arrived here in England, where he challenged any man of his rank and quality to make a trial of his skill in arms. This challenge was accepted by Sir Robert Cary, between whom a cruel encounter and a long and doubtful combat was waged in Smithfield, London.


“But, at length, this noble Champion vanquished the presump­tuous Aragonois, for which King Henry V restored unto him a good part of his father’s land which, for his loyalty to Richard II he had been deprived of by Henry IV, and authorized him to bear the Arms of a Knight of Aragon, which the noble posterity continue to wear unto this day; for, according to the laws of Heraldry whoever fairly in the field conquers his adversary may justify the wearing of his arms (pages 28-29, “The Cary Family in England”).”


“The original arms of the Devonshire family were a silver chevron on a red shield with three swans on it. The descendants of Robert Cary now wear the arms of the Knight of Aragon which were a silver shield with the three roses of the field on a bend sable, and take the swan for a crest, thus combining the two. Motto—“Virtute excerptae” (“Exceptional for valor”).


Burke gives “Comme Je Trouve” (As I Find It) as the motto used by Miles Cary and the American family. “The arms of the Carys of Bristol and Virginia are identical with those of Sir
Robert Cary of Devon (Excerpts from “Some Prominent Virginia Families,” by Louise Perquet du Bellett, Vol. II, pages 58-60).”


Sir Philip Cary, Knight of Cockington, b. about 1400; d. 1437; son and heir. M. P. for Devon, 1433. Died on Sunday the feast of St. Tecla the Virgin, 1537. Inq. p.m. 16 Henry VI, No. 53; md. Christiana, dau. and heir of William Orchard of Somerset, named in the inquisition taken on her husband’s death (reign of Henry IV, V and VI).


Sir William Cary, Knight, b. Aug. 12, 1437, son and heir to his grandmother; aged 12 years on Aug. 12, 1449. Proved his full age of 21 Inq. 35 Henry VI, No. 30. Beheaded after the battle of Tewkesbury 1471; md. (1) Elizabeth, dau. of Sir William Pow- lett, known as the Knight of Cockington; md. (2) Alice, dau. of Sir Baldwin Tulford, Knight. Sir William Cary left two sons:


Robert, b. 1460. From Robert sprang the families of Clov- elly, Torre Abbey and Somersetshire (Reign of Henry VI and Edward IV) (page 31, “Cary Family in England”).


Thomas, b. 1465, from whom sprang three lines of nobles.


Sir William Cary was an ardent supporter of the House of Lancaster and took an active part in the struggle between the adherents of Henry VI and Edward IV in the War of the Roses. At the battle of Tewkesbury on May 4, 1471, the Lancastrians were defeated and William with others took refuge in the Abbey Church. According to the customs of those times the church was a sanctuary and they could not be taken out of it. They were enticed out on promise of pardon and two days later were beheaded. His property was confiscated, as usual in such cases, but Henry VII restored it to his son Robert (page 31, “Cary Family in England,” by H. G. Cary).


Robert Cary, b. 1460; md. (1) Jane, dau. of Nicholas Carew, Knight. Executed a deed of settlement of his estates Apr. 12,1535; d. June 15,1540; M. I. at Clovelly, Will II. Ap. 1518; Inq. p.m. 32 Henry VIII, No. 11 named as deceased in the inq. taken on the

death of his widow 1547 and his son William 1550. Md. (2) Agnes, dau. of Sir John Huddye or Hody, Knight, Lord Chief Baron (page 150, “Vivian’s Visitations of the County of Devon”).


Robert Cary, eleventh generation of the Clovelly line, was the ancestor of the Devonshire and Somersetshire Carys. By his second wife Agnes he had a son William, born in 1500.


Collateral Line—Baron Hunsdon Line: Motto, “Comme Je Trouve” (page 27, “Cary Family in England”). Thomas de Cary, second son of William Cary, was b. 1465; md. Margaret Spencer, dau. and heir of Robert Spencer. (“The Visitations of the County of Devon” gives the name as Eleanor.) They had two sons:


John, b. 1495, ancestor of the Falkland line.


William, b. 1500, ancestor of the Hunsdon and Monmouth lines. Both of these sons were Knights (Reign of Edward IV and V, Richard III and Henry VII).


William Cary, b. 1500; d. June 22, 1528, at Ladford; three sons named in the deed of settlement executed by his father, who d. Aug. 17, 1550, inq. p.m. 4 Edward VI, pt. I, No. 37; md. Mary Boleyn, sister of Anne Boleyn who was one of the wives of King Henry VIII and mother of Queen Elizabeth. In the private household accounts of the queen it is recorded that the king gave Mary Boleyn a marriage gift of six shillings eight pence.


The Queen ordered the Royal College of Heralds to draw up the pedigree of the Carys. It begins thus: “This pedigree contains a brief of that most ancient family and surname of Cary and shows how the family was connected with the noble houses of Beaufort, Somerset, Spencer, Bryan, Tulford and so forth.”


William died June 22, 1528, leaving two sons, Henry and George, both Knights of the Garter (Reign of Henry VII and VIII) (page 38, “Cary Family in England,” by H. G. Cary).


The following are the several lines of the Cary family which have played an important part in its history:



Baron Hunsdon line, Extinct, 1559-1765


\Earl of Monmouth line , Existing, 1626-1661


Viscount Falkland line, Existing, 1620


Clovelly line, Extinct, 1390-1725


Cockingham and Torre Abbey line, Existing, 1400


Somersetshire line, Existing, 1500


(Page 32, “The Cary Family in England,” H. G. Cary “Vivian’s Visitations of the Co. of Devon,” page 150).


Page 91, “Cary Family in England.”


“The laws of heraldry in England are very strict, each family of the nobility jealously guarding its own Coat-of-arms, and to change without authority or to appropriate another’s arms is considered a very grave offense.


“At certain intervals there are so called Heralds’ Visitations into the different counties by officers of the Royal College of Heralds to examine into the status of the various families and to settle any questions that may arise.


“As late as 1715, two hundred years after the birth of Robert Cary’s son, William Cary, and nearly one hundred years after the emigration of the Bristol Carys to America, the Earl Marshall of England issued a decree to Sir Thomas, St. George, Knight Garter, principal King of Arms, declaring that the Bristol family was the same as that of Devonshire.”


Arms of Cary of Devon: “Ar. on a bend, sa. three roses of the field. Crest, a Swan, ppr.” (page 36, “Virginia Carys”).


*The Will of “Myles Cary” recorded in Book A, page 448, June 21, 1667, corroborates the statement of the epitaph. The coat-of-arms of the original Colonists is represented on articles handed down from early days with this motto, “Sine Deo Careo.”


“The Cary Family in America,” by Henry Grosvenor Cary of Boston, Mass., says: “The three Carys referred to in the English records as coming to America from Somersetshire, England, were as follows:



*“The records in Warwick County, where this book was, were destroyed in the War between the States. Mr. Wilson Miles Cary copied the Wills of the Carys prior to the destruction of the records. It would be impossible to get all of this data now.” H.



John Cary, came to America in 1634 and settled at Plymouth, Mass. He had many distinguished descendants, among them Alice and Phoebe Cary, well known writers of poems and songs.


(See Descendants of John Cary, “Cary Memorials,” bv S. F. Cary.)


James Cary, 10th child of William Cary and Alice (Goodale) Cary, b. 1600; d. 1681; came to Charlestown, Mass., in 1635 (“The Va. Carys” gives 1639), settling at Charlestown, near Chelsea, after a short stay at Plymouth, Mass.


Miles Cary, (9th child of John Cary and Alice Hobson, and nephew of the above mentioned James Cary), b. 1622; d. 1667; emigrated to Virginia in 1640 (some historians say 1645); d. of wounds in battle with the Dutch at Hampton Roads; buried at Windmill Point, Warwick County, Vir­ginia.” (See Sketch.)


Certificate From the Tolzey Book of Bristol (College of Arms. 3 D. XIV, fol. 53b)


“I, James Hollidge, Esq., Chamberlain of the City of Bristol, do hereby certify that, upon inspecting the ancient Book for regist’ring and recording the names of Persons who had been Mayors of the said City, I do find that one William Carye was Mayor of the same City in the year of our Lord 1547, in the 38th year of King Henry the 8th.


Witness my hand this seventh day of Octor, Anno Dom­ini, 1710.


Ja: Hollidge, Chamb’lain.


And, also, that one William Cary was Mayor of the said City in the year 1611, 9° Jacobi. Imi.

Ja: Hollidge, Chamb’lain.

Text Box:
                  1313-Lawrence de Cary Senister 1350-John de Cary
                  Bayliffe 1353-John de Cary Bayliffe 1532-William Carye
                  Sheriffe 1546-William Carye Mayor 1599-William Cary
                  Sheriffe 1611- William Cary Mayor 1612- Christopher
                  Cary Sheriffe

This is a tue copy extracted out of the Tozey Book of Bristol this 27th day of November, 1710.

Witness my hand,

Ja: Hollidge, Chamb’lain.(Pages 182-87 in “The Virginia Carys.”)

The Bristol Forebears


A great deal of information, in fact, most of the early history of the Virginia family, is taken from “The Virginia Carys”, with letter of permission from the author, as follows:


December 7, 1927—“Madame: Responding to your note, you are welcome to use the material from ‘The Vir­ginia Carys’ to which you refer." In doing so please credit that book by name but do not mention my name which is nowhere printed in the book.”


We copy this material, for it is so valuable, and not accessible for everyone to read.


Copied from “The Virginia Carys,” pages 11—14:


“In 1699, thirty-two years after Miles Cary, our Virginia immigrant, was dead and buried, three of his kinsmen of the Bristol family who had achieved fame and fortune as English merchants engaged in overseas trade, united in an applica­tion to the Heralds’ College for confirmation to them and their descendants of the right to bear the arms of Cary of Devon, which they certified they and their ancestors in Bristol had borne, ‘time out of mind,’ in accordance with ‘the constant tradition’ that they were descended from a cadet of the Devon family.


Although many of the Bristol Carys were buried in the crypt of St. Nicholas Church, including two Mayors, they do not seem to have erected there any family monument showing achievement of arms; certainly none has survived. (It may be noted then, in passing, that Miles Cary’s (1667) tombstone in Virginia (see page 35) is the only recorded and surviving evidence of such use of arms by the Bristol family prior to 1699.)


In accordance with the Virginia fashion Miles Cary’s descendants displayed the arms consistently throughout the eighteenth century, on tombs, signet rings, table plate, coach panels, book plates, etc. At the end of the nineteenth century the practice was resumed.


With the consent of the contemporary head of the Devon family the application was granted by the Earl Marshal. In support of this application there was filed a certificate of the Chamberlain of Bristol from the Great Red Book of Bristol, then known as the Tolzey Book, as to Carys who had held municipal office in Bristol, viz.: Lawrence de Cary,

Senister, 1313; John de Cary, Bailiff, 1350-3; William Cary, Sheriff, 1532, and Mayor, 1546; William Cary, Sheriff, 1599, and Mayor, 1611; and Christopher Cary, Sheriff, 1612. There was admitted, also (1699), a pedigree beginning with William Cary who was Mayor, 1611, which was subse­quently supplemented by the fuller pedigrees of 1700 and 1701, all still on file in the Heralds College.


By means of the surviving wills and parish registers, it has been possible to carry the Heralds’ College pedigrees back two generations to the William Cary who was Mayor, 1546; but with him evidence fails.


There are no earlier surviving parish registers on which to construct a detailed pedigree, neither have there ap­peared, although diligent search has been made in Bristol and elsewhere, any wills, monumental inscriptions, guild rolls, real estate muniments, etc., upon which might be proved the connection which in 1699 the Bristol Carys evi­dently claimed, by tradition, between William Cary, Mayor, 1546, and the earlier Lawrence and John de Cary. Doubtless such evidence, if any, as once existed, was de­stroyed either during the life of the first Mayor of the family when the churches were pillaged, temp. Henry VIII and Edward VI, or later in the disorganization of Bristol during the civil wars, temp. Charles I.


The persistent modern attempts to establish identifications with specific members of the Devon family have therefore been genealogically futile. Thus e. g., the assertion, by one who has not proved his own connection with the Bristol family (“The Cary Family in England,” Boston, 1906), that William Cary, the Mayor of 1546, was the William Cary who was the last of the Ladford line, not only proceeds directly in the face of Prince’s statement (“Worthies of Devon”) that the Ladford line was extinct in his time, say 1697, but is contradicted, also, by Colonel Vivian’s demon­stration (“Visitations of Devon, Exeter, 1895”) that the last William Cary of Ladford left a daughter and heiress, who married and carried Ladford into the Helyar family.”


Excerpts of a letter written in 1932 by a member of the Cary family living in America:


“Regarding the information on points of interest in England. William Cary was Mayor of Bristol in 1546. The British Tramways and Carriage Co. Ltd. run sightseeing buses from Bristol. On one of their tours is a little town called

‘Castle Cary.’ The ruins of the old castle are still apparent, I believe. The town of Exeter, in Devon, is a place of interest. Here the Carys first held forth. The name was then spelled Karew. The Cathedral in Exeter is extremely interesting and many of the old tombs are apparent. The then Sheriff of Exeter was a Cary.”


Bristol Carys


It would be more honorable to our distinguished ancestors to praise them in words less, but in deeds to imitate them more. H. Mann.


I William Cary, b. 1500 (some historians give 1492); d. March 28, 1572; “the Elder dwelling upon ye Backe in St. Nicholas Parish, in ye citty of Bristoll.” He was sheriff of Bristol, 1532, and Mayor, 1546, temp. Henry VIII. He had five children by two wives, but outlived his sons and was buried in the crowde (i. e., crypt) of St. Nicholas Church, Mar. 28, 1572, temp. Elizabeth, leaving a will dated Apr. 2, 1571, and proved June 10, 1572 (P.C.C. Daper, 19). Having evidently retired from business when he made his will, he does not give his trade, but he was, undoubtedly, a “draper” like his son, RICHARD “the younger,” who lived and so carried on his business in his father’s house.


Md. (1) name unknown.




1 RICHARD, b. 1515 (?) “the elder” (of whom further).


2 Agnes, md. (1) 1544, Humphrey Cooper; (2) ante 1569, Thomas Dickinson, of Bristol.


3 Susan, md. ante 1571, John Lacy, of Bristol.


4 William, “of London, citizen and cloth worker;” md. (2) Agnes, d. 1559.


5 Richard, “the younger, draper, dwelling upon the Back of the City of Bristol.”


II RICHARD Cary (son of William Cary1), b. 1515(?);d. 1570; “the elder of the City of Bristol, Merchant.” He was buried June 17,1570, two years before his father, in St. Nicholas Church, leaving a will dated June 11, 1570, and proved Nov. 3, 1570 (P. C. C. Lyon, 31.). Md. (1) Anne (d. ante 1561).

The Cary House on Bristol Back


From a sketch made in 1817 when the house was pulled down. Permission of “The Virginia Carys.”
































The Cary House on Bristol Back

From a sketch made in 1817 when the house was pulled down. Permission of "The Virginia Carys."



St. Nicholas Church, Bristol, England

From an old print. Permission of "The Virginia Carys"




1 Richard, 1542-1591, o. s. p. (Baptized at St. Nicholas, August 18, 1542). He is mentioned in the wills of his father and grandfather and was buried in St. Nicholas, June 14, 1591.


2 Lettice, 1543; d. post 1570; md. Mellen.


3 Mary, 1544; d. infans.


4 Mary, 1546; d. post 1570.


5 Elizabeth, 1548; d. infans.


6 Frances, 1549; post 1570.


7 WILLIAM, 1550; d. 1633.


8 Elizabeth, 1551; post 1570.


9 Agnes, 1555 (?); d. post 1570.


10 Martha, 1558-1561; d. infans.


Md. (2) 1561, Joan, sister of Robert Holston, Chamberlain of Bristol.




11 Martha, 1562; post 1570. 12 Anne, 1564. 13 Filia, 1566; d. infans. 14 Filia, 1567; d. infans. 15 Christopher, 1568-1626, “of St. Stephens parish in the City of Bristol. Merchant.” 16 Filia, 1569; d. infans.


(Sources: “The Bristol Wills;” “St. Nicholas Register;” pages 15-17 in “The Virginia Cary.”) [*]

III WILLIAM3 CARY (RICHARD2, WILLIAM1)l 1550-1633, "the elder," of the City of Bristol, draper.


As shown by the Bristol Tolzey Book, he was Sheriff of Bristol, 1599, and Mayor, 1611, and thereafter Alderman. The St. Nicholas parish register shows his baptism October 3, 1550, his first marriage January 14, 1572, O.
S. and his burial March 1, 1632, O. S., with the baptism of most of his children. The annals of Bristol (Alderman Haythorne's "MS in Chronological Outline of the History of Bristol, 1824") has this record of him:


"this mayor was afterwards Keeper of the Back Hall (i. E., the 'Merchant Venturers' headquarters, on Bristol BAck, otherwise known as Spicer's Hall), in which time his wife, an ancient woman, died; and four score years old or more, he married his servant by whom he had a son, having then sons living that were nearly three score years old."


He left a will dated March 1, 1632, O. S. (the same day he was buried), and proved June 15, 1633. The record is in Great Orphan Books (Council House, Bristol, iii, 311). (See Will page 23.) Md. (1) 1573, Elizabeth (or Alice) Goodale (d. 1623).




1 William, 1577-1638, o. s. p. m. Md. twice; several children, of whom two were sons.


2 Richard, 1579-1644, draper of Bristol; md. Mary Shershaw; had eight sons and nine daughters.


3 JOHN, b. 1583; d. 1661; md. (1) Elizabeth Hereford; md. (2) Alice Hobson (of whom further).


4 Walter, 1588-1633, draper of Bristol; md. Grace Browne. (Left will.)


5 Robert, 1589-1628, draper of Bristol; md. Anne Thomas. (He had four daus. and two sons mentioned in his will. According to the Heralds College pedigree of 1700, this family became extinct during the civil wars.)


6 Anne, 1590, o. s. p. ante 1632.


7 Susan, 1592, o. s. p. ante 1632.


8 Margery, md. Hugh Yeo of Bristol (Mary Yeo md. Shershaw Cary).


9 Thomas, 1596-1648, md. Joan Milner; had son Walter. (Nothing more is known of the son, who probably died infans.)


10 James, 1600-1681, of Charlestown, Massachusetts. Baptized at St. Nicholas, April 14, 1600. He emigrated to the Massachusetts colony in 1639, the pioneer American of his family. His record at Charlestown is complete, including his tombstone recording his death: “Novem­ber 2, 1681, aged 81 years.” (See “Savage, Genealogical Dictionary ... of New England,” 1860.) From him descended a line of sea captains, merchants and clergy­men who have maintained the Bristol tradition in New England.


Md. (2) 1624, Mary Llewelyn.




11 Anne, 1624; d. infans. 12 Henry, 1625, post 1700, of Marlborough Wilts. (If this family has persisted its identity has been lost to the record.)

(Sources: “The Bristol Wills;” “Parish registers of St. Nicholas and St. Thomas, Bristol;” “Heralds’ College pedigrees of 1699 and 1700.” Pages 18-20, “The Vir­ginia Carys.”)


IV JOHN4 Cary (William8, Richard2, William1), 1583-1661, draper of Bristol. Baptized at St. Nicholas, April 10, 1583, and buried with his second wife in the Church of All Saints, February 13, 1661, he is described as “draper” in Henry Hobson’s funeral certificate of 1637 and the will of 1660 of his granddaughter Alice Cary. There is no record of any will left by him. It is evident that, with others of his family, he suffered severely in estate during the civil wars when Bristol was alternately in possession of roundheads, cavaliers and roundheads again, both parties preying on the resident merchants.


The Heralds’ College pedigrees of 1699 and 1701 give all the other information we have of him. He md. (1) 1609, Elizabeth Hereford.


The evidence for this marriage is the Heralds’ College pedigree of 1701, filed by John Cary, 1644-1701, sometime of Surry County, Virginia (and later of London, and a director of the “English Company Trading to the East Indies”), to support his application as a representative of the Bristol Carys for confirmation of the arms of Cary of Devon. This pedigree begins: “John Cary, of the City of Bristol in co. Somerset, and Elizabeth Hereford, married 29th May 1609.” No reference is made to John Cary’s descent or to William Cary who was Mayor of Bristol, 1611, with whom the pedigrees of 1699 and 1700 begin.


The pedigree of 1701 was then apparently intended to be read with the pedigree of 1700, filed by John and Richard Cary, sons of Shershaw Cary, in amplification of their original pedigree of 1699. There is no other possible John Cary of Bristol shown on the pedigrees of 1699 and 1700 than the John Cary who was the father of the Virginia immigrant (Miles Cary), by Alice Hobson; but as there is no reference on the pedigrees of 1699 and 1700, or elsewhere than on the pedigree of 1701 to any other marriage of John Cary than that to Alice Hobson, the identification of the John Cary who married Elizabeth Hereford with the John Cary who married Alice Hobson is not'conclusive. It is persuasive, however. On the date of Elizabeth Hereford’s marriage, the John Cary who afterwards married Alice Hobson would be 26 years, of age. We have no proof of the date of Alice Hobson’s marriage; the surviving parish register of All Saints’, Bristol, in which we might expect to find it recorded, does not begin until 1621, and so the first evidence of that marriage is the baptism of the third son, Richard.


Receding from this date, 1621, and allowing as many years as may be necessary for the births of Henry and Matthew, the sons of Alice Hobson, who preceded Richard, as shown by Henry Hobson’s will and the pedigree of 1699, we still have an ample margin for John Cary to have had his first experience in matri­mony with Elizabeth Hereford and to have been the father, after 1609, of her five children enumerated in the pedigree of 1701. In any event John Cary could not have married Alice Hobson before 1617, -when he would be thirty-four, a late age for a first marriage in that family and at that time, but a probable age for a second marriage in a family which had consistently practiced second marriages.


Finally, there is no inconsistency in the names of the children of Elizabeth Hereford (John, Thomas, Philip, Prudence and Elizabeth) and those of Alice HobsQn (Henry, Matthew, Richard, Miles, Alice, Honor and Mary).


Children of John Cary and Elizabeth Hereford:


1 John, 1610(?)-1656(?) of Hackney. (The Heralds’ College pedigree of 1701 says that he married, left issue and “died about the year 1656.” He has not been further identified.)


2 Thomas, 1613 (?); md. Susanna Limberry, of Dartmouth, Co. Devon.


3 Philip. (The Heralds’ College pedigree of 1701 records him simply as (‘3rd son of John Cary and Elizabeth Hereford.” No further record of him has been identi­fied.)


4 Prudence, “Eldest daughter.”


5 Elizabeth, “2nd daughter.”


Md. (2) 1617(?), Alice, dau. of Henry Hobson, Innholder and sometime Mayor of Bristol., (See Henry Hobson’s will, pages 23-24.) (Henry Hobson’s wife was Alice Davis dau. of William Davis, of Bristol.)




6 Henry, 1618 (?) post 1634. (No record of him has been identified except the name in the Heralds’ College pedigrees and the reference in Henry Hobson’s will of 1634 as then living.)


7 Matthew, 1620-1648, of Stepney, mariner. (He is named in his grandfather Hobson’s will of 1634 and himself left a will, dated Oct. 22, 1647, and proved August 12, 1648 (P. C. C. Essex, 115), describing himself as “marin­er,” naming his daughter Alice, his brother Richard and his wife Isabel, the latter then living “Upon Wap- ping Wall in the Parish of East Stepney.” The daughter Alice completes the identification by her will of 1660.)


8 Richard, 1621, post 1660. (He was baptized at All Saints’, Bristol, July 29, 1621; is mentioned in his grandfather Hobson’s will of 1634, in that of his brother Matthew, and in that of his niece Alice Cary, of Stepney, as living 1660.)


9 MILES, 1622-1667. The Virginia immigrant, settled at Windmill Point, Warwick Co., Virginia (of whom fur­ther) .


10 Alice, 1625; md. (1) Thomas Hayman; (2) William Payne.


11 Honor, 1627(?)-1644. .


12 Mary, 1630. (The record of the daughters is mentioned of Alice and her marriage in the Heralds’ College pedigree of 1699; all three are named in the order given in the yvill of their grandfather Hobson, as living 1634; the baptism of Mary, November 8, 1630, and the burial of Honor, November 6, 1644, are registered at All Saints’, Bristol.)


(Sources: “The Bristol Wills”; “Parish registers of St. Nicholas and All Saints’, Bristol; The Heralds’ College pedigree of 1599”; pages 20-23 in “The Virginia Carys.”)


Will of William Carye, “the elder, Dwelling upon Ye Backe in St. Nicholas Parish, in ye Citty of Bristol!.”


Will dated April 2, “anno 13° Eliz. Reginae” (1571), and proved June 10, 1572 (P.C.C. Daper, 19).

“I commit my soul to God and my body to be buried in the Crowde of St. Nicholas aforesaid: a Sermon to be preached at my funeral, the preacher to have 6s. 8d.


To the Poor and especially to poor Householders of Bristol 10 li. To my son William Carye, 13 li, 13s, 4d. To my said son’s daughter, Anne, 6 li, 13s, 4d. to be paid at 21 years of age, or at her marriage.


To my son-in-law, John Lacie, 10 li.


To Richard Carye, William Carye, Lettice, Frances and Elizabeth the children of my eldest son, Richard Carye, by his first wife, 6 li, 13s, 4s each. To Mary Carye, one of the daughters of the said Richard, 13 li, 6s, 8d: to be paid to them respectively at 21 years or at marriage.


To my son Richard Carye’s six children by his last wife, 40s apiece, to be paid as the other children’s aforesaid.


To Anne Chiles, my kinswoman and servant, 5 li.


Residue to my son-in-law Thomas Dykinson whom I appoint sole Executor. Mr. Robert Saxie and Mr. Robert Halton, Chamberlain of Bristoll, to be Overseers.”



Will of Richard Carye, “the elder, of the Citty of Bristol, marchaunt.”


Will dated June 11, “anno 12° Eliza. Reginae” (1570), and proved November 3, 1570 (P.C.C. Lyon, 31).


“I commit my soul to God and my Body to be buried in St. Nicholas Crowde.


To my eldest son, Richard Carye, 10 li. To my son William Carye 20 li. To my daughter Anne Carye, 10 li. To my daugh­ters Frances, Elizabeth and Mary Carye, 10 li. each. To my father William Carye, 400 li., which I owe’d him. To my daughter Lettice Mellen, 5 li.


I will that Joan, my wife and Executrix, shall Redeem all my lands and tenements in Mortgage; the Profits and Issues of all my lands, Tenements, etc., as well in my posses­sion as in mortgage, to be and remain to the use of my said wife and the six last children of her Body begotten, in the manner and form following, vizt: said rents and profits to be divided into three equal parts, one to the use of my said wife for life, and the other two parts she and her assigns to enjoy for 19 years towards finding and educating my said last chil­dren, and then all said lands and tenements to go to Christ­opher Carye, my son, and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten, forever: and for lack of such issue to Richard Cary, my eldest son, and his heirs and assigns forever.


All the residue of my goods, my debts being first paid, to Joan, my wife, and my aforesaid six children upon her body begotten, in the proportions aforesaid.


The said Joan, my wife, to be Executrix, my brother William Cary and my brother Robert Halton to be Over­seers.”



Will of William Cary, “The elder of the City of Bristol, draper.” Will dated March 1,1632 (O.S.), and proved in Bristol diocesan


Court, June 15, 1633. The record is in Great Orphan Books (Council House, Bristol), III, 311.


“To my seven children by my first wife, vizt: William, Richard, John, Walter, Thomas, James and Margery, I give 10 shillings each. My youngest son, Henry, I leave to the discretion of his mother.


I ordain Mary, my wife, to be my sole executrix, and I appoint Mr. Henry Gibbs, Alderman, and Mr. James Diar, Overseers.”



Will of Henry Hobson, “of the City of Bristol, Innholder.” Will dated March 16, 1634, and proved May 27, 1636 (P.C.C. Pile, 52).


“To be buried in the parish church of All Saints, in Bristol where I now live, near my late wife, Alice.


I confirm a certain deed of trust dated 10 March, 5 Charles (1630) between myself, of one part, and Myles Jackson, of the said City of Bristol, merchant, and Godfrey Creswicke, of the same City, Hardwareman of the other part.


I give and bequeath unto my grandchildren, Henry Cary, Matthew Cary, Richard Cary and Myles Cary, children of my daughter Alice Cary, wife of John Cary, draper, to each and every one of them the some of five pounds apeece, of lawful money of England. To grandchildren, Thomas Jack- son and Henry Jackson, children of Anne Jackson, widow, each five pounds.


The said legacies to be paid each of said grandsons when 21 years of age, and if any die before their portions, to be divided among the survivors.

I give and bequeath unto my grandchildren, Alice Cary, Honor Cary and Mary Cary, daughters of my said daughter Alice Cary, to each and every one of them the some of One hundred pounds apeece, lawful money of England. To grand­children, Margaret Jackson and Anne Jackson, daughters of said daughter Anne Jackson, to each of them the some of one hundred pounds.


The said legacies to be paid each of said granddaughters when 17 years of age or married, and, if any die before, the survivors to be the heirs.


All said legacies to bear 5% interest from my death. To my kinsman and servant, Richard Burrowes, Lb. 20. To my kinsman Christopher Raynoldes, son of George Raynoldes, dec’d., Lb. 5, and to his sister Anne Raynoldes Lb. 10. when 21 years or married.


To the Company of Innholders of said City of Bristoll, for attending at my burial, 40 shillings.


To my son William Hobson, my scarlet gown.


To my kinsman Francis Creswicke, merchant, and Thomas Hobson, Pewterer, their executors and assigns, my messuage or tenement in St. Nicholas Street in Bristol, where Arthur Stert now dwells, during the remainder of the lease, in trust to the only use of my said daughter, Alice Cary, and her as­signs.


To my said daughter, Anne Jackson, “my wine license, which I bought of Hugh Hart, to draw wine by in Bristoll;” also, the lease of the messuage or tenement in St. Nicholas Street where Philip Love, merchant, dwelleth.


The residue of my personal estate to be divided between my three children, William Hobson, Alice Cary and Anne Jackson.


I appoint my said son, William, sole Executor, and my said kinsman, Francis Creswicke and Thomas Hobson, Over­seers.”



Funeral Certificate.


(Heralds’ College, “Book of Funeral Certificates,” I, 24, fol. <S7b.)


“Henry Hobson, late Mayor and Alderman of the Citty of Bristol, departed this mortal life at his house in ye said Citty the 21st day of March 1635 (O.S.) and was interred in ye parish church of All Saints there the 29th day follow­ing.

He married Alice, da. of William Davis of the said Cittie, by whom he had issue, one sonne and two daughters;


William Hobson, his only sonne and heire, who hath borne ye office of Sheriff of Bristoll, maried Margaret Col­ston, da. of William Colston of the said Cittie, marchant:


Alice, ye eldest Da. of the said Henry Hobson, maried to John Cary, sonne of William Cary, Alderman of the said Cittie: and Anne, his youngest Da. maried to Thomas Jack- son, Marchaunt, late one of the Sheriff of the said Cittie.


This Certificate was taken the 19th day of April 1637 by George Owen, Yorke herauld, and is testified to be true by the relation and subscription of the aforesaid Wm. Hob­son, sonne and heire to the defunct.”


(Signed) William Hobson.”


Note: Over against the signature is a trickling of the arms of Hobson, of Bristol, viz.: Argent on a chevron azure, between three pellets, as many- cinquefoils; a chief chequy or and azure.


(Wills copied from “The Virginia Carys,” pages 160-163.)



Confirmation of Arms of Cary of Devon to Cary of Bristol, 1699. (College of Arms. Book of Grants, IV.)




“To His Grace, Henry, Duke of Norfolk.


Earl Marshall of England, etca:


The humble Petition of John Cary, of the City of Bristol, Richard his Brother, and their Kinsman, John Cary, of the City of London, Merchants.


Sheweth that the Carys of Bristol having time out of mind borne the Armes and Crest of the Carys of Devonshire (vizt., Argent on a Bend Sable, three Roses of the First, with a Swan, Argent for their Crest) from whom by the constant tradition in their family they are lineally descended. And having the Honor to be known unto the present Noble Lord Robert Cary, Lord Hunsdon, and to be own’d and acknow­ledged by his Lo/p, as his Kinsmen, they Humbly Pray That your Grace will please to issue your warrent to the King of Armes of the Province, for assigning such Distinc­tions to the said Armes as may be Proper for your Pet’rs and their Descendants to bear and use according to the Law and Practice of Armes.


And they shall ever pray, etca.


(Signed) John Cary, Rd. Cary, Jno. Cary.”


(Consent of Edward Cary of Torr Abbey)


“Upon request made to me by Mr. John Cary, of the City of Bristol, and his kinsman, Mr. John Cary of the City of London, Merchants, That'I would certify what Relation they have to my Family:


These are to certify to all whom it may concern,


That I, Edward Cary, of Torr Abbey, in the County of Devon, Esqr. (Heir male and Principal Branch of the Family of the Carys of Devonshire) do hereby Declare, that I have heard and do believe That the Carys of Bristol sprung, some Generations past, from a younger Branch of the Carys of Devonshire, And I do, therefore, hereby acknowledge them to be Kinsmen, and consent and desire that they may be permitted to use and bear the Paternal Coat-Armour of my Family, with such due and proper Differences and Distinc­tions as to his Grace, the Earl Marshall and the Kings of Arms concern’s shall think fit.


In Witness Whereof I have hereunto put my hand and Seal of Armes, this Eighteenth day of June, 1699,


(Signed) Ed. Cary (L.S.)


John Heskett, of the City of Exon, Gent., maketh oath that the Certificate hereunto annexed, was by this Deponent (this 19th day of August instant) produced unto Edward Cary of Tor Abbey, in the County of Devon, Esqr, who then acknowledged the said Certificate (and the name Edward Cary whereunto subscribed) to be his proper handwriting; And that the said Edward Cary did in this Deponent’s presence affix his Seal of Armes thereunto.


(Signed) Jo: Heskett.


Jurat apud Aishburton in Com. Anno Regni Rs Willi Devon, decimo nono die Augusti Tertii, nunc Aug*, etc,


undecimo, coram


Roger Caunter, in Cane. Mro. Extr.”


(Warrant of the Earl Marshal)


“Whereas John Cary, of the City of Bristol in the County of Somerset, Richard, his Brother, and John Cary, of London, Merchants, have by Petition Represented unto me, That that Branch of the Carys, seated at Bristol aforesaid, having time out of mind borne and used the Armes of the Ancient Family of the Carys of Devonshire, scil., Argent on a Bend Sable, three Roses of ye First with a Silver Swan for their Crest, as descended from a Collateral Branch of the said Family, they, therefore, humbly Pray That they

may be permitted still to continue to bear the same with such due and proper Differences as are usual in like cases:


And, forasmuch, as the Right Honbie Robert Cary, Lord Hunsdon, has Personally owne’d That he does Believe the Petra are descended of a Collateral Branch of the said Family, and has requested me to allow and confirm the same:


And that the Petrs have Produced unto me an attested Certificate under the hand and Seal of Armes of Edward Cary of Torre-Abbey in the County of Devon, Esqr., the principal male Branch of the Carys setting forth that he does Believe the Carys of Bristol to be a Collateral Branch of his Family, sprung forth some generations past, and does there­fore consent and desire they may be permitted to bear and use the Paternal Armes of the Carys, with due and proper Differences.


I, Henry Duke of Norfolk, Hereditary Earl Marshal of England, having duely considered the Premises, do hereby order and appoint Garter and Clarenceux Kings of Armes, to Exemplify and Confirm the foresaid Armes and Crest with such fitting Differences and Distinctions as are proper for Collateral Branches, unto the said Petrs and their des­cendants, according to the Law and Practice of Arms, Requiring that the said Allowance and their Petition, together with these Presents, and also, the Certificate of the said Edward Cary of Torr-Abbey, be entered by the Register in the College of Arms.


And for so doing this shall be a sufficient Warrent.


Given under my hand and Seal of my Office of Earl Mar­shal, this 30th day of August, 1699, in the Eleventh year of the Reign of our Sovereign, Lord William the Third, by the Grace of God, King of Engld, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, etca.


(Signed) Norfolke; E. M.


To Sr Thomas St. George, Knight. Garter Principal King of Arms, and Sr Henry St. George, Knight, Clarenceux King of Armes.”


(Pages 182-183, “The Virginia Carys.”)


Miles Cary and His Virginia Descendants


Miles Cary, the immigrant from Bristol, England, came to Virginia in 1640 or 45 (.historians vary), and settled at Windmill Point, Warwick County. Miles Cary was the ninth child of John Cary, merchant of Bristol, and fourth child by his second wife, Alice Hobson, daughter of Henry Hobson, Innholder and sometime Mayor of Bristol.


Miles Cary has many descendants who are recorded in “The Virginia Carys,” but since it would be a colossal task, and to some extent a duplication of families already recorded in that book to carry out every lineal descendant, we are en­deavoring to complete the lines nearest our own family branch of the ancestral tree, which takes in the Bell, Bates, Estes, Folk, Rice families and their lineal descendants.


Since there is so much of interest in “The Virginia Carys,” and the author, in a letter, has granted us permission to use what we like of its history, we copy a great deal from its pages for the benefit of those who may read this book but who are not so fortunate as to possess a copy of that invaluable history of the Cary family in its earliest setting.


It has been of inestimable value to us in compiling the Cary family genealogy and has enabled us to connect with other his­torians in the search for continued records to bring our family history to date. M.F.W.


“The immigrant, Miles Cary, flourished in Virginia in the second consulship of Sir William Berkeley. After a busy career in trade and politics, in which he attained prosperity and a seat in the Council, he was ‘killed by ye Dutch’ during their foray upon Hampton Roads in June 1667.


He left (had seven children) four sons, who, we gather from the surviving records, began life respectively as a mer­chant,a builder, a surveyor and a miller; all were con­siderable landowners and all took part in public life.


Each of these sons founded a family; by intermarriage their descendants allied themselves with other ‘Peninsula’ families of their own kind and'similar origin and so establish­ed a wide connection of Virginia cousins.*


*"In a warm and chcaracteristic appreciation of the Peninsula between James and York Rivers, Governor Henry A. Wise says ("Seven Decades of the Union," 1872, p. 29) 'It is a land of genial climate, of generous soil, of majestic  rivers, of fruitful fertility of fields and of forests of richest frondage; above all distinguished for its men and women. It was settled by a race, or rather stock, of families the like of which will rarely be seen again, so manly, so refined, so intelligent, so spirited, proud, self-reliant, independent, strong, so fresh and so free.


The family names of this peninsula known to honor and to fame are countless: The Amblers, Armsteads, Barrons, Bassetts, Blairs, Burwells, Byrds, Carys, Carters, Christians, Cloptons, Coles, Dandridges, Digges, Dudleys, Fontaines, Gregorys, Griffins, Harrisons, Innesses, Kennons, Light­foots, Mallorys, Nicholsons, Nicholasses, Nelsons, Pages, Peachys, Randolphs, Saunders, Sclaters, Semples, Shields, Tabbs, Tazewells, Tuckers, Tylers, Wallers, Wythes and numerous others no less known or renowned from whom have sprung names of distinction in every Southern and Western state as well as in other parts of Virginia and of America.' ”)

An illustration of the justice of terming the Peninsula immigrants a ‘stock’ is found in the following record of one among these families, in which recur twenty-three of the forty names in Governor Wise’s list; if we had followed up the distaff lines we could, doubtless, have included them all.


As the bluest tincture of Cary blood in Devon was a dilu­tion of Plantagenet, so in Virginia, measured by Virginia standards, we may reckon and note the Randolph infusion of Pocahontas.


We have noted that the English Carys have maintained throughout their history relatively the same place in the world with which they started, that by their marriages in the early generations in Devon they acquired with their lands a local self-conscious clan sense; but they did not be­come great nobles or compelling-popular leaders. Such, pre­cisely, is the family history in Virginia, also. During the eighteenth century, they were leading public men in their several communities, magistrates and legislators. Their official vocations were practically hereditary. Most of them were in the commission of the peace and took their turns as High Sheriff; actively serving in the militia as well, they were, after the Virginia fashion, always designated by military titles.


In one branch of the family they produced six successive clerks of the old County Court, most of whom served also in the important function of permanent clerks of legislative committees; another branch produced four successive Naval officers in the revenue service, a lucrative and much sought office in eighteenth century Virginia; among their several burgesses at least three (Miles, the immigrant, Miles of “Richneck” and Archibald of “Ampthill”) were of first rate importance in the General Assembly, and they claim one member of the Council and one of the Judges of the first Supreme Court of Virginia. One of them was an original trustee, named in the royal charter of William and Mary College of 1691, who later served also as Rector; following him, there was an uninterrupted identification of the name with that ancient and honorable institution for six successive generations, including eighteen students whose names appear on the incomplete surviving records, and three Visitors. Two of them were educated in England, one at Trinity College, Cambridge. Throughout the colonial period they were stead­fast adherents of the Established Church, usually serving in their respective vestries, though two of them affiliated, for a time, with the Quakers. (Since then, perhaps every protest- ant denomination has had a descendant of the Carys on their church rolls.)


They have steadfastly maintained their ideal. In the American Revolution they stood, without exception, on the patriot side and made substantial sacrifices in doing so. While as soldiers they never were in the foremost, yet, in the Revolution, in the War of 1812, in the Mexican War of 1846- 48 and in that against Spain in 1898, several of each genera­tion bore arms for the Commonwealth. In the epic war be­tween the States, conspicuously they did their part; then, practically all of them (actually eighteen are identified) were in the field and made poignant sacrifice. In the war against Germany (just ended), one of them dauntlessly gave his young life in a fine attempt to aid a comrade, and many enlisted, loyal to their country’s call (1918).


Descendants of each of the immigrant’s sons are still to be found in Virginia after two hundred and fifty years (1919).


“While this is an interesting fact, demonstrating not only persistence but a characteristic conservatism, the family has not been altogether sitfast. Each of its branches has contributed emigrants to the westward growth of the United States. Soon after the Revolution, most of the representatives of what is now the senior line moved to the new lands of the Western frontier and reseated themselves in Kentucky and Tennessee; many of their descendants, spreading further west, crossed the Mississippi and have since lost touch with their Virginia kin. Again, in the renewed economic migration which bled the Old Dominion during the second quarter of the nineteenth century, a number of them esta­blished homes in the Southwest and in Maryland, some seek­ing opportunities in the far South, in the far West and in the far East.

Wherever they have been, at home in Virginia or adjusting themselves to new and strange environments, they have held up their heads with honor, dignity and self respect, and have continued to reproduce inherited characteristics. They have clung to an intense local pride in their origin, and, without being the less good Americans, have continued to cherish the memories and institutions of colonial Virginia, and to speak its racy tongue. Their women have maintained their old tradition of charm and character; their men have, generally, acquired a liberal education and have with spotless honor done their work, chiefly in the professions. They have been unusually successful. Not the least interest­ing characteristic of this family is the periodical revolution which may be observed in their domestic habits. Roughly stated, for the first two hundred years of their history they were feudal landlords in rural Devon; then in Bristol for two centuries more, part of the highly centralized and circum­scribed urban and guild life of a medieval municipality; then in colonial and ‘ante-bellum’ Virginia for another like period, once more patriarchal landlords, so attached to the soil, indeed, as to resist all attempts of government to herd them in towns; now in a fourth cycle, with the changes in American civilization, they are again ‘Citizens.’


The distinction of this family is its persistence and even honorable tenor; if they have not risen high (many of the descendants have and do fill highest positions in business, politics, social and civic life) neither have they lapsed low. These are qualities which, if not romantic, make a strong appeal to the imagination of most men of gentle breeding, not the least in a world engaged in making ‘the world safe for democracy’ for they spell Home. In all respects the Carys are a typical Virginia family.


Even in the midst of revolution men crave permanence in something; our age finds it in religion, but, undaunted by experience, still seeks it in the ideal of home. A thoroughly modern poet has finely combined the two cravings in the phrase:


‘God, who is our Home.’ ”


(Pages 24-31 in “The Virginia Carys”)

I MILES CARY5 (John4 of Bristol, England, William3, Richard2, William1), b. 1622; d. 1667 at Windmill Point, Warwick County, Virginia; baptize3d at All Saint's Church, Bristol, England,


January 30, 1622, O. S. He emigrated to Virginia about 1640 or 1645 where the first record of him is on the bench of the War­wick County Court, 1652; Lieutenant Colonel, 1657; County Lieutenant, 1660; Collector for the Tobacco Duties for James River; Escheator General for the Colony; Burgess, 1659-1660, being member of the “Public Committee” of the Assembly (Hening, II, 31); advanced to the Council, 1665. He maintained a water-mill and a mercantile business, both of which are mention­ed in his Will.


Died, probably, from wounds during the Dutch raid on Hamp­ton Roads in June 1667.


He had acquired his father-in-law’s lands at Windmill Point and Magpie Swamp, and others, aggregating more than 2,600 acres in Warwick, including the plantations afterwards known as. “The Forest,” “Richneck” and “Skiff’s Creek” (Mulberry Island).


He married (in Virginia not later than 1646) Anne Taylor, born, 1621; died about 1685 in Virginia (dau. of Captain Thomas Taylor). (The surviving evidence for this marriage is the refer­ence in Miles Cary’s will to “my father-in-law, Thomas Taylor, deceased.”)


Captain Thomas Taylor, b. 1600 in England; d. 1656 in War­wick County, Virginia; probably buried in graveyard at Windmill Point, Justice of County Court, 1645-1656; Burgess, 1646; Captain of Militia (“Hening’s Statutes,” Vol. I, page 323).


“In his patents of 1657 Miles Cary recites that he had acquired Thomas Taylor’s property by devise and he returns Anne Taylor by her maiden name as a headlight. She is described in the 1682 patent of Miles, second, as his ‘mother, Mrs. Anne Cary,’ and so was living fifteen years after her husband’s death. She was, undoubtedly, buried, as was also, probably, her father, in the graveyard at Windmill Point.


No evidence has yet appeared to identify this Taylor family definitely. Thomas Taylor was one of the original patentees in Elizabeth City in 1626 (Hotten, 273), and in 1643 took up 600 acres in Warwick. In 1646, he sat as Bur­gess for Warwick and as late as 1652 was in the commission of the peace.


In the patent of 1643 he is styled ‘Mariner.’ He was, probably, a British sea Captain, long engaged in the Virginia trade, who retired from the sea to Warwick. His relation to Miles Cary suggests that he may have been of the family of John Taylor, Alderman of Bristol, who is mentioned in relation to the Bristol Carys in the 1652 Will of the Bristol Clergyman, Robert Perry (P.C.C. Bowyer, 243; Va. Maga­zine, XI, 364).” (We have seen that there had already been a Taylor-Cary marriage in Bristol.)


(See Miles Cary of Warwick County, Virginia. Will dated June 9,1667 and proved June 21,1667 in Warwick County.) (Will Book A, page 448.)


Miles Cary (page 971 in “The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy”).




1 Thomas6, b. 1647(?) of Windmill Point, Va.


2 Anne6, b. 1649(?) unmarried?


3 HENRY6, b. 1650(?) of “The Forest” (of whom further).


4 Bridgett6, b. 1652(?); md. Captain William Bassett of New Kent Co., Va.


5 Elizabeth6, b. 1653(?); md. Emanuel Wills of Warwick.


6 Miles8, b. 1655(?) of “Richneck.”


7 William6, b. 1667(?) of “Skiff’s Creek.”


(For complete history of these families refer to pages 35-36 in “The Virginia Carys.”)


Sources: (1) The Bristol Wills; (2) Parish register of All Saint’s Church, Bristol, England; (3) Pedigree of Cary of Bristol, filed in the Heralds’ College, 1699, particular­ly the following item (which is not repeated in the pedigree of 1701) among the children of John Cary and Alice Hobson, viz: “Miles Cary settled in Virginia and had issue”; (4) Hening, “Laws of Virginia, 1660-67,” passim; (5) Testimony as to Miles Cary and his family in Hunsdon peerage case, 170, MS. 6694 in the British Museum; (6) Miles Cary’s Will, pages 37-40; (7) Miles Cary’s tombstone at Windmill Point; (8) Gleanings from public records.



Windmill Point, Warwick County, Virginia


“The first home of the Warwick Carys in Virginia was the high bluff which divides Warwick River and Potash Creek at their confluence, facing Mulberry Island (or, as it

is locally called, “Mulbri ’land”). Here in 1643, on a planta­tion known as Windmill Point, a Bristol merchantman, Captain Thomas Taylor, found a snug harbor, safe from the privateers of the Parliament (cf. Neill, “Virginia Carol- orum,” 178), and here he was succeeded by his son-in-law, Col. Miles Cary; here in turn succeeded the eldest son of our immigrant Major Thomas Cary.


The Windmill Point property. The first settlements on Warwick (then known as Blunt’s Point) River, below Martins Hundred, were made after the Indian massacre of 1622. From the patents it appears that Johd Baynham (spelled, also, Bainman and Burnham) had an ancient patent dated December 1, 1624, for 300 acres ‘adjoining the lands of Captain Samuel Matthews and William Claiborne, gentle­man (“Va. Mag.” I. 91).’ ”


“This was Windmill Point and there John Baynham was living in 1625. This John Baynham’s daughter Mary married Richard Tisdale who succeeded to the property, and from him Captain Thomas Taylor purchased it, taking out on October 23, 1643 (“Va. Land Register,” I), two patents, one calling for 350 acres including Windmill Point proper, and the other for 250 acres known as Magpy Swamp. In the first of these patents Windmill Point is described as ‘butting upon Warwick River, bounded on the S. side with Potash Quarter Creek and on the N. side with Samuel Ste­phens his land.’


In his will the immigrant, Miles Cary, describes Windmill Point as ‘the tract of land which I now reside upon,’ refers to the Thomas Taylor patent and says that a resurvey shows it to include 688 acres, exclusive of Magpy Swamp. We trace the title through eight Carys to 1837 when the senior line became extinct, and Windmill Point passed to the Lucas descendants of the youngest daughter of Captain Thomas Cary, one of whom was in possession in 1851.


In 1919 the site of the original house was marked by a grassy cavity. A modern house stands nearby, the residence of J. B. Nettles who is now the owner of the small surround­ing farm. The property is sometimes referred to as ‘Cary’s Quarter.’ ” (This Windmill Point must be distinguished from Sir George Yeardley’s Windmill Point (originally Tobacco Point) on the south side of James River in Prince George Co.)


(Warwick County was one of the eight original shires into which Virginia was divided in 1634.)



The Tomb of Miles Cary


“The monument was a brick altar tomb surmounted by a heavy iron stone slab, evidently carved in England. It is now in complete ruin. The inscription was preserved by at least three copies, independently made, which agree, viz: in 1844, by Mr. William Robertson, Clerk of Warwick; in 1851, by Mr. Guilford Dudley Eggleston and Mr. William B. (“Hell-cat Billy”) Jones, then Clerk of Warwick; and in 1868, by Captain Wilson Miles Cary. It will be noted that, as so often is the case in respect to traditional records, the inscription contains two errors of fact: (1) Miles Cary was not the only son of John Cary of Bristol, tho at the time of his death he may have been the only surviving son; (2) Miles Cary was at the time of his death in his forty-fifth year, as appears from the following contemporary entry in the parish register of All Saint’s Church, Bristol:


‘The 30 January, 1622 (o. s.), was Baptized Miles, the sonne of John Cary.’


The grave is on the high bluff over the mouth of Potash Creek looking down Warwick River, in the midst of an ancient grove. In 1868, it was described as ‘at the foot of a giant walnut and in the deep shade of a bower formed by the festoons of a mighty grapevine which embraces the entire grove in its snake-like folds. This description held good on April 10, 1919, when the above picture was taken, both the walnut and grapevine being extant. The brick tomb has entirely disappeared, while the slab which bore the inscrip­tion was shattered into many pieces, some of which had been carried away; but enough remains after two hundred years to clearly identify the inscription with the aid of the copies made half a century ago.”


The fragments of the tomb were assembled, including the Coat of Arms which was found in the Museum at Newport News, and the tomb restored with appropriate ceremonies.


From page 57 of the “1932 Lineage Book” of Colonial Daughters of the 17th Century, who placed the bronze grave marker, we quote:    ,


“The marker at the grave of Miles Cary, 1622-1667, was dedicated at Windmill Point, Warwick County, Virginia, on May 8, 1932. Miles Cary held many offices of trust, both civil and military distinction, and owned large tracts of land in Virginia. His grave lies within its boundaries.


Our member, Mrs. Mathesia Bell Folk Webb, was in­strumental in having the grave restored and interested many influential persons in the vicinity in making the ceremony a notable occasion. The Reverend J. K. M. Lee of Newport News, officiated, and Lucius Cary of Richmond, Virginia, and P. M. Estes of Nashville, Tennessee, gave historical accounts of the Cary family. Mrs. Webb read an original poem.


Many members of local patriotic societies and descend­ants of Miles Cary were present.”



Notices of the ceremony of marking the grave of Miles'Cary appeared in many Virginia papers and in New York, perhaps in other states where the descendants of Miles Cary lived:


“Daily Press,” Newport News, Tuesday, May 10, 1932:


Crowd Witnesses Ceremonies Held at Ancient Tomb. About 150 at Unveiling of Marker at Grave of Miles Cary, Distinguished Colonist.


“Approximately 150 persons assembled Sunday afternoon at ‘Windmill Point’ to witness the unveiling of the marker at the tomb of Miles Cary, distinguished in early colonial history. The marker was unveiled by Mrs. J. A. Webb of New York, representing the Colonial Daughters of the Seventeenth Century, and the flag was placed on the tomb by little Cary Warren Davis, grandson of Mrs. James Branch Cabell of Richmond, who presided at the ceremonies.


Preceding the unveiling, Mrs. Webb made a brief talk explaining the history of the Cary Coat of Arms and the genealogy of the family, which she said was a complete one, assembled for the purpose of participating in a large fortune said to be awaiting the Cary heirs in England 75 years ago.


Lucius Cary of Richmond gave an account of the Cary family both in England and in America and pointed to the sterling traits of character found from generation to genera­tion in the family.


Restored tomb of Miles Cary at Windmill Point, Warwick County, Virginia


Photographs were taken day of ceremony, May 8, 1932.


Arms of Cary of Devon (Ar. on a bend sa. three roses of the field. Crest: a Swan ppr.~)


Here lyeth the body of Miles Cary, Esqr
Only son of John Cary & Alice, His Wife,


Daughter of Henry Hobson of the city of Bristol, Alderman:


He was born in ye said city


and departed this life the 10th day of June 1687
about the 47th year of his age,


leaving four sons and three daughters,


viz: Thomas, Anne, Henry, Bridgett, Elizabeth, Miles & William*



*This was copied just as it was given in "the Virginia Carys," page 36, but Miles did have brothers Henry, Matthew, Richard and sisters Alice, Honor, Mary, all full brothers and sisters. He had half brothers and sisters by his father's first marriage. M.F.W.




P. M. Estes of Nashville, Tennessee, was present and made a few remarks explaining the connection between the Tennessee Carys and the Virginia Carys.


The Rev. J. K. M. Lee of this city pronounced the invoca­tion. The ceremonies were held in the shady woods where the tomb stands but a short distance from the Warwick River and Lucas Creek.


A majority of those assembled were descendants of the Carys who came from Richmond and a few from out of the state.


Among those from a distance were many from Richmond: Mrs. Cabell, Mr. and Mrs. Davis, Hunsdon Cary of ‘Amp- thill,’ Lucius Cary; Mr. and Mrs. P. M. Estes, Nashville, Tenn., Mrs. J. A. Webb, New York, Mrs. Lee Brock, Wash­ington, D. C. Williamsburg, Norfolk and other places in Virginia were represented.


The tomb was restored by the Colonial Daughters of the Seventeenth Century with the assistance of P. M. Estes, John Cary, Fairfax Harrison and Major Gist Blair of Washington.”



Will of Miles Cary, 1667


Pages 164-168, in “The Virginia Carys.”


“1667, Miles Cary of ‘Warwick County in Virginia’ ”


Will dated June 9, 1667, and proved June 21, 1667, in Warwick County (Will Book A, 448).


(Copy from transcript of Warwick records made 1851 for Eggles­ton notes)


“In the name of God, Amen:


I, Mylles Cary of Warwick County in Virginia, being of sound and perfect memory (praysed bee God) doe make and ordain this my last will and testament, hereby renouncing all other wills or testaments formerly by me made whatso­ever.


Imp: I give and bequeath my soul into the hands of Almighty God hoping through the meritte of Jesus Christ to have free remission of all my sinns: and my body to the earth with xtian buriall to be decently interred by my Lov­ing Wife; and for that temporall estate which it hath pleased God to endow mee withall, I give and bequeath in manner and form following:

I doe give and bequeath unto my sonn Thomas Cary all that tract or parcell of land which I now reside upon, containing by the old patent, taken by my father-in-law, Thomas Taylor, deceased, three hundred and fifty acres of land, but since surveighed and received by me, 688 acres, more or less, with all that tract or parcell of land, commonly known and called by the name ‘Magpy Swampe’, according to a destrict pattent thereof taken by my father-in-law, Thomas Taylor, deceased, containing by said pattent two hundred and fifty acres of land, which quantity of two hundred and fifty acres of land is since joyned by mee unto another parcell of land bought by mee of Zacheriah Cripps the son of Zacheriah Cripps, deceased; yet, not­withstanding my will is that the said two hundred and fifty acres, more commonly knowne by the name of the ‘Magpy Swampe,’ according to the bounds of the first pattent taken up as aforesaid, be set apart and divided from the parcell of land which I bought of Zacheriah Cripps, and be and remain with the tract or parcell of land I now live upon with all the houses, aedifices, buildings, gardens, orchards, pastures, woods and underwoods, and trees growing and to bee growing, with all the rents and profits of all the leases and conveighances made out of the several tracts of land with all the hereditaments and appurtenances to any or either of the aforesaid par cells of land belonging or any way thereto appertaining unto him, the said Thomas Cary, and the heyers of his body to (be) lawfully begotten.


I doe, also, give and bequeath unto my sonn Henry Cary and unto my sonn Mylles Cary, all that tract or parcell of land which I bought of Zacheriah Cripps, being according to the Ancient Pattent taken out by Zacheriah Cripps, one thousand and fifty acres with all that tract or parcell of land taken up by mee, adjoining to that taken out of Zacheriah Cripps, but all taken into one pattent (always excepting and reserving that two hundred and fifty acres commonly knowne and called by the name of “Magpy Swampe” to the use and purpose before expressed which said tract of land according to the last surveigh and pattent (the said “Magpy Swampe” excepted) I give unto my sonne Henry Cary and unto my sonn Mylles, to be divided between them, by the runne of water which is by the great poplar in Andrew Farmer’s field, being the first course marked tree of the said dividend which runne of water upwards as the main runne goeth up to the dam or ponds, my will shall be the dividing line between them. That is to say, I give and bequeath unto my sonne Henry Cary all that tract or parcell of land, bee it more or less of this side of the ponds or dams adjourning upon the lands of Capt. Thomas Bernard, deceased, with the planta­tion commonly knowne and called by the name of ‘The Forest,’ with all the houses, aedifices, buildings, gardens, orchards, pastures, woods, underwoods and trees growing and to be growing, with all of the rents and profits of all leases and conveighances made out of the said tract or divi­dend of land with all the hereditaments and appurtenances to the said parcell of land any way appertaining unto him the said Henry Cary and to the heyers of his body lawfully to bee begotten.


And I give and bequeath unto my sonne Mylles Cary all that tract or parcell of land, bee it more or less, of the other side of the runnes or dams soe farr as my outward line extendeth, and along the said line, adjourning upon the lands of one Calvert and adjoining upon the lands of John Lewis, and soe along the outward line to the heade of Potash Creek, and adjoining upon the lands of Capt.: Samuel Step­hens (excepting and reserving the two hundred and fifty acres di land, commonly knowne by the name of “Magpy Swampe,” for the use and purpose afore expressed), with all the woods, underwoods, trees growing and to bee growing, with all hereditaments and appurtenances to the said tract or parcell of land (bee it more or less) belonging or in any way thereto appertaining unto the said Mylles Cary, and to the heyers of his body, lawfully to bee begotten.


I do give and bequeath unto my sonne William Cary all that tract or parcell of land which lyeth up Warwick River, formerly belonging unto Capt.: Thomas Flint, and since purchased by mee, with all the houses, aedifices, buildings, gardens, orchards, pastures, woods and under­woods, trees growing and to bee growing, with all the rents and profits of all leases or conveighances, made out of the said tract or parcell thereunto belonging or in any way apper­taining unto him the said William Cary, and the heyers of his body to be lawfully begotten.


I give unto Roger Daniell that parcell or tract of land that Goodman Haskins now lives on, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever, whether by lease or otherwise, to all intents and purposes whatsoever in full and ample manner as I myself now enjoy it, may, might, or ever may enjoy it.


My desire is that Mr. William Beatty may have the ieducation and bringing up of my sonne William and Mr. Hurle of my son Mylles in England.


My will is that my two houses in England, the one in Baldwin Street, the other in St. Nicholas Street, bee sold by Mr. Hurle and Mr. Richard Deans, and the money in Mr. Hurles hands already and the money of the said two houses soe sold to be equally divided between my three daughters, Anne, Bridgett and Elizabeth, and to continue in Mr. Hurle his hands untill their dayes of marriage; and my will is that my tobacco that goes for England this year, and the bills of Exchange, I now send home, bee also in Mr. Hurle his hands towards my sonne Mylles his education. My Plate and Rings to be equally divided between my children.


The goods in the store to be sold by my Executors, and also the housing at Towne[†] (which I bought of Mr. Randolph and have paid him for, as by his receipt it may appear) to be sold by my Executors and the remainder thereof, after my debts are paid, to bee equally divided amongst my children.


I give unto Anne Cary a negro girl called Nan and one boy called Harry.


I give unto Bridgett Cary one negro girl called Bridgett. To Elizabeth Cary one negro girl called Sarah. The rest of my negroes to be equally divided between my four sonns, Thomas, Henry, Mylles and William: and what English servants I have I give unto my four sonns Thomas, Henry, Mylles and William.


And my will further is that (whereas I have given and bequeathed unto my four sonnes Thomas, Henry, Mylles and William, several tracts and parcells of land, as, by fore­going clause in this Will, may and doeth appear) if any of the said Thomas, Henry, Mylles and William Cary shall happen to depart this natural life without heyers of his body lawfully begotten, that then his land goe and pass unto the next heirs or brother, viz: if Thomas Cary should happen to dy without issue of his body lawfully begotten, then his land to descend to the next brother Henry: and if Henry dy without issue of his body lawfully begotten, his land to descend to Mylles Cary; and if Mylles Cary dy without issue of his body lawfully begotten, his land to descend to William Cary; and if William Cary dy without issue of his body law­fully begotten, then his lands and the other tracts soe falling to him, pass and descend to my three daughters, Ann, Brid- gett and Elizabeth.


My will is that my debts be equally paid by my Execu­tors, hereafter to be named, before any division or diminu­tion of my Estate and that no division be made but by the joynt consent of my Executors, hereafter to be named, provided that my Executors be all alive at the time of divis­ion, and, (in) the Colony of Virginia—that is to say, so many of Executors as are to be had (but) that no division be made untill my eldest sonne come of age.


My will further is that when division is made, that my Loving friend, Mr. William Beatty have and keep in his possession my sonne William’s Estate, and keep it for my said sonne William’s use until he shall accomplish the age of one and twenty. My said Sonne’s maintenance for his education only to be deducted. And that the said Mr. William Beaty have my sonne Mylles Cary’s part also of my Estate to possess and keep for the said Mylles Cary his use and behoof until the said Mylles Cary shall accomp­lish the age of one and twenty. My will is that Henry Cary, when the Estate is divided, have his part and share of my Estate in his own possession as also his land, formerly bequeathed to him in his own possession not-withstanding he bee not of full age.


As for my three daughter’s parts or shares of my Estate (when divided) my will is, that those guardians (whom my said daughters shall choose) with the consent of Executors, shall take it into their care and custody for the proper and sole use of my said daughters until they or any of them shall accomplish the age of one and twenty, or dayes of marriage (their maintenance only excepted) that is each or any one of the said daughters to have her part or share as she accomp­lish the age of one and twenty or marryeth.


I do hereby nominate and appoint my four sonnes, Thomas, Henry, Mylles and William Cary and my three daughters, Anne, Bridgett and Elizabeth Cary my joynt Executors and Executrices of this my last Will and Testa­ment, with strict charge that they agree and act with mutual love and amity.

I doe also hereby, nominate and appoint my well-beloved friends, Mr. Thomas Ludwell, Col° Nath: Bacon, Major Edwards Griffith and Mr. William Beaty my Executors of this my last Will and Testament, earnestly requesting them to take the said charge and care upon them. And in token of my love to my said Executors I doe hereby give and bequeath to each of them five pounds sterling.


In Witness whereof I have set my hand and seal to each syde and part of this my last Will and Testament, this ninth day of June 1667.


Mylles Cary (His seal)


Signed and Sealed in the presemce of us:


Francis Hadden.

Thomas J. Ken.

William X. Tandy*, (his marke).


Probat. in Curia XXI die Junij 1667

pr. Testament: Thomas J. Ken and Guielmus Tandy

Test: Wm. Woyden, Sub. Cler.

Recordat: XXIX die Junij 1667.

Wm. Woyden, Sub. Cler.”


II Henry6 Cary (Miles6, John4, William3, Richard2, Wil­liam1 Cary), b. 1650(?); d. 1720; of “The Forest” (named for his Hobson grandfather, Henry, who was the father of Alice Hobson, mother of Miles Cary, the immigrant). He was devisee under his father’s will of the Warwick plantation called “The Forest,” being the western half of Zachary Cripps’ patent, adjoining “Richneck.” He was Justice of the Peace and Captain for Warwick.


*William Tandy was one of the head reights named in Captain Thomas Taylor's patenet of 1643.


Note: "Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Virginia 1670." pages 513-514: "Col. Miles Cary late of Warwick, by his will among several bequests and legacies, directed sale to be made of his two homes in the city of Bristol, Kingdom of England, one of them situated in Belame Street and the otehr house situated in St. Nicholas Street adn that the produce of money they should be sold for should be equally divided among his three daughters, to wit: Anna, Bridget, and Elizabeth Cary who md. Emmanuel Willis and by a deed 11th April 1670 conveyed to William Bassett of the Court of New kent, all their interest ni said houses" (Vol. II page 61, in "Some Prominent Virginia Families," by Louise Perquet DuBellett).



He was contracting builder and constructed, among other public buildings, the court-house of York County, 1694 (York records : the fort on York River, 1697 (“Va. Mag.” XXIV, 401); the first capitol at Williamsburg, 1701-1703; William and Mary College reconstruction after the fire of 1705), and the Governor’s palace, 1705-1710, in which he lived during construction. (See ' Hening,” III, 226, 485; IV, 95; “Col. Va. State Papers,” I, 125, 146.)


His petition, last cited, is interesting evidence that bricks were burnt in Virginia as early as 1709, not imported as the tradition is in respect to so many eighteenth century houses.* It is not known where he was buried. Md. by May 24, 1671, Judith, dau. of Edward Lockey, Jr., of York, merchant. Judith Lockey wife of Henry Cary, dau. of Edward Lockey, 1671, as Isaac Collier was dead and William Carter was absent and sup­posed to be dead, the General Court ordered that Judith Lockey, who had married Henry Cary, should have the legacies left Collier and Carter, “land excepted which is adjudged to the brother of said Isaac Collier” (General Court Records, MSS.). There is evidence at once of the fact and the date of the marriage in a recital of it in proceedings in the General Court, May 24, 1671, for the settlement of the estate of Edward Lockey, Sr. (“Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Vir­ginia,” page 258.)


“The Lockeys were London merchants resident in Virginia in the tobacco trade. Edward Lockey, Jr. was nephew of Edward Lockey, Sr., and son of John Lockey of St. Botolph’s Aldgate, London, grocer who died in Virginia.” (See “P.


C. C. Admon. Act Book,” Feb. 27, 1666, and “W. and M. Quar.” Ill, 278,VIII, 202, 225; p. 86, “The Virginia Carys.”) Children:


1 Judith7, b. 1673(?); d. ante 1716; md. Major William Barbar of York. (For the Barbar family see “W. & M. Quar.,” V, p. 195.) Judith Barbar is mentioned in the will of Henry Cary as “my late daughter.” (The name is also spelled Barber in some records.)


2 Anne7, b. 1674(?); md. post 1693 to ——- Stuckey (see the will 1693 of Benjamin Reade in York records, leaving legacy to “niece Anne Cary, daughter of Mr. Henry Cary”) (“W. & M. Quar.,” Ill, 40). Anne Lockey, sister of the wife of Henry Cary married a Reade, presumably Thomas Reade (see Bruton parish register, 1712), who may have been the brother of this testator, Benjamin Reade; in that case Benjamin might have called himself Anne Cary’s uncle because his brother had married her aunt. In any event the Oxford dictionary gives examples of the use of “niece” in the general sense of kinswoman. Anne Cary is Anne Stuckey in her father’s will which is the only evidence for the marriage. Her husband has not been identified.


*"Bricks were burnt in Virginia from the earliest time." M.H.



3 HENRY7 CARY, b. 1675(?) of Williamsburg, Va. (of whom further).


4 Elizabeth7 Cary, b. 1678(?); md. 1698 (?) to Captain John Scarisbrook. This John Scarisbrook, or Scarsbrooke, as the name came to be spelled in Virginia, was captain of a merchant ship in service between Virginia and Liverpool and son of Lieutenant-Colonel John Scarisbrook of York, merchant (See “W. & M. Quar.” XXIV, p. 200). The Scarisbrooks are an ancient family of Lancashire. In the seventeenth century a branch of them were merchants in Liverpool (“Victoria County History Lancashire,” III, 265). It seems probable then that the Virginia family were of the Liverpool Scarisbrooks. Three of the children of the immigrant Lieutenant-Colonel John Scarisbrook of York married descendants of the im­migrant Miles Cary {Viz: Martha, md. William Cary, Captain John supra, and Hannah md. Captain Miles Wills.)


5 Miles7, b. 1680(?); d. post 1716 o. s. p. (There is no record of him except in his father’s will where he is named as a legatee, but not as an Executor. He must have died unmarried.)


Sources: The “W. & M. Cary Notes” for a transcript from the original will of Henry Cary, dated January 27, 1716, and proved in Warwick, September 1, 1720; Gleanings from York County records; pages 86-87, “The Virginia Carys.”)



Will of Henry6 Cary “of the County of Warwick.”


Will dated January 27, 1716 (O. S.), and proved September 5, 1720, in Warwick County (Will Book, I, page 199).


(Copy from the original among the Ampthill muniments.)

“In the name of God, Amen: I, Henry Cary, of the


County of Warwick, being sick in body but of sound and perfect mind and memory, Praise be given to Almighty God for the same, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament, in manner and form following:


And first: I recommend my soul into the hands of


Almighty God beseeching him to grant me full remission and pardon for all my sins, by the merits and for the sake of my most blessed Saviour and Redeemer, Christ Jesus, and by whom I hope to inherit a joyful resurrection.


And as for that worldly estate which it hath pleased


God to bestow upon me, I give and bequeath the same in manner and form foll’g, hereby revoking and making void all former wills by me heretofore made, and declaring this to be my last Will and Testament.


2dly: I will and ordain that all my just debts and funeral charges be paid and discharged by my executor hereafter named, and after my debts and funeralls are so paid and discharged, as aforesaid, my will and desire is that all the remainder of my personal estate of what kind soever, as negroes, stock, household goods, money, tobacco, or any­thing else, be equally divided between my son Henry Cary, Miles Cary, my daughter Anne Stuckey, my daughter Eliza­beth Scarisbrooke, and my late daughter Judith Barbar’s two sons, Thomas Barbar and William Barbar, except my negro girl named Rachel, whom I give and bequeath to my son Henry Cary and his heirs forever.


3dly and lastly: I do hereby nominate and appoint my said son, Henry Cary whole and sole executor of this my last will and testament.


In Witness Whereof I have hereunto put my hand and seal this 27th day of January, Anno Dom. 1716.


Henry Cary (Seal bearing arms and crest of Cary of Devon)


Signed, sealed, published and declared in


the presence of:


Robt Philipson, Miles Cary, Richard Cary


At a Court held for Warwick County on Thursday, the first of September 1720, this Will was presented in Court by Henry Cary, junr the Executor, who made oath thereto, and being proved by the oaths of Miles Cary and Richard Cary, two of the witnesses thereto, is admitted to record and is recorded in the county records.


Test: Richard Cary Cl. Cur.”


(Pages 170-171, “The Virginia Carys.”)



“The Forest” and “Ampthill”


“The immigrant’s second son, Captain Henry Cary, the builder, inherited and lived upon the plantation in the interior of Warwick, known as ‘The Forest.’ His enterpris­ing son, of the same name, was one of the pioneers to take up wilderness lands in the upper valley of James River, and, removing his own residence to the head of navigation near the Falls, where the city of Richmond was soon to grow, there built Ampthill House.


Ampthill House, built by Henry Cary in 1732, still (1919) stands on the brim of the river valley about seven miles below Manchester, on the Richmond-Petersburg turn­pike. It looks over a characteristic James River bottom which yields bountiful crops of corn, now cultivated by a single tractor instead of a troop of negroes. Some distance down­stream, but within sight of the house, is the skeleton of the mill which was erected during the nineteenth century on the foundation of that of the eighteenth. Across the river, on the Henrico shore, is the Randolph place, ‘Wilton.’ While lacking repair, the house is a notable example of Henry Cary’s Flemish bond brickwork, substantial timbering and oak paneling. Except ‘Elmwood,’ it is the only Virginia house extant which was inhabited by the immigrant Miles Cary’s family in the eighteenth century. For a century past it has been owned by the families of Temple and Watkins, who crowd the two graveyards on the place.


This ‘Ampthill’ was apparently named, immediately, for a plantation of that name in Warwick which belonged to Henry Cary and afterwards to Miles Cary of ‘Peartree Hall’; this in turn was undoubtedly named by some former owner, doubtless a Bedfordshire man who brought with him to Virginia memories of the royal manor, famous for its park of ancient oaks, and the fact that there the repudiated Queen Katherine of Aragon lived while her divorce was pending (cf. Shakespeare Henry VIII, act IV, sc. I.). The English Ampthill now belongs to the family of Russell, Dukes of Bedford, one of whom has derived from it the title by whichhe is known. There is another Ampthill in Virginia, the house built about 1790, on some of Archibald Cary’s lands in Cumberland, by Randolph Harrison (pps. 85-88, “The Virginia Carys”).”


(Since the above description of “Ampthill” was written, the place has been sold (1927) to the DuPonts, who have a factory located there. The house itself was given to Mr. Hunsdon Cary, who moved it intact to another site on the James River where he and his family now live. The wall paneling is just the same; rooms, as they formerly were. The only change made was in the connection or galleries between the ball room and the house; also, between the kitchen and the house. M.F.W. 1932.)



The Rebirth oe Old Southern Mansions


“Another old house which has very lately been restored is Ampthill, seat of Archibald Cary who was the son of Henry Cary, a mighty builder in Williamsburg, and it was Henry who built Ampthill around 1730 or about the same time that William Byrd built Westover. Ampthill used to stand in Chesterfield County, opposite Richmond, near where the historic Appomattox joins the James. Just across the river still stands “Wilton,” a seat of the Randolphs, not quite so old.


The site of Ampthill is now a factory for rayons. By the courtesy of the DuPonts, who bought the land for the factory, the old house was presented to Hunsdon Cary, a lawyer of Richmond and a descendant of another son of Henry Cary, Miles by name.


Hunsdon Cary has reerected the old house, brick by brick, on a hill overlooking the James River, on the other side, above Richmond. In the transfer he has preserved extraordinarily well the character of the mansion with its checkerwork of glazed headers in the walls, typical of all the Tidewater architecture of the middle of the eighteenth century and the interior full dress of severely simple panel­ing of the hall and the great rooms on the lower floor.


The principal liberties taken are the connecting up with ‘hyphens’ of the solid square wings which were detached as at ‘Carter’s Grove,’ one of them being a grand ballroom and the other a kitchen, and the ingenious insertion in the thickness of one of the great chimneys of a private stair­way.”





III Henry7 Cary (Henry[‡], Miles*, -John1, William*, Richard2, William1'), b. 1675(?); d. 1749; of Williamsburg and later of “Warwick” in Henrico County (Chesterfield).


“Educated at William and Mary College, one of its earliest students. He carried on his father’s business as a contracting builder and constructed the Brafferton Building, 1732 (probably), and (certainly) the President’s house and the chapel of William and Mary College, 1729-1732 (“W. & M. Quar.” I, p. 137; XI, p. 174),* as well as a number of churches and court houses, among others, St. Paul’s, Hanover, 1719, and St. John’s, Hampton, 1727 (“W. & M. Quar.” XX, p. 170) (“Tyler’s Cradle of the Republic,” p. 250).[§]


“In this construction of public buildings he was more fortu­nate than his father, as much of his work still stands to testify to his art, while successive fires have destroyed all identifiable monuments of his father.”


“He was Justice of the Peace in Warwick Co. as late as 1727, but had moved to Williamsburg after his father’s death and there was vestryman of Bruton Church.” (“W. & M. Quar.” Ill, p. 175-180),[**] and in 1726, Keeper of the Magazines. In 1730 he docked the entail and sold ‘The For­est’ to Colonel Wilson Cary of ‘Richneck’ (Hening IV, 307; VII, 440), acquiring in lieu of it 12,000 acres on Willis Creek, then in Henrico (afterwards Goochland and Cumberland and Buckingham). In 1736 he purchased from William Byrd 306 acres at the mouth of Falling Creek in Henrico (after­wards Chesterfield), and there on the upland established a flouring mill about which grew up a village which he called ‘Warwick.’ He had removed his residence to Henrico in 1727 and, though he lived later at ‘Ampthill,’ usually described himself thenceforth as ‘of Warwick,’ or ‘of the Parish of Dale.’


*The building of the Chapel of William and Mary College was awarded to Henry Cary, father of Archibald and Judith Cary, and the original contract signed by him was preserved at the college until a few years ago when it disappeared suddenly ("W. and M. Quar.," vol. XI, p. 175).


** W.& M. Quar. "Vol. XX, p. 170. Elizabeth City Co. Records. Church. At a Court held the 17th January 1727. "It is agreed by the minister, Church wardens and Court to furnish Mr. Henry Cary with wood, at the rate of six pence p. load, to burn bricks for the church, from the school land."


***Henry Cary, Vestryman of Bruton Church, Williamsburg, Va. ("Old Churches, Ministes and Families of Virginia," Vol. I, page 178, by Bishop Meade).



In 1733-34 he was High Sheriff of Henrico. He was doubtless buried at ‘Ampthill,’ but no stone marks his grave. Many of his descendants, Bells, Randolphs, Pages, Harrisons were long seated on his lands in Cumberland and Buckingham Counties. (Buckingham Co. was cut off from Albemarle Co. in 1761).”


Md. (1) 1710(?) Sarah Sclater (b. 1695(?); d. 1719 (ante); dau. of Rev. James Sclater, incumbent of Charles River Parish, York County.




1 Mary8, d. “a child.” (The Bruton Parish register shows that she was buried there in January 1724).


2 Doyley8, b. 1712; d. ante 1734, o. s. p.


The name Doyley is a puzzle.


The Rev. Cope Doyley was incumbent of Hampton (Eliz­abeth City) 1687-1697, and of Bruton (Williamsburg) 1697-1702, when he died (“Bishop Meade,” I, 231, 149).


He left young sons, Charles and Cope, who on their father’s death were committed to the care of Henry Tyler, Sheriff of York, because they had no relations in Virginia. (See “York, 0. B.” September 24, 1702; “Va. Mag.” XIII, 300.) Cope Doyley was a landowner in Warwick (Quit Rent Rolls, 1704), and it is probable that Henry Cary or his Sclater wife had affectionate relations with him, but it does not appear why they should name for him their eldest son, born ten years after Mr. Doyley’s death. Doyley Cary was witness to a deed from Richard Page to John Blair, dated July 31, 1730, which was recorded in York, then disappeared.


3 Henry8 Cary, b. Nov. 3, 1714; d. 1734, o. s. p.

(The younger brother Henry died 1734, leaving a will be­queathing his property to his father, and his father’s will names the two slaves which the Rev. James Sclater had bequeathed to Doyley and Henry, with remainder to the survivor, thus indicat­ing what was the property his son Henry had to leave and his survivorship of his brother.)


(“The Ampthill” Bible has an entry in the hand of Archibald Cary: “Henry Cary, father of Archibald Cary, had by his first wife a daughter and two sons, who died before they came of age, viz, Doyley Cary, b. July 3, 1712, and Henry Cary, b. Nov. 3, 1714.” The will of the Rev. James Sclater, dated 1721, gives the clew to the name of the first wife in legacies to his two Cary grandsons.)


James Sclater was incumbent of Charles (formerly Pocoson) Parish in York County from 1686 to 1724. His children are enum­erated in the parish register. In the lack of other records it appears from the known marriages of the other daughters that Henry Cary’s wife was the fourth child, Sarah. Col. John Cary of Back River and his son, Capt. Miles Cary of Campbell, both married Sclaters of this family (“The Virginia Carys,” pages 88-89).


Henry1 Cary, md. (2) 1719 Anne Edwards (daughter of John Edwards of Surry); b. ___; d. about 1740.


Henry Cary testified by his entry in the “Ampthill” Bible that his second wife was Anne Edwards. The evidence for the foregoing identification of the mother of Col. Archibald Cary, establishes his kinship with the Revolutionary colleague, Benja­min Harrison, in the will of John Edwards, dated Aug. 12, 1712, and proved May 20, 1713 (“Surry Will Book,” V, 147), naming with other children his third son Benjamin and his daugh­ter Anne, then unmarried; followed by the will of this Benjamin Edwards, dated Nov. 6, 1721, and proved Nov. 21, 1722 (“Surry Will Book,” VI, 422), the witnesses to which are Anne Cary, Plenry Cary and Dr. Archibald Blair, evidently Benjamin Edward’s sister, brother-in-law and physician.


John Edwards and William his brother, who was Clerk of the General Court in 1688 and afterwards of the Council, were the third generation of a family of ancient planters, the first of whom was before 1624 seated in Surry where they still persist.


(See Keith, “Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison,” 50 and “W. & M. Quar.,” XV, 79.)




4 Anne8, b. 1720; d. infant. (She was buried in Bruton Church, 1720.)


5 Archibald8, b. 1721 of “Ampthill.” (For complete record see “The Virginia Carys.”) Being a prominent citizen of that day and a brother to Judith Cary, we give a short sketch of him. (See pages 53-57.)


6 Judith8 Cary, b. August 12, 1726; d. April 16, 1798; md. 1744, David Bell of “Belmont” on the James River in Buckingham Co. (This marriage spread the Cary blood and name among a numerous progeny; Gists, Blairs, Langhornes, Harrisons, Estes, Folks, Rice and their descendants, who settled in Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Maryland and other states.) (Of whom further.)


7 Sarah8 Cary, b. 1729; md. 1748 to Alexander Spiers. (Alexander Spiers was a Scotch merchant and returned to his home in Glasgow in 1750, taking his wife with him. She never returned to Virginia but is reputed to have died, s. p.)


Henry7 Cary, md. (3), Elizabeth Brickenhead in 1741 (?) s. p. She survived her husband and was living in Williamsburg in 1750 when she made a will which was proved in Chesterfield, October 10, 1751 (“Will Book,” I, page 149). By this she left legacies to “Mrs. Judith Bell,” “Mrs. Sarah Spiers,” “Anne, daughter of Archibald Cary,” and the bulk of her property to “John Brickenhead, Peruke maker in Old Street, near St. Luke’s Church, London.” (This last may be a clue to her maiden name of which no definite record remains.)


(Sources: (1) The Ampthill Family Bible. (2) The will of Henry Cary, 1748. (3) Miller, V, page 6, Call. 28; (4) Gleanings from public records of York, Henrico and Chesterfield Counties, Va.; page 91, “The Virginia Carys.”)


“Will Book, Chesterfield County, Virginia.” (No. I, Page 36.)


“In the name of God, Amen, I, Henry Cary of the Parish of Dale in the County of Henrico, being at this time of perfect, Sound and disposing Mind and Memory, Thanks be to Almighty God and withal considering the Certainty of Death and the uncertainty of that great and important Change, do make and ordain this my Last Will and Testa­ment in Manner and Form following:—


Impress: I recommend my soul to Almighty God in a well grounded Hope and confidence that through the Full­ness of His Mercy and the Merits of His Son, I shall stand at the Resurrection on His Right Hand and My Body I commit to the care of my Executor hereinafter named to be by him decently interred at his Discretion.


Item, whereas, by a certain contract of Marriage entered into with my loving wife, Elizabeth Cary before espousals, I engaged to leave her one thousand pounds sterling money to be paid her in case she should Survive me, by my Execu­tors in lieu of and in full compensation of dower, I do, therefore, give and bequeath unto my said wife, Elizabeth Cary, the said sum of one thousand pounds Sterling to be paid her by my Executor in lieu of and in full compensa­tion of her Dower.


I, further more, give and bequeath unto my wife Eliza­beth the sum of two hundred and twenty pounds Curr’t Money to be paid her by my Executor within one year after my Decease being in Consideration of the like Sum by me heretofore received for the sale of her house in the city of Williamsburgh. I, further, lend my wife, Elizabeth Cary the use of all household goods and Plats I rec’d with her in Marriage that shall be found at the time of my Decease to enjoy the same during her natural life and after her Decease the same to return to my son Archibald Cary, my heir at law. I, likewise, give to my wife, Elizabeth Cary, a Negro Man Slave named James, which I received with her in Mar­riage to be her absolute property and at her disposal, I, also, lend my said wife Elizabeth Cary the use of my Negro wench, named Flora, during the natural life.


Item: Whereas, in Consideration of a Marriage hereto­fore had and Solemnized between David Bell and my Daugh­ter Judith, I have put the said David Bell in the Enjoyment and possession of three thousand acres of land situate lying and being upon Hatchers Creek in the County of Albemarle being part of a larger tract, as also, of the following slaves, to wit (15, naming them) together with all the stock of hogs, cattle, horses, mares, utinsils of husbandry and all other materials upon the said plantation at the time I so put him in Possession thereof, all the singular and the said land and tenements, goods, chatties to hold and enure to the said David Bell and his wife, my daughter Judith, and the heirs of her body under the conditions, limitations and resolutions hereinafter expressed to wit: (Will next makes special and generous provision for grandson, Henry Bell, being only grandchild mentioned).


Item: I give and bequeath to my son-in-law, Alexander


Spiers, Three thousand acres of land now in his possession, the boundary line whereof to begin at my upper line above Stills Quarter, etc. Also, slaves, cattle, horses, etc., including a negro wench named Sarah and a negro girl named Nell, which two negroes my daughter Sarah, now wife of the said Alexander Spiers took into her care and possession at the time of her marriage.


Item: I do give and bequeath unto my son Archibald Cary all the residue of my estate both real and personal of what nature and quality soever and wheresoever lying, found or dispensed, he paying all my legacies and just debts.”


“(Signed) Henry Cary (L.A.)


Witnesses: Thos Mosely Rob’t Easley John Allday, Junior.”


Also makes Archibald his executor. Executed May 27, 1748.



Archibald Cary


Archibald Cary of “Ampthill,” in the County of Chesterfield, has a will recorded in Will Book 4, page 420, Chesterfield County.


It is dated Feb. 12, 1787, and has two or more codicils dated Feb. 19 and 21, 1787. An inventory and appraisement of his estate was filed April 17, 1787.


Archibald8 Cary (Henry’’, Henry*, Miles6, John4, Wil­liam3, Richard2, William1'), b. 1721, d. 1787; of “Ampthill” in Chesterfield County. He was a brother of Judith Cary (who married David Bell through whom we trace our lineage). Archi­bald Cary, collateral to our line, was a most prominent citizen of his day, and his marriage to Mary Randolph, a descendant of Pocohontas, may be interesting to many readers. We give a brief history of him. The complete history is recorded in “The Virginia Carys,” pages 91-95, and in “Archibald Cary of ‘Ampt­hill,’ Wheelhorse of the Revolution,” by Robert K. Brock (8vo. Richmond, Va. 1937; a biography).


“Born in Williamsburg, he was probably named for his father’s friend and physician, Dr. Archibald Blair, though not of kin. He was educated at William and Mary College. When he came of age in 1742 his father vested him with the property known as Buckingham, 4,132 acres of land on Willis Creek, then in Goochland (Deed Book, IV, 95, and Hening, VII, 440), and there he entered public life. He was Justice of Peace 1747 and sat as a Burgess for Goochland 1748-49. On the organization of Cumberland County in 1749 to include his lands, he was in the first Commission of the Peace and a vestryman of St. James, Southam parish. Later, in 1750, he became of Ampthill on his father’s death and removed to Chesterfield. He extended his father’s manufacturing interests, maintained the flouring mills at Warwick, established a ropery, developed the deposits of limonite iron ore on his lands in Buckingham, and set up a furnace and foundry at Falling Creek, where in 1622 the first such venture had been made in the colony. (Brock, Va. His. Soc. Collections, VII, 51, says that in 1876 he identified the sites of both furnaces, that of 1622 as well as that of 1760, by remnants of slag in the soil.)


In local community affairs he was progressive; as Justice of Peace (long Presiding Magistrate and County Lieutenant) he advocated the construction of roads and bridges; privately he imported pure-bred cattle, which found their way into the valley of Virginia and in time into Kentucky, carrying with them the name ‘Cary’s stock’ (W. M. Quar., XXVI, 167). An uncompromising member of the Established Church, as a magistrate he prosecuted the Baptists (‘Va. Mag.,’ XI, 416); and after disestablishment was with his kinsmen, Colonel Wilson-Miles Cary and Judge Richard Cary, a delegate to the convention of 1785 which organized the incorporated Episcopal Church of Virginia. In 1756 he succeeded to the seat in the Assembly for Chesterfield, and at once took active part in the organization of the colony against the French invasion then expected. Thence­forth, until his death, he represented Chesterfield continu­ously. By 1762 he had taken the place in the Assembly of his great-uncle, Miles Cary, being Chairman of the Com­mittee of Public Claims, a post he held during the remainder of the colonial period. In 1764 he was one of the committee of nine which prepared the memorials to the King and Lords and Commons against Grenville’s determination to impose stamp taxes, but, in 1765 he voted with the conserva­tives against Patrick Henry’s fiery resolutions.


He took a leading role in the Revolution of Virginia; he signed the Associations of 1769, 1770 and 1774; in 1773 he became a member of the Committee of Correspondence and was in all the Conventions of 1775. In the Convention of 1776 he was Chairman of the Committees, so that ‘it was from his lips that the words of the resolution of independance, of the declaration of rights, and of the first constitution of Virginia first fell upon the public ear.’ At home he was Chairman also of the county Committee of Safety for Chesterfield (‘W. & M. Quar.,’ V, 102). On the organization of the State government he became Speaker of the Senate and died holding that office. He had subscribed liberally to the Revolution in money as well as in influence. Thus in January 1781 he calls the Governor’s attention (‘Col. Va. State Papers,’ I, 4,710) to the fact that there is due him by government lbs. 40,000 on one account and lbs. 18,000 ‘for my propositions towards raising the 3,000 men.’ While these figures were in Virginia depreciated currency, not sterling, they represented large values. In this situation, on April 30 of the year, his mills at ‘Warwick’ and ‘Falling Creek’ were destroyed by Benedict Arnold. (See Arnold’s report of May 12, 1781, to Sir Henry Clinton, in ‘Tarleton Campaigns in North America, 1781,’ 337.) Although a large landholder (according to the land and tax books, he died seized of 2,180 acres in Chesterfield, with 36 slaves; 4,992 acres in Cumberland with 189 slaves and 7,000. acres in Buckingham with 41 slaves), yet, as a consequence of his sacrifices, he found himself in straitened circumstances at the end of his life.


By tradition he is called ‘Old Iron,’ but whether with reference to his furnace or his character does not appear. He had indeed developed a peremptory disposition, as witness his celebrated message to Patrick Henry in 1776 [Wirt, ‘Life of Patrick Henry (1836),’ 223], and the subse­quent description of him as the ‘Old Bruiser’ [Rowland, ‘George Mason,’ I, 334; Greene, ‘Nathaniel Greene (1871),' III, 506J; but, on the other hand, General Washington, though eleven years his junior, maintained an affectionate relation with him, calling him ‘Archy’ (Ford, ‘Writings of Washington,’ II, 428). His courtesy and genial hospitality were a part of him.


His reputation being confined to Virginia, the immediate memorial of his fame was his name, given to a street in Richmond. No stone marks his grave; indeed, the place of burial is not known. Tradition has it that he was buried in the cellar of ‘Ampthill’ House, where his ‘hant’ is still seen by the negroes. (See the eloquent appreciation in ‘Grigsby’s Virginia Convention of 1776,’ 90, and a brief notice in ‘Appleton’s Cyclo. Am. Biog.,’ I, 548.) His corres­pondence and personal papers were destroyed, so that material is lacking for a ‘Life.’ There is in existence a pleasant portrait of him by the elder Peale (pages 91-92, ‘Va. Carys’). Married 1744, Mary Randolph, b. 1727; d. 1781, dau. of Col. Richard Randolph of ‘Curies.’”




1 Anne9, b. 1745; d. 1789; md. Col. Thomas Mann Randolph, b. 1741; d. 1794, “Tuckahoe.”


2 Mary9, b. 1747; d. infans.


3 Jane9, b. 1751; d. 1774; md. 1767 to Thomas Isham Ran­dolph of “Ben Lomond” in Goochland, son of Isham Randolph of “Dungeness.”


(From this marriage descended the Harrisons of “Clifton” and the Hutchinsons of St. Louis, Missouri. It was the older sister of this Thomas Isham Randolph who was the mother of Thomas Jefferson. (See “W. & M. Quar.,” VIII, 122, 263.)


4 Sarah9, 1753-1773; md. Archibald Bolling of Goochland, a younger son of the second John Bolling of Cobbs, and a grandson of Archibald Blair. Sally Cary was the first of his four wives. (See the notice of him in Robert­son’s “Pocahontas and Her Descendants”.)


5 Eliza9, d. ___Infans.


6 Henry9, b. 1757; d. 1758.


7 Mary9, b. 1766-1797; md. 1782 to Major Carter Page of “The Fork,” Cumberland County. (For the descend­ants of this marriage and Dr. Mann Pages’s correspond­ence about the “Cary fortune” see “Page Genealogy of the Page Family, 1893,” pages 108 and 120. Most of the “Ampthill” heirlooms passed to the Pages.)

8 Elizabeth9, 1770(?); md. 1787 to Robert Kincaid of Manchester. (This Elizabeth, or Betsy, was not entered in the Ampthill Bible. After her mother’s death and the marriage of her next older sister she assumed, though still a child, the management of her father’s household and thereby won his warm affection, as appears by his will. The codicils disclose, however, that her father strongly disapproved of her intended marriage to Robert Kincaid and sought to prevent it. A notice in the “Virginia Gazette” shows that the marriage took place a few weeks after Colonel Archibald Cary’s death. There were Kincaid and Irving descendants.)


Sources: (1) The “Ampthill” family Bible; (2) The Will of Archibald Cary, 1787.


Note: At the death of Colonel Archibald Cary of Ampthill, the male line of the second son of the immigrant became extinct, but the descendants of the marriage of his granddaughter, Virginia Randolph, dau. of Thomas Mann Randolph of Tuckahoe, with Wilson Jefferson Cary of Carvsbrook, carries on the blood of this line in the Cary name (pages 91, 95 “The Va. Carys).”


Robertson’s “Pocahontas and Her Descendants.”


Pocahontas, b. 1595; d. 1617 at Gravesend, England; md. John Rolfe, April 1614, who was first Secretary and Recorder General of Va.; b. at Heach- am, England, 1585; d. at James City, Va. 1623. (Pocahontas was his second wife.)


Tom Rolfe, b. 1615; d. 16—; md. Jane Poythress.


Jane Rolfe, d. 1678; md. Col. Robert Bolling.


John Bolling of “Cobbs,” b. 1676; d. 1729, member of Burgess; md. Mary Kennon; had one son and five daughters.


Jane Bolling, b. 1703; d. 1766; md. Col. Richard Randolph, b. 1690; d. 1748; Burgess and Treasurer of Va.


Mary Randolph, b. 1727; d. 1781; md. Col. Archibald Cary of “Amp­thill,” b. 1721; d. 1787. [††]

IV JUDITH3 CARY (Henry7, Henry6, Miles5, John4, William3, Richard2, William1), b. Aug. 12, 1726, in Henrico County, Virginia; d. April 16, 1798; md. 1744 in Henrico County to David Bell, b. about 1716; d. Nov. 8, 1806. "Judith Cary lived and died near Lynchburg and is buried there." (See "Marshall Family," by W. M. Paxton, page 297; "Colonial Fmaailies of U. S.," by MacKenzie, Vol. II, page 416; Will Book, No. 1, page 36, Chesterfield Co., Va., Will executed May 27, 1748.) (Chesterfield County was cut off from Henico County in 1749.)


David Bell came to America prior to the Indian Wars and was appointed captain in the French and Indian War of 1755. ("Bell Family in America,” by Wm. H. Clemens, page 5; “The Virginia Carys,” page 90; “Virginia Magazine of Hist, and Biog.,” Vol. II, page 39, gives muster roll of Captain David Bell’s Company May 12, 1756. David Bell is spoken of as from Scotland.)




1 Henry Cary9 Bell, b. Nov. 11, 1745, in Henrico Co.; md. June 12, 1773, to Rebecca Harrison of Va. He was lieutenant in the Revolutionary War. Children:


i Rebecca10 Bell, md. Mr. Branch. Child:


1 Rebecca Bell11 Branch of Washington, D. C. (Miss Branch has taken a great interest in this genealogy and has supplied many interest­ing letters and valuable information. M.F.W.)


ii Harrison10 Branch, moved to Mo. about 1855.


iii A daughter10, whose daughter11, md. Mr. Alfred Jones of Mo.


(Note: “My niece, Mrs. A. W. Jones, has asked me to send you Judith Cary’s picture, or “Lady Bell” as she was always called on account of her great beauty and aristocratic carriage.” Rebecca Bell Branch.)


2 Judith Cary9 Bell, b. 1750; d. 1833; md. Col. Nathaniel Gist of Va., Revolutionary officer; son of Christopher Gist of Maryland; Col. in Continental Line during the Revolution; captured at Charleston, May 12, 1780, returned Jan. 1, 1781. Nathaniel Gist had large grants of land for worthy service; moved to Kentucky. Child­ren:


i Henry Cary10 Gist.


ii Thos. Cecil10 Gist; md. Miss Barbour.


iii Sarah Howard10 Gist, b. 1780; md. U. S. Senator Jesse Bledsoe of Ky.


iv Ann10 Gist; md. Col. Nathaniel Hart of Ky.


v A daughter10, who md. Dr. Boswell of Lexington, Ky. vi Elizabeth Violet10 Gist, b. 1793; d. 1876; md. July 22, 1812, to Francis Preston Blair, b. Sept. 12, 1791, at Abington, Va. Children:


1 Francis Preston11 Blair.


2 Montgomery11 Blair; md. Mary E. Woodrow.




i Minna12 Blair.


ii Woodbury12 Blair.


Judith Cary (Mrs. David Bell), 1726-1798


The original painting of Judith Cary Bell by Copley is in the possession of Major Gist Blair, Washington, D. C. The white rose in her hand is the emblem of the Cary family, as shown in the Cary Coat of Arms (Permission).



iii Gist12 Blair of Washington, D. C. (an outstanding, distinguished American citi­zen. M.F.W.).


Elizabeth Violet10 Gist, md. (2) to General Charles Scott of Ky.; sans issue.


(See “Va. Mag. of Hist, and Biog., “Vol. VII, page 13; Chart of “Gist-Cary Family Tree,” published 1903, by Richard Self, St. Paul, Minn. (Information on Henry Cary9 Bell and Judith Cary9 Bell was given by Miss Rebecca Bell Branch11 and Major Gist Blair.12)


vii Maria Cecil10 Gist; md. Benjamin Gratz of Lexington, Ky.


3 Sarah9 Bell, b. Aug. 24, 1754; md. Apr. 30, 1774, to John Maurice Langhorne; b: Oct. 8, 1751; d. Mar. 14, 1784; captain in French and Indian Wars. Children:


i Maurice10 Langhorne, b. Feb. 10, 1755; md. (1 Nancy Johnson; md. (2) ___ Brooks.


ii David Bell10 Langhorne, b. Dec. 14, 1776; soldier in War of 1812.


iii John Trotter10 Langhorne, b. Jan. 4, 1779; md. Elizabeth Baxter Payne, b. Nov. 20, 1798 (dau. of Col. Duval Payne and Hannah Brent). Children:


1 Elizabeth11, b. Oct. 23, 1816; md. William Green.


2 Maurice11, b. Aug. 6, 1819; md. Eve A. Grieffe.


3 Sarah Bell11, b. Nov. 17, 1821; md. Henry Waller.


i Elizabeth Trotter10 Langhorne, b. July 11, 1782; md. Hugh Brent, Sr., b. Jan. 18, 1773.


Sarah9 Bell, md. (2) Cary Harrison. Child:


1 Judith Cary10 Harrison, b. July 25, 1790; md. Dr. John Fry (son of the celebrated teacher Joshua Fry).


(Note: The Carys and Harrisons had intermarried before. For fuller information on descendants see “Marshall Family,” by William M. Paxton, pages 297-98; “Colonial Families of U. S.,” by George Norbury MaeKenzie, page 416.)


There are many famous descendants of Sarah Bell9 Lang­horne and also Sarah Bell9 Harrison.


4 Elizabeth Cary9 Bell, b. about 1758 in Chesterfield Co., Va.; d. in Kentucky 1825; md. May 21, 1776, to Daniel Bates, son of James Bates and Winnifred Grymes (Grimes) or Hix; son of John Bates and Susannah (Fleming), son of John, son of George, son of John Bates, b. 1598 in Hotten, England; d. 1666; a resident of Middletown, Bruton Parish, Va., at time of death (page 73, “Bates Family in Va. and Mo.”); md. Eliza­beth •—-—• about 1623; he was a merchant in Co. with Abraham Piercey’s Hundred, opposite Jamestown on James River. Will proved in York Co., Va. in 1666 and names a wife Elizabeth and sons and daughters (of whom further).


Note: Major Gist Blair of Washington, D.C., has the original portrait of Judith Cary painted by Copley. He also owns the French grammar which David Bell used when at school in Edinburgh, Scotland, with his name in his own handwriting. We have seen both the picture of Judith Cary and the French grammar of David Bell. David Bell was Scotch and a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. He and his wife were given “Belmont” by Archibald Cary, brother of Judith. (“Her father left her much land in Buckingham Co. on which “Belmont” should have been built P.M.E.). (The above information was given to us in a letter from Major Gist Blair in 1928. M.F.W.)




“Bedford City, Va., Nov. 30, 1908.


Miss Annebel Moore,

Brownsville, Tennessee.


Dear Miss Moore:


I have just seen a record of a deed in 1779 from Henry Bell of the county of Buckingham and Parish of Tillotson to his brother, David Bell of the same county and Parish, conveying 1,000 acres of land in this (Bed­ford) County.


The deed is witnessed by “Daniel Bates,” “Eliza Bates” and “Judith Cary Bell.”


The circumstances show affiliation between the Bell, Bates and Cary families.


The city of Lynchburg is in Campbell County and this Co. was cut off from Bedford Co. in 1782. The land conveyed by the deed referred to is in Campbell Co.


. . . David Bell married Judith Cary. Their daughter Sarah, married Mr. John Maurice Langhorne.


Very truly yours,


(Signed) R. D. Buford”




“Virginia Magazine of History and Biography”


Vol. ii page 39 A muster roll of Captain David Bell’s Company made May 12, 1756. List of names given. Va. troops in French and Indian Wars.


Vol. vii page 13 Judith Cary Bell, dau. of David Bell of Buck­ingham Co., married Nathaniel Gist.


Vol. vii page 147 David Bell 5 head of cattle Va. Militia in the Revolution. Augusta Militia.


Vol. vii page 421 James Bell, md. Aug. 25, 1759. Augusta Co., Va. Name of man only is given. (Possibly the county clerks deemed the person who paid the fee the only one of importance.)


Vol. viii page 120 Col. Bell, Dec. 2, 1794.


Vol. x page 445 Wm. Bell, Orange Co. Records.


Vol. xii-xiii. p. 427. Major John Bell died in Orange Co. May 6, 1790.


Vol. xiv page 120. “Whereas Mr. David Bell this day repre­sented to the Governor and Council,” and so forth. Council held at the Capitol, Oct. 26, 1738.


Vol. xix page 46. Rev. James Bell. Baptist Minister, Sussex Co. Wills, Oct. 15, 1778.


Vol. xx page 88. May 14, 1717. Will of William Santain proved by James Bell, Executor. Prince George Co. Records.


Vol. xx page 364. List of obituaries, David Bell. Nov. 8, 1806.


David Bell: “Index to Wills in Goochland Co. 1744,” Book 4, page 482. Bell subscribes to Blackstones Com­mentaries on the laws of England, Philadelphia 1771-1772. Henry Bell, Esq. Buckingham Co. Va. “Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia” 1758-61, page 215 Monday March 16, I Geo. Ill, 1761. Also an Account of David Bell for enlisting and victualling sundry soldiers which after­wards deserted.


“Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia,” 1758-61, page 161: Friday the 7th of March, 33 Geo. II, 1760. A Petition of William Fleming setting forth that in the year 1755 he received a commission as Ensign in Captain David Bell’s Company and in Pursuance of Orders from Colonel Washington, recruited a number of Men and subsisted them at his own expense.


V Elizabeth Cary9 Bell, b. about 1758 in Chesterfield County, Virginia; d. 1825 in Kentucky; md. May 21, 1776, in Chesterfield County, Virginia, to Daniel Bates, son of James Bates and Win- nifred Grymes (Grimes) or Hix (both names have been given), b. July 6, 1756; d. 1801; marriage registered in Theological Seminary, Alexandria, Virginia; “Deed Book 13,” page 449, May 21, 1776; “William and Mary Quarterly,” Vol. XV, pages 33-34; “William and Mary Quarterly,” Vol. XVII; “Bates Gene­alogy,” page 73; “Nat. Cyclopaedia of American Biography,” Vol. VII, pages 93 and 302, Vol.' XXVIII-IX. Examine “Woods History of. Albemarle Co.,” Records I, V, VI, VII.




1 Judith Cary10 Bates, b. Nov. 29, 1778; d. April 4, 1843; md. to John Friend, b. Aug. 3, 1775; d. May 12, 1830. Children:


i David Henry11 Friend, b. May 1, 1797; d. May 10, 1877; md. Hendricks; lived in Huntsville, Ala.


ii Elizabeth B.11 Friend, b. Dec. 29, 1798; d. July 14, 1840; md. Tyiers.


iii Edward Thomas11 Friend, b. Sept. 10, 1800; d. Dec. 8, 1850; md. Ann Crook.


iv Daniel B.11 Friend, b. Aug. 2, 1804; d. June 1876; md. Maria Bently. Children:


1 Bettie12, md. Dr. Crunk; they lived in Shelbyville, later in Fayetteville, Tenn. Prominent citizens. Children:


i Minnie13, d. about 1896.


ii William13 Friend, M. D., was on Gov. Robert Taylor’s staff, d. about 1893.


2 John12 Friend, md. Ellen Gay, lived in Nashville, Tenn. Children:


i John13 Osborne, M. D., grad, of Vanderbilt.


ii Archer13 Trent, grad, from Ward’s Seminary.


iii Powahattan13.


iv Pocahontas13.


3 Nannie12.


4 Efford12.


v Judith C.11 Friend, b. Aug. 2, 1806.


vi Phebe Ann11 Friend, b. Nov. 7,1808; d. Sept. 13,1830.


vii John Nathaniel11 Friend, b. Jan. 2, 1811; d. Dec. 8, 1836.

viii Charles Fleming11 Friend.


ix William Francis11 Friend (twins), b. Dec. 26, 1812; Chas.11, d. Dec. 8, 1860; William11, d. Aug. 16,1840.


x Joseph Osborne11 Friend, b. Aug. 8, 1814.


xi Richard Bates11 Friend, b. March 15, 1815.


xii George Washington11 Friend, b. Nov. 15, 1817.


xiii Hugh Brent11 Friend, b. Apr. 25, 1820 (no record).


Charles Fleming11 Friend, b. Dec. 26, 1812; d. Dec. 8, 1860; md. Nov. 1, 1838, Martha Jane Barbour, b. Sept. 12, 1820; d. May 26, 1866 (dau. of Dr. Edward Barbour and Jane of Banen Co., Ky.); lived in Huntsville, Ala.; then moved as pioneers to Polk Co., Mo.; Chas. Fleming grad, from Cumberland College, Lebanon; member of Cum. Pre. Ch.; went to California in 1849 in search for gold; enlisted from Mississippi in albert monroeConfederate Army the same day his three sons enlisted for service under Gen. Sterling Price. After the war Mr. and Mrs. Friend and two older sons lived at Pecan Point, Ark.; both parents d. within the year.




1 Robert William12 Friend, b. Sept. 9, 1839; d. March 19, 1918; md. (1) Nancy Paine of Mo., b. Jan. 15, 1836; d. April 11, 1866. Children:


i Virginia Brent13 Friend, b. Aug. 4, 1860; d. May 5, 1909; educated at St. Vincent’s Acad. Cape Girard­eau, Mo.; md. June 1896 to Dr. B. F. Chiles. Child:


1 Virginia14 Chiles, b. 1900; d. May 5, 1909; drowned with her mother and uncle Eberhart in their gasoline launch in Mississippi River.


ii Mary Emma13 Friend, b. Aug. 31, 1861; md. Archie Moody King of Memphis; b. Dec. 1, 1863; living at Pecan Point. Children:


1 Brenta Friend14 King, b. Apr. 25, 1884; d. Nov. 1890.


2 Raymond Edward14 King, b. July 13, 1886; md. Floy Wilson of Memphis. Children:


i Archie Dorothy16 King, b. June 15, 1910; md. Charles Glancock, Attorney in Mem­phis; child: Brenta16 King, b. Jan. 4, 1936.


ii Edward Friend16 King, b. Oct. 1, 1912.


3 Robert Moody14 King, b. May 28, 1888; d. Nov. 1890.

4 Archie14 King, b. Jan. 17, 1891; md. Fred Thayer of Memphis. Children:


i Fred16 Thayer, Jr., b. about 1909; md. Mary Katherine Chiles, dau. of Teresa (Finch) Chiles and Dr. B. F. Chiles.


ii Nancy16 Thayer, b. 1918.


iii Marylin16 Thayer, b. 1931 in Troy, New York.


5 Charles Coefield14 King, b. Sept. 11, 1893; served in World War with Tenn. Medical Unit.; specializing in surgery; lives in Memphis; md. 1918 to Alice Stark of Miss. Child: Charles Coefield King, Jr.16, b. Dec. 5, 1919.


6 Frank14, twin of Frances.


7 Frances14 King, twin of Frank, b. Feb. 20,1896 at Raleigh, Tenn. Frank14, grad. Cumberland College, Lebanon Law School; practices in Memphis; enlisted in World War; d. Aug. 7, 1933; bur. in Elmwood Cem., Memphis; md. Hazel. Frances lives with her parents at Pecan Point; teacher in Memphis.


iii Martha Ann13 Friend, b. July 14, 1865; d. Feb. 14, 1870.


Robert William12 Friend, md. (2) July 9, 1871 to Melissa Jane Carr,-b. Apr. 21, 1852; d. Dec. 8, 1904; bur. in West Union Cemetery near Cuba, Tenn. Of patriotic family, two ancestors, William Strong and William Black were soldiers in the American Revolution and were with Andrew Jackson at Battle of New Orleans in 1812. All male relatives were with a Tenn. Reg. in the War between the States.


iv Nettie Lavinia13 Friend, b. Apr. 27, 1872; md. Jan. 28, 1892 to John Evans Uzzell, b. Nov. 27, 1864 (son of John Wesley Evans and Lavinia); lived in home at Pecan Point where parents moved to in 1848. Descendant of Sir Thomas Uzzell who came to America with Lafayette. Mrs. Uzzell was a natural musician, and received best instruction. Children:


1 John Wesley14 Uzzell, b. Nov. 14, 1894; md. about 1930, Elaine Boone of Monticello, Ark. (descendant of Bordeaux). He grad, at Univ. of Ark.; served in World War. Child: i Nancy Bordeaux16 Uzzell, b. Jan. 1933.

2 Charline14 Uzzell, b. Dec. 13, 1901; md. Jan. 8, 1924 to Walter Rowland of S. C. Child: Wil­liam15 Rowland, b. Oct. 31, 1926. Charline14 educated in Memphis, Washington and Saddler School in New York.


v Charles William13 Friend, b. Apr. 13, 1875; md. Nov. 21, 1901 to Katherine Finch of El Reno, Oklahoma. Children:


1 Margaret14 Friend, b. Sept. 1902; teacher in Memphis.


2 Melissa Jane14 Friend, b. 1904, teacher in Mem­phis.


3 Robert William14 Friend, b. Nov. 7, 1907; md. .Kathleen, Dec. 1936; live at Pecan Point, Ark.


4 Charles Fleming14 Friend, b. June 23, 1916 in Memphis, Tenn.


vi Roberta13 Friend, b. Sept. 24, 1877 at Pecan Point; attended Princeton Collegiate Institute, Princeton, Ky.; Galloway College, Ark.; Higbee School, Memphis; musical and literary talents; md. (1) May 14, 1901 to Maximillian Wilhelm Eberhart, active business man at Pecan Point; educated at Univ. of the South, Sewanee; member of the Memphis Chickasaw Guards Club; Country club; drowned May 5, 1909 in Miss. River when gasoline launch was swamped by high waves. Children:


1 Roberta Friend14 Eberhart, b. Aug. 4, 1902; grad. Princeton 1923 with B. S. degree; md. Dec. 26, 1931 to Mary Robinson, dau. of W. L. Robinson and Norma (Wilkins) of Craw­fordsville, Ark. Child: Amelia15 Eberhart, b. Oct. 22, 1932.


2 Maximillian Wilhelm14 Eberhart, b. March 22, 1905 in Memphis, Tenn.; attended Memphis Univ. School and Sewanee Military Academy.


3 Charles Stephen14 Eberhart, b. June 22, 1908 in Memphis; educated in Memphis and Univ. of Ark.


Md. (2) June 26, 1912 to Davis Montgomery Biggs, b. Aug. 22, 1877 in Collierville, Tenn., son of Wil­liam Willis Biggs and Martha (Whitaker); d. Nov. 18, 1929 in an automobile accident; farmer in Ark.



4 David Montgomery14 Biggs, Jr., b. July 8, 1913 at Memphis; educated at Memphis Univ. Sc.; and Columbia Military Academy.


5 William Erie14 Biggs, II, b. Aug. 12, 1919 in Memphis; member of Delta Sigma Frat.; S.A.E. Frat; Sons of the American Revolution, vii Fred Lewis13 Friend, b. Sept. 30, 1879; d. March 26, 1883; bur. in West Union Cemetery.


Note: Robert William12 Friend (son of Charles Fleming Friend11) was an outstanding character in the development of Mississippi County. He settled there after the War and was a planter on a large scale. He'was a Mason; member of Cumberland Presbyterian Ch.; served in Confederacy Army under Gen. Sterling Price.; postmaster at Pecan Point for 20 years.


Edward Brent12 Friend (son of Charles Fleming11 Friend, son of John Friend), b. Feb. 6, 1844 in Mo., served under Gen. Price in 17th Command.; late in life md. widow Eliza­beth Horton Crutcher of Miss. Co.; d. June 30, 1912. Mrs. Friend lived to be in her 85th year.; no ch. Lavinia12 Friend (dau. of Charles Fleming11 Friend), b. Sept. 27, 1841; md. Phil Ashworth of Mo., b. Apr. 30, 1837; md. Oct. 16, 1856, left some descendants among them a Mrs. Meader13 of Mo.; a dau. Adelia Elizabeth 14 Ashworth, b. Dec. 23, 1858.


Mrs. Roberta Friend13 Biggs, active in historical societies; organizer and Regent of William Strong Chapter D.A.R.; member of Crittenden Co. Chapter U.D.C.; Methodist Ch.


Above information about Judith Cary Bates10 Friend family was given by Roberta13 (Friend) Biggs who has the Friend Family Bible (1937).


2 Sarah Langhorne10 Bates, b. 1781; md. Oct. 13, 1801 to Joel Estes (son of Benjamin Estes and Cecelia Rebecca Thorp), b. Jan. 22,1780; d. Aug. 16,1833 near Waverly, Tenn. (Complete family lineage given on pages 150-178.)


2 Elizabeth Bell10 Bates, b. about 1783; md. Sept. 15, 1801 to Dutcy Porter. [‡‡]

VI SARAH LANGHORNE10 BATES (Elizaabeth Cary Bell9, Judith Cary Bell8, Henry7, Henry6, Miles5, John4, William3, Richard2, William1, Cary of Bristol, England), b. 1781 in Chesterfield County, Virginia; d. 1825 in Haywood County, Tennessee; bur. in Haywood County; md. Oct. 13, 1801 in Chesterfield County, Virginia, to Joel Estes, son of Benjamin Estes and Cecelia Rebecca (Thorpe) or Thorp, b. Jan. 22, 1780 in Bedford County, Virginia; d. Aug. 16, 1833, near Waverly, Tennessee while en route from Virginia to his home in Haywood County, Tennessee.



(Complete record of Joel Estes on pages 150-178.)


Chesterfield Co., Va.: “I do hereby certify that the following persons Were joined in Matrimony agreeable to the rules of the Baptist Church, by me. (Signed) Geo. Smith, M. C.


September the 15th, 1801, Dutcy Porter to Elizabeth B. Bates; October 13th 1801, Joel Estes to Sally L. Bates. “I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true copy from the files of Marriage License Certificates, etc., in the Clerk’s office (Other names were given but only these two of the ‘Bates family.)


Given under my hand this 5th day of July 1919.


Philip V. Cogsbill, Clerk.”



Sir: “This will certify that it’s by my approbation that Joel Estes applies to you for license to marry my daughter, Sally L. Bates and will justify you in issuing the same.


Eliza Bates October 12, 1801.


Test: Dutcy Porter.


John Friend.


Mr. Thomas Watkins, Clerk Chesterfield Co. State of Virginia, County of Chesterfield.”



“You will see that the names Elizabeth and Sarah are regular family names which have been contracted to ‘Efiza’ and ‘Sally’ but the ladies bearing these names usually signed themselves by their proper title.” Signed, P. M. Estes.


Deed Book XIV, page 408, Chesterfield County, Virginia:


“To all people to whom these presents shall come, I,


Daniel Bates of the County of Chesterfield, send greetings:


Know ye that I, the said Daniel Bates, for and in con­sideration of the natural love and affection which I have and bear unto my beloved wife, Elizabeth Bates, and to my daughters, Elizabeth Bell Bates and Sarah Langhorne Bates, and for divers other good causes and considerations, me hereunto moving, and for the further consideration often

shillings to me in hand paid by Edward Moseley, the receipt thereof I do hereby Acknowledge, have given and granted and by these presents do give and grant unto the said Edward Moseley the.four following negro slaves, to wit; (names them) and all their future increase.


To have and to hold all the aforesaid negroes unto the said Edward Moseley, his executors, administrators and assigns for the uses, trust and purposes following, and .for no other use, trust of purposes whatsoever, that is to say, for the use, support and maintenance of my said wife, Elizabeth Bates for and during her natural life and immediately after her death to the use of Elizabeth Bell Bates and Sarah Lang­horne Bates and the said, Daniel, all singular the aforesaid slaves to the said Edward Moseley, his executors, adminis­trators and assigns for the uses and trusts above mentioned against all persons whatsoever, shall and will warrant and forever'defend by these presents.


In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this first day of December one thousand seven hundred and ninety eight.               


(Signed) Daniel Bates


Signed, Sealed and Delivered


In the presence of


Sam Lockett


Francis Watkins.


Chesterfield County, April Court, 1799.


This deed was acknowledged by Daniel Bates, a party thereto and ordered to be recorded. Teste: Thomas Watkins, Clerk.”


Bates Family


I John1 Bates, b. 1598 in Hotten, England; d. 1666; a resident of Middleton (Bruton) Parish, Virginia at time of death (page 73; page 163 “Bates Family in Virginia and Missouri,” by Onward Bates); md. Elizabeth ——- about 1623.




1 George2 Bates, b. 1625; d. 1677.


2 John2 Bates, d. 1701.


3 Ann Belbie2 Bates.


4 Alice Dean2 Bates.


“John1 Bates was in Virginia as early as 1624 and possibly earlier. He was a merchant in Company with Abraham Piercey at Piercey’s Hundred on the south side of James River, opposite Jamestown. His will was proved in York Co., Va. 1666 and names a wife Elizabeth and sons and daughters.


II George2 Bates, b. 1625; d. 1677; of Skimeno; md. Mary                about 1648. His will was proved near Skimeno in York County, Virginia. They were prominent Quakers (“Bates Family in Virginia and Missouri,” by Onward Bates).




1 James3 Bates of Skimeno, b. 1650; d. 1723; md. Sarah ___ . (His will proved in York Co. Feb. 7, 1723 names son James4 to whom he leaves land in York and New Kent Co. and his mill at Skimeno, dau. Mary4 (dead before 1738) and dau. Hannah4 who md. Samuel Jordon.


2 John3 Bates, b. 1655; d. 1719;


3 Mary3 Bates.


III JOHN3 BATES, b. 1655; d. 1719; md. about 1684. John3 Bates, brother of James3 Bates, made his will which was proved in York County Dec. 25, 1719, names John4 and Isaac4 and daughters Hannah4 and Ann4 and grandsons Fleming5 , John5 and Charles5 Bates ("Bates Family in Virginia and Missouri").




1 John4 Bates, b. 1685; d. 1723.


2 Isaac4.


3  Hannah4.


4  Ann4.


IV John4 Bates, b. 1685; d. 1723; md. about 1709 to Susannah Fleming, dau. of Charles Fleming of New Kent County, Vir­ginia. Will proved in 1723 names Uncle James Bates and sons Fleming, John, Charles, James and dau. Hannah Easley, wife of Robert Easley (“Bates Family in Virginia and Missouri”).




1 Fleming6, b. 1710; d. 1784; md. Sarah Jordon. Children:


i Benjamin6.


ii Thomas6, and grandchildren Edward, Mary and Sarah, all three under age. Will proved in York Co. 1784.


2 John6 Bates, b. 1712.


3 Charles8 Bates, b. 1714.


4 Hannah8, b. 1718, md. Robert Easley.


5 James8 Bates, b. Mar. 7, 1721; d. 1786.


V James6 Bates, b. March 7, 1721; d. Nov. 9, 1786; md. Nov. 11, 1746 in Goochland County, St. James Wortham Parish, Vir­ginia, to Winnifred Grymes (Grimes) or Hix, b. Jan. 18, 1729 in Goochland.




1 Fleming6 Bates, b. Nov. 22, 1747; md. Feb. 16, 1787 to Margaret McCarter, b. Jan. 2, 1763. Children:


i Catherine H.7 Bates, b. Feb. 23, 1788; md. Mr. Carson.


ii Sarah Grimes7 Bates, b. Jan. 2, 1790; md. Alexander Bates.


iii Anna C.7 Bates, b. Jan. 25, 1795; md. A Brewer.


iv Robert7 Bates, b. Nov. 19, 1792; md. John McCarter7 Bates, b. Jan. 30, 1798; md., was a physician in Greensboro, Ala.


vi Elizabeth Fleming7 Bates, b. Sept. 28, 1800 in Ala.; d. Nov. 22, 1856 in Smith Co., Miss.; md. Feb. 3, 1820 in Green Co., Ala. to Needham Watkins, b.

Nov. 30, 1794 in Duplin Co., N. C.; d. 1871 in Smith Co., Miss. Children:


1 Oscar McCarter8 Watkins, b. July 4, 1821; md. Cornelia Hitt, Union Town, Ala. Oscar was killed in battle of Corinth, Miss. Child: Need­ham9 Watkins, Jr.


2 Margaret Louise8 Watkins, b. Sept. 30, 1823; md. James Farmer of Ala. Had two daughters9; d. infant; she died young, also.


3 Rufus8 Watkins, b. Feb. 7,1826; d. young; unmd.


4 Marshall Fleming8 Watkins, b. Aug. 10, 1827; d. after the War; unmd.


5 John B.8 Watkins, b. Aug. 2, 1829; unmd.


6 J. P.8 Watkins, b. Sept. 10, 1831; unmd.


7 Francis A.8 Watkins, b. Sept. 19, 1834; d. infant.


8 R. J. H.8 Watkins, b. Nov. 13, 1835; unmd.


9 Sarah Ann Catherine8 Watkins, b. May 15, 1839; md. Jan. 5, 1869 to Robert Holmes Noblin of Smith Co., Miss. Children:


i Asie D.9 Noblin, b. Feb. 9, 1869; unmd.


ii Martha Elizabeth9 Noblin, b. Sept. 30, 1870; md. 1894 to Patrick Henry Montgomery. Children:


1 Robert Noblin10 Montgomery, md. Laura Jean May of La.; no children.


2 Earl10 Montgomery, d. infant.


iii Ottu9 Noblin, b. May 20,1872; d. Nov. 1929; md. (1) Aleine Barber. Children:


1 Eunice Elizabeth19 Noblin, md. Kent Harpole of Miss.; no children.


2 Mildred10 Noblin, unmd.


Md. (2) to Susie Darden; children:


3 R. H.10 Noblin, md. July 9, 1938, to Bonnie Lynn.


4 Chas. Ottu10 Noblin, md. Sept. 1936 to Mrs. George Campbell.


5 Lucile10 Noblin, d. young.


6 William M.10 Noblin, md. Sept. 4, 1936, to Mary Fisher Vaughn.


7 Child10, d. infant.


Md. (3) to Annie Luce; children:

8 Sarah King10 Noblin, md. Aug. 1, 1937 to Joseph Norman Hutcheson of Yazoo City, Miss.


9 Asie Nell10 Noblin, d. infant.


10 W. P.10 Noblin, unmd.


11 Ada Elizabeth10 Noblin, unmd.


iv Ada Beatrice9 Noblin, b. March 6, 1874; md. 1896 to Frank White. Children:


1 Francis Melba10 White, d. infant.


2 Beatrice Anita10 White, b. Mar. 7, 1898; md. Edward Kersey Marsh. Children: i Edward Kersey11 Marsh; ii Francis11 Marsh.


v Annie D.9 Noblin, b. June 25,1875; d. infant.


vi Cora Jean9 Noblin, b. Feb. 12, 1877; d. infant.


vii Daisy Deane9 Noblin, b. Dec. 4, 1879; d. infant.


10 Della C.8 Watkins, b. Sept. 17, 1840.


2 William6 Bates, b. Nov. 23, 1749.


3 Samuel C.6 Bates, b. May 24, 1752.


4 Stephen G.6 Bates, b. Mar. 24, 1754.


5 Daniel6 Bates, b. July 6, 1756 (of whom further).


6 Sarah6 Bates, b. Mar. 15, 1759.


7 James6 Bates, Jr., b. May 10, 1761.


8  Nathaniel6 Bates, b. Apr. 30, 1763.


9 Matthew6 Bates, b. Aug. 7, 1765.


10 Charles6 Bates, b. May 25, 1768.


11 Elizabeth6 Bates, b. Oct. 26, 1770.


(“W. & M. Quar.,” Vol. XV, pages 33-34; “Wood’s His. of Albemarle Co., Va.;” County Records I, V, VI, VII.)


(The complete genealogy of James5 Bates’ descendants was given by Miss Asie D. Noblin, Edwards, Mississippi; revised 1938.)


“A cousin of mine had the knee buckles of our great-great­grandfather James Bates who was a Captain in the Revolu­tionary War. (Signed) Asie D. Noblin.”


Many members of the Bates descendants were prominent in Missouri, Arkansas and other states of America. (See “Bates Family in Virginia and Missouri,” by Onward Bates.)

VI Daniel6 Bates, b. July 6, 1756; d. about 1801; md. May 21, 1776, in Chesterfield County, Virginia, to Elizabeth Cary Bell, dau. of David and Judith (Cary) Bell, b. about 1758 in Virginia; d. 1825 in Kentucky.




1 Judith Cary7 Bates, b. Nov. 29, 1778; d. Apr. 14, 1843; md. John Friend (Record on pages 62-66).


2 Sarah Langhorne7 Bates, b. 1781; d. ___ ; md. Oct. 13, 1801, to Joel Estes (of whom further).


3 Elizabeth Bell7 Bates, b. about 1783; md. Sept. 15, 1801, to Dutcy Porter. (No record.)



York Co. Orders, Wills, etc.: 1720-29 Part I, page 219.


“Will of John4 Bates of Bruton Parish, dated Nov. 30,


1722, proved July 13, 1723; son Fleming Bates to second son


John Bates, the land that my father purchased of Theo. Dean to my younger sons, Chas, and James, the land in Charles City Co., divised them by the will of my dec’d father, John Bates; Bro. Isaac; dau. Hannah Bates, wife Susannah.


Exors; Wife, Uncle Jas. Bates and Mr. Robert Blawse.”


Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, Vol. 1712-


26, page 334.


“Tuesday May 22, 1722. A petition of John Bates praying to be Enabled to Sell certain Intailed Lands for the payment of Debts and Legacies of John Bates, deceased, his father upon his settling other Lands and Negro’s of greater value to the same uses was presented to the House and read.”


Friday May 25, 1722, page 339; another mention of John Bates and land settlement.


Vol. 1752-55-56-58-60, page 160. Friday Dec. 7, 1753. Mr. Carter Burwell from the Committee of Privileges and Elections reported that the Committee had had under their consideration the Petition of Mr. John Bates.



James Bates


Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, Vol. 1770-2, pages 23-24-29. Monday 28, May 10. Geo. Ill, 1770; mentioned account credit for 35 shillings placed to account of James Bates.


Daniel Bates


“Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,” Vol. II, page 213. Jacob Flournay to Daniel Bates, May 5, 1798.


“I have spent considerable time in looking up the Bates record. Much of the material is not pertinent to our line, but you will notice that in a clear line the record goes back to John Bates who settled near Jamestown, Va., about 1624.


P. M. Estes.”



“Nashville, Tennessee, June 4, 1919


My dear May:


I am sending you under separate cover, copy of the Will of Henry Cary who lived at ‘Ampthill,’ six miles below Richmond, on the James River, in what is now Chester­field County. This building is still standing and is a very handsome one and in good condition. It was built in 1732.


Henry Cary was the father of Archibald and Judith Cary. The picture of Archibald Cary and his wife (Mary Ran­dolph), painted by Copley, is in the Governor’s mansion at Richmond, Va. The picture of Judith Cary, also painted by Copley, is in the Frames Preston Blair residence on Penn­sylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C. This historic residence is now occupied by Major Gist Blair. His grandmother, Eliza­beth Violet Gist, was a granddaughter of Judith Cary. She married Francis Preston Blair (a very prominent man in the day of Andrew Jackson) who was the father of Francis Pres­ton Blair, Jr., of Missouri, and of Montgomery Blair, Post­master General in Lincoln’s cabinet. Major Gist Blair is the son of Montgomery Blair, and the Blairs are very promi­nent, wealthy and influential people in Washington.


I note that the books speak of Dr. David Bell of Lynch­burg, Va. I do not know of any reason to suppose that he ever lived at Lynchburg. His residence (called ‘Belmont’) still stands in Buckingham County, about 20 miles east of Lynchburg.


Judith Cary Bell was born August 12, 1726, anddiedApril 16, 1798. The date when she married could doubtless be ascertained from the parish registers of Henrico County which cover the period 1611-1904, which registers are now at the Theological Seminary in Alexandria, Va.


(Later see record of marriage in 1744, recorded at Theo. Sem. in Alexandria, Va. M.F.W.)


Her oldest child, Henry Bell, was born Nov. 11, 1745, and married Rebecca Harrison, June 12, 1773. The facts as to the birth and death of Judith Cary Bell are taken from the Bible of Henry Bell, which recites that he was born in Chesterfield County, which at the time of his birth was Hen­rico Co. However at a later date he also lived in Bucking­ham County.


All of the printed books give the children of David and Judith Cary Bell, amongst others a daughter by the name of Elizabeth, but the books only stated as to her that she mar­ried Daniel Bates and did not give the names of any of their children.


I searched for a considerable time before I found this record at the Court House in Chesterfield Co., Va.


I found a deed recorded in Deed Book XIV, page 408, the copy of which I enclose under separate cover, that shows that his name was Daniel Bates and that his wife was Eliza­beth and that he had two daughters, Elizabeth Bell and Sarah Langhorne Bell (who married Joel Estes, our ancestor). In Deed Book XIII, page 449, I found recorded another contract, reciting that ‘Whereas, a marriage is shortly to take place between the said John Friend and Judith Cary Bates, daughter of said Daniel Bates.’


The contract mentions certain slaves and interests in the land to John Friend and reference to Elizabeth Bates as the wife of Daniel Bates. This date is May 21, 1796. There were numerous other deeds between Daniel Bates and other par­ties.


Elizabeth Bell Bates married Dutcy Porter and Sarah Langhorne Bates married Joel Estes, October 13, 1801. I have found the original certificate of this marriage signed by the minister, who was a Baptist.


There are also deeds on record that show that after the death of Daniel Bates, which occurred about 1801, his widow, Elizabeth Bates, moved to Bourbon Co., Ky. and was living there in 1806.


In Chesterfield County, Va., there are also on record deeds executed by Joel Estes and his wife, Sarah Langhorne Bates, conveying interest in property in Chesterfield Co., Va., to Dutcy Porter and others.


Judith Cary Bell had a daughter named Sarah who mar­ried a Mr. John Maurice Langhorne, so Sarah Langhorne Bates was named for her aunt. You will notice the recurrence of the names, Elizabeth and Sarah.


Trusting you may find all of the above of interest, I am, Your cousin,


P. M. Estes”

The Estes Family

Este or Estes


Arms: Az. three fleur de lis (or) within a bordure parted per bordure dancettee over all, exterior ar. interior gu.


Crest: A garb (or) banded gu.


Knight’s Helmet: Mantling Argent and Gu.


“The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales,” by Sir Bernard Burke, C.B., LL.D., page 331.


“Fairbairn’s Book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland,” Revised by Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, page 151.


“History of Yorkshire,” by Plantagenet-Harrison, Marshal General, Vol. II, Pedigree of the House of Este.


“Collins’ Peerage of England,” House of Este, Vol. I, pages 1-24, by Sir Egerton Brydges, K.J.


Page I: “The House of Brunswick possesses such founded claims to antiquity and importance that it has engaged a more than ordinary share of the attention of genealogists and historians. The celebrated Leitnitz, in particular, who passed forty years at the court of the Dukes of Hanover, laid the foundation of five volumes of folio.”


Page 7: “Albert or (Adelbert) Azzo III Von Este, Mar­quis of Este first wife was Cunissa or Cunegonda, a German heiress whose ancestors by their nobility and riches were distinguished among the Suabian and Bavarian chiefs. This marriage was productive of a son who received at his baptism the name of Guelph. He married Judith daughter of Bald­win V Count of Flanders, and sister of Matilda, wife of Wil­liam the Conqueror.”


“Genealogical Tables,” by Hereford B. George, M. A., F.R.G.S. IX England. The House of Hanover.


“The House of Hanover (Guelph) direct descendant of which was Victoria who was Queen of Great Britain (1837- 1901).



The “Estes”


From the New York Watchman


“Dr. Deems:


In reading your paper some time since, I noticed some verses by Mr. Alston Bacon Estes. The name recalled some recollections of researches, undertaken by my father many

years ago, when, becoming interested in the family, he sought to trace its history, which is both curious and interesting. Thinking you might be pleased to know it I give it in a few words as possible.”


(Signed) Richard Taylor, M.D.



“About the year 1097, Albert Azo II, Marquis of Liguria, died and his history is commensurate with the lapse of the eleventh century; his is the acknowledged founder of the Houses of both Este and Brunswick; the former were con­spicuous in Italy as late as the middle of the eighteenth century when their direct line failed in the death of Hercules III, he being in the twenty-second generation from Azo II; the latter (House of Brunswick) after centuries of time emerge from their quiet stations of Dukes of Brunswick and Hanover and occupy the most prominent positions in Europe as the British Kings.


One branch, however, of the Italian family exist in America. The Marquis Aldobrandino, about the beginning of the fourteenth century, in order to procure means for pro­secuting a war against the Anconites, hypothecated his youngest brother to the usurers of Florence. The untimely death of the Marquis put an end to the war and left his brother unredeemed. These were the sons of Azo VI. The younger brother did not return to his ancestral home on the accession of the seventh Azo, but proceeded to France, thence to England where he became acquainted and con­nected with the family of Lord Bacon. The family then moved from England to Wales, always maintaining a position of influence and respectability, inheriting the distinguishing traits of character and talents possessed by their ancestors.


From Wales they emigrated to Virginia. . . .


In the strife between the Guelphs and Ghibelline factions in Italy, the Estes always headed the Guelphs and were always considered the leaders of that party, until the defeat and overthrow of the Ghibellines and their leader, the Black Eccelin, by the seventh Azo in the battle of Brescia. The reigning family of England derive their name from the follow­ing circumstances: Azo II married Cunegonda, the daughter of a German Prince whom the Emperor Henry III invested with the duchy of Carinthia and Marquis of Verona; to com­memorate the deeds of his maternal ancestors, the son of Azo and Cunegonda was given the name of Guelph which they retain to the present day.

The name of Este is derived from a colony planted in the seventh century of Rome, about fifteen miles to the south of the city of Padua and called by them Ateste (or Adeste) a name known in history 136 years before Christ., or Este which last name the Marquises of Liguria assumed in the beginning of the fourteenth century, namely: Marquis of Este and their descendants have ever since assumed the name of Este.


The name written Estes is plural and is used to represent the whole family; thus Byron in his “Parisina” speaks of the Estes;


‘And if she sits in Este’s bower

‘tis not for the sake of the full-blown flower.’


Or it is meant to convey, something as above, belonging to the family. Thus the name is more frequently written Estes than as it should be, Este.


You will see by the foregoing that the name Estes repre­sents a family, one of the oldest and also most illustrious living in the world.


I have written this more to acquaint you with an interest­ing history, as a journalist should know everything, than for any other purpose; and, though short, it will give you an inkling of the history of the American Estes and show you that the ‘antique blood of Este’ is still in existence” (pages vi-viii “Introduction of Estes Genealogies 1097-1893, by Chas. Estes”).



Pertaining to the Este Family in Ferrara, Italy


(Excerpts from “Gerusalemme Liberata,” by Tasso; Translated by Edward Fairfax, Canto XVII, Stanzas 64-69; pages 347, 356, 437.)


“The Hermit said, look up my child

And painted in this precious shield behold

The glorious deeds of thy forefathers bold And pedigree of all the House of Est.”


(Through five pages the praises run until he reached the climax)


“To thee I say, ’was never race Greek, barbarian or Latine,

 Great in time past or famous at this day,
Richer in hardy knights than this of thine;

Such blessings Heaven shall on thy children lay

That they in fame shall pass, in praise o’ercome

 The worthies old of Sparta, Carthage, Rome.


A branch of Est there in the Guelfian tree

Engraffed was, which of itself was old,

Whereon you might the Guelfos fairer see,

Renew their sceptres and their crowns of gold

On which Heaven’s good aspects so blended be.


Of thy great house, thy race, thine offspring hie,

Here hast thou seen the branch, the bole, the root;

And as these worthies born to chivalrie

And deeds of arms, it hath tofore brought out,

So is it, so it shall be fertile still,

Nor time shall end, nor age that seed shall kill.


That like thine elders so thou mightest behold

Thy children many, famous, stout and bold.”


(Note : We are indebted to Miss Mary Pettus Thomas, Memphis, Tenn. for these quotations. M.F.W.)


“The chief of Este’s ancient sway.”


“Nor sit on Este’s lineal throne.”


“Yet were a few short summers mine

My name should more than Este’s shine

With honors all my own.”


“When charging to the cheering cry

 Of “Este and of Victory.”


(Note: These selections were taken from Byron’s poem, “Pari- sina,” and were furnished by Mr. C. C. Esty, Esq., of Framing­
ham, Mass., page xvi, Introduction to “Estes Genealogy 1097- 1893,” by Chas. Estes.)



Pedigree of the House of Este


“Genealogical Tables of the Sovereigns of the World,”
by Rev. William Betham.


“Royal Families of England, Scotland and Wales,” by Sir Bernard Burke, Esq.


“Collins Peerage of England,” Vol. I, pages 1-24
The Original of the House of Brunswic Lunenburg,





House of Este, Table CCCCLXX


Caius Activius or Azzo, lived in 390


C. Actius, Senator of Rome 410


Auretius Actius, P. of Este 418


Tiberius 428


Alphonsius 478


Maximus 538


Bonifacius 556


Valerian 590


Gundelhard 682


Heribert 694


Ernest 752


Henry P. of Tervis 780


Berengarius, Marquis of Este 840


Otto, Marquis of Este 898


Sigfrid 954


Azo II, Marquis of Este 970


Alberto, Marquis of Este 995


Md. Adelaide, dau. of Emperor Otto I (widow of Hugh Capet). Hugh Von Este, Marquis, d. 1014; md. Mary, dau. of Theobald, Count of Verona.


Alberto Azzo Von Este, Marquis of Este, d. 1098; md. (1) 1040 to Cunissa (or Cunagonda), dau. of Guelph III, Duke of Lower Bavaria, 1047; son of Rudolph II, Duke of Lower Bavaria, 1020; son of Guelph II, Duke of Lower Bavaria, 980; son of Rudolph I, Duke of Lower Bavaria; son of Henry II; son of Henry I; son of Guelph the First, Duke of Lower Bavaria, 820.


Guelph I (or Guelphus) Von Este, 1001; md. Judith, dau. of Baldwin V, Count of Flanders (sister of Matilda who md. Wm. the Conqueror, d. 1087), and Adela, dau. of Robert II, King of France (son of Hugh Capet). He had:


I Henry III Von Este, called “The Black,” Duke of Saxony; md. Wulfildus, dau. and heir of Magnus, last Duke of Saxony of the Billung. Had, Henry IV, “The Proud,” Duke of Bavaria and Saxony; md. Gertrude (Gertraut), dau. of Emperor Lombardy. Had, Henry V, “The Lion,” b. 1129, Duke of Brunswick and Saxony, md. Matilda (or Maud), dau. of Henry II, King of England (son of Henry I).


*11 Judith, d. 1147; md. Frederick (or Frideric) the Second of Suabia (or Swabia).


Frederick Barbarossa, King of Germany and Italy, d. 1190. Henry VI, d. 1198.


Philip, Emperor of Germany, d. 1208.


Marie, md. Henry II of Brabant, d. 1248.


Henry III of Brabant.


Marie of Brabant, md. Philip III, King of France; son of Louis IX; son of Louis VIII; son of Philip II; son of Louis VII, who md. Alica, dau. of Theobold and Matilda, dau. of Engel­bert, son of Hedwig; son of Sophia; dau. of Lepold II, who md. Itha, dau. of Guelph V.


Margaret, md. Edward I, King of England.


Edward of Woodstock, md. Margaret Wake, d. 1330.


Joan of Kent, md. Thomas Holand.


*This genealogy from Judith to Lilias Graham was secured by Mr. E. S. Lewis, Genealogist, 1937.



Thomas Holand, md. Alice FitzAlan, dau. of Richard, Ninth Earl of Arundel, Knight of Garter; son of Edward VIII; md. Alice Warren.


Margaret Holand, md. John Beaufort, Marquis of Dorsett, Earl of Somerset, Knight of Garter, d. 1410.


Joan Beaufort, md. James I, King of Scotland, d. 1407. Annabelle, md. George Gordon, Earl of Huntly.


Eliza Gordon, md. Wm. Keith.


Jane Keith, md. Wm. Graham, Second Earl of Montrose, d. 1500. Robert Graham, md. Margaret Fleming, d. 1547.


John Graham, Third Earl of Montrose, md. Joan Drummond, dau. of David Drummond, Second and Lord, and Lilias Ruth­ven; son of Walter Drummond; son of William Drummond and Isabel Campbell, dau. of Colin Campbell, Earl of Argyle; son of Sir John Drummond and Eliza Lindsey.


*Lilias Graham, md. Lord John Fleming, Sixth Lord Fleming of Biggar and Cumbernauld (created in 1606 Earl of Wigton; became Earl of Wigton through the death of his brother James who was Lord High Chancellor to Queen Mary), d. in April 1619 and was succeeded by his eldest son, John. “Left three sons (see page 87) (“William and Mary Quarterly,’- Vol. XII, (1903), pages 45-6-7, by Lyon G. Tyler, gives names of two sons, John and Charles).


“While his second son, Sir Thomas Fleming, is said to have emigrated to the Virginia colony and became the progenitor of the Virginia branch of the family. Mr. Brock states (‘Rich­mond Standard,’ Feb. 7, 1880) that he married Miss Tarleton and had Tarleton, John and Charles. Mr. Brock’s information, it is believed, is derived from family tradition. There is, never­theless, no mention as far as I have been able to ascertain in the records of Virginia, of any Sir Thomas Fleming. The earliest person of the name was John Fleming, who I am inclined to believe was the emigrant.” (Lyon G. Tyler.)



*This genealogy from Judith to Lilias Graham was secured by Mr. E. S. Lewis, Genealogist, 1937.



John Fleming, Nov. 8, 1653, page 51. “York Co. Patent Book No. 3, page 249.


John Fleming, 493 acres in New Kent Co. on S. side of Yorke River 2 March 1661; page 397, Patent Book No. 4. (“Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents,” by Nell Marion Nugent.)


John Fleming, d. in New Kent County, Virginia, April 27, and was buried the 30th of April, 1686 (St. Peter’s Parish Register). “I think he was the father of Charles Fleming who md. Susannah ——. She was probably a dau. of Stephen Tarleton (“Fleming Family,” by Lyon G. Tyler; “William and Mary Quarterly,” Vol. XII, 1903, pages 45-6-7), who d. 1687. Children mentioned: Elizabeth; Judith, md. Thomas Randolph; Col. John, md. Mary Bolling; probably Tarleton of Rock Castle, Goochland County; probably Robert, Burgess for Caroline County in 1739; Susannah.


Charles Fleming, md. Susannah Tarleton, dau. of Stephen Tarleton.


Susannah Tarleton Fleming, md. (1) John Bates about 1709; 5 children.


James Bates, b. March 7, 1721; d. Nov. 9, 1786; md. in Gooch­land County, St. James Wortham Parish, Nov. 11, 1746, Winnifred Grymes (Grimes) or Hix. 11 children.


Daniel Bates, b. July 6, 1756; d. about 1801; md. May 21, 1776, in Chesterfield County, Virginia, Elizabeth Cary Bell, dau. of David Bell and Judith (Cary). 3 children.


Sarah Langhorne Bates, b. 1781; d. —-—; md. Oct. 13, 1801, Joel Estes, son of Benjamin Estes and Cecelia Rebecca (Thorpe). 15 children.



“Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,” Vol. IV (1896-97), Edited by William G. Stanard.


Page 322: “The Flemings were a distinguished family in Gooch­land and Cumberland and in the Revolutionary period. Several of them were officers in command in the Continental Army and several of them in the House of Burgesses.”


Page 445: House of Burgesses from Henrico County, 1765: “It was at the session when Patrick Henry offered his resolution
against the stamp act. Among the members occur the names of Arch. Cary, Richard Eppes, Benj. Harrison, John Fleming and a long list of other distinguished names.


Vol. XLV (1937), Page 64: “Judith Fleming was dau. of Charles Fleming and Susannah Tarleton. The first of her family in Vir­ginia was Thomas Fleming who md. Miss Tarleton of England (of the same family as Col. Banastre Tarleton, the noted British Cavalry officer of the time of the American Revolution) and emigrated to Virginia in 1616. He left three sons and several daughters. The sons were Tarleton, John and Charles.


Page 91: Extract from marriage settlement between Nicholas Davies and Judith (Fleming) Randolph; made with her two brothers. Recorded in Goochland County Record, Book V, page 148: “This deed made this 24th day of December 1733 between Nicholas Davies of the County of Henrico, Merchant, of the one part, and John Fleming and Tarleton Fleming, Gentlemen, of the other part” (and so forth).


Page 95: “Elizabeth Champe md. William Fleming; he was the son of Colonel John Fleming (1697-1766) of ‘Mount Pleasant’ and Mary Kennon Bolling of ‘Cobbs,’ and the grandson of Charles Fleming (b. 1667) who was third in descent from Sir John Fleming who was the first Earl of Wigton in Scotland.”


“Biggar and The House of Fleming,” by William Hunter, F. S. A. Scot.


Pages 551-52, 557:


“Lord Fleming married Lady Lilias Graham, a daughter of John, Earl of Montrose. Her ladyship was distinguished for her piety and devotion and her zealous efforts to promote the principles of the Reformation. Livingstone, in his ‘Char­acteristics’ says of her, ‘When I was a child I have often seen her at my father’s at the preachings and communions. While dressing she read the Bible, and every day at that time shed more tears (said one) than ever I did in my fife.’” . . .


“The Earl died in April 1619 leaving three sons and five daughters and was succeeded by his eldest son John who warmly embraced his mother’s ecclesiastical opinions and was as zealous in the cause of Presbyterianism as his fore­fathers had been in the maintenance of Popery.

He married Margaret, daughter of Alexander Living­stone, first Earl of Linlithgow, a lady of amiable disposition and great piety who entered cordially into the religious views and schemes of her husband. They not only attended the ministrations of the settled Protestant clergy, but for some time maintained a chaplain in their own family” (page 552).


“John Fleming the eldest son of the last Earl succeeded to the title and estates. Of his history very little is known. He married Anna, dau. of Henry, Lord Ker, by whom he had a daughter, Jane, who became the wife of George Maule, Lord Panmure.


He had only inherited the estates a period of three years when he died in 1668 and leaving no male issue was suc­ceeded by his brother William who had entered the army the year previous, his commission as an ensign in General Thomas Dalziel’s own company of foot being dated 26th July 1667” (page 557).



House of Este


“The Encyclopaedia Britannica,” Vol. IX (1910), pages 792- 93, 11th Edition; “House of Este,” by the Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.


“Este, one of the oldest of the former reigning houses of Italy. It is in all probability of Lombard origin and des­cended, according to Muratori, from the princes who governed in Tuscany in Carolingian times.


The lordship of the town of Este was first acquired by Alberto Azzo II who, also, bore the title of Marquis of Italy. He married Kunitza or Kunegonda (or Cunegonda), sister of Welf or Guelph III, duke of Carinthia. Welf died without issue and was succeeded by Welf IV, son of Kunitza, who married a daughter of Otto II, duke of Bavaria, and who obtained the duchy of Bavaria in 1070.


Through him the house of Este became connected with the princely houses of Brunswick and Hanover from which the sovereigns of England are descended.


The Italian titles and estates were inherited by Folco I (1060-1135) son of Alberto Azzo by his second wife, Ger- sende, dau. of Herbert I, Count of Maine.


The house of Este played a great part in the history of medieval and Renaissance Italy and it comes to the front in the wars between the Guelphs and Ghibellines; as leaders of the former party its princes received at different times Ferrara, Modena, Reggio and other fiefs and territories. Obizzo I, son of Folco, was the first to bear the title of Mar­quis of Este. He entered into the Guelphic league against the emperor Frederick I and was comprehended in the treaty of Venice of 1177 by which municipal podestas (foreigners chosen as heads of cities to administer justice impartially) were instituted. He was elected podesta of Padua in 1178 and in 1184 he was reconciled with Frederick who created him Marquis of Genoa and Milan, a dignity somewhat similar to that of imperial Vicar. By the marriage of his son Azzo to the heiress of the Marcheselle family (the story that she was carried off to prevent her marrying an enemy of the Este is a pure legend) he came to acquire great influence in Ferrara, although he was opposed by the hardly less powerful house of Torelli.


Obizzo died in 1194, and Azzo V having predeceased him, the marquisate devolved on his grandson Azzo VI (1170-1212), who became head of the Guelph party, and to him the people sacrificed their liberty by making him their first lord (1208). But during his life-time civil war raged in the city between the Este and the Torelli; each party being driven out again and again.


Azzo (also called Azzolino) died 1212 and was succeeded by Aldobrandino I who in 1513 concluded a treaty with Sal- inguerra Torelli, the head of that house, to divide the government of the city between them. On his death (1215) he was succeeded by his brother Azzo VII (1205-1264) (sur- named Novello), but Salinguerra Torelli usurped all power in Ferrara and expelled Azzo (1222).


In 1240 Pope Gregory IX, determined on another war against the emperor Frederick II, but deemed it wise to begin by crushing the chief Ghibelline houses. Thus Azzo found himself in league with the pope and various Guelph cities in his attempt to regain Ferrara. That town underwent a four months’ seige and was at last compelled to surrender; Salinguerra was sent to Venice as a prisoner and Azzo ruled Ferrara once more.


The Ghibelline party was annihilated, but the city enjoyed peace and happiness within, although her citizens took part in the wars raging outside.


The Guelph cause triumphed, Frederick being defeated several times, and after his death Azzo helped in crushing the terrible Eccelino da Romano (q. v.) who upheld the im­perial cause at the battle of Cassono (1259). He died in 1264 and was succeeded by Obizzo II (1240-1293), his grandson, who in 1288 received the lordship of Modena and that of Reggio in 1289. He was a capable but cruel ruler and while professing devotion to the Guelph cause did homage to the German King Rudolph I when he descended into Italy.”



“Genealogical Tables of the Sovereigns of the World,” Table CCCIX, by Rev. William Betham.


“Illustrious Families in Italy,” Vol. II, Table XIII, by Conte Pompeo Litta.


“Beatrice d’Este”; “Isabella d’Este,” Vol. I, II, III, by Julia Cartwright.


“Dictionary of Royal Lineage,” pages 465-68, by C. M. All- strom.


“The Encyclopaedia Britannica,” 11th Edition; “House of Este.”


Albert Azzo II, Marquis of Este, Marquis of Modena; d. 1097; md. (1) 1040 to Cunigunde (or Kunegonda), dau. of Guelph III, Duke of Lower Bavaria (see page 84); md. (2) Gersende, dau. of Herbert I, Count of Maine; d. 1036.


Obizzo I, Marquis of Este, d. 1193.


Azzo V, Marquis of Este, d. 1194.


Azzo VI, Marquis of Este, d. 1212.


Azzo VII, Marquis of Este, d. 1264.


Obizzo II, Marquis of Este, d. Feb. 13, 1293, and was succeeded by his son Azzo VIII, but the latter’s brothers, Aldobrandino and Francesco, who were to have shared in the government, were expelled and became his bitter enemies. The mis­government of Azzo led to the revolt of Reggio and Modena, which shook off his yoke. Enemies arose on all sides and he spent his last years in perpetual fighting. He died 1308 and having no legitimate children, his brothers, his natural son, Fresco, and others disputed the succession. A papal legate was appointed and though the Este returned they were placed under perpetual tutelage.

“The history of the house now becomes involved and of little interest until we come to Nicholas III (1384-1441) who exercised sway over Ferrara and Modena.


To him succeeded Leonnello (1407-1450), a wise and virtuous ruler and a patron of literature and art.”


“The Encyclopaedia Britannica,” vol. IX pages 792-93; 11th edition.


Aldobrandino II, Marquis of Este, Lord of Ferrara and Modena, d. 1326; md. Aide Ragona.


Obizzo III, Marquis of Este, Lord of Ferrara and Modena, d. 1352.


Alberto, Marquis of Este, Lord of Ferrara and Modena, d. 1393. Niccola III, Marquis of Este, Lord of Ferrara and Modena, b. 1384; d. 1441; md. (1) Gigliota da Carrara; md. (2) 1418 Parisinia Malatesta; md. (3) 1431 Ricciardo di Saluzzo. Children:


1 Leonnello, b. 1407; d. 1450. Leonnello, Marquis of Este, Lord of Ferrara (1407-1450), succeeded his father in 1441; md. (1) Margherita Gonzaga; md. (2) Maria d’Argiona. Children:


i Francesco Esteuse.


ii Ericolo Esteuse. At Borso’s death in 1471 he tried to succeed his uncle with the aid of the people of Mantua, but failed. In 1476 he made another attempt accompanied by 700 foot soldiers and entered the city. They fought in the streets and public places, but he had to flee and was after­wards captured in a marsh near Bondeno, brought to Ferrara during the night of Sept. 5, 1476, imprisoned in Castle Zecchio and beheaded.


2 Borso, b. 1413; d. 1471.


3 Ercole, b. 1431; d. 1505.


Mario Equiscolo makes this statement in his fragmentary manu­scripts concerning the departure of Francesco, Sept. 15, 1471:


“The illustrious Marquis Francesco of Este who was the son of Marquis Leonnello, left Ferrara to go and live in Burgundy, by the will of Duke Ercole, he having granted him an income of one hundred ducats per month; and, in order that he should go at once, he gave him horses and clothes and five hundred ducats more; and this was done because His Excellency had some suspicions of him because he was much beloved by the people on account of his courtesy and liberality, and, also, because he was a handsome, well disposed young man.


‘Francesco, natural son of Marquis Leonnello, went to Burgundy and afterward to England.’ These were the words written on the back of the picture of Francesco found in a collection of paintings near Ferrara, among the pictures of Esteuse. After further researches I was convinced that this portrait of Francesco was what was wanted, he being the only Esteuse, historians say, that since his departure from Ferrara, was never more heard of.


At Modena the records confirm his departure for Bur­gundy Sept. 15, 1471.


Rev. D. Gordon Estes, late rector of St. James Church, Amesbury, Massachusetts, while on one of his tours through Europe, made many inquiries and gave much time in search among the libraries and picture galleries of Italy as to what might bring to light concerning the Este or Esteuse family thereabouts. His labors were not fruitless though he never lived to know the result.


After Mr. Estes death, which occured Aug. 14, 1874, a letter was received from a gentleman interested in antiquar­ian research, delighting to pore over musty documents and works of art; in the letter which he writes at Ferrara, dated June 16, 1875, he says that since the day he met Mr. Estes in Italy and learned his mission, he, also, had become interested and research on his part had been rewarded; and now he could say that he had found what, to his mind, he judged, Mr. Estes was searching for.


Four months before he wrote the letter he says: ‘I was viewing a collection of paintings near Ferrara, at the house of a wealthy and passionate amateur; I happened to see among the pictures of Esteuse, known to me, one I had never seen before, an oil painting on wood, thirty-three centimeters high and seventeen and a half wide.


I begged the owner to allow me to examine it more closely, and, to my great surprise, I found written on the back of the picture in bad Latin and Greek characters, this legend. ‘Francesco, natural son of Marquis Leonnello, went to Bur­gundy and afterward to England.’


The gentleman also writes that after fruitless efforts to obtain the picture, finally had it photographed and sent it in the letter.


The portrait is painted on an olivaster ground, having a black cap, blonde hair, a lace collar and the dress of the period, resembling much the picture of his father, Leonnello, Lord of Ferrara.



Francesco Esteuse


"Francesco, natural son of Marquis Leonnello, went to Burgundy and afterward to England." These were the words written on the back of the picture of Francesco found in a collection of paintings near Ferrara, among the picture of Esteuse.



Alfonso d’Este, Duke of Ferraka (1486-1534)




This picture, painted by Titian, is in the Munsey Collection (1927), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.


From what was written on the back of the picture it seems to be the purpose of the writer to shield Francesco from dis­covery on account of some acts of a rebellious nature for which his brother, being apprehended, suffered death, and, he, Francesco, escaped, and the fact mentioned was his passage from Burgundy to England, a new historical point. And as the time coincided with that when Edward conquered England with the aid of Burgundy, it seems rational to be­lieve, as the writing affirms, that our Francesco had not only followed Edward but that after Edward’s victory made England his home.”



Introduction to “Estes Genealogies, 1097-1893,” by Chas. Estes.


Francesco Esteuse, b. between 1434 and 1444 (illegitimate son of Leonnello), had removed to Burgundy. In the time of Duke Borso he came to Ferrara, and at Borso’s death was declared rebellious by Ercole because of the useless efforts made by his brother, Ericolo, to seize the power. Francesco returned to Burgundy and was heard of no more from that time Sept. 15, 1471.


2 Borso succeeded Leonnello, 1450; b. 1413; d. May 27, 1471; unmd. He was created Duke of Modena and Reggio by the Emperor Frederick III, and Duke of Ferrara by the Pope.


In spite of the wars by which Italy was torn, Ferrara enjoyed a period of peace and prosperity under Borso; he patronized literature and surrounded himself with learned men and his court was of unparalleled splendor.


3 Ercole succeeded Borso 1471; b. 1431; d. 1505; md. Leonora of Aragon, dau. of Ferrenta, King of Naples, d. Oct. 11, 1493. Children:


i Beatrice d’Este, b. June 29, 1470; d. Jan. 2, 1497; md. Jan. 17, 1491, Lodovico Sforza (1451-1508). (Issue given in “Beatrice d’Este,” by Julia Cart­wright, brings in famous families of history.)


ii Isabella d’Este, b. May 18, 1474; d. 1539; md. Feb. 11, 1490, Marquis of Mantua, Gian Francesco Gonzaga (issue given in full in “Isabella d’Este,” by Julia Cartwright).

iii Ferrenta d’Este, b. 1477; d. 1540.


iv Ippoloto d’Este (1479-1520), became Cardinal and known as Cardinal d’Este.


v Don Alfonso d’Este, Duke of Ferrara, b. July 21, 1486; d. 1534; md. (1) Anna Sforza, d. 1497; md. (2) Lucrezia Borgia, d. 1519.


Pictures of the above families are given in “Illustrious Families in Italy,” Vol. II, by Conte Pompeo Litta. They are very beau­tiful. Beatrice and Isabella d’Este were famous in history for their beauty, brilliancy and culture in literature and art.



Note: “Face of Mona Lisa again identified. Pointed out as Isabella d’Este, a Renaissance beauty.”


“Paris. A new controversy has broken out in the art world as to whose lovely features, with the tantalizing smile, it was that adorned Leonardo da Vinci’s historic canvas, Mona Lisa. When Leonardo da Vinci was 47 he met Isabella in her magnificent court at Mantua. She was then 25, a Renais­sance beauty. Leonardo did several profile studies of Isabella in the 15th and beginning of the 16th century. It is claimed that the face of Isabelle d’Este is the face of Mona Lisa.


The difficulty has been that the Mona Lisa is almost full face, while the chalk drawings of Isabella are all in profile. But the resemblance is there” (according to Dr. Raymond S. Sites).



Note: For over twenty-five years we have written letters trying to procure the picture of Francesco Esteuse. No one seemed to know where it could be found. We kept on trying and our effort was rewarded in 1937 when Mrs. Chas. Estes, wife of Chas. Estes, compiler of “The Estes Genealogies 1097-1893,” mailed the negative of the picture to us.


We are glad that we can present this picture to our readers.


As far as we know this picture has never before been put in publication. We consider it a great triumph for “The Cary- Estes Genealogy.’


We regret that we have no record of him after he went to England.





Estes Wills


(The following Estes Wills are copied from the Introduction in “Estes Genealogies 1097-1893,” by Chas. Estes, pages 10-12, with permission by the author to use selections from his book. M.F.W., 1929.)


From Rochester Wills:


“John Est of Tunbridge, dated 10, Jan. 1457, Gives, To the High Alter of the Church of Tunbridge, Co. Kent. 3’,


4d and to be buried in the Church.


To the repairs of the Church, 6’; 8d.


To Thomas Bosser all his debts of 6d.


To the Brothers of Eplesford for masses for his soul 8B, 8d.


To each of his children 6d. The sum of 20s to be spent on his burial. Alice Est, his wife, to be Executrix of the will with Robert Luther. To his son Clement Est, and his wife Alice, all his lands and if his son has no issue, the same to go to Richard Crudde, and in default of his issue then to William Crudde, his brother, &c.


To his daughter Margaret five marks. Alice, his wife, to have a parcel of Land called Julks land and another parcel of Land called Bodyll, and another called Hycott, for life, after her death the sum to go to Richard and William Crudde, sons of his Sister. To Cousin Robert Crudde IB, Son Clement Est to have Matterd, Michellbrede, Houghlottsmere Werock and Bokelandercroft (Book 2, folio 86, A. D. 1453 to 1461).


(This is the only will of this name among the Rochester Wills.)


From Canterbury Wills


William Este of St. Peter, Canterbury, Dec. 1526, contains no names of persons.


Christian East of Appledore County, Kent, dated 24 Nov. 1610, names his sons, William and Thomas Easte and daughters, Elizabeth Clyfe, Elizabeth Easte and Anna Easte to have all Equally between them. Proved 13 Dec. 1610 (Liber Pondage, 56).


Thomas Este of Brenset, proved 24 Nov. 1627. Leaves all to his brother. William Este to be Executor (Archdeacons Ct. Canterbury, Liber, Man wood, 67).


Thomas East of Stone in the Isle of Orkney, County Kent, Husbandman, 24 May 1638. Gives to his son Thomas East when 21 and to daughters Jane and Margaret East when 18. Proved 6 July 1638 (Archdeacons Ct. Canterbury, Liber Master, 436).


These are all of the Wills of the name at Canterbury.

London Wills


“Richard East


Clement East of the City of London, Skynner, dated 7 July 1549, proved 16 July 1549; md. Alice Gynk.


To wife Alice, 20 Lbs and all goods in the house to my father, Richard East dwelling at Potter Co. Bedford, 5 Lbs. To my mother-in-Law, Margaret Gynk, widow, of London, 5 Lbs. To my brother, John East 3 Lbs. To my two sisters, Margery and Margoie East, 46s Each. To Hugh Harrison 30s. To Gyles Swynfeld 30s. To Richard Matthew, 43s. To Roger Fynner, 20s. To John Barway 20s. To John Browne 20s. To Raff Abostock 20s. To Richard Clarke living in Hornchurch 40s. To John Stokes living in London 20s. To John Hudson 20s. To John Norton a clock. If my wife do fortune to be with child such child to have 10 Lbs. My wife Alice to be Executrix &c.”


(Proved 16 July 1549 in London. P.C.C. Popubass M. 36.)


“Robert Este Citizen and Ironmonger of London, dated 20 Aug. 1605. Leaves money to various churches, Poor &c.; names his cousin Myles Este and Thomas his son, his cousin Reginald Hughes, Robert Farmer, Walter Bryther. To Eliza­beth wife of Walter Bryther 10 Lbs. To Robert Ventris, William Humphrey, Robert and John Hughes. To Julyan, Katherine and Sara Hughes. To Robert Kitchen and Thomas Gamier, To the children of Roger Este 10s each. To the child­ren of John Este 10s each. To Craily Gander wife of Tho8 Gander.”


(Proved 21 July 1606 in London. P.C.C. Stafford 32.)


Inquisition taken on the death of the above Robert Este of London, who died 2 July 1606.


Este md. unknown, children:


1 Richard Este md. unknown, children


i Robert Este


ii Miles Este


iii Margaret md. Reginald Hughes


2 Robert Este d. July 2 1606. s. p.


3 John Este md. unknown


John Este md. unknown, chil:


Reginald Este


“Having brought down our researches to the land of Britain we present, through London wills which have been traced thus far by Col. John L. Vivian of London, down to, or, about the time of the departure of the branch of the family from English shores, and their arrival in this country (Ameri­ca), where they have multiplied and replenished according to the ancient injunction.”


(Page 10, Introduction, “Estes Genealogies 1097-1893,” by Chas. Estes.)




“When first I began my search to see

 What I could learn of my Ancestry,

They seemed to me so far away

As if they had lived in Caesar’s day;

But my interest grew and great pains I took

To find my own in each history’s book.

As their names and deeds came to the light

 The ages vanished like mists of the night;

As they came so near I seemed to see

My beloved, forgotten Ancestry.


Now I have them with me with their powdered hair,

Wearing berufiled shirts, so debonair;

Their pleated coats and flowered vests,

The signet rings with their jeweled crests;

The satin breeches that fit so tight,

Begemmed knee clasps shining bright;

Long silk stockings and polished shoe

With their buckles of brightened silver, too;

They seem so near and dear to me,

My new found friends, my Ancestry.”


Josephine Powell Segal


(Philadelphia, Pa., 1911 in “American Monthly Magazine”)


The Estes Family In Virginia


“The pride of blood has a most important and beneficial influence. It is much to feel that the high and honorable belong to a name that is pledged to the present by the recollection of the past.” L. E. Landon.


The name written Estes is plural and is used to represent the whole family. It is found on ancient records in the various forms of Est, d’Este, Este, Esteuse (page vii, introduction, “Estes Gene­alogies 1097-1893,” by Chas. Estes).


The modern spelling is East, Eastis, Eastes, Estis and Estes which is the accepted form of spelling for the American family today.



Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, James City, 10th of November, 1682, Vol. 1659-60-93, page 171:


“Paid for Public Service John East.


Warwick Co. page 179; Paid to John East for Public Ser­vice.”


Vol. 1752-58, page 9:


“Petition of Abraham Este for a Runaway negroe who hath runaway and was found in the woods, was offered to the House and the question being put that the said Petition be received. It passed in the negative.”


Vol. 1758-61, page 39, also page 64:


Saturday the 7th of Oct. 32, Geo. II, 1758:


Several claims of Abraham Este (other names given also) for taking up Runaways, therein mentioned.


Vol. 1761-65, page 134.


Monday the 6th of December 3 Geo III, 1762:


Sundry claims of (names mentioned) and Robert Estes and sundry Militia accounts from the country of Lunenburg for taking up Runaways therein mentioned, were severally presented to the House and received and referred to in the Consideration of the Committee of Claims.


In “Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,” Vol. XXVI,” page 126:


Letters of Col. Wm. Byrd, Sr., of Westover Co. mentions in a letter to his creditors that he wished settled with. Dated May 29, 1690 Matthew (or Mat) Este 7 Lbs, 18s, 6d.


Descendants of Abraham Estes, Sr., and Abraham Estes, Jr.


I Abraham1 Estes owned 200 acres of land in King and Queen County in 1704 (“The Planters of Colonial Virginia,” by Thomas J. Wertenbaker. A true account of the Lands in King and Queen County in 1704); d. Nov. 21, 1720 (Amelia File Box, May Court 1785); md. Barbara .




1 Abraham2 Estes, Jr., b. about 1697; 2. Samuel2 Estes; 3 Thomas2 Estes, md. Ann ___ , d. in Caroline Co. 1744; 4 Richard2 Estes; 5 Robert2 Estes, md. in Lunenburg Co.; 6 John2 Estes; 7 Moses2 Estes, 8 Elisha2 Estes; 9 Barbara2 Estes (Land Office Records).


II Abraham2 Estes, Jr., b. about 1697; d. in Caroline County, July 1759 (O. B. 1755-58, page 122); md. (1)       .




1 Abraham3 Estes of Spotsylvania Co., b. about 1717 (aged 32 in Nov. 8, 1749; d. Jan. 15, 1780; “Spotsylvania Order Bk. 1749-55, p. 16); md. Ann —-—.


2 Philip3 of Caroline Co.


Abraham md. (2) Elizabeth ___ , b. —— , d. in Caroline County 1774.




3 Lucy3 Estes, b. about 1742; 4 Elisha3 Estes, b. about 1744; md. Catherine Tompkins (Record of family continued on pages 105-106); 5 Mary Ann3 Estes; 6 Benjamin3 Estes, b. about 1753; md. Cecelia Rebecca Thorp (Thorpe) (of whom further, pages 135-149); 7 Edmund3 Estes.


III Benjamin3 Estes, b. about 1753 (Caroline O. B. 1759-63, page 54). In 1767 Mary Ann was over 14 and Benjamin and Edmund under 14 (O. B. 1767-70, page 39). He d. between June 6 and July 22, 1816; md. 1777, Cecelia Rebecca Thorp (Thorpe) of Bedford County, dau. of Thomas Thorp (Thorpe) and Sarah (Triplett), dau. of William Triplett (or Triplet) and Sarah (Massey).



1 Triplet4; 2 Joel4; 3 John4; 4 Benjamin4; 5 Thomas4; 6 William4; 7 Edward4; 8 Elisha4; 9 Thorp4; 10 Nancy4; 11 Elizabeth4; 12 Lucy4; 13 Cecelia4; 14 Sarah4; 15 Martha4. (See record continued later.)


IV Joel4 Estes, b. Jan. 22, 1780; d. Aug. 16, 1833; md. Sarah Langhorne Bates, dau. of Daniel Bates and Elizabeth Cary (Bell), Oct. 13, 1801, in Chesterfield County, Virginia.


Children, of whom further later:


1 Albert Monroe6; 2 Moreau Pinckney5; 3 Henry Carey5; 4 Virginia Thorp5; 5 Eliza Jane5; 6 Cornelia Sarah Rebecca5; 7 Judith Bell6; 8 Sarah Ann6.


Joel md. (2) June 30,1831, in Brownsville, Tennessee, Mary Lee Wilson (widow of William Sharpe). Child: 9 Bedford Mitchel.5


(Information on families of Abraham1 Estes, Sr. and Abraham2 Estes, Jr., was secured by B. A. Chapman, Genealogist, 1935.)


(Amelia File Box 1784; P. to W.; Amelia File Box 1785, May Court.)


Moses Estis father, Abraham Estes, died Nov. 21, 1720; est. to wife Barbara. The sd. Barbara in will made Nov. 25, 1720, made in writing several parts of said husband’s estate to several of her children and remainder to be placed in the hands of Elisha2 Estis and Thomas Poor and wife Susanna, for the benefit of the sd. Moses and his sister Barbara Estes, if either should die, then the same to be divided amongst Sylvistas, Thomas, Elisha, Robert, Richard, John and Moses Estis, Mary Watkins, Susanna Poor and Sarah Estis; sd. Elisha Estis undertook the Executorship.


Barbara Estis died and several friendly requests have been made for division of the sd. Barbara’s est. Nov. 1769.


Deposition of Elisha Estes that money left for Moses, sd. Moses being sickly, was used to take care of him. 6.29, 1770.


Deposition of Thomas Poor that 49 years ago Moses and Barbara Estis, orphans of sd. Abraham Estes came to live with sd. Poor; Moses aged 10 years and Barbara, 8. Barbara lived until she was 16 (very bad health); Elizabeth Yeates attended her for 3 years, 1770.


Deposition of Elizabeth Harris, daughter of sd. Thomas Poor. Same testimony 1770.         (Secured by B.A.C.)

Thomas Estes (No. 1 “Crozier’s Virginia Records,” Vol. I, Spotsylvania County, page 70), Guardian to Abraham Rogers, son of Peter Rogers, Aug. 6, 1734. (Vol. I, “Crozier’s Record of Spotsylvania County” makes innumerable mentions of Thomas Estes, page 305 gives Will.) He md. Ann; d. in Caroline County 1774.


Mentions children: Thomas Estes, Jr.; John Estes of Orange County, N. C.; Barbara Estes, who md. Abraham Rogers before 1773 (Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,” Vol. XXVI, page 191).


Mentions wife Elizabeth. Thomas Estes, Jr., Vol. I, “Crozier’s Virginia Record,” page 163. Thomas Estes, Jr., Witness to a deed, June 7, 1734; page 348, same volume. Thomas Estes, Jr., and Catherine his wife; Spotsylvania County, Oct. 21, 1779, page 518. Thomas Estes, Jr., commissioned Ensign in Captain Fauntle- roy’s Company. Colonel in Militia, July 21, 1755 (Vol. XX, page 102, “Virginia Magazine of History and Biography”; “Hening’s Stat. at Large,” 1756-1763, Vol. VII, page 231).


Children of Thomas Estes and Ann:


1 Barbara; 2 Thomas; 3 John of N.C.; 4 Mary; 5 Sarah. John died in Caroline Co., 1778; md. (1) Marshall; md. (2) Elizabeth.


“Lewis and Kindred Families,” by John Meriwether Mc­Allister and Lura Boulton Tandy, pages 351-364, gives a history of the Estes Family in Virginia and Kentucky.


“John Estes came from England and settled in Virginia; md. Nancy Montigue. Ch.: 1 Middleton, b. Dec. 11, 1782, md. Elizabeth Adams, lived in Clark Co., Ky.; ii John, went to Clay Co., Mo.; iii Abraham, b. Sept. 25, 1787, d. Dec. 24, 1813, md. Beulah Schooler, lived in Ky.; iv Clement, md. (1) Sarah Adams, (2) Miss Wilson; v Bartlett, md. in Mt. Ster­ling, Ky.; vi Eliabeth, md. Spencer Estes; vii Nancy, md. William Estes (bro. to Spencer); viii Polly, md. Mr. Robin­son.”


(Genealogy of children continued in “Lewis and Kindred Families”; also, “Estes Genealogies 1097-1893,” by Chas. Estes, pages 306-08.)

John Estes. Records of Hanover County, Virginia, 1730-35: Virginia Land sold to John Estes (“William and Mary Quarterly,” Vol. XXI, page 48). John and Mary Estes md. Jan. 23, 1778. Marriage bonds in Lunenburg County (“Tyler’s Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine,” Vol. VIII, page 37; “William and Mary Quarterly,” Vol. XXI; “Records of Hanover County,” Jan. 1733, page 48). Deed to John Estes.


Benjamin Estes, bi Jan. 1, 1736 in Virginia; d. Sept. 27, 1811; md. in Maury County, Tennessee, Frances Bacon, dau. of John Bacon, 3rd, b. Apr. 24, 1739, d. Mar. 19, 1821 (“William and Mary Quarterly,” Vol. X, page 270).


Children as given on pages 257-60 in “Estes Genealogies 1097- 1893,” by Chas. Estes (We have not attempted to bring this line to date):


1 John, b. Nov. 2, 1758; d. 1776.


2 Mary, b. Jan. 22, 1761; d. Oct. 12, 1799.


3 Chesley, b. Oct. 13, 1762.


4 Elizabeth, b. Aug. 18, 1764; d. Aug. 1781.


5 Susannah, b. Jan. 25, 1767.


6 Sarah, b. Nov. 5, 1768; d. May 14, 1841; md. Turner.


7 Frances, b. Jan. 23, 1772.


8 Martha, b. Dec. 5, 1773.


9 Lyddal Bacon, b. Nov. 13, 1775; d. Nov. 11, 1814; md. Dec. 24, 1805, Sarah Alston, dau. of Isaac Hunter and Martha (Alston), b. Dec. 8, 1786. Dr. Lyddal Bacon Estes was one of the pioneer settlers of Columbia, Tenn. and practiced his profession till his death. Children:


i Edwin Chesley, b. Dec. 6, 1806; d. Aug. 14, 1886; md. Oct. 27, 1835, Elizabeth H. Bigelow. Children: Mary Ann Townsend; Elizabeth Bigelow.


ii Alston Bacon, b. Sep. 28, 1808; d. Jan. 7, 1888; md. 1834, Virginia A. Brown. Children: Edwin; Henry Bacon; Alfred Hunter; Virginia B.


iiiLudwell Hunter, b. July 18, 1810; d. Oct. 23, 1887; md. Mar. 16, 1834, Ann Neal. Children: William Perkins; James Spotswood; Henry Harrison; David Neal; Mary Augusta (had ten children); Ludwell Hunter, Jr.; Annie Alston; Maria Armstrong; Carolyn Gertrude.

iv William Isaac Addison, b. Mar. 26, 1812; md. (1) June 16, 1835, Martha Adeline Gilbert. Children: Sarah Clairmont; Samuel Gilbert; William Alston; Ada Virginia; Edwin Lyddal Bacon; Louise Zutelle; Mary Ann Adeline; Isaac Addison; Ida; Zuleika; Filmore Donelson; Tennessee; Mattie.


v Martha Louisa, b. Apr. 27, 1814; d. Oct. 1878.


10 John Harrod, b. Apr. 3, 1778.


11 Alla, b. Mar. 22, 1780; d. Mar. 11, 1820; md. Alderson.


“Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,” Vol. XIX, “Gleanings in England,” pages 283-84: Will of John Dixon, City of Bristol, April 28, 1757, proved Dec. 5, 1758, mentions that he bought land from Robert Estes on Beaver Creek near Louisa Court House.


“Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia,” Vol. 1761- 65, page 134, 6 of Dec. 3 George III, 1762, Robert Estes, Claim­ant. Robert Estes’ Will dated March 15, 1775, recorded April 17,


In Lunenburg Will Book, No. 2, page 417, mentions sons Robert, Elisha, George, Benjamin, Zachary and Bartlett Estes, and his son-in-law, Fred’k Cox who md. his dau. Milly Estes. Executors named Robert and Elisha Estes and friend Thos. Tabb. Division of the above estate dated Feb. 18, 1777 (of negroes), and recorded March 13, 1777; share to Elisha Estes, Robert Estes, Benjamin Estes, Zachary Estes, Bartlett Estes, Mary Estes (widow of George Estes), Millie Cox (wife of Fred­erick Cox).


Deed dated May 14, 1778 and recorded May 14, 1778, from Robert and Elisha Estes, Executors of Robert Estes, Senior, to Benjamin Estes, conveying to him 92 acres of land on Gouches Creek. Recorded in Deed Book, No. 13, page 136.


Robert Estes d. after 1778. “Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,” Vol. XVI, page 153, Dec. 21, 1764, “that a writ of adjournment issue to remove the Court House of Lunenburg to Robert Estes Sr. house.”


Will of Robert Estes, Jr., md. Keziah Moses.


Will of Robert Estes, Jr., dated Oct. 27, recorded Jan. 13, 1791 in Will Book No. 3, page 387, in which he mentions the following sons: Benjamin, Abraham, Matthew, Bartlett and Samuel Estes; daughters: Sarah, Elizabeth, Martha; wife: Keziah Estes. Execu­tors named are Samuel and Benjamin (sons).


William Estes: “Muster Roll in the 6th Regiment of Conti­nental forces from 2nd Feb. 1776 to 31 May 1777, mentions names of Jno. Estis (Estes), William Estes, privates from Lunenburg Co. Revolutionary Records.”


George Estes: “The Muster Roll of Captain Hobson’s Com­pany for June 1777 mentions privates George Estes, William Estes (Lunenburg County, Virginia).” Original in War Depart­ment, Old Records Division.


The March 1778 pay roll shows George Estes was one of the five who survived (from the Lunenburg soldiers) in the “Incredit- able winter at Valley Forge.”


The roll for May 1779 shows George Eastes (Estes) Corporal. From a special report of the Department of Archives and History of Virginia State Library, a list of Revolutionary soldiers is given. Among the names: Abraham Estes (Estis); George Estes (Eastes, Eastis, Est), Halifax County; John Estes, Lunenburg County; Thomas Estes; William Eastes and Estis. “The Old Free State,” by Landon C. Bell, pages 220-24; 233-34; 266-68.


Note: In Richard Taylor’s letter (given in full earlier in this book) we read: “The Estes of Virginia were descended from an emigrant from Wales who settled in Lunenburg Co. He had seven sons, one or two of whom perished in the Revolutionary War.”


Abraham Estes, Sr.: Sept. 8, 1742, Deed D, 1742-1751. Abraham Estes, Sr., of Spotsylvania County: Abraham Rogers* and Barbary his wife, of St. George Parish, Spotsylvania County, to Abraham Estes, Jr.


“Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia,” Saturday, Feb. 29, 1752. A petition of Abraham Estes.


(Numerous references in Spotsylvania Deed Books and Caroline Deed and Will Books.)


Abraham Estes, b. about 1717, aged 32 Nov. 8, 1749; d. Jan. 15, 1780. Spotsylvania Order Book, 1749-55, page 16.


*Abraham Rogers was son of Peter Rogers, son of Giles rogers, the immigrant.



Elisha3 Estes (son of Abraham2, Abraham1 Estes'), b. in Nelson County, Virginia about 1744 (some give 1749); d. 1821; md. Catherine Tompkins, dau. of Benjamin Tompkins, b. Oct. 1760.




1 Christopher Tompkins4 Estes, b. July 23, 1793; d. Feb. 1, 1850; md. (1) May 15, 1822, Jane C. Howard, b. June 30, 1800, d. Sept. 14, 1857. Eight children were born of this marriage; among them: Lucie Gwynn6 Estes, b. April 19, 1834, d. Aug. 10, 1935 (101 years old), md. June 10, 1857, Dr. Egbert Granville Vaughan, b. 1815, d. 1888. Six children were born of this marriage; among them:


i Nannie6 Vaughan, b. June 24, 1873; md. Oct. 14, 1897 to David IL Howard, b. ___ , d. Aug. 5, 1925.




1 Lucie, b. July 4, 1900; md. John Otey Carter, Jr. Sept. 21, 1929. Child: i Lucie Estes Carter, b. Aug. 17, 1933.


2 Nannie Vaughan, b. Mar. 2, 1902; md. Christo­pher Winfree Ryan, June 24, 1923. Children:


i Christopher Winfree, Jr., b. Oct. 24, 1934.


ii Nancy Vaughan, b. April 29, 1937.


3 Rhoda, b. Jan. 30, 1905; md. Samuel Garland Slaughter, Jr., April 13, 1932. Children:


i Rhoda Jane, b. Nov. 3, 1933.


ii Samuel Garland, Jr., b. May 9, 1936.


4 David Halbert, Jr., b. June 23, 1906; d. April 26, 1936.


5 Estes Vaughan, b. May 7, 1911; d. June 12, 1931.


ii Mrs. Jane6 Hudson of Lynchburg.


iii James Oscar6 Vaughan of Atlanta, Ga.


iv B. Estes6 Vaughan of Lexington, Va.


v Garland E.6 Vaughan of Lynchburg. Numerous grandchildren, among them: Mrs. C. R7. Petty­john of Lynchburg, Va.; Mrs. Harry7 diChristina of Florida; Mrs. George7 Gray of New Orleans; Mrs. George7 Geliy of Pascagoula, Miss.; Mrs. J. O7. Carter of Chattanooga, Tenn.; Mrs. C. W7. Ryan of Richmond, Va.; Mrs. S. G.7 Slaughter, Jr. of Lynchburg, Va.; David H.7 Howard of the faculty of Davidson College; Mrs. W. J.7 Allen of Peters­burg, Fla.; Miss Marion J.7 Vaughan of Lynchburg
and Petersburg, Va. She had ten great grand­children.


2 Mary Tompkins4 Estes, b. ___ ; d. unmd. Will made Feb. 2, 1826.


3 Joyce R.4 Estes, b. ——; d. ___ ; md. to Abraham B. Warwick.


4 Elizabeth Goodloe4 Estes, b. ___ ; md. Wm. Johnson.


5 Elisha Blueford4 Estes, b. Aug. 2, 1802; d. Jan. 5, 1887; md. Jan. 10, 1828, Matilda R. Garland. Five children, only one lived to be grown and never married.


6 Benjamin Tompkins4 Estes, no record.


Note: Wm. Tompkins, guardian to Elisha3 Estes, son of Abraham2 Estes, deceased (Caroline Co., Va., O.B. 1765-7; July 10, 1766).


Elisha3 Estes served in the Revolutionary Army, second Vir­ginia Regiment under command of Colonel Alexander Spots­wood and Captain Francis Taylor.


(Information about Elisha3 Estes and his descendants was given by Mrs. D. H. Howard (Nannie Vaughan6 Estes), of Lynchburg, Virginia, 1936.)


Will of Elisha3 Estes—


“In the name of God amen: I, Elisha Estes of the county of Nelson, knowing the uncertainty of this mortal life, and being of sound disposition of mind and memory, do make and ordain this my last will and Testament in the following manner, to wit:


It is the will and desire that my Executors, herein after named, shall as soon after my death as may appear to them right, proceed to sell all my real and personal Estate, or any part thereof, for the payment of my just debts as they may think fit, or, if they shall think it best and more agreeable to my children to keep the same together, they shall do so unless the speedy payment of my debts should require such sale of the whole or any part of the said estate.


Secondly: I do hereby desire and authorize my executors to sell a certain tract of land in the County of Caroline whereon William Johnson, now lives; and, also, to collect as speedily as possible all the rents due from said Johnson, which together, with the purchase money arising from the sale of the said land, I wish, also to considered as fund for the payment of my debts.

Thirdly: After all my just debts shall be paid and satis­fied, my will and desire is that all the residues of my estate, both real and personal of what nature or kind, soever, shall at the discretion of my executors be sold and the proceeds of the same equally divided among all my children which I give and devise to them, their heirs, Executors and Ad­ministrators forever. But in this division my daughter, Eliza­beth Goodloe Johnson, shall account for the sum of 35 pounds, 4 shillings and six pence advanced by me to that amount.


Fourthly: It is my will and desire while my estate is kept together that my Executors shall annually appropriate so much of the crops or the proceeds thereof towards the sup­port and maintenance of my unmarried children, as they may see fit, which shall be accounted for by them, respec­tively, at the division of my estate heretofore mentioned.


Fifthly and Lastly: I do hereby constitute my nephew, Triplete T. Estes, Guardian for my three children, to wit, Mary Tompkins Estes, Benjamin Tompkins Estes and Elisha Blueford Estes, and it is my desire that the said Guardian shall give to my son Elisha Blueford Estes a tolerable good English education and that the expenses which may occur from the same to be paid out of my estate by my Executors, and, also, that my son, Elisha Blueford, shall be instructed in such useful trades as his Guardian may in his discretion think best. I do, hereby constitute and appoint James Mur­phy, Triplete T. Estes, James Johnson and Abraham E. Warwick executors of this my last Will.


In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this fourth day of January in the Year of our Lord one thousand, eight hundred and twelve.


(Signed and Sealed in the presence of us as witnesses as for the last will and Testament of Elisha Estes.)


Richard Breedlove x his mark


Thomas Breedlove x his mark


Elisha Estes (Seal)”



Lunenburg Record Order Book


In Lunenburg County Court the 12th Day of April, 1865.


“It is the opinion of this Court that Robert Estes, Sen’r have leave to build the Court-House, two prisons, stocks and Pillory for this country upon his land at the place where the Court is now held, to be done in the following manner, that is to say, a Court House of the same dimensions and to be done in the same manner as that of Dinwiddie County; one of the prisons to be twelve feet square in the clear for to hold criminals and to be done in such manner as the gentlemen hereafter appointed shall direct, the other to be done agreeable to a former order of this Court for to hold debtors in which is already begun, and the stocks and Pillory to be done in the common manner, and the Court do allow the said Estes the term of two years from this time for to complete the prison for criminals and till July Court next, to do the stocks and Pillory and it is ordered that the Court- House of said County be established at the said place, and, Joseph Williams, Thomas Tabb and David Garland, Gentle­men, are appointed to take bond and security of the said Estes for his doing and completing the said buildings in a workmanlike manner and with the respective times before mentioned, and it is ordered and directed that the said gentle­men inspect and overlook the said buildings when finished, and it is ordered that a Brick chimney be built to the said Court-House at the expense of this county.”


The 9th Day of August, 1765:


“On the motion of Robert Estes, Sen’r it is ordered and agreed that the said Estes’ former bond given for the building of the Court-House for this county be taken in, and that a new one be given for building the said Court-House forty feet by twenty and ten feet clear in the pitch to be done except as to the alteration agreeable to a former order of Court.”


The 14th Day of August, 1766:


“On the motion of Robert Estes, Senior, he hath leave to renew his ordinary License at the Court-House, whereupon he bond, with William Taylor, his security according to law.”


The following is a list of Abstracts of Marriage Bonds in the name of Estes, filed in the Clerk’s Office of Lunenburg County, Virginia, from 1746 to 1820:


Husband                        Wife                 Surety on Bond     Date

John Estes                     Mary Estes       John White            1/23/1778

Bartlett Estes                Sussanah Estes  Thos. Estes           1/13/1791

Thos. Estes                   Anne Buford      Wm. Ragsdale     5/25/1791

Thos. Estes                   Anne Wilson      Benj. Estes          12/13/1792

Wm. Winn Cockerham Nancy Estes      Matthew Estes     6/20/1793

Matthew Estes              Martha Hawkins John Wrenn        10/19/1795

Benj. Estes, Jr.              Jean Hawkins     John Wrenn        1/22/1796

Chas. Biassee                Mary Estes         Elisha Estes         8/10/1803

John Estes                     Elizabeth Pamplin Robt. Pamplin. 3/9/1804

Elisha Estes                   Elizabeth Blankenship Wm. Gee   11/28/1806

John Estes                      Patsy Locke        George Locke     10/ 9/1806

Lyddall Bacon Estes     Nancy A. Winn  Elisha Estes         3/10/1814

Edmund Estes               Martha Gee Ragsdale Drury Gee   1814


The above bonds do not give names of the parents, dates of marriage nor age of parties.


Given under my hand this 10th October 1929.


John L. Yates, Clerk Lunenburg Circuit Court.



Vestry Book, Cumberland Parish, Lunenburg County, Vir­ginia, Estes 1747-1831:


1750 To John Estes

1763 Elisha Eastis to Procession land.[§§]

1764 To Mr. Robt. Eastis for putting up Horseblocks and Seats at Reedy Creek Church. . . .

1766 To Robt. Eastis for making the steps at Reedy Creek Church.

1767 Ordered that Zach Eastis . . . Procession*

1767 Bartlett Eastis . . . Procession*


From a Special Report of the Department of Archives and History of the Virginia State Library (for the years 1910-11-12), a list of the Revolutionary Soldiers is given. Those bearing the name of Estes were gotten together by Mr. Ashby Estes, in the year 1925.


Abraham Estes (Estis).

Bartlett Estis.

Elijah Estes (Estis) Spotsylvania County.

Elisha Estes (Estis).

Elias Estis.

George Estes (Eastes, Eastis, Estis), Halifax County.

James Estes (Estis).

John Estes (Estis), Lunenburg County.

Moses Estes (Estis), Spotsylvania County.

Rowland Estes.

Thomas Estes.

William Estes (Eastes and Estis).


* To Procession land was to mark the property lines of the different owners, thus settling questions of ownership.



“The question is which of these were brothers and were they all of the same generation, or were there brothers, fathers and sons among the list above named?”



Lunenburg County, Virginia
(“The Old Free State,” by Landon C. Bell, Vol. I)


“In the archives of the War Department is preserved the original muster roll of Captain James Johnson’s Company for the period from February 2, 1776, to the 31st of May 1777. It is entitled ‘A Muster Roll of Capt. James Johnson’s Company in the 6th Virginia Regiment of Continental Forces, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James Hendricks from 2nd Feb. 1776 to 31st May 1777.’ Among the many names mentioned was Jno. Estis (Estes) private” (pages 217-18 in “The Old Free State” by Landon C. Bell).


“The War Department’s archives contain the ‘Muster roll of Capt. Nicholas Hobson’s Company of the Sixth Vir­ginia Regiment of Continental Forces, commanded by Lieut. Col. James Hendricks to the 31st of May, 1777’ ” (pages 220 -D-


Shows William Estes among the privates.


“The muster roll of Captain Hobson’s company for June has names of George Estes, William Estes. Original in the War Department, Old Records Division” (page 222).


“The March 1778 pay roll shows that this company had but five private soldiers . . . George Estes is one name. These were the heroic survivers from this company of the increditable winter at Valley Forge” (page 224).


“The movements of the Lunenburg companies following the winter at Valley Forge, we can only surmise from the knowledge we have of the history of the units to which they were presumably attached . . . Captain John Stokes, in and 1779, commanded a company which embraced a number of men from the companies already mentioned . . . The pay rolls of this company for Dec. 1778 and from February to June inclusive 1779, are in the archives of the War Department, as is that for November 1779.”


Among names listed George Eastes (Estes) Corporal (pages 233-34).


“We record such fragmentary data as we have been able to gather. Relatively little has survived the ravages of time and neglect. Lunenburg’s part in that great struggle (The


Revolution), seems to have been strangely neglected, . . .


No one has essayed the task of narrating the history of her contribution to the cause of American Independence. A strange neglect. And the same, largely, may be said of Mecklenburg, Charlotte, Halifax, Pittsylvania, Bedford, Prince Edward, Brunswick, Amelia, Nottoway and other counties in South side Virginia. And now, when an historian attempts the story, especially as far as Lunenburg is con­cerned, the available data are meagre, indeed, in respect to details. Many old files which might have served a useful purpose have been destroyed. From various reliable sources, largely from the County Court Order Books, which are intact, the following fist has been compiled of Lunenburg soldiers in the Revolutionary War. They are principally of the militia units . . . among names . . . John Estes” (pages 266-68).


Estes or Lunenburg County, Virginia


Oct. 4, 1757. Ind. bet. John Bacon and Robert Estes for 200£ a tract of 600 A. on Embry’s line, Stones Creek to Williamson’s corner. Wit.: David Stokes, Lyddal Bacon, Henry Blagrove. Deed Book 5, page 23.


Jan. 12, 1767. Ind. bet. George Combes and Moses Estes for 25£ a tract of 303 A. bounded by deed of Matthews to Combes. Feb. 12, 1767. Wife Phebe Cambes rel. dower. Deed Book 10, page 312.


June 10, 1767. Elisha Estes, Sr., deed of gift to his son William Estes a tract of 200 A. on the south side of the Nottoway River, on Falls Ck., adjoining Joel Farguson. Wit.: Joel Farguson, Nicklis Brown and Bartlett Ellis. Deed Book 11, page 5.


Dec. 2, 1766. Ind. bet. Moses Estes of Lunenburg and Francis Combes of Amelia to Richard Jones of Amelia for 75£ on the tract purchased of Charles Combes. Dec. 8, 1768. Wit.: Moses Estes, Sr., Elizabeth Estes, Thomas Munford. Wife, Susanna Estes, rel. dower. Deed Book 11, page 246.


May 9, 1770. Ind. bet. William Estes and wife Elizabeth and Daniel Gunn of Amelia, for 160£ a tract of 200 A. formerly granted Rice Curtis on the north side of Falls Creek by patent in 1755,
adjoining Evan Evans. Richard Ellis, Jonas Vasser, Elisha Estes, Sr., and Joel Farguson. Wit.: John Moss, David Aber­nathy, John Winn. Deed Book 11, page 369.


Nov. 23, 1771. Ind. bet. Elisha Estes, Sr., and wife Mary and Thomas Winn for 122£ and 10s a tract of 245 A. granted by patent to Rice Curtis on Falls Creek. April 9, 1772. Joel Farguson. Richard Estes, William Thornton. Deed Book 12, page 106.


May 14, 1772. Ind. bet. Elisha Estes, Sr. and William Hackett for 250£ a tract on the north side of Falls Creek of 300 A. which includes the house and plantation whereon sd. Elisha lives, part of a tract granted Rice Curtis, adjoining Robert Estes, John Winn, Jr., Joel Farguson, Daniel Gwin. Wit.: Nicholas Hobson, Thomas Winn, and David Garland. Deed Book 12, page 191.


March 26, 1777. Ind. bet. Robert and Elisha Estes, Exs. of Robert Estes the elder, deceased to James Johnson for 500£ a tract whereon Lunenburg Courthouse stands of 200 A. on Jones and sd. Johnson. Wit.: William Glen, Elisha Betts, Everard Downing, Jane Patterson, Richard Dixon. Deed Book 13, page 14.


Dec. 25, 1776. Ind. bet. Henry Freeman and wife Mary of Amelia County and Samuel Estes for 50£ a tract of 171 A. adjoin­ing Thomas Scott and (other names mentioned) and Pole Cat Ck. Wit.: Robert Estes, Benjamin Estes, Jr., Abraham Estes. Deed Book 13, page 28.


March 12, 1778. Ind. bet. Robert and Elisha Estes, Exrs. of Robert Estes, Sr. deceased and William Gordon for 5£ a tract on Crouche’s Ck. of 252 A. on sd. Gordon. Deed' Book 13, page 89.


March 9, 1778, same to Nicholas Hobson for 170£ a tract on Crouche’s Creek of 170 A. Deed Book 13, page 92.


March 10,1778, same tract conveyed to Hobson to Elisha Estes for 5£. Deed Book 13, page 93.


Jan. 8, 1778. Ind. bet. Robert Estes and Joseph Chalkley 150£ paid by John Beazley the tract upon which said Estes formerly lived. May 14, 1778. Keziah Estes rel. dower. Deed Book 13, page 128.


May 14, 1778. Ind. bet. Robert and Elisha Estes, Exs. of Rob­ert Estes, Sr. to Benjamin Estes a tract of 92 A. on the east side of Crouche’s Ck. Deed Book 13, page 136.

Sept. 13, 1778. Ind. bet. Michael McKie and wife Susannah and Robert Estes for 250£ a tract on both sides the Horsepen Ck. on Dowsing, Ward and John and Joseph Hobson, of 365 A. Deed Book 13, page 166.


Aug. 29, 1779. Ind. bet. John Hobson of Dinwiddie County and Robert Estes for five shillings a tract on the Horsepen Br. of Reedy Ck. of 45 A. on Blackwell and Long’s line. Wit.: Joseph Hightower, John Smithson, Benjamin Estes, Jr. Deed Book 13, page 299.


March 5, 1785. Ind. bet. Stephen Johnson and wife Sarah and Abraham Estes for 120£ a tract of 270 A. on Hammock’s line, Gilliams Hobson and Forster’s. April 8, 1784. John Hawkins, B. Smithson, William Bragg. Deed Book 14, page 17.


April 14, 1785. Ind. bet. Bartlett Estes and Jesse Turner of Brunswick County for 75£ a tract of 116 A. Signed, Bartlett Estes, Jr. Wit.: (names given). Wife, Prudence Estes, rel. dower. Deed Book 14, page 199.


June 12, 1788. Ind. bet. Samuel Estes and George King for 200£ a tract of 98 A. on Bartlett Smithson, Benjamin and John Burshett, Francis Smithson, Thornton, Br. and Pole Cat Br. Wit.: Wife Rebecca Estes, rel. dower. Deed Book 15, pages 221 and 366.


Feb. 23, 1791. Ind. bet. John Hendrick and Thomas Estes for 100£ a tract of 215 A. on the waters of the middle Meherrin River. Wit.: (names given). Wife Lucy, rel. Dower. May 9, 1891. Deed Book 16, page 138.


April 11, 1793. Ind. bet. Thomas Estes and John White for 20£ a tract on the middle Meherrin of 30 A. on Josiah Ellington, Hendrick’s mill, Eubank and Gustavus Hendrick. Wit.: (names given). Deed Book 16, page 325.


Dec. 12, 1793. Ind. bet. William Parrott and Thomas Estes for 80£ a tract on the waters of the Meherrin of 200 A. on Henry Embry, Tscharner De Graffrereid, Love’s Road and Nathaniel Newbill. Deed Book 16, page 405.


Aug. 4, 1796. Ind. bet. Roland Ward of Amelia County and Benjamin Estes for 3£ 8s for a tract of 3% A. on the lands of Robert Estes, deceased. Sept. 8, 1798. Wit.: George Craghead, W. Munford, Waller Taylor. Deed Book 17, page 304.


Feb. 23, 1796. Ind. bet. John Stewart and Fredrick Williams of Dinwiddie County to Benjamin and Matthew Estes for 60£ a tract of 330 A. on the Branches of the Meherrin River on Baker Will’s heirs, Renniso Tisdale, Abraham Estes, Witworth and Daniel Mason. April 14, 1796. Wit.: (names given). Deed Book 17, page 304.


Oct. 13, 1796. Ind. bet. Benjamin Estes, Jr., Exor. of Robert Estes and Thomas Walker for 100£ a tract on Horsepen Ck. of 200 A. on Hawkins Ward; part of the land on which said Robert Estes, deceased lived. Wit.: (names given). Deed Book 17, page 348.


Will of Robert Estes: son Robert; son Elisha; son George’s part for the benefit of his wife and children; same provision for son Benjamin; same provision for son Zacharius; daughter Millie and her husband Frederick Cox; son Bartlett. Execs, sons Robert and Elisha and Thomas Tabb. Dated March 15, 1775. Rec. April 13, 1775. Wit.: William Gordon, William Grymes, Thomas Tabb. Will Book 2, page 417.


Robert Estes: wife Keziah; son Benjamin; son Abraham; son Matthew; son Bartlett; daughters Sarah and Elizabeth. Execs, sons Bartlett, Samuel and Berry Estes. Dated Oct. 27, 1782. Wit.: (names given). Will Book 3, page 387.


Will of Benjamin Estes, Jr. Wife Jencey; daughters Patsey and Nancy; brother Matthew. Execs. Brother Matthew and Abraham Estes. Feb. 7, 1800. Sept. 11, 1800. Wit.: Peter Lamkin, John Hawkins, Sharp Lamkin. Will Book 5, page 27.


Elisha Estes: Wife Frances; daughter Mary Fuller; children Dice Bartell, Keziah Kerby, Elizabeth, Anglin, Fanny, Elisha, Bottom, Asa and Jesse Estes. Execs. Wife, son Bottom and friends, Frederick Reeves and Samuel Calland. Dated Oct. 1, 1790. Rec. March 1791. Franklin County. Will Book 1, page 56.


Elisha Estes: Sons Elisha, Ambrose, Abraham, William, Rich­ard and Joel; daughter Sarah Hutchinson, Barbara Holt and her children, Elisha and Ambrose, daughter Elizabeth Evans, daugh­ter Mary Knight; wife Mary and daughter Rachel Estes who is
to be in charge of my wife. Jan. 30, 1782. Rec. Feb. 28, 1781. Henry County. Will Book 1, page 54.


*Spotsylvania Order Book 1749-55, page 16. Chancery suit. Bloomfield Long, Jr. vs. Bloomfield, Lucy, Molly, Sarah and Martha Long by the sd. Bloomfield Long, their guardian. Depo­sition of Abraham Estes, aged 32 years, Nov. 8, 1749. (“There is a Long-Griffin connection somewhere, I feel quite certain.” Blanche Adams Chapman, Genealogist.)



*See Abraham Estes account.



Lunenburg Tithable List


(“Sunlight on the Southside,” by Landon C. Bell, 1748-1783)


                                                No. Tithes             Page

1764       Robert Estes

               Bartlett Estes

               George Estes        1                              241

                Zacharias Estes    1                              241

                Elisha Estes, Sr.   6                              241

                William Estes

                Robert Estes

                Bartlett Estes        8                              241

                Benjamin Estes    2                              264

1769       Robert Estes, Jr.

                Samuel Estes        3                              277

                Richard Estes       2                              279

                Elisha Estes, Sr.

                Joel Estes              9                              282

                Benjamin Estes    1                              282

                Zach Estes             1                              282

                William Estes       2                              282

                Robert Estes, Sr.

                Bartlett Estes

                Elisha Estes

                Johnston Estes      1                              284






The following is a list of all Deeds recorded in the Clerk’s Office of Lunenburg County, Virginia, in the name of Estes, from the formation of the County, 1746 to 1825.


1757 Robert Estes from John Bacon.


1767 Moses Estes from George Combs.


1767 William Estes from Elisha Estes.


1767 Elisha Estes to William Estes.


1768 Moses Estes to Richard Johnes (2 deeds).


1770 William Estes &c. to Daniel Gunn.


1771 Elizah Estes to Thos. Winn.


1772 Elijah Estes to William Hachett.


1773 Benjamin Estes from Nathaniel Boothe.


1776 Benjamin Estes from John Stewart.


1776 Benjamin Estes from Joel Parrish.


1776 Samuel Estes from Henry Freeman.


1777 Robert Estes to James Johnson.


1777 Robert Estes from James Johnson.


1778 Benjamin Estes from Robert Estes.


1778 Elisha Estes from Nicholas Fisher.


1778 Elisha Estes from James Inge et als.


1778 Robert Estes to William Gordon.


1778 Robert Estes to Nicholas Hobson.


1778 Robert Estes to John Beasley.


1778 Robert Estes to Benjamin Estes.


1778 Robert Estes from Nathaniel McKee. Robert Estes from John Hobson.


1784 Abraham Estes from Stephen Johnson. Bartlett Estes to Jesse Turner.


1789 Rebecca Estes to George King.


1791 Thos. Estes from John Hendrick.


1792 Thos. Estes to Thos. Parrish.


1793 Abraham Estes to Rennison Tisdale.


1793 Thomas Estes to John White.


1793 Thos. Estes from William Parrott.


1796 Benjamin Estes to Pollard Ward.


1796 Benjamin Estes to Thos. Walker.


1796 Benjamin Estes to John Wrenn.


1796 Matthew Estes from John Stewart.


1799 Abraham Estes from William Burton.


1800 Benjamin Estes Executors to Robert Estes.


1800 Bartlett Estes to John Gordon.


1803 Bartlett Estes from David Abernathey.


1803 Matthew Estes from Robert Estes.


1803 Robert Estes to Matthew Estes.


1803 Robert Estes from William Chandler.


1803 Thos. Estes from Dennis D. Morgan.


1804 Bartlett Estes to Armstead Jeter.


1805 Samuel Estes from John Wrenn.


1806 Robert Estes from Benjamin Estes’ Ex’ors.


1810 Edmund Estes to Edward Rudder.


1810 Samuel Estes to Thos. Keeton.


1813 Abraham Estes to James McFarland.


1816 Matthew Estes to Robert Hayes.


1821 Edmund Estes from Robert Chappell.


1822 Benjamin Estes to William K. Corletz.


1822 John Estes to Charles Bryasee.


1825 Robert Estes from Sarah Estes.





Caroline County, Virginia Order Book No. 1, 1732-1740:


Thomas Estes a member of the Grand Jury, Nov. 8, 1733, page 108.


Case between John Ellis and Thomas Estes, dismissed.


Case between John Ellis and Abraham Estes, dismissed, Feb. 12, 1736, page 406.


Abraham Estes, Jr. agt. Timothy Ellis, Debt. March 11, 1736, page 411.


Thomas Estes’ negro’s age adjudged, 1739, page 566.


Abraham Estes’ negro’s age adjudged, page 567.


Order Book, 1741-1746:


Petition of Edward Pamplin that Thomas Estes, Thomas Banks and William Conner view the road and return opinion at the next court, 1741, page 92.


Ordered that Henry Harris pay Abraham Estes as a witness for him in his suit against Penn, 1742, page 148.


Ordered Thomas Banks, Thomas Estes, Wm. Lawson, Jr. and Wm. Lawson, Sr. to appraise the estate of Thomas for son, 1742, page 158.


Petition brought by Abraham Estes against Jane Oliver, Extr. of Thomas Watkins, 1743, page 173.


Ordered Abraham Estes pay Thomas Estes and Ann, his wife, as witnesses for him in his suit against Oliver. Also to pay Edw. Pamplin, 1743, page 175.


Abraham Estes, member of Jury, Aug. Moore, Jr. vs. Robt. Williamson.


Abraham Estes, member of Jury, Valentine Vest vs. John Sutton.


Abraham Estes, member of Jury, John Pearson vs. William Markham, pages 191-193 and 226.


Abraham Estes to show the road as reported to the commission, page 230.


Patrick Barclay vs. William Lawson. The deft, not appearing, Abraham Estes his security, 1743, page 244.

Abraham Estes, Juror, John Honey vs. Charles Goodall, 1743. Abraham Estes, Juror, John Smith assignee of Augustine Moore vs. Robert Ferguson.


Abraham Estes, Juror, William and Dianah Yarbrough vs. William Lawson, Ex. of John Smith, Gent., 1743.


Abraham Estes, Juror, Benjamin Taylor, attorney for Jona­than Davis of Maryland vs. Edward Dyet, pages 250, 257, 262, 264.


Petition of Abraham Estes. Ordered Henry Rains, Charles Holloway, William Lawson and William Marshall to view the road petitioned for sd. Estes and report to next Court, 1743, page 266.


Abraham Estes member of Grand Jury, 1744, page 274.


The Will of Thomas Estes, March 8, 1744/45, presented by Ann, the Extr. named. Proved by Abraham Estes, Thomas Banks and John Crane. Security for Extr. Abraham Estes and James Martin. Appraisers named, page 349.


Abraham Estes appointed overseer of the road in the room of James Martin, 1745, page 470.


Action of trespass brought by Abraham Estes, agt. James and Micajah Pickett, 1745, page 472.


Abraham Estes, a Juror, page 473.


Action of trespass between Thomas Estes and Thomas Pickett, page 476.


Thomas Pickett vs. Thomas Estes, 1745.


Appraisal of the estate of Thomas Estes recorded, June 14, 1745, page 483.


Abraham Estes, a Juror, Humphrey Bell of London, vs. Wm. Cook, 1745, page 507.


Petition of John Estes, orphan of Thomas Estes, to choose a guardian. Choice of Rice Curtis, Gent., John Crane his security, 1745.


Petition of Mary Estes, orphan of Thomas. Choice of William Connor, William Boulware his security. John Crane was appointed guardian of Sarah Estes the orphan of Thomas. William Connor his security.


On the petition of Thomas Estes, ordered that he have the administration of the estate of Ann Estes, dec’d. John Pickett and Benjamin Wootten, his security. Appraisers appointed (named) Oct. 11, 1745, page 537.


Ordered James Dismuke, Joseph Stevens and William Marshall to divide the estate of Thomas Estes according to his will, Nov. 8, 1745, page 541.


Ordered James Dismuke, Joseph Stevens, William Marshall and Roger Quarles to divide the estate of Thomas Estes dec’d, and, also, settle the administration of said estate, Feb. 14, 1756, page 564.


Rice Curtis, Jr., Gent., guardian of John Estes, returns account of his estate, March 14, 1745/46.


Ordered James and Micajah Pickett pay John Estes for six days as a wit. for them agt. Estes, also, Daniel McClamore. Abraham Estes to pay Thomas White, Thomas Garnett and James Young as wit. for him, page 607.


Abraham Estes vs. Jonas and Micajah Pickett for Trespass. The Pit. failed to appear, motion for a nonsuit, 1746, page 609.


Order Book, 1746-1754:


Petition of Thomas Estes administrator of Ann Estes, dec’d, agt. Robert Taliaferro and Josias Baker. Agreed, 1747, page 40.


Petition of Henry Cooper agt. Thomas Estes. Dismissed, 1746, page 19.


Samuel Gray vs. Abraham Estes, Cont., page 26.


Abraham Estes, a Juror (names given), 1747, page 58.


Petition Constantine Smith vs. Abraham Estes, 1747, page 59.


Attachment obtained by Peter Copeland, agt, the estate of Mark London. All his estate in the hands of William Cox and John Estes to be attached, 1749, page 164.


Age of a negro of John Estes adjudged, 1750, page 240.


Samuel Gray vs. Abraham Estes. Dismissed. Ordered Estes pay Roger and Thomas Madison as witnesses, 1751, page 276.

Thomas Brikell acknowledged a deed to John Estes in 1753, page 399.


Abraham Estes, Sr. deed to Abraham and Phillip Estes was proved by William Roy, John Mitchell and Wallace Ross, 1753, page 405.


Agreement between Abraham Estes, Sr. and Abraham Estes, Jr. proved on the part of Abraham Estes, Sr., by William Waller, Gent., William Rogers and John Mitchell, and the said Abraham Estes, Jr. acknowledged his part and it was admitted to record, July 12, 1753, page 405.


Order Book, 1755-1758:


Abraham Estes, Sr., appointed overseer of road from James Martins to Tompkins bridge, 1755, page 118.


Petition brought by Abraham Estes, Sr., agt. Sarah Pigg. Judgement granted Pit., 1755, page 146.


Action of debt: Jeremiah Early vs. Abraham Estes, the deft, says he cannot deny that he owes him 40£ William Shaughan, security, 1756, page 219.


Will of William Marshall presented by Exs. Elizabeth Marshall, Michael Yates and John Estes. Appraisers appointed, Wil­liam Tyler, James Martin, Christopher Tompkins and George Yates, Nov. 10, 1757, page 312.


Ordered George Yates, Acquilla Johnston, William Rogers and John Estes to appraise the estate of Abraham Estes, dec’d., Feb. 8, 1759, page 3.


By consent of Phillip Estes and Elizabeth Estes, Anthony Thornton, Gent., Joseph Stevens, Henry Terrell and William Conner are appointed to lay off the dower of the said Eliza­beth, 1759, page 54.


Elizabeth Estes was appointed guardian to Lucy, Elisha, Ben­jamin, Mary Ann, and Edmund Estes, orphans of Abraham Estes, dec’d., July 12, 1759, page 54.


Elizabeth Estes vs. Phillip Estes for Trespass, assault and battery. Verdict for Pit. as to assault, not guilty as to rest of charge. Aug. 16, 1759. Elizabeth Estes ordered to pay Wil­liam Crisp and Robert Chapman as witnesses. Dispute of trespass to be left to the determination of Edmund Pendle­ton, 1759, pages 71 and 72.


Order Book, 1759-1763:


Phillip Estes vs. Elizabeth Estes and Gabriel Long, adminis­trators of Abraham Estes. Dispute for his account for his share of Three crops as an overseer, to be left to determina­tion of Edmund Pendleton, Pit., to be paid for his claim as overseer for the testator from the beginning until the time of his death, 1759, page 82.


Same agt., same Pit. recovered value of corn, page 83. Elizabeth Estes agt. Phillip Estes for taking away a trunk and assault. Trunk awarded deft. Pit. to recover 40 shillings for violence, page 83.


Ordered William Tyler, Anthony Thornton and Robert Talia­ferro, Gent., to settle the administration of the estate of Abraham Estes, Aug. 14, 1760, page 122.


Ordered Sarah Estes (probably an error for Elizabeth) to be summoned to the next court to give Thomas Scott and John Griffen counter security for the estate of Abraham Estes, dec’d., or to deliver up the said estate, Nov. 12, 1761, page 261.


The summons obtained by Thomas Scott against the Elizabeth Estes is dismissed, 1762, page 300.


Suit in chancery brought by John Pickett agt. Administration of Abraham Estes, dec’d. Cont., page 344.


Order Book, 1764:


Account estate of Abraham Estes ordered recorded, 1765, page 331.


Settlement of Est. of Abraham Estes ordered recorded, page 333, Feb. 14, 1765.


Order Book, 1765-1767:


William Tompkins is appointed guardian to Elisha Estes and gave Bond, July 10, 1766.

On the motion of William Tompkins, the guardian to Elisha Estes, an orphan son of Abraham Estes, dec’d., it is ordered


Anthony Thornton, Robert and Walker Taliaferro, Gent., and Theodore Morrison make a division according to the will of sd. Abraham Estes, page 353.


Order Book, 1772-1775:


A division of the estate of Abraham and Elizabeth Estes ordered recorded, Aug. 11, 1774, page 567.


“Caroline Order Book 1746-54,” page 405, July 12, 1753. Abraham Estes, Sr’s, deeds to Abraham and Philip Estis proved by oaths of Wm. Rogers and others.


“Caroline Order Book 1746,” page 464, March 14, 1754.


Suit in Chancery by Henry Brock and Barbara, his wife, against Abraham Estes. Decision of the court is that Abra­ham Estes shall pay a negro to Henry Brock.


“Caroline Order Book 1759-1763,” page 54, July 12, 1759.


Eliz. Estes appointed guardian to Lucy, Elisha, Benj., Mary Ann and Edmund Estes, orphans of Abraham Estes, dec’d. (In 1767 Mary Ann was over 14 and Benj. and Edmund under 14. 0. B. 1767, page 39. Refer to Abraham and Ben­jamin Estes.)


“Old Rappahannock County Deeds,” etc., Book 6, page 59, June 27, 1678-79.


Francis Triplett gives a mare and colt to his son Francis Triplett and daughter Eliza. Triplett.


“Orange County Will Book,” page 237.


Will of Samuel Estes dated Nov. 11, 1784, proved Sept. 26, 1791, wife Winfred, sons Abraham and Samuel (both under age). (This must have been the son of Abraham who died in Spotsylvania County 1782. See “Crozier,” page 38.)


Text Box: B.A.C. (Genealogist. 1935)“It is unfortunate that the records are gone from the counties in which the Estes lived before they turn up in Lunenburg. “The Caroline Order Books” are the only records left of this county and are in the Archives at the State Library.”

“No Caroline County Deed Book prior to 1860 are extant and only one Will Book, no. 19, which embraces the period from about 1815 to 1820.”


Crozier’s Virginia County Records, Vol. VI, page 248; Caroline County Marriage Bonds, Dec. 14, 1788:


George Estes and Anne Sannell (?). George Estes and Sarah


Anderson (probably cousins).


“All immigrants were entitled to fifty acres of land each; if you paid a person’s passage money you were entitled to his fifty acres of land and he became your ‘headright.’ ”


Caroline Wills (copies of Wills found in chancery paper):


John Estes of the county of Caroline: to wife Elizabeth; provision for unborn child; daughter Elizabeth Durrett; daughter Ann Yates, to her daughter, Mary Butler, with a reversion to the children by Michael Yates; son John; son Marshall; son Thomas; daughter Mary; refers to my six eldest children and my three last children by my first wife; sons, William, Marshall, Littleton and Peter to be educated out of my estate; son John the land left me by my father; 100 A. I bought of Thomas Banks in Halifax County to be sold and the piece of land obtained by Murphy in the General Court to be sold and one-half the money to be paid Peter Rogers and the rest to my children. Exs. son John and son- in-law George Durrett. Dated April 6, 1778. Rec. May 1778.


Wit.: William Yates, George Yates, Nancy Estes and Elizabeth David. Page 26.


Will of Elisha Estes of the County of Nelson; my Exs. to sell a tract in the County of Caroline on which William John­son now lives and the money to be divided among all my children; daughter Elizabeth Goodlow Johnson; my nephew Triplett T. Estes to be the guardian of my children, Mary Tompkins Estes, Benjamin Tompkins Estes and Elisha Bluford Estes. Exs. James Murphy, Triplett T. Estes, James Johnson and Abraham B. Warwick.


January 4, 1812. Rec. February 24, 1812.


Wit.: Richard Breedlove, Thomas Breedlove.


James Murphy and Abraham B. Warwick qualified with Stephen Watts their security.


Caroline Will Book, page 94.


                “Sept. 7, 1935


My dear Mrs. Webb:


I have completed reading the Carol­ine Order Books up to the period needed to prove the paternity of your Benjamin Estes. I hope you feel the results are worth the price it has cost you.


These books are photostat copies and the writing is quite fine, so it takes quite a little time to cover them. At any rate, we have found the father of your Benjamin and his line back to the Abraham of King and Queen County.


We also know enough about the people with whom they are connected to have pretty good leads towards finding out who the wife Elizabeth was.


I am sorry I did not read the Caroline Books before going to Lunenburg for these records simply give collateral lines. I am also sorry that the research in the land office gave no earlier information of the Abraham Estes of King and Queen County. He, evidently, bought or “married” the land he paid tax on in 1704. Mrs. Nugent’s next book may show him as a headright. Her first books list several Easts but none of them seem to furnish any clue, so far as I can see, to your Abraham.


In looking over the notes from the Caroline Order Books, I think you will agree with me that Abraham Estes, Jr., was probably married twice. Abraham and the Phillip (whom Elizabeth had so much trouble with) by the first wife, and the others for whom she was appointed guardian. I do hope we will be able to find out who she was for all of the people with whom she was connected were prominent and important ones in the county. Everything indicates Abraham, Jr. was the eldest son of Abraham of King and Queen County.


I am sorry the search did not develop more information but I did my best.


Cordially, Blanche Adams Chapman”



“Oct. 6, 1935


My dear Mrs. Webb:


I fear you will never find any further clues to the children of Abraham Estes, Sr., beyond those certainly proven by the records from land office.


The loss of the King and Queen records will prevent your ever knowing definitely which are sons and which grandsons. I am hoping Mrs Nugent’s next book of Land Patents will show when Abraham Estes came and who brought him in. This seems your only hope, to learn anything of him, unless some English boat list gives him.

Both the Lunenburg and Caroline families carried the same names; the Bartlett is the only one not used in Caroline, and your line has the Edmund and Philip that does not show up in the Lunenburg descendants but sounds as if there might be a Pendleton connection. I believe the identity of Elizabeth can be learned if these families are worked out with whom they figured in Caroline, for, invariably, these people who appear on their papers turn out to be relatives.




“I have had access to the proof sheets of Mrs. Nugent’s Vol. II, but found no further mention of Abraham Estes.


(Signed) R. A. Stewart, June 1938.”


Land Office


Abraham Eastis, Jun., patented a tract of 425 A. called new land in a neck called Rogues Neck in the forks of the Mattopony River, July 12, 1718. Book 10, page 384.


Abraham Estes of King and Queen County, a tract of 500 A. being on S. side of the Middle River at the great mountains in Spotsylvania County, beginning at Henry Madison’s corner tree, adjoining the land of sd. Madison, Sept. 8, 1728. Book 13, page 379.


Gov. William Gooch to Samuel Estes of King and Queen County, a tract of 900 A. in Spotsylvania County, adjoining Thomas Tyler, Braxton’s line and George Taylor. Sept. 28, 1728. Book 13, page 380.


Same to Richard Estes of Hanover County, a tract of 400 A. in the aforesaid county, adjoining Mr. David Thompson and Capt. Clark. Aug. 25, 1731. Book 14, page 214.


Same to Robert Estes of King and Queen County, a tract of 400 A. in the head branch of North East Creek in Hanover County. New land. Aug. 25, 1731. Book 14, page 229.


Same to John Estes a tract of 1,060 A. in the County of Han­over, beginning at Capt. Clark’s corner. March 15, 1735. Book 17, page 44.


Same to Robert Estes a tract of 250 A. in the county of Hanover adjoining John Rice, John Dasphier and James Watson. March 15, 1735. Book 17, page 41.

Same to Moses Estes a tract of 370 A. in Hanover County, beginning at Robert Estes’ corner and adjoining Ambrose Joshua Smith and Thompson. March 17, 1736. Book 17, page 240.


Same to Richard Estes a tract of 1,200 A. in the County of Hanover, beginning at David Thompson’s corner, on John Rice, John Thomas and Col. Symes. June 29, 1739. Book 18, page 358.


Same to Robert Estes a tract of 1,300 A. in the County of Louisa on both sides of the Cabin Branch, 300 A. of which was granted sd. Estes in 1731. Aug. 30, 1744. Book 22, page 136.


Same to Elisha Eastis a tract of 400 A. in the County of Amelia between the Bush and Bryer River, beginning at Reid’s corner to Margelies (?) line. July 20, 1748. Book 26, page 479.


Same to Elisha Eastis a tract of 400 A. in the County of Amelia on the south side of Bryer River and beginning at Parson’s corner. Jan. 12, 1747. Book 28, page 311.


Same to James Eastes a tract of 360 A. in the county of Lunenburg on the east side of the Little Roanoke River, adjoining Thomas Jones. April 1, 1749. Book 28, page 550.


Gov. Robert Dinwiddie to Abraham Estes a tract of 272 A. in the county of Orange on Swift Run. Oct. 10, 1753. Book 32, page 257.


Same to Abraham Estes a tract of 400 A. in the county of Augusta, on the North River Shanando, adjoining Patrick Frazer, John Madison and Symes corner. Aug. 17, 1756. Book 33, page 138.


Same to James Eastes a tract of 683 A. in the county of Lunen­burg on both sides of Ash Camp Creek, adjoining John Gwin, Thomas Bouldin and Children, 310 A. being part of a patent, formerly granted Thomas Jones in 1745 and title of which has since become vested in James Eastes. Aug. 29, 1757. Book 33, page 378.


Francis Fauquier to Elisha Estes a tract of 800 A. in the county of Amelia between Bryer and Bush Rivers, on Parson, Reid, McGehee and Davis. 400 A. of which was granted sd. Estes in 1747, the residue in 1748. Dec. 15, 1758. Book 33, page 525.


Gov. Dinwiddie to Anthony Winston and John East a tract of
118 A. in Hanover County on the sunken grounds on the north side of the Chickahominy Swamp. Aug. 16, 1756. Book 33, page 339.


Fauquier to John Estes a tract of 1,150 A. in the county of Halifax on the Poplar and the Little Pole Cat Creeks, adjoining Fountain, Ponton and Bottom. March 3, 1760. Book 33, page 698.


Same to James Eastes a tract of 400 A. in the County of Lunen­burg on the branches of Ash Camp, beginning at Jones corner, etc., Aug. 10, 1759. Book 34, page 389.


Same to Tarlton East a tract of 309 A. in the county of Lunen­burg on the branches of Louise Creek, adjoining Caldwell. Aug. 7, 1761. Book 34, page 920.


Secured by B. A. Chapman, 1935.


Spotsylvania County

“Crozier’s Abstracts”


Sept. 7, 1742. Ind. bet. Abraham Rogers and wife Barbara of St. George Parish to Abraham Estes, Jr. of St. Stephen’s Parish, King and Queen County for 2,228 pounds of tobacco, 83 A. in Spotsylvania County. Wit.: Abraham Estes, Sr., Matthew Brock, Robert Johnston, page 160.


Nov. 1, 1742. Ind. bet. William Hawkins of St. Thomas Parish, Orange County to Abraham Estes of St. Stephen’s Parish, King and Queen County for 24£, a tract of 110 A. being part of the land sold by Edward Pigg, deceased and Abraham Rogers, both of Spotsylvania County to sd. Hawkins. Wit.: Larkin Chew, George Smith, Richard Bradley, page 161.


Oct. 3, 1743. Ind. bet. John Clark and wife Ann of St. Mar­garet’s Parish, Caroline County to Abraham Estes, Jr. of St. Stephen’s Parish, King and Queen County for 32£ a tract of 130 A. in St. George Parish, Spotsylvania County. Wit.: Henry Brock, William Bartlet, A. Forster, page 164.


Abraham Estes, Thomas Magee and Edmund Foster are wit­nesses on a deed of Benjamin Matthews and wife Ann to Joseph Carter, 1746, page 174.

Nov. 5, 1759. Ind. bet. John Payne, Jr. and wife Mary, Brom- field Long and wife Mary to Abraham Estes for 25£, a tract of 59% A. in Spotsylvania County. Wit.: William J. Waller, John Waller, Jr., William Wood, John Beverly Roy, page 213.


March 7,1758. Ind. bet. Bromfield Long, deed of gift to daugh­ters Molly Long Payne and Sarah Long. Wit.: John Estes (and others), page 206.


Will of Abraham Estes of Spotsylvania County: to wife, land and slaves, at her death to be sold and money divided among the following, Elijah, Richard, Moses, Fielding and Nancy Estes; son Thomas and his wife Hannah; son John and his wife Ann; son Samuel and daughter Sarah Hart. Jan. 15, 1780. April 18, 1782. Exs. Wife and son Richard. Wit.: M. Buckner, George Madison, James Methem, page 38.


June 7, 1773. Ind. bet. Thomas Estes of Spotsylvania County and son John Estes of the County of Orange, North Carolina:


“Whereas Thomas Estes, formerly of Caroline County, by will gave to daughter, Barbara Rogers, a negro girl during her life and at the death of sd. Barbara to her children; sd. slave has several children in North Carolina and sd. Thomas Estes, party the testator made no disposition of said increase, the said Thomas Estes, party to these present as eldest son and heir at law his right or title to his son John Estes.”


Wit.: William Wood, John Holladay, Jr., Rice Curtis, Jr., John Chew, Jr., page 305.


Spotsylvania County Records in Virginia

Deeds Concerning Estes


Deed Book B. 1729-1734. Witness to Deed: Thos. Estes, April 2, 1734.


Deed Book C. 1734-1742. Witness: Thomas Estes, July 1, 1735, page 139.


Deed Book D. 1742-1751. Thos. Estes, April 4, 1749, page 176. Deed Book D. 1742-1751. Thos. Estes, Sept. 20, 1750, page 183. Deed Book D. Thos. Estes, Oct. 24, 1750, page 185.

Deed Book E. 1751-1761. Thos. Estes, Aug. 22, 1755, page 201.


Thos. Estes as Ensign to Capt. Fauntleroy, Commissioner.


Colonial Militia, July 21, 1755, page 518.


Will Book E. 1772-1798. Ann Estes, wife of Abraham Estes or


Eastis of Spotsylvania.


Deed Book J. 1774-1782. Nov. 20, 1776. Thos. Estes and Catherine, his wife of Spotsylvania County. Witnesses Oct. 21, 1779.


Deed Book J. 1774-1782. March 15, 1781. Richard Estes and Caty, his wife. Witness. Aug. 16, 1781.


Deed Book M. 1788-1791. John Estes and his wife of Caroline County Jan. 25, 1790.


Deed Book P. 1797-1800. Aug. 15, 1799. Richard Estes and Catherine, his wife, page 509.


Will Book. 1782-1785. June 20, 1762. Witness Elijah Estes, Moses Estes, Sept. 19, 1782.


Deed Book P. 1797-1800. Jan. 11, 1798. Elijah Estes, Richard Estes, Moses Estes, Fielding Estes in Spotsylvania County:


“Whereas, Abraham Estes, dec’d, lived and devised by him to his wife and directed by his will that after her death (which event hath taken place) that the same be sold and the profits arising therefrom divided between the said Elizabeth, Richard, Moses, Fielding Estes and Nancy Estes, now the wife of James Higgins . . . (and so forth).”


Wit. July 3, 1798, page 501.


Guardian’s Bonds. Will Book A. Thomas Estes, guardian to Abraham Rogers, orphan of Peter Rogers.


Deed Book D. 1742-1751. Thomas Estes, Jr. Spotsylvania County July 5, 1743; Wit.: son John, Captain Triplett T. Estes. In the appointment of Processioners in 1811 he is designed as Captain of the militia, page 96. History of Albemarle County.


Spotsylvania County Records, 1721-1800, page 38, show heirs of Abraham Estes (died Jan. 15, 1780):


“Executor’s wife Ann and son Richard. Legatee Ann.


Slaves and Land on which I live for her life. On death to be divided between the following persons: Elizah Estes, Richard Estes, Moses Estes, Fielding Estes, Nancy Estes; Son Thomas

Estes and Hannah, his wife; son John Estes and Ann, his wife; son Samuel Estes; Daughter, Sarah Hart.”


This book contains numerous mentions of Estes as makers and witnesses of Wills, but no Benjamin or Elisha. Following are all the additional Estes names shown by index: Peter Estes, Row­land Estes, Thomas Estes, William M. Estes, Abraham Estes, Jr.


Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. IV, page 106.


Slave owners in Spotsylvania County, 1783.


Thomas Estes owned 2 slaves; Richard Estes owned 4 slaves; John Estes, 2; Samuel Estes, 4; Ann Estes, 8.


First List of Tithables of Pittsylvania County, 1767:


“Virginia Magazine of History and Biography”:


Vol. 23, page 79. Elisha Estis.


Vol. 26, page 193. Samuel Estes, md. Winfred Holliday, 1776 (marriage records in back of Deed Book No. 17, Orange County).


Vol. 26, page 194. Lucy Estes, md. John Harvie, 1778. Deed Book 17, Orange County.


Vol. 26, page 191. John Rogers, md. Barbara Estes, 1773; mar­riage record in Deed Book 17, Orange County.


Vol. 30, page 69. Marriage notices in “Virginia and Fredericks­burg Advertiser” in Library of Congress Nov. 26, 1790; Nov. 21, Mr. Triplett Estes, merchant, to Miss Sally Lucas, dau. of Mr. Zach Lucas.


Vol. 36, page 75.


“In his will (Major Jones Munford) dated Mar. 6, 1754, and proved in Amelia, Apr. 25, 1754, made bequests to ____ son Elisha Estes.”


Vol. 37. Barbara Estes, md. Abraham Rogers (orphaned in


1734 and deeding property in 1733). Henry Rogers, St.


George Parish, Spotsylvania County, 1734. John Rogers,


King and Queen County; sons, John and Abraham.


“The Planters of Colonial Virginia,” by Thomas J. Werten- baker:

A true account of the Lands in King and Queen County as it was taken by Robert Bird, Sheriff, in the year 1704, page 226.


Abraham Eastes, 200 acres in King and Queen County in 1704. Rent Roll of Virginia.


A true and Perfect Rent Roll of all the Lands held by her Majesty in Henrico County April 1705, page 184. East, Thos. Sen., 475; East, Tho., 554; East, Edw., 159.


“Crozier’s Virginia County Records,” Vol. VI, page 136:


Thomas Estes owned 294 acres in Halifax County, 1754. Page 251. Robert Estes, Jr. and Keziah, his wife, Louisa County, 100 acres. Page 272. John Estes owned 1,150 acres in Halifax County, 1760.


“William and Mary Quarterly,” Vol. X, page 270:


Benjamin Estes md. Frances, dau. of John Bacon, 3rd, b. April 24, 1738 (or 39).


Vol. XXI, page 48. Records of Hanover County, Jan. 1733. Deed from James X. Robertson of St. Martins Parish to Matthew Anderson of St. Paul’s Parish. 1,325 acres, both sides of East Creek, reserving 100 acres of the above which was sold by Christopher Clarke, to John Estes (Bartlet Anderson, Deed Clerk).


Vol. XXI, page 51. Robert Estes to Moses Estes, no date.


“Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,” Vol. IX, pages 139-40:


Oath of Allegiance to Virginia 1777. Henry County from its Formation in 1776 to the end of the 18th Century. A list of persons renouncing allegiance to Great Britain and swearing allegiance to the commonwealth of Virginia.


From the records of the clerk’s office by C. B. Bryant, Martin- ville: A memorandum of the inhabitants of Henry County by name Estes who took oath of allegiance. Sept. 13, 1777.


Elisha Estes, age 31; Bottom Estes, age 18; Elisha Estes, age 23; Joel Estes, age 25; William Estes, age 42; A___ Estes, age 55.

Counties in Virginia Which Relate to Estes Families


“Virginia Counties,” by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson:


“In 1634 the county was divided into 8 shires which are to be governed as shires in England.” Page 17.


The names of these shires are: Accowmack, Charles City, Charles River (or Yorke County), Elizabeth City, Henrico, James City, Warrosquyoake, Warwick River.


Warrosquyoake was the original name for Isle of Wight County which it retained for only three years when it was changed to the present name it now holds.


Surry County was taken from James City, 1652.


New Kent was formed from York County, 1654, extending west to the headquarters of Mattopony and Pamunky Rivers.


King and Queen County was formed from the shires of New Kent, including what is now King William, King and Queen, and perhaps, the whole of Caroline and Spotsylvania, on 16th day of April A. D. 1691.


Essex County was formed from a part of (old) Rappahannock, 1692.


Brunswick County was formed from Isle of Wight County and Surry County, 1720.


Spotsylvania County was formed from Essex, King William and King and Queen Counties, 1720.


Hanover County was formed from New Kent County, 1720.


Caroline County was formed 1727.


“In February 1727 an act was passed entitled, ‘An act for erecting a new county on the head of Essex, King and Queen and King William counties and for calling the same Caroline Co.’” (“Hen. Stat. at Large,” IV, page 240).


Goochland County was formed from Henrico County, 1727. Orange County was formed from Spotsylvania County, 1734. Augusta County was formed from Orange County, 1738.


“Previously all that part of Virginia lying west of the Blue Ridge was included in Orange Co., but in the Fall of 1738 it was divided to form the counties of Frederick and Au­gusta.”

Albemarle County was formed from Goochland and part of Louise County, 1744.


Lunenburg County was formed from Brunswick County, 1746. Culpeper County was formed from Orange County, 1748. Southampton County was formed from Isle of Wight County, 1748.


Cumberland County was formed from Goochland County, 1748. Chesterfield County was cut off of Henrico County, 1749. Halifax County was formed from Lunenburg County, 1752. Bedford County was formed from Lunenburg and a part of Albemarle County, 1754.


Buckingham County was cut off from Albemarle County, 1761. Pittsylvania County was formed from Halifax County, 1767. Henry County was formed from Pittsylvania County, 1776. Campbell County was cut off from Bedford County, 1782.


Descendants of Benjamin Estes of Bedford County, Virginia


III Benjamin3 Estes (Abraham2, Abraham1 Estes'), b. about 1753 (probably in Spotsylvania County which was cut off from Essex, King William and King and Queen Counties in 1720); (Caroline 0. B. 1759-63, page 54: Elizabeth Estes appointed guar­dian to Lucy, Elisha, Benj., Mary Ann and Edmund Estes, orphans of Abraham Estes, deceased. Caroline O. B. 1767-70, page 39: In 1767 Mary Ann was over 14 and Benj. and Edmund under 14.) He d. in Bedford County (formed from Lunenburg County in 1754) between June 8 and July 22, 1816, when his last will and testament was made and proved. He and his wife are buried at Lowry Farm near Lynchburg.


Note: “The City of Lynchburg is in Campbell Co. (which was cut off from Bedford Co. in 1782), and the land conveyed by the deed referred to is in Campbell Co. If you will look at the map of this county, at a station on the N. and W. railway, named Lowry, and on the left of the railway run­ning to the East and just North of the tract, you will see the tract of land that was owned by the late Benjamin Estes at his death, which occurred between 8th June and 22nd July, 1816, the date of probating his will. It is a beautiful tract of about 500 acres. In the garden attached to the resi­dence both Mr. Estes and his wife lie buried. Signed R. D. Buford, Bedford City, Va. Nov. 30, 1908.”


He md. 1777, Cecelia Rebecca Thorp (Thorpe) of Bedford County, dau. of Thomas Thorp (Thorpe) and Sarah (Triplet or Triplett), dau. of William Triplet and Sarah (Massey), personal friends of George Washington.




1 Triplet Thorpe4 Estes (1778-1852); d. in Henderson, N. C.; md. (1) Elizabeth Gibson of Va. (Md. 3 times, but children of only first marriage.)


Triplet Thorpe4 Estes moved to Granville Co., N. C., soon after the War of 1812, in which he was a Captain, Eighth Regular of Va. “Captain Triplet T. Estes of the Va. Militia.” (See Chap. 5, page 96, “Woods’ History of Albemarle Co., Va.”)


About 1819 he moved from Charlottesville to Fredericks­burg and in 1832 was living in Dinwiddie Co., Va. (probably Petersburg). Children:


i William Triplet5 Estes (1831-1874); md. Louise Alston Riddick (1836-1877) of Lawrenceville, Va., dau. of Joseph Alston Riddick and Martha Harris- son (Lashley). Children:


1 Margaret6 Estes, md. John Poynton (Mass.).


Children: John7 and seven other children (names unknown).


2 William Triplet6 Estes, Middleton, Ohio; md. Lucy Henderson of Henderson, N. C. Children:


i Henderson7 Estes, md. (1) Gwendolyn John­ son (Bedford, Mass.). Child: Johnson8 Estes; md. (2) Feb. 9, 1938, Miss Mar­guerite Jones (Hamilton, Ohio). Hender­son7 Estes has been Attorney General of Ohio since 1937.


ii Robert Gilmore7 Estes, md. Eleanore Carney (Akron, Ohio). Children:


1 Adelaide8.


2 William Gilmore8 Estes.


iii Edward Triplet7 Estes, d. March 1928.


3 Joseph Riddick6 Estes, md. 1894, Willie Frank Redd, in Atlanta, Ga. (now live in Birming­ham, Ala.). Children:Frances7, dec’d.; no heirs; Riddick7, dec’d.; no heirs. Willard7 Redd, not married.



Deed of Benjamin Estes, 1798
Property of P. M. Estes




Pen Sketch of Dr. James D. Estes
By Mary Moore


4 Benjamin Lashley6 Estes, dec’d.; unmd.


5 Bessie Gibson6 Estes, dec’d.; unmd.


6 Louis6 Estes, b. Aug. 12, 1870; md. June 12,1895, Zaretta Estelle Potter at Newbury Port, Mass. Children:


i Zaretta Louise7 Estes, b. Sept. 22, 1896; md. Jan. 1, 1916, at Decatur, Ga., Eugene A. Brooks. Children:


1 Eugene Estes8 Brooks, b. Jan. 7, 1917.


2 Mary Zaretta8 Brooks, b. June 11, 1918.


3 Alice Louise8 Brooks, b. July 27, 1920.


4 John Louis8 Brooks, b. Nov. 7, 1928.


ii Louis S.7 Estes, b. Apr. 22, 1898; md. Jan. 14, 1919, Virginia Collier at Atlanta, Ga. Child: Louis Collier8 Estes, b. Aug. 18, 1921; unmd.


iii Charlotte Marilla7 Estes, b. July 9, 1902; md. June 5, 1920, Wm. G. Scott, d. Apr. 6, 1921; no children.


iv Norma Evelyn7 Estes, b. Dec. 29, 1903; md. Oct. 27, 1925, Alan S. Renfrew of Decatur, Ga. Children:


1 Martha Jane8 Renfrew, b. Oct. 27, 1927.


2 Marjorie Spaulding8 Renfrew, b. Nov. 4, 1929.


3 Alan Spaulding8 Renfrew, Jr., b. Sept. 9, 1936.


v Gretchen Adele7 Estes, b.  ___ ; md. Nov. 12, 1927, Augustus C. Ware at Decatur, Ga. Children:


1 WTilliam8 Ware, b. Dec. 3, 1928.


2 Gretchen Estes8 Ware, b. July 12, 1930.


3 Janet8 Ware, b. June 8, 1935.


7 Marion6 Estes, unmd., lives in Philadelphia,  by name, Stranger.


ii Charlotte M.6 Estes, md. Col. John Hargrove. Children:


1 Triplet6 Hargrove, killed in Civil War. 13 other children (names unknown.)


Text Box:
                  (Information on family and descendants of Triplet

Estes was given by Henderson7 Estes and Eugene A. Brooks, who married Zaretta Louise7 Estes. Revised 1938.)


2 JOEL4 ESTES, b. Jan. 22, 1780, in Bedford Co., Va.; d. Aug. 16, 1833, near Waverly, Tenn., while enroute to his home in West Tennessee from a business trip to Virginia; md. Oct. 13, 1801, in Chesterfield Co., Va., Sarah Langhorne Bates, dau. of Daniel Bates and Elizabeth Cary (Bell) (of whom further, pages 150-178).


3 John H. T.4 Estes, d. in Bedford Co. between Feb. and Mar. 1816; unmd. Commissioned 1st Lieut, of Light Artillery, July 1, 1808; Capt., Sept. 1809. Resigned Apr. 1, 1812.


4 Benjamin4 Estes (Captain), b. towards the close of the 18th century; d. 1868 in Pittsylvania Co., Va.; moved to Halifax Co. (later Pittsylvania was formed from Halifax in 1767) in 1816; Md. twice; md. (1) March 22, 1813, Susan Nowell (or Peggy Noel), dau. of Cornelius Noel, Sr. and Sally (see page 201), d. 1878 in Pittsyl­vania Co., Va. Children:


1 Celia6 Estes, b.  ___ ; md. John Cross of Pittsylvania Co. Children:


1 John6.


2 Callie6.


3 William6.


4 Benjamin6 Cross.


ii Callie5 Estes, md. Mr. Alexander of Ky. (no further report).


iii Sarah Triplet5 Estes, b. ___ ; md. James Richardson of Ky., 1837. Children:


1 Margaret Ann6 Richardson.


2 Susan Payne6 Richardson.


3 William Benj.6 Richardson, md. Martha Brown.




i James Estes’ Richardson, md. Willie Butler.


Children: Jamie8, Martha8.


ii William Benj.7 Richardson, Jr., md. Marie Lineberger. Children:


1 William Benj.8 Richardson, III.


2 Marie8 Richardson.


4 Edmund6 Richardson,


5 Robert Payne6 Richardson.


6 Triplet Estes6 Richardson, md. (name not given).



i Madge7 Richardson, md. Wallace B. Millner. Children:


1 Triplet Estes8 Millner.


2 Wallace B.8 Millner.


3 Margaret Lee8 Millner, md. Thos. Pettegrew. Children: 1. Anna Lee® Pettegrew. 2 Margaret9 Pettegrew.


iv Martha6 Estes, b. ——; never md.



Captain Benjamin4 Estes, md. (2) Eliza Miller Dix, dau. of Thomas Dix and Lucy (Miller) of Henry Co., Va. Children:


v James Dabney6 Estes, b. Jan. 31, 1836; d. Jan. 30, 1928; md. Nannie J. Steele of Rockingham, N. C.; no children. He was a prominent physician in Va.; studied medicine at Univ. of Va., and began practicing medicine at Cascade, Va., continuing there for 60 years. He was a surgeon in the war between the States under Gen. Robert E. Lee for four years. He was a good business man and ac­cumulated property; d. at age of 92 years with possession of all his faculties.


vi Thomas Dix6 Estes, b. ___ ; d. at age of 16 years.


vii Joseph H.6 Estes, b. 1838; unmd.


viii Edward Harrison6 Estes, b. 1840; md. Unity Fontaine (great granddaughter of Patrick Henry). Children:


1 Unity G.6 Estes, d. in infancy.


2 Edward Harrison6 Estes, Jr., of Huntington, West Va.


3 James Dabney6 Estes of Cascade; md. Betty Price Starling of Henry Co. Children:


i Thomas Starling7 Estes, b. ___ ; d. 1924.


ii James Dabney7 Estes, b. ___ ; d. 1925.


iii Mary Drewry7 Estes.


iv Betty Dabney7 Estes.


4 William Dix6 Estes, of Fort Worth, Texas; md. (1) Marion Holden. Children: i Dixie7 Estes.


ii Marion7 Estes.


Md. (2) Frances Ballard Weaver (widow). Child:


iii Mary Elizabeth7 Estes.


ix Lucy Miller6 Estes, md. Samuel Bringle Hairston of Henry Co., Va.


x Emma Curd5 Estes, b. ___ ; unmd.

xi Benjamin6 Estes, Jr., b. 1848; md. Bell Rodery Collier (widow) of Tennessee. Children:


1 Lucy Dix6 Estes, md. Harry B. Grimsley of Greensboro, N. C. Child: Cinthia7 Grimsley.


2 Emma Bell6 Estes, md. Collier Cobb, Jr. Chil­dren:


i Collier7 Cobb, III.


ii Nancy Estes7 Cobb.


(Lucy Dix6 and Emma Bell6 Estes were reared by their uncle, Dr. James Dabney5 Estes of Cascade.)


xii Claude Miller5 Estes.


xiii Thorp5 Estes.


xxiv Elisha Reaves5 Estes.


The information on genealogy of Benjamin4 Estes and his descendants was given by Mr. James Dabney6 Estes of Cascade, and Mrs. Emma Estes6 Cobb of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, and Mr. W. B.6 Richardson, Jr. of Reidsville, North Carolina. Revised 1937. See also “Estes Family in Henry County, Virginia,” by J. P. A. Hill, page 167.


5 Thomas4 Estes, d. in St. Louis, Mo.


6 William4 Estes, lived in Petersburg, Va.; d. in Mississippi; md. 1820 Susan Shelton. Children: i Ann6 Estes, ii William5 Estes, iii Benjamin5 Estes, md. 1858 Jessie Hicks. Children: 1 Jessie6 Estes; 2 Sue6 Estes; 3 William Lee6 Estes, prominent lawyer and judge in Texarkana, Arkansas (see “Who’s Who in America,” Vol. 12, page 1049); 4 Nellie6 Estes, md. Mr. Carter, live in Texark­ana; 5 Edward6 Estes; 6 Elisha6 Estes; 7 Sarah6 Estes.


Information on William4 Estes family was given by Mrs. Nellie Estes6 Carter.


7 Edward4 Estes, d. in Campbell Co., Va.; md. Dec. 22, 1814, Catherine Hawkins. Mr. Estes moved to Camp­bell Co. and lived there near Castle Craig. He was over 90 years of age. Left many descendants (names not given).


8 Elisha4 W. Estes, d. in Ky. Child: Thomas H. Estes.


9 Thorp4 Estes, d. in Tenn. many years ago.

10 Nancy4 Estes, b. in Va.; d. in Ky.; md. April 23, 1792, Jesse Fears (Marriage Bonds of Bedford Co., Va., page 22), by Rev. Jeremiah Hatcher. Mr. Fears was a Revolutionary soldier and a Baptist minister. Moved to Shelbyville, Ky., and later died there. Mrs. Fears, subsequently resided March 2, 1841, in Harrison, Ind. Children: i Thomas6; ii Albert6 (both lived in Harrison Co., Ind.); iii Nancy5, md. John Getty of Ill.; iv Martha Ann5, md. John Lewis Burch of Ky.; v Sarah5, md. Richard Smith of Shippingport, Ky.; vi James5, d. before 1851, left two children: 1 James6; 2 Desdemona6, live in Henry Co., Ky.


11 Elizabeth4 Estes, b. in Va.; d. in Kanawaha Co., West Va.; md. Feb. 19, 1800, Reuben Hughes. Moved to Mason County, near Guyandott (now West Va.).


12 Lucy4 Estes, b. in Va.; d. in Shelbyville, Ky.; md. Oct. 24, 1804, George Rucker. Mr. Rucker was a Baptist minister. Moved to Shelbyville, Ky.; died there. Mrs. Rucker subsequently married Mr. George Morton. (For descent of George Rucker see “The Rucker Family,” by Sudee R. Wood pages 1-18.)


13 Cecelia4 Estes, b. in Va.; d. in Mo.; md. Mr. William Cowhard; lived in Shelbyville, Ky.


14 Sarah Ann4 Estes, b. in Va.; d. in Mo.; md. May 18, 1813, John Noel; moved to Mo. Child: John6 Noel, very prominent in Missouri’s public life; md. ——. Child: Thomas6 Noel, succeeded his father in high office.


15 Martha4 Estes, b. in Va.; d. in Bedford Co., Va.; md. Feb. 9, 1811, Mr. John Nance. Mr. Nance died in Bedford Co., Va., 1846. Surviving him were fourteen children whose names we do not know.


The descendants of Benjamin3 Estes were given by members of his family, and so given credit under the descendant. Also, records were taken from the Will of Benjamin3 Estes and mar­riage records of his children.



The Early Churches


“The Old Free State. A History of Lunenburg County and South Side, Virginia.” by Landon C. Bell. Vol. I, Chap­ter IX, pages 351-2. Vol. I, II, Books loaned us by Mr. Reau E. Folk, Nashville, Tenn.


Excerpts: “In favor of such a general assessment law, a petition from Lunenburg was presented to the General Assembly, Nov. 8, 1783. It is as follows:—


The humble petition and remonstrance of all Sects and Denominations of Christians within the State: Showeth That soon after the Declaration of Independency the General Assembly, with a view to the promotion of religious liberty and free Toleration, thought proper, by Act to suspend the collection and payment of the salaries formerly allowed by Law, Inducted Ministers of the Gospel; whereby all the Citi­zens of the state became emancipated & free from contribu­tions to any church revenue.


That from that period we have with pain and regret, seen the propagation of the Gospel die away in many parts of the country; and its diligent and faithful ministers neglected; through a want of that Holy zeal in their adherents as Chris­tians to support their respective churches with the Dignity becoming their profession and public virtue as citizens, to propagate and cherish the sacred test of truth; as a necessary and indispensable branch of Civil Government.


That the indifference and impiety of those who are care­less of their salvation, and equally deaf and negligent to all religions must greatly increase the burdens of the people of God who wish to support the Cause of Christianity (as they have done that of freedom) even with their last mite.


. . . We wish for the establishment of a free and univer­sal Toleration Subject to the Constitution; we would have no sect or Denomination of Christians privileged to encroach upon the rights of another. For the accomplishment of these desirable purposes we wish to see the reformed Christian religion supported and maintained by a General and equal contribution of the whole state upon the most equitable footing that is possible to place it.


We therefore pray that you, our Representatives in Gener­al Assembly . . . will adopt such mode as your wisdom shall suggest . . .for the support of the Christian Churches


The framers of this petition and remonstrance, will not presume on further particulars, only trust to your wisdom and Justice for the redress.”


This able paper was signed by a very long list of well known nances, among them, Benj. Estis.


“Mr. P. M. Estes: I have a letter from a Texas relative. All she knows of Benjamin Estes is that he was a preacher, which, perhaps, accounts for him not being in the war of 1776, being a preacher he may have been excused from active ser­vice.


This Texas relative says she descends from William Estes who was a physician and served in the war of 1812; he was a son of Benjamin and married Susan Shelton. William’s house burned and with it all of his books, Bibles and family records.







M. B., pages 387-389.


Parties to suit in chancery in Bedford Circuit Court determined Sept, term 1856. Triplett T. Estes, Benjamin Estes, Armstead Otey, late Sheriff of Bedford County, and, as such, Admr. of Thomas Estes, dec’d., Edmund Estes, Jesse Fears, John Getty and Nancy, his wife, Lewis Burch and Martha his wife, Richard Smith and Sarah his wife, George Morton and Lucy his wife, Lumsford Rucker, Ludwell Rucker, Sarah Ann Rucker, infant children of Lucy Morton who sued George Morton, their next friend, Reuben Hughes and Elizabeth, his wife. John Noell and Sarah, his wife, and John Nance and Martha, his wife.






John D. Patton, late Sheriff of Pittsylvania County and as such Adm’r of Joel Estes, dec’d., Edmund Estes, Admr. de bonis non with the will annexed of Benjamin Estes, dec’d. Milton Lowry, Exr. of Wm. Lowry, dec’d., Elliott Lowry, Admr. of John Lowry, dec’d. David W. Quarles, late Sheriff of Bedford County, and as such Admr. of Thomas Logwood, dec’d., Henry Hatcher, Exor. of Hardaway Hatcher, dec’d., William Estes, Armstead Otey, late Sheriff of Bedford County, and as such Admr. of Thorp Estes, dec’d., and John F. Sale, Exr. of Thomas Sale, dec’d.




In a settlement of estate of Benjamin Estes. Interalia gives judgment in favor of James D. Patton, Sheriff and Admr. of Joel Estes against William Estes for $8,128.47. And against Elisha Estes for $8,614.25 and interest. No judgment given against Joel Estes.

The above came by decree entered Saturday Oct. 3, 1840, removed from the Circuit Court of Law and Chancery for town of Lynchburg. M. B., pages 418-89.


Sept. 1758. 32 George II, Spotsylvania County.


“To Captain Thomas Estes for his pay and the pay of the guards conducting drafted soldiers to Fredericksburg. £-8.8."


Abstract from Vol. VII, “Hening’s Statutes at Large,” 1756- 1763, page 231.



Mentioned in Land Grants in “Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, 1623-1800,” by Nell Marion Nugent.


Northumberland County, Virginia, page 246.


Thos. Thorp Oct. 13, 1653. Thomas Thorp 28 Nov. 1654, page 303. Thomas Thorp Nov. 29, 1658, page 382.


Essex County Records. Records in Virginia Library, page 9.


At a Court held for Essex County Aug. 10, 1699, Thos. Thorpe brought suit for a horse.


Page 28 “Thos. Thorpe is appointed Surveyor of ye high­ways from Tandy’s Mill to Portobacco for the ensuing year.”



“Bedford City, Va., Jan. 9, 1909.


Dear Miss Annebel:


... In former days the ministers were very remiss in making returns of the celebrating of marriages, hence where there was no return I have made the memorandum from the old marriage license Bonds, giving the dates when licenses were issued.


On yesterday an incident occurred that was so remarkable that I must tell you. On looking over an old Order Book of the Court, about a matter in no way connected with the Estes family, I accidently discovered an order admitting to record the Will of one John H. T. Estes. Believing that no such Will was indexed, I determined to examine the Will and found it and then had it indexed. It was, of course, an accident. But to think the Will had remained so many years and had not been indexed was a very remarkable occurance in a public office. John H. T. Estes was a son of Benjamin Estes and was unmarried. His Will is dated Feb. 1816 and he died between that date and the 29th March when his Will was admitted to probate.


His father’s Will was dated June 8th, 1816, and he died between that date and the 22nd July 1816 when his Will was probated.


John H. T. Estes had a small estate which he bequeathed to his brothers Thomas and Thorp. Let me say to you again that it was nothing uncommon many years ago, when persons made Wills, to make their marks instead of writing their names . . .


I have borrowed from the Clerk’s office four original papers for your own inspection; three of which are signed by Ben­jamin Estes and two of them drawn wholly in his own hand­writing; one is signed by Mr. Estes and his wife. The remain­ing paper is signed by Joel Estes and his wife. After you have scanned these several papers please return them to me. All are originals and signed with the hands of the parties referred to-        Yours truly,


(Signed) R. D. Buford.”


“. . .1 am now in my 82nd year and hale and hearty ... I was Clerk for nearly fifty years. I am now out of pub­lic life. Many letters are written here making enquiries about many people long since passed away. These letters are refer­red to me.


I am a lawyer but not practicing now ... I was once well to do in this life as far as money is concerned ... I try to accomodate my correspondents by charging them very moderate fees for my service. Their demands sometimes require an amount of labor that they have not the remotest idea of. I have correspondents all over the United States of America.               R. D. Buford”


“The foregoing is a copy of documents furnished me by Mr. R. D. Buford of Bedford City, Va., and of letters from him in reference to the Estes family. Mr. Buford is of a very prominent family and a man of the highest character and standing in the place where he lives. He was a clerk of the County Court of Bedford County for about fifty years.”

Brownsville, Tenn., January, 1909.
(Signed) Annebel Moore



Excerpts from a letter written by Hon. P. M. Estes, Nashville, Tennessee, 1910, which gives account of Benjamin Estes and his son Joel Estes.


“My dear May:


One defect in the way of making these investigations is that many of the records in Virginia were burned during the War between the States. For example, the records of Buckingham Co. have all been destroyed.


A similar fate befell the records of Caroline County, where I am quite sure Benjamin Estes came from.


If the search is unremitting enough, however, evidences can be found of family history, even though many of the records have been destroyed. 1 was told, for example, that marriage records and many other records in Chesterfield Co. were destroyed, but nevertheless, I found the marriage records of Joel Estes, who was a Captain in the War of 1812.


I have a certificate to that effect. His brother Triplett T. Estes was also a Captain.


I learned a great deal about both of these, and also their father Benjamin, while on my several trips to Virginia.


Benjamin Estes was a man of large means for his day. His son Joel Estes was recognized as a man of force and great energy and influence. . . .


Our grandfather was Moreau Pinckney Estes who married Mary Quarles Noel. I have a photo of both. Her father was Ewell Noel who came to what was then Haywood Co., Tenn., and is now known as Crockett Co. in 1832 from Han­over Co., Va. 1 have no doubt that the records of the Noels could be found for several generations back of Ewell.”


“This will certify that the Deed Trust Executed by Trip­lett T. Estes to Joel Estes as Trustee, and recorded in Bed­ford Court for my Benefit or the purpose therein mentioned, is fully satisfied by the said Triplett T. Estes and I have no further claim or claims on him. Given under my hand This 24th Sept. 180seven.


Benjamin Estes

Teste: William Lowry, Thos. Lowry.”


“At a Court held for Bedford County at Courthouse the 28th day of Sept. 1807. This Release from Benjamin Estes to Triplett T. Estes in discharge of a Deed of Trust from said Triplett T. Estes to Joel Estes, was proven by the oath of

William Lowry and Thomas Lowry the subscribing witnesses and ordained to be recorded.


Teste: J. Steptoe C.B.C.”

Recorded, page 262.



Will of Benjamin Estes3


“I, Benjamin Estes, of Bedford County, Virginia, being very infirm but of perfect mind and memory doth make and constitute this my last will and Testament.


In the first place my desire is that all my perishable property be sold and my just debts paid.


Secondly, that my land be sold by my Executors (who are hereafter named) or two thirds of it without being divided, unless my Executors may think that the two thirds will sell best by being divided into two lots or Tracts.


I give unto my beloved wife, Selah Estes, the use of one third part of my Estate during her natural life, or widow­hood, and at her death the said one third part of my Estate to return to my children or their heirs in the same proportion and in the same manner that the balance or two thirds is hereby given, bequeathed and devised.


I give unto Triplett T. Estes, to Joel Estes, to Benjamin Estes, Jr., to Thomas Estes, to William Estes, to Elisha Estes, to Edmund Estes, to Thorp Estes, to Selah Coward, formerly Selah Estes, to Sarah Noel, formerly Sarah Estes, unto each of them one fourteenth part of my Estate as well real as personal or of whatever kind it may be.


I give and bequeath unto Lucy Morton, formerly Lucy Estes, one half of the fourteenth part of the sd. Estate I give unto her, the said Lucy Mortons three children she had by her first husband, George Rucker.


I give unto the Daughters of Nancy Fears, formerly Nancy Estes, one fourteenth part of the said Estate the money however first to be collected and with it a Negro or Negroes to be purchased by my Executors and the Negro or Negroes thus purchased with the one fourteenth part of my Estate to be hired out annually by my Trustees (which is hereinafter named) and the proceeds of said hire to be paid annually to my said daughter Nancy Fears during her natural life. Then at her death to be equally divided between the said Nancy Fears daughters that may be living or should she have but one daughter living, to go to her, or should there be none living, the said part with their increase to return to my other children, which is herein named or unto their heirs.


I give unto the children of Elizabeth Hughs, formerly Elizabeth Estes, Viz : those she had or may have by Reubin Hughs, one fourteenth part of my said Estate, The money however to be Collected and a Negro or Negroes to be pur­chased out of the said fourteenth part by my Executors and said Negro or Negroes to be hired out annually by my Trust­ees and proceeds of said hire annually paid unto my said Daughter Elizabeth Hughs for her support during her natural life, Then at her death to be equally divided with their increase between the said Elizabeth Hughs Children in the hiring however my daughter to have a preference.


I give unto the Children of Martha Nance, formerly Martha Estes, one fourteenth part of my said Estate on condition of the said Children letting their Mother, Martha Nance, have the use of the same during her natural life.


The following Account which is herein charged to my children is to be Deducted from the several parts of those to whom they are charged, viz:


My Children to My Estate, Dr.                                        £ S d


To Triplett T. Estes to Cash lately lent $30                   9 0 0


To Nancy Fears To one Negro woman and children $450, $15 horse, $50 one bed and furniture, $20. one Cow           

                                                                                          160 10  0


To Elizabeth Hughs To Cash $100. One horse $50. Cow, bed and furniture $35  

                                                                                            55 10 0


To Lucy Morton To 2 horses $90. Cow, bed and furni­ture $35

                                                                                            37 10 0


To Selah Coward To one Negro girl $300 1 horse $50. Two beds and Furniture $55          

                                                                                           121 10 0


To Benjamin Estes, Jr., Cash lent $55. bed and Furni­ture $20  

                                                                                            22 10 0


To Thomas Estes To one horse $50                            15  0 0


To Edmund Estes to bed and Furniture $20                6  0 0


To Sarah Noel To one horse $50. bed and Furniture $20           

                                                                                             21 0 0


To Martha Nance to part of a bed $10                          3 0 0


The above is to be only Accounts against my Children to this date in a division of my Estate among them and the property purchased under a Trust deed from Triplett T. Estes, is at my death to be given up or my right in the same unto him, the said Triplett T. Estes and subject to no division.

I hereby appoint my friend Mathew Wilson and Joel Estes and also, my beloved Wife, Selah Estes my Executors to this my will.


I, also, hereby appoint the said Mathew Wilson and Joel Estes my Trustees to take in possession and hire out and carry into effect so much of this my will as relates to my Daughters, Nancy Fears and Elizabeth Hughs until the same is fully carried into effect as it relates to them and their children.


And Lastly, I hereby revoke, make null and void all or any other will or will which may appear in my name, declar­ing this to be my only will.


Given under my hand and seal this 8th June 1816 (eigh­teen hundred sixteen).


Benjamin Estes

Nancy x Allen her mark

Susanna x McCraw her mark

Sally x Newman her mark

William Lowry

Nicholas Mead his

John x Lowry her mark


“At a Court held for Bedford County at the Courthouse the 22nd day of July 1816. This last will and Testament of Benjamin Estes, deceased, was proved by the oaths of William Lowry, John Lowry and Nicholas Mead, witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded. And on the motion of Selah Estes the Executrix and Joel Estes, one of the Exe­cutors therein named, who made oath and gave bond and security as the law directs, certificate is granted them for obtaining a probate of said Will in due form;


Liberty being reserved the other Executors to join in the probate when they shall think fit.


Teste:     J. Steptoe              C.B.C.”


Descendants of Joel Estes4 of Bedford County, Virginia, and Haywood County, Tennessee


IV Joel4 Estes (second child of Benjamin3, son of Abraham2, Abraham1), b. in Bedford County, Virginia Jan. 22, 1780; d. Aug. 16, 1833, near Waverly, Tennessee while enroute to his home in Haywood County, Tennessee from Virginia where he had been on business with a New Orleans party.


This country was practically a wilderness and his grave was never identified, although his son, Moreau Pinckney Estes, visited the neighborhood around Waverly and offered a reward of one thousand dollars for the location of the grave. It was never found exactly, but on Oct. 10, 1937, a tablet was unveiled where it was placed in the yard of the Methodist Church at Waverly, near the highway. This marker to the grave of Captain Joel Estes was placed there through the New York County, And­rew Jackson Chapter, United States Daughters of 1812, State of New York, of which May Folk Webb is a member and instru­mental in having the approximate location marked, working in conjunction with Hon. P. M. Estes, Nashville, who was master of the ceremonies and made all arrangements.


Joel Estes was recognized as a man of force and great energy and influence, and the records show that he occupied a very high position in the family councils and in the public mind. He was a Captain in the War of 1812.  “Captain Joel Estes Co. of volunteers Riflemen from the 43 Regiment Va. Militia at present attached to the 4th Regiment (War of 1812) Commenced service September 16, 1813. The Muster Roll dated Norfolk, Va. Oct. 15, 1813, shows expiration of service Oct. 15, 1813.” (Signed) P. C. Harriss Adjutant General, Oct. 30, 1920.


“The record of Captain Joel Estes from the State Library, Richmond, Va., shows that he was in the war for a longer period than above indicated, being at first an ensign, which was in a position corresponding to the rank of Lieutenant. Joel Estes was a prominent man of great energy and perse- verence and owned considerable property. He ran for Con­gress against David Crockett about 1828, but was defeated. He was then living in Haywood Co. Tenn. where he had moved his family in the Fall of 1824.”


(Excerpt from letter from P. M. Estes.) Mr. Estes owns a log chain, formerly belonging to Joel Estes. This large chain now guards the gateway to “Grayswood,” his country home near Nashville.


Joel Estes md. (1) Oct. 13, 1801, in Chesterfield County, Vir­ginia, Sarah Langhorne Bates, dau. of Daniel Bates and Eliza­beth Cary (Bell), b. 1781, d. 1825, bur. near Brownsville, Haywood County, Tennessee.




1 Albert Monroe5 Estes, b. Nov. 19, 1804; d. Dec. 22, 1863.


2 Moreau Pinckney5 Estes, b. Nov. 14, 1806; d. Oct. 17, 1871.


3 Henry Carey5 Estes, b. Jan. 9, 1808; d. winter of 1835.


4 Virginia Thorp5 Estes, b. May 11, 1811; d. 1860.


5 Eliza Jane5 Estes, b. Nov. 15, 1815.


6 Cornelia Sarah Rebecca5 Estes, b. Feb. 14, 1818.


7 Judith Bell5 Estes, b. March 10, 1821; d. June 28, 1903.


8 Sarah Ann5 Estes, b. Nov. 24, 1823; d. June 30, 1848.


Joel4 Estes md. (2) June'30, 1831, in Brownsville, Tennessee, Mary Lee (Wilson) Sharpe, dau. of William Lee Wilson and Sarah Chew (Lee), widow of William Sharpe. Child: 9 Bedford Mitchell5 Estes, b. Oct. 10, 1832; d. April 15, 1898.


The following was copied from the original (possession of P. M. Estes). The whole of the paper is in the genuine handwriting of Joel4 Estes, who wrote a good business hand.


“This Indenture made the 30th day of November 1816 between Peter Hunter of Bedford of the one part and Joel Estes and his wife, Sarah L. Estes, of the other part, witnes- seth that the said Estes and his wife Sarah for and in con­sideration of the two thousand nine hundred Dollars paid to them in hand have sold, bargained and confirmed unto the said Peter Hunter his heirs and soforth, one certain parcel or tract of land containing three hundred and thirty acres, more or less, situated in Bedford County and lying on the West side of Otter Creek and bounded as followeth, viz:


Beginning at a stump in Lynchburg road N. 64 W. 48 poles to dead pine in Thomas Noel’s line South 381 /2 West poles to said road thence up the same South 431 /2 West 28 poles to Road thence on Taylor’s line N. 88 1 /2 West poles to a Willow North 11/2 West 73 1 /2 poles to Black oak T. Logwoods Estate North 68 W. 26 poles to falling down pine N. 31/2 W. 116 poles to pine N. 22 E. 41 poles to red oak in Clark’s line along Clark’s line S. 861^ E. 69h£ Poles to B. oak N. 15 East 42 poles to W. oak on small Branch Down sd. Branch as the same meanders to Thomas Noel’s Mill pond on said Otter Creek. Down sd. pond to mouth of small Branch thence on said Noel’s line South 64 E. 20 poles to pine near mill south 20 W. 2 poles to the road then up the road as it meanders to the Beginning to have and to hold the above granted and sold land of three hundred and thirty acres together with the privileges and appurtenances there­unto belonging or in any wise appurtaining to the same to him the said Hunter, his heirs, or assigns in fee simple forever and lastly, they, Joel Estes and Sarah L. his wife, doth covenant and agree to warrent and forever defend the right and Title of the said Tract of land Together with the appur­tenances to the said Hunter, his heirs or assigns forever against the claim of his heirs or the claim or claims of any person or persons whatsoever witness their hands and seals this date above written.





Teste: Hardaway Hatcher

Enoch W. Terry

James White.”


“Bedford County, to wit: We, Charles Markle, Jr. and Thomas Preston Magistrates of the said County do hereby Certify that Joel Estes and Sarah L. Estes, his wife, parties to the within Conveyance, have duly acknowledged the same before us on the 3rd day of December 1816, and desired us to certify to Clerk of the County Court of Bedford in order that the said conveyance may be recorded, the said Sarah L. Estes being first privily examined by us according to law, voluntarily relinquished her right of dower in and to the said land premises conveyed by the same.



Home op Joel Estes in Henry Co., Virginia, built in 1760





Memorial to Captain Joel Estes
in Waverly. Tenn. Churchyard

Dedicated by Descendants, October 10, 1937



Marker Commemorating the Death of Capt. Joel Estes Erected October 10, 1937, at Waverly, Tenn.


(Reading from left to right) Ralph Estes Rice, Belle Estes Brock, Moreau Pinckney Estes, Reau Estes Folk, Humphrey Bate Folk, Carey Albert Folk.


Given under our hand and seal this day and year before mentioned.


Chas. Markle, Jr. (Seal) Thos. Preston (Seal)”


“At a Court held for Bedford County at the Courthouse the 23rd day of December 1816. This Indenture of Bargain and Sale between Joel Estes and Sarah L. Estes, his wife of the one part and Peter Hunter of the other part, was certified in Court and ordered to be recorded.


Teste:     J. Steptoe              C.B.C.”



Estes Descendants to Dedicate Marker October 10, 1937


Memorial will be placed in Waverly Churchyard


“Waverly, Tenn.: Descendants of Capt. Joel Estes will assemble in the Methodist churchyard here Sunday to place a marker that was voted by the New York County, Andrew Jackson Chapter, United States Daughters of 1812, State of New York, of which Mrs. James Avery Webb is member. She is a great granddaughter of Capt. Joel Estes. Captain Estes organized a company in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, in the War of 1812. Later he moved to Haywood County, Tenn. On one of his return trips to Virginia with a Louisana party he was stricken and died Aug. 16, 1833, on the trail near the Tennessee River and was buried there. Despite the efforts of the family the site of the grave was never discovered.


The Methodist Church has offered the family permission to place the marker in its churchyard and the pastor, the Rev. Boyd S. Fielder, will deliver the invocation.


Hon. P. M. Estes of Nashville will be chairman of cere­monies and Reau Estes Folk of Nashville (great grandsons) will make the principal address. Many of the great grand­children and other relations as well as patriotic societies will attend and take part in the unveiling of the marker.”


Schedule of the Troops Arrived under the Orders of the 23rd Aug. 1813. Riflemen.

Text Box:
                  Date of Arrival at Norfolk, Va Oct. 11, 1813
                  Commanders of Detachments Capt. Joel Estes No. of
                  Regiments 13 Counties Franklin 4

Text Box:
                  Captains 1 Lieutenants 1 Ensigns 1 Non Comin’d.
                  Officers and privates 54 “I hereby certify that this
                  is an exact copy of an entry in the 'Journal of the
                  House of Delegates . . . 1813,’ page

33, a copy of which is in the Virginia State Library.”


H. R. Mcllwaine, State Librarian, Richmond, Va. Aug. 7, 1918.



Deed Book L. page 286. Thos. Asbury to Joel Estes, Nov. 23, 1807. Cons. 200 pounds. 173^2 acres on the waters of Otter Creek. Beginning on the main road where Thomas Noel’s, Joel Estes and Thomas Asbury, several lines cornered.,


Deed Book M. page 632. Jas. Taylor et al to Joel Estes.


Deed Book N. page 86. Updykes, Admr. to Joel Estes, Power of Attorney.


Deed Book 0. page 126. Nov. 30, 1816. Joel Estes and Sarah L. Estes to Peter Hunter 330 acres. Consideration $2,970. Bound on Otter Creek, Thomas Noel’s mill.


Deed Book N. page 511. March 20, 1817. Joel Estes et al to John Sledd. $1,000.00. On waters of Reed Creek and Tarpin Mt. 200 acres.


Will Book F. 6 page 272. Joel Estes in account current with the estates of Benjamin Estes.





Dr.: Joel Estes, Ex. of Benjamin Estes to the said estate.


Note: The above account continues showing full settle­ment. On page 279 (Will Book) is following: “This charge of $20. is explained by Capt. Estes in the following manner,” etc. (about some wheat). Also, “The Executor reserves to himself in case of exceptions to any charge, as compensation for risk, trouble and expenses in managing the estate, which is now allowed by the Commissioners in this settlement the right of hereafter charging for seventeen trips from Pittsyl­vania to Bedford on business of the estate which is not now charged.”


Joel Estes, October 15, 1825


Also, report of Commissioners, J. N. Cardozo and William R. Porter, fully approving settlement, showing all heirs prepaid, save Triplett T. Estes, Thorp R. Estes and Thos. Estes, who lacked a few dollars.


“And considering the difficulty which must necessarily have attended the management of so large and so com­plicated an estate, and the ability with which it was managed (no debt but one of about $11 being lost). We allowed the said Ex’or 5 per cent commission upon the whole amount of the receipts.”


Settlement in Will Book E. 5.


Joel Estes Ex’or in acct current with Benjamin Estes Estate


Distributes in personalty    $18,861.50


Sept. 1816



Will Book E. 5, page 13.


Shows sales of personalty amounting to $16,426.26.



I Albeet Moneoe6 Estes, eldest child of Joel4 Estes and Sarah Langhorne (Bates), b. in Bedford County, Virginia, Nov. 19, 1804; d. Dec. 22, 1863; bur. in Estes private cemetery, “Estes Hall,” Haywood County, Tennessee; md. (1) Nov. 22, 1832 in Haywood County, Tennessee, Elizabeth Alston Pickett, dau. of Matthew Pickett and Sarah (Alston), b. Dec. 16, 1811, d. Nov. 16, 1843. Children:


1 Sarah Elizabeth6 Estes, b. Mar. 13, 1835; d. Mar. 26, 1925, in Haywood Co.; unmd. Unselfish and beloved person.


2 Pocahontas6 Estes, b. Feb. 2, 1837; d. 1906 in Browns­ville; md. about 1868, N. T. Perkins; sans issue.


3 Albert Monroe6 Estes, Jr., b. Apr. 21, 1838; d. Oct. 14, 1877; bur. in Estes private cemetery, “Estes Hall”; md. Oct. 19, 1869, in Madison Co., Tenn., Belle Gates, dau. of Benjamin F. Gates and Elizabeth (Roper), b. May 1840 in Madison Co., d. May 1918 in Haywood. Children:


i Annie Lynne7 Estes, b. Nov. 15, 1872; d. Jan. 1925; bur. in Brownsville; md. 1920, James Powell, Brownsville; sans issue.


ii William Gates7 Estes, b. Jan. 24, 1874; d. April 1876.


iii Lizzie7 Estes, b. May 9, 1875; d. Sept. 29, 1886.


iv Albert Monroe7 Estes, Jr., b. Feb. 16, 1877; d. Apr. 1933; md. April 25, 1912, Sallie7 Estes, dau. of Lewis Powhatan6 Estes and Lily (Moore), b. Jan. 1, 1888. Child: Lena Gates8 Estes, b. Feb. 17, 1913, in Haywood Co., md. Oct. 16, 1935, Norman Smith (son of Harry C. and Hannah Smith) of Wash­ington, D. C.

4 Annie Lynne6 Estes, b. Nov. 12, 1839; d. Feb. 13, 1926, in Brownsville; md. Dec. 8, 1859, Patrick Henry Mann, son of Austin Mann and Phredonia (Bradford); sans issue.


5 Thomas Hale6 Estes, b. Nov. 10,1843; d. 1902 in Grenada, Miss.; md. (1) Oct. 20, 1869, in Memphis, Tenn., Emma Powell, b. Feb. 20, 1843, d. 1879 in Brownsville. Children:


i Mattie V.7 Estes, b. July 27, 1870, in Brownsville; d. July 1915 in California; md. Feb. 1897 in Browns­ville, A. J. Parker; child: Patrick Mann8 Parker, b. July 26, 1900, in Brownsville; md. Sept. 10, 1928, in Lauderdale Co., Tenn., Elizabeth Fisher, dau. of Bowling Fisher and Mary Julia (Walker). Children: i Martha Jay9 Parker, b. 1930; ii Patrick Mann9 Parker, Jr., b. Feb. 1936.


ii Thomas Hale7 Estes, b. June 8, 1874, in Browns­ville; d. about 1898 in Grenada, Miss.; md. Miss McLemore. Child: Daughter8.


Thomas Hale6 Estes, md. (2) in Grenada, Miss. Feb. 9, 1881, Kate Yates Mitchell, b. Sept. 16, 1860, d. 1924. Children:


iii Elizabeth (Bessie)7 Estes, b. Nov. 20, 1885, in Gren­ada; md. 1903, Lynne Guy. Child: Clair8 Guy, b. —; d. 1909.


iv Ruth F.7 Estes, b. 1887; md. ___ ; no children.


v John Yates7 Estes, b. Dec. 25, 1889; d. about 1910.


vi Nowell7 Estes, b. about 190! in Grenada, Miss.


Albert Monroe6 Estes, md. (2) Mildred Colman of Browns­ville, dau. of Dr. Benjamin Colman of New Jersey and Mildred (Wharton) (widow Alcock), b. about 1823; d. Nov. 30, 1849; md. Nov. 17, 1848. Child:


6 Louis Powhatan6 Estes, b. Nov. 22, 1849; d. Sept. 6, 1902, in Haywood Co., bur. in Estes private cemetery on plantation; md. Oct. 30, 1875, Lily Yates Moore, dau. of Rev. S. W. Moore, D.D. and Mary (Yates), b. May 13, 1853, at Athens, Ala., d. Mar. 8, 1929, in Haywood Co., Tenn. He was a prominent physician in Haywood Co., also large land owner. Children:


i Mary Moore7 Estes, b. Nov. 23, 1876; md. April 4, 1900, Russell Evans of Brownsville, b. ___ , d. Sept. 1937. Children:

1 Rev. Louis Estes8 Evans, b. Apr. 22, 1901.


2 Miriam8 Evans, b. Oct. 18, 1902, md. June 28, 1924, James Roy Carson, Nashville. Children:


i. James Roy9 Carson, Jr., b. Oct. 1, 1927


ii Bettie Estes9 Carson, b. June 4, 1930.


3 Annie Mann8 Evans, b. Oct. 10, 1905, d. Dec. 12, 1910.


4 Russell Gaston8 Evans, Jr., b. Nov. 28, 1912.


5 Martha8 Evans, b. May 6, 1916.


ii Mildred Colman7 Estes, b. June 12, 1879; d. July 1938; bur. in Brownsville; md. 1904, Elmer Rice, son of Thomas Franklin Rice and Sallie (Borum); sans issue.


iii Smith William7 Estes, b. June 17, 1881; md. 1905 in Philadelphia, Pa., Mae Griffith. Children:


1 Jack8 Estes, b. Sept. 27, 1908;


2 Lily8 Estes, b. Dec. 12, 1909; md. ___


3 Lewis8 Estes, b. March 29, 1911


4 Virginia8 Estes, b. 1913


5 Agnes8 Estes, b. 1917


6 Helen8 Estes, b. Jan. 31,1920


7 Mildred8 Estes, b. July 20, 1922.


iv Belle7 Estes, b. July 27, 1883; d. May 27, 1938; md. (1) Feb. 25, 1903, James Minos Dykes of Nashville, Tenn. Children:


1 James Minos8 Dykes, Jr., b. Nov. 3, 1905, md. Nov. 23, 1935, Frances Davis Henry, dau. of Mrs. Elizabeth Bosley Henry, Washington, D. C.


2 Albert Estes8 Dykes, b. Sept. 10, 1910, md. Oct. 6, 1934, to Louise Allen, dau. of Mr. and Mrs. Lem Allen of Centerville, Tenn.


Md. (2) Dec. 23, 1926, Judge Lee Brock of Nashville, Tenn.; sans issue.


v Lawrence Bradford7 Estes, b. Oct. 25, 1885; md. Apr. 1917, Lidy Kate King, dau. of Thomas Benton King and Mollie (Williams), of Brownsville, Tenn. Children: 1 Kathryne King8 Estes, b. Aug. 18, 1919; 2 Lawrence Bradford8 Estes, Jr., b. Aug. 6, 1922; 3 & 4 Mary8 and Thomas8 Estes, b. April 10, 1925; 5 Warner Moore8 Estes, b. May 15, 1927.


vi Sallie7 Estes, b. Jan. 1, 1888; md. April 25, 1912,  Albert Monroe7 Estes (son of Albert Monroe6 Estes and Belle Gates), b. Feb. 16, 1877; d. April 9, 1933. Child: Lena Gates8 Estes, b. Feb. 17, 1913; md. in Haywood Co., Tenn. Oct. 16,1935, Norman Smith (son of Harry C. and Hannah Smith), Washington, D. C.


vii Warner7 Estes, b. Jan. 6, 1890; md. May 1, 1919, Ethel Smith of Grenada, Miss.; no children.


Albert Monroe6 Estes, md. (3) Dec. 20, 1854, Mrs. Marcia Burton (Owen) Holman (widow), dau. of Dr. William Owen and Peggy (Burton), b. Nov. 2, 1820, d. in Brownsville, Tennessee, at home of dau. by 1st marriage, Sue (Holman) Austin.



7 William Lawrence8 Estes, b. Nov. 28, 1855, in Haywood Co., Tenn.; md. Oct. 5, 1881, Jeanne Wynne in New York, dau. of John Wynne of Cincinnati, Ohio, d. Nov. 1903.


Dr. William Lawrence6 Estes was educated at Bethel College, Ky., 1872; Medical Department University of Va., 1877; Univ. College of New York, 1878; Emeri­tus Surgeon in Chief, St. Luke’s Hospital, Bethlehem, Pa., since 1881. Lecturer on Physiology and Hygiene, Lehigh Univ., Pa., since 1883. Author of noted medical books. (See “Who’s Who in America.” Vol. 12, page 1049.) Children:


i Jeanne Wynne7 Estes, b. Dec. 22, 1883; unmd.


ii Wm. Lawrence7 Estes, Jr., b. March 1, 1885; md. Anne Grible, dau. of General E. St. John Grible, June 11, 1913.


iii Marcia Burton7 Estes, b. Nov. 8, 1889; md. Dec. 10, 1917, Lloyd C. Taylor, Jr., son of Lloyd Taylor, Richmond, Va. Child: Lloyd C.8 Taylor, Jr,, b. Dec. 31, 1924.


iv Anna Barnard7 Estes, b. Aug. 27, 1891; md. June 11, 1913, Justin E. Williams, son of Mrs. Williams, New York; no children.


v Margaret Owen7 Estes, b. Dec. 25, 1895; d. Aug. 13, 1914.


vi Edward Wynne7 Estes, b. Sept. 6, 1899; md. Sept. 13, 1931, Julie Houston, dau. of Wm. Houston of Philadelphia, Pa. Children: Patricia8 Estes, b. Sept. 13, 1932; Wm. L.8 Estes, III, b. Jan. 18, 1934.


(Information as to Albert Monroe6 Estes was given by Mary Estes7 Evans. Revised 1938. William Lawrence6 Estes family history was given by William Lawrence6 Estes. Revised 1938.)

II Moreau Pinckney5 Estes, b. Nov. 14, 1806, in Bedford County, Virginia; d. Oct. 17, 1871, in Haywood County, Ten­nessee; md. Nov. 10, 1836, Mary Quarles Noel. (See complete record. Pages 178-196).


III Henry Carey6 Estes, b. Jan. 9, 1808, in Bedford County, Virginia; d. winter 1935.


IV Virginia Thorpe6 Estes, b. May 11, 1811, in Pittsylvania County, Virginia (Cascade); d. 1860; md. Sept. 15, 1831, in Haywood County, Tennessee, Dr. Paca Wilson, son of William Wilson of Maryland, b. in Maryland, May 24, 1803, d. Dec. 8, 1886, in Brownsville, Tennessee.




1 Major William Pinckney6 Wilson, b. Nov. 8, 1832, in Brownsville; d. Nov. 17, 1896, in Memphis, Tenn.; md. 1861, Leah America Cannon, dau. of Col. William Per­kins Cannon and Susan Agatha (Perkins), and grand­daughter of Gov. Newton Cannon of Tenn. Children:


i Virginia Estes7 Wilson, b. Oct. 3, 1863; d. Oct. 2, 1911; md. Edmond Brown Campbell (nephew of Gov. Aaron Brown of Tenn.). Children:


l Leah America8 Campbell, b. Sept. 30, 1888; md. Walter Kirkland Greene of Greensboro, S. C., Dec. 26, 1907; Dean of Duke University, N. C. Child: Jennie Campbell9 Greene, b. Sept. 28, 1908, md. June 30, 1931, W. Alexander Mabry.


2 Edmond Brown8 Campbell, Jr., b. Sept. 25, 1896, in Frank­lin, Tenn.; md. Dorothy Dickman of Chicago, Ill. Children:


i Dorothy J.9, b. July 1924


ii Edmond Brown9 Campbell, III, b. Mar. 3, 1932.


ii Susan Agatha7 Wilson, no record.


iii Lula Victoria7 Wilson, md. Joseph Graham (son of Joseph Graham, Memphis, Tenn., grandson of Joseph Graham of Charlotte, N. C.), July 3, 1899. Child: Leah America8 Graham, b. Dec. 28, 1904; md. Eugene Joseph Christian of Portland, Ark., July 3, 1924. Children:


1 Leah America9 Christian, b. Oct. 5, 1926;


2 Eugene Joseph9 Christian, b. Apr. 6, 1928;


3 Lula Essie9 Christian, b. Oct. 26, 1935.


iv William Pinckney7 Wilson.


v Newton Perkins’ Wilson, d. infant.


vi Ethel Cannon’ Wilson.


vii Cannon Perkins’ Wilson.


viii Lady Leah’ Wilson, d. Nov. 16, 1920.


Note: Major William Pinckney6 Wilson was a member of Gen. Bragg’s Army, Claiborne’s Division, 154 Tenn. Regi­ment. He was wounded and lost his right arm in the battle before Atlanta, Ga., the last year of the War Between the States; he was a prominent lawyer in Memphis, Tenn.


Information about family history of Virginia Thorp6 Estes was given by Lula Wilson’ Graham of Memphis, 1937.


2 Joel Estes6 Wilson, b. 1834; d. 1882; md. July 1856, Frances Isabelle Barbee, dau. of Dr. Allen J. Barbee. Children:


i William Paca7 Wilson, b. 1857; d. 1928; md. (1) Isora Morrison, 1884. Children;


1 Paul Malone8 Wilson, b. 1885, md. Hattie Reaves in 1904.


2 Della Ford8 Wilson, lives in Madison, Wiscon­sin.


Md. (2) 1900 Fanny Phillips. Children:


3 Alfred Vernon8 Wilson, lives in Ala., md. has several children.


4 Eula8 Wilson, lives in Miss., md. has several children.


5 Carey Estes8 Wilson, lives in Pinson, Tenn., md. has one child.


6 Walter Barbee8 Wilson, lives in Pinson, Tenn., md. has two children.


7 Samuel8 Wilson, lives in Miss., md. has several children.


8 Wiley8 Wilson, lives in Miss., md. has one child.


9 Troy8 Wilson, lives in Miss., md. has one child.


10 Karl8 Wilson, deceased.


11 Aileen8 Wilson, lives in Miss.


ii Joel Estes7 Wilson, deceased; several children and grandchildren; lives in Jonesboro, Ark. Child: C. E.8 Wilson.


iii Bland Y.7 Wilson, lives in Brownsville, Tenn.; dau. Margaret8 Wilson, md. Dunlap Cannon of Browns­ville. Children:


1 Dunlap9, Jr.,


2 Bland9


3 Henry Cannon9.


iv Anna7 Wilson, lives in Shrevesport, La.; md. D. M. Lide; has two or more children.


v Susie7 Wilson, b. March 27, 1865; md. May 13, 1885, W. A. Somervell, b. July 13, 1861. Children:


1 Inez8 Somervell, d. infant;


2 Totsie Anna8 Somervell, md. J. B. Robertson. Children:


i James S.9


ii Gilbert Spilman9


iii Dorothy9, md. Children:


1 Barbary10


2 Julia10


3 Gilbert, Jr.10


4 Anna9, md. Tracy Rhudolph. Child:


i Wilhelmena10


5Eloise9, md. H. J. Purvis. Children:


i Hoyt Somervell10


ii Ma Sue10, md. John ___ . Child:


1 John, III.11


Information on the family of Joel Estes6 Wilson was given by Mrs. W. A.7 Somervell and Mrs. Helen (Barbee) Majors, 1937.


3 Victoria Virginia6 Wilson, b. June 29, 1839, in Haywood Co., Tenn.; d. June 5,1925, in Ark.; md. 1856 in Browns­ville, Tenn., William Burkley Mann, son of Asa Mann and Eppes (Cousins), b. March 19, 1836, d. Nov. 6, 1887, in Brownsville. Children:


i Lula Victoria7 Mann, b. Nov. 5, 1857; md. April 27, 1881, William Alston Morrow. Children:


1 Myra Victoria8 Morrow, b. Feb. 13, 1882; md. Nov. 21, 1905, Bascom Gregory Green. Child­ren: i. Elizabeth9 Green, b. Oct. 21, 1907, d. July 27, 1934; ii Mary Virginia9 Green, b. 1909, md. April 4, 1936, Joseph A. Benedict; iii India8 Green, b. Mar. 31, 1917.


2 Eddie8 Morrow, b. Jan. 29, 1886; md. Oct. 17, 1908, John B. Johnston. Children:


i Lola Morrow9 Johnston, b. March 15, 1909, md. Oct. 23, 1929, E. L. McBride


ii John Bur­ford9 Johnston, b. June 21, 1911, md. Aug. 10, 1934, Ida Lessiter


iii Frances9 Johnston, b. Sept. 12, 1912, md. April 24, 1936, Robert Cole


iv Edward Myran9 Johnston, b. Nov. 5, 1929.


3 Hervey B.8 Morrow, b. ___ , d. ___


4 John Walker8 Morrow, b. Nov. 3, 1889; d. Jan. 30, 1938; md. April 10, 1913, to Emilie Gattling. Children:


i Louise 9Morrow, b. Aug. 27, 1917


ii Virginia9 Morrow, b. Oct. 21, 1920


iii William Alston9 Morrow, Jr., b. Dec. 31, 1925


iv Emile9 Morrow, b. Dec. 26, 1927.


ii Myra Epps7 Mann, b. April 28, 1859; d. Dec. 5, 1923; md. Nov. 10, 1880, John K. Walker, son of James M. Walker and Martha (Lea), b. Dec. 19, 1853. Children:


1 James McGhee8 Walker, b. in Haywood Co., Tenn., Oct. 8, 1881; prominent business man in Memphis, Tenn.; holds high position in Rotary Club in the nation; md. Nov. 10, 1904, Mittie E. Knox, b. March 16, 1881, in Pine Bluff, Ark. Children:


i John Knox9 Walker, b. Oct. 1, 1905, in Pine Bluff; md. June 11, 1927, Virginia LaNieve, b. July 29, 1907, in Obion, Tenn. Children:


1 John Knox10 Walker, Jr., b. June 21, 1930


2 James Leslie10 Walker, b. July 27, 1935.


3 Richard LaNieve10 Walker, b. Dec. 18, 1936.


ii James R.9 Walker, b. in Oklahoma City, Okla., June 11,1908; md. May 25, 1933, Margaret Elizabeth Bullington, b. Aug. 3,1912, in Memphis, Tenn. Children:


1 James McGhee10 Walker, II, b. Mar. 17, 1934;


2 Peggy Ruth10 Walker,b. May2, 1936.


iiiVive9 Walker, b. Dec. 6, 1920, in Memphis, Tenn.


2 Vive8 Walker, b. Apr. 29, 1883; md. in Browns­ville, Tenn., Oct. 1904, Frank G. Bridges of Pine Bluff, Ark., prominent Attorney at Law in Pine Bluff. Children:


i Frank Gordon9 Bridges, Jr., b. Aug. 24, 1906, in Pine Bluff, md. Oct. 8, 1929, Jean Rhea Williamson, b. Jan. 25, 1909, in Memphis. Child:


1 Frank Gordon10 Bridges, III, b. March 19, 1933.


ii  John Walker9 Bridges, b. in Pine Bluff, Apr. 18, 1910, md. Mar. 2, 1934, Everett Harris, b. Dec. 12, 1911, in Monticello, Ark.;


iii Myra Bell9 Bridges, b. March 30, 1914, in Pine Bluff, md. Oct. 17, 1936, Willis Roswell Greer, b. May 1, 1910, in Beaumont, Tex.


iii William Burkley7 Mann, b. about 1861; d. July 19, 1936, in Marianna, Ark.; md. Nov. 17, 1886, Pearl Parham. Children:


1 Anna Westwood8 Mann, b. Oct. 24, 1887, d. Oct. 31, 1887.


2 William Burke8 Mann, b. Jan. 19, 1889, md. Apr. 30, 1912, Lucile Fuzzell, sans issue.


3 John Westwood8 Mann, b. Aug. 9,1892, md. Nov. 14, 1917, Louise Greenlaw. Children: i John W.9 Mann, Jr., b. Dec. 1, 1920; ii Bill C.9, Mann, b. March 8, 1922; iii Lon Greenlaw9 Mann, b. Dec. 26, 1924.


4 Estes Wilson8 Mann, b. Sept. 14, 1894, md. Jan. 10, 1923, Virginia Jeffries. Children: i Estes W.9 Mann, Jr., b. Feb. 2, 1927; ii Wm. Jeffries9 Mann, b. Apr. 14, 1935.


5 Anna Victoria8 Mann, b. Dec. 2, 1896, md. Dec. 14, 1916, W. W, Campbell. Children: i Wm. Mann9 Campbell, b. Oct. 24, 1917; ii Anna Pearl9 Campbell, b. July 23, 1920.


6 Pearl Parham8 Mann, b. Jan. 5, 1900; d. Aug. 29, 1934; md. Dec. 17, 1924, Ross H. Mc­Millan.


(All of William Burkley7 Mann’s children were born in Mari­anna.)


iv Virginia Estes7 Mann, b. March 9, 1862; md. Nov. 17, 1890, Dr. John Thomas Herron, b. Nov. 2, 1859, prominent nose and throat specialist in Jackson, Tenn. Children:


1 Dr. Stanford Morton8 Herron, b. July 9, 1891; unmd.


2 John Thomas8 Herron, Jr., b. July 17, 1893; md. Feb. 5, 1916, Alma Hughes. Children:


i John Thomas9 Herron, III, b. Feb. 15, 1917


ii Ethelyn9 Herron, b. Nov. 10,1921


iii Jennie9 Herron, b. Aug. 30, 1924


iv Marjory Lindsey9 Herron, b. Jan. 18, 1926.


3 Louise8 Herron, b. Feb. 22, 1895, md. Nov. 1, 1917, Mr. Jeff Hunt. Children: i Stanford Herron9 Hunt, b. Dec. 25, 1819; ii Dora Eliza­beth9 Hunt, b. Apr. 18,1920; iii Virginia Mann9 Hunt, b. Jan. 11, 1923; iv Gladys9 Hunt, b. Dec. 17, 1927.


4 Burke Mann8 Herron, b. June 10, 1896; md. Aug. 28, 1920, Miss Gladys Ford. Child: Burke Mann9 Herron, Jr., b. Oct. 26, 1932.


v James Hervey7 Mann, b. Aug. 6, 1863; md. Jan. 25, 1887, Alice Lee Wright of Pine Bluff, Ark. Children:


1 Lola May8 Mann, b. Jan. 13, 1888; md. Oct. 14, 1909, Allen Z. Orto. Children:


i Alice Elizabeth9 Orto, b. Oct. 30, 1910, md. June 17, 1933, Warren C. Means


ii Katherine Ewing9 Orto, b. March 13, 1912, md. Dec. 7, 1935, Alex Lawton Green


iii Charles Wilbur9 Orto, b. Jan. 29, 1919.


2 & 3 Twins Ida8 and unnamed boy8, b. ___ , d.  June 27, 1889.


4 James Hervey8 Mann, Jr., b. July 25, 1890; md. Nov. 6, 1912, Louise Duncan. Children:


i James Hervey9 Mann, III, b. July 6, 1915


ii Martha Virginia9 Mann, b. Apr. 17, 1919


iii Donald Wright9 Mann, b. Jan. 27, 1922.


5 William Wright8 Mann, b. Feb. 1893; d. Aug. 2, 1893.


6  Alice8 Mann (twin), b. Oct. 16, 1895; d. June 3,1896


7 Ethel Houston8 Mann, (twin) Oct. 16, 1895 md. June 1, 1916, William Holder Kennedy. Children:


i William Holder9 Ken­nedy, III, b. Sept. 8, 1917


ii James Wright9 Kennedy, b. July 31, 1921.


8 Andrew Nunn8 (twin) July 17, 1898


9 Arthur Walt8 Mann (twin) b. July 17, 1898; d. May 18, 1899.


vi Paca Wilson7 Mann, b. about 1865; d. infant.


vii Samuel Henry7 Mann, b. Oct. 1, 1867; d. Jan. 28, 1938; md. (1) Mary C. Ramsey of Pine Bluff, b. Jan. 27, 1869, d. Sept. 15, 1911. Children:


1 Frances Ramsey8 Mann, b. Feb. 1, 1890; md. Oct. 1, 1913, James H. Bussey. Children:


 i James H.9 Bussey, Jr., b. Jan. 4, 1915


ii Mary Frances9 Bussey, b. Aug. 21, 1916


iii Martha Mann9 Bussey, b. June 30, 1918


iv Sam Mann9 Bussey, b. Sept. 21, 1920


v William Muir9 Bussey, b. Oct. 22, 1925


vi Robert Nelson9 Bussey, b. Mar. 4, 1927.


2 Samuel Henry8 Mann, Jr., b. March 22, 1892; md. Vivian L. Moore, Sept. 2, 1922. Children:


i Mary Elizabeth9 Mann, b. Mar. 13, 1924


ii Sam H.9 Mann, III, b. Aug. 2, 1925.


3 Mattie W.8 Mann, b. Apr. 14, 1894; md. June 19, 1919, B. Frank King. Children:


i Alice Letitia9 King, b. May 2, 1920


ii Frank9 King, Jr., b. Dec. 1923.


Samuel Henry Mann7, md. (2) Oct. 1, 1912, Alice (Jones) Matthews, d. June 20, 1937; sans issue.

Prominent lawyer and citizen in Arkansas. Mrs. Alice (Jones) Mann was Pres. Ark. State Federated Clubs.


viii Ella Lee7 Mann, b. Feb. 23, 1869; md. Jan. 9, 1889, W. J. Northcross of Memphis, Tenn., b. Nov. 18, 1864, d. Dec. 18, 1914. Children:


1 Wilson James8 Northcross, b. May 25, 1890; md. Apr. 24, 1915, Mary Alma Van Trees, b. Sept. 7, 1890. Children: i Wilson James9 Northcross, Jr., b. July 25, 1916; ii Elizabeth Harriett9 Northcross, b. Dec. 29, 1919; iii John William9 Northcross, b. March 2, 1922.


2 Marie Louise8 Northcross, b. Mar. 26, 1894; d. Mar. 2, 1895.


3 William James8 Northcross, Jr., b. Mar. 6, 1896; d. Aug. 21, 1896.


4 Leon Mann8 Northcross, b. Feb. 23, 1898; md. June 24, 1925, Mildred Ruth Arnold, b. Sept. 3, 1899. Child: Margaret Mildred9 North- cross, b. March 11, 1929.


ix Ida Brandon7 Mann, b. about 1871; md. M. B. Barker; sans issue.


x Emma Bell7 Mann, b. Dec. 14, 1872, in Brownsville, Tenn.; md. Jan. 17, 1900, Absalom Knox. Children:


1 John8 Knox, b. Dec. 30, 1900, in Franklin, Ky.; md. June 14, 1930, Adelaide Lois Bolles. Child: John9 Knox, Jr., b. Mar. 5, 1932.


2 Victoria Virginia8 Knox, b. Mar. 20, 1903, in Webb City, Mo.; md. Oct. 9, 1928, Ebert Van Buren. Children i Ebert9 Van Buren, b. Sept. 6, 1930; ii James Knox9 Van Buren, b. Dec. 20, 1933; iii Virginia9, b. May 17, 1936.


3 Eva Mann8 Knox, b. Aug. 17, 1905, in Roanoke, Va.; md. Aug. 10, 1929, Mercer G. Evans.


4 James Hervey Orr8 Knox, b. June 13, 1909, in Strasburg, Va.; md. Oct. 1, 1931, Bess Wein­stein. Child: Ann9 Knox, b. July 2, 1932, in Nashville, Tenn.


xi Eva Johnson7 Mann, b. about 1874; md. W. T. Brasher; sans issue.


xii Edna Earl7 Mann, b. Aug. 10, 1876; md. Sept. 22, 1897, William Crutcher, M.D., b. Dec. 31, 1866, d. May 22, 1914. Children:

1 Virginia8 Crutcher, b. Oct. 19, 1898; md. Aug. 29, 1918, Joe W. Clement, b. Oct. 5, 1894. Children:


i Joe W.9 Clement, Jr., b. Mar. 22, 1920


ii William Crutcher9 Clement, b. Sept. 27, 1921


iii Virginia Mann9 Clement, b. Feb. 15, 1923.


2 Evelyn8 Crutcher, b. July 1, 1905; md. Sept. 15, 1925, Edwin Boren Mitchell, Jr., b. Aug. 5, 1898. Child:


i Edna Ann9 Mitchell, b. June 23, 1928.


xiii Mamie P.7 Mann, b. 1878; d. 1924; unmd. A woman of great talents and beauty.


Information on the families of Victoria Virginia (Wilson)6 Mann was given by the head of each family and secured by Vive (Walker)8 Bridges. Revised 1938.


4 Paca6 Wilson, b. March 8, 1841; d. ___ ; md. Ella Carter (no further record).


5 Samuel Henry6 Wilson, b. March 19, 1848; d. April 4, 1916; md. Dec. 19, 1868, Alice Hunter, dau. of Dr. George Hunter and Anne (Farriss), b. Jan. 24, 1850, d. Nov. 21, 1920, in Murfreesboro, Tenn., at home of dau. Minneola Wilson Todd. Children:


i Samuel Emmet7 Wilson, b. Nov. 5, 1869; d. Jan. 1, 1930; md. Dec. 19, 1894, Luella Maud Whitehead (dau. of John Thomas Whitehead of Jackson, Tenn.), b. Sept. 20, 1867, d. Feb. 2, 1930. Children:


1 A son8, b. ——-, d. Oct. 31, 1895.


2 Luella Whitehead8 Wilson, b. Jan. 1, 1897; md. July 11, 1923, Wm. Ridley Wills, II, son of Mann Wills and Della (Womack) of Browns­ville, Tenn. Children:


i Luella Wilson9 Wills, b. July 14, 1924


ii Wm. Ridley9 Wills, III, b. Oct. 31, 1925


iii Andrew Mann9 Wills, b. Jan. 23, 1927


iv David Womack9 Wills, b. Nov. 15, 1929


v John Thomas Thaddeus9 Wills, b. Sept. 27, 1931.


3 Samuel Emmet8 Wilson, Jr., b. Aug. 18, 1898; md. Oct. 2, 1921, Ada Jane Rogers. Child: Marnerleen9, b. Aug. —, 1925.


4 John Thomas (Jack)8 Wilson, b. July 7, 1901; md. Aug. 16, 1927, Sarah Delia Cherry, b. July 13, 1904; no children.

5 Estes Hunter8 Wilson, b. Oct. 4, 1907; md. Feb. 5, 1931, Kathleen Alberta Gammon, b. Dec. 14, 1907. Children:


i Estes Hunter9 Wilson, Jr., b. June 6, 1932


ii Maurice Leon9 Wilson, b. Oct. 10, 1933.


ii Minneola7 Wilson, b. Feb. 5, 1873; md. July 3, 1895, Andrew L. Todd (son of Aaron Todd of Tenn.), b. July 27, 1872. Children:


1 Evelyn Elizabeth8 Todd, b. ___ ; md. Homer Bean, son of J. J. Bean. Child:


i Evelyn Todd9 Bean, b. Aug. 29, 1920.


2 Aaron Wilson8 Todd, b. Sept. 30, 1902; d. 1923.


3 Andrew L.8 Todd, Jr., b. Aug. 17, 1904; md. Martha Fox, dau. of H. L. Fox. Children:


i Andrew L.9 Todd, III, b. Dec. 24, 1928


ii Aaron W.9 Todd, III, b. Apr. 30, 1937.


iii Hunter7 Wilson, b. Oct. 7, 1875; md. Oct. 3, 1912, Eleanor Smith, dau. of William Leftwich Smith, b. Aug. 13, 1889; sans issue.


iv Walter Clyde7 Wilson, b. Jan. 22, 1878; md. Oct. 29, 1899, Katherine Fowlkes, dau. of Wm. Parham Fowlkes of Dyersburg, Tenn., b. Sept. 19, 1878. Children:


1 Fay8 Wilson, b. May 14, 1907; md. Feb. 27, 1930, Grady Ashley.


2 Andrew Clyde8 Wilson, b. Oct. 3, 1908.


3 Florence8 Wilson, b. May 20, 1913; md. John Harvey Quinn, Oct. 20, 1934.


4 Vernon8 Wilson.


v Erby D.7 Wilson, b. July 19, 1880; d. June 3, 1907.


vi Alice V.7 Wilson, b. May 27, 1884; md. Berry Wilson (son of C. M. Wilson), b. May 27, 1874. Child:


1 Helen Wilson8, b. March 6, 1913; md. Aug. 4, 1936, Paul Farrar.


vii Leon Estes7 Wilson, b. Feb. 4, 1889; md. Jan. 10, 1913, Katherine Thornton of Mississippi, b. May 18, 1894. Children:


1 Wanda8 Wilson, b. Apr. 26, 1915.


2 Philip8 Wilson, b. Apr. 6, 1920.


Information on family of Samuel Henry6 Wilson was given by a member of Samuel Emmet7 Wilson family and information on the other children was given by Minneola Wilson7 Todd of Mur­freesboro, Tenn. Revised 1938.

V Eliza Jane6 Estes, b. Nov. 15,1815, in Pittsylvania County, Virginia; d. ___ ; md. Feb. 7, 1833, in Brownsville, Tennessee, Dr. W. B. Collins, son of Shadrack Collins and Grizza (Murphy) of Edgecomb County, North Carolina, b. Oct. 22, 1806. Children:


1 Shadrack Joel6 Collins, b. Nov. 12, 1835, in Brownsville, Tenn.; practicing physician in Texas.


2 William Carey6 Collins, b. Nov. 5, 1837, Methodist minister.


3 Moreau Pinckney6 Collins, b. April 9, 1840, in Browns­ville, Tenn.


4 Sarah Bell6 Collins, b. May 14, 1846, in Camden, Ark.


5 Virginia Allie6 Collins, b. March 12, 1848, in Camden, Ark.


6 Cornelia Estes6 Collins, b. March 5, 1850, in Camden, Ark.


7 Anna Eliza6 Collins, b. Nov. 10, 1853.


Note: We have written a great many letters trying to contact members of Eliza Jane6 Estes family connections, but letters have been returned, others unanswered. We have tried through other relatives to get in touch with some member of Eliza Jane Estes6 Collins descendants but with­out success.


VI Cornelia Sarah Rebecca6 Estes, b. Feb. 14, 1818, in Pittsylvania County, Virginia; d. ___ ; md. April 14, 1837, in Haywood County, Tennessee, William Sangster, b. ___, d. ___ Children:


1 Henry Carey6 Sangster, b. Oct. 22, 1839; d. Sept. 22, 1875; md. Minnie Rayner of Brownsville, Tenn., June 1, 1859. Children:


i Cornelia7 Sangster, b. Apr. 11, 1860; d. ___ , md. 1887, W. P. Rose. Child:


1 Arthur Sangster8 Rose, b. June 3, 1889; md. Will Allen Byrnes, Feb. 24, 1921.


ii Minnie Lou7 Sangster, b. Mar. 5, 1864; d. Sept. 4, 1938; md. Jesse Thomas Davis, Oct. 26, 1882, at Brownsville, Tenn. Children:


1 Rosa Neal8 Davis, b. Sept. 29, 1883; md. Oct. 26, 1904, Albert Walter Livingston of Browns­ville. Children:

i Albert W.9 Livingston, Jr., b. July 28, 1905, md. Mar. 26,1932, Penelope Bond Morton. Children:


1 Betty Bond10 Livingston, b. Dec. 2, 1933;


 2 Nancy10 Livingston, b. Oct. 16, 1936.


ii Margaret9 Livingston, b. Jan. 8, 1907, md. Dec. 25, 1931, Elliot Hay.


iii Rosa Lucile9 Livingston, b. June 23, 1908; md. Oct. 23, 1932, Lloyd Curlin Wilson. Children:


1 Rose Ann10 Wilson, b. July 31, 1933


2 Barbara Louise10 Wilson, b. Mar. 5, 1936.


iv Minnie Lou Davis9 Livingston, b. June 5, 1910.


2 Jesse T.8 Davis, Jr., b. Jan. 14, 1885; md. Mamie Anderson, Oct. 1, 1913. Children:


i Elizabeth9 Davis, b. Aug. 27, 1914; md. July 9, 1934, Ford Ross of St. Louis, Mo. Child:


1 Jesse Davis10 Ross, b. June 24, 1935.


ii Mamie Celeste9 Davis, b. Sept. 2, 1916.


iii Jesse Louise9 Davis, b. July 22, 1919.


3 Henry Sangster8 Davis, b. Oct. 3,1887; md. Clara Gosnell of Blytheville, Ark., 1912. Children:


i Henry Gosnell9 Davis, b. Apr. 1913.


ii Clara Louise9 Davis, b. Nov. 1915.


4 Matilda Louise8 Davis, b. Sept. 20, 1889; md. Hascal H. Hurt, Nov. 26, 1912; sans issue.


iii Jennie Belle7 Sangster, b. Apr. 22, 1866; md. Richard Wesley Jordan, June 11, 1889; sans issue.


iv Henry Raynor’ Sangster, b. Aug. 4, 1870; md. Kate Booker, Jan. 4, 1898. Child:


1 Katherine8 Sangster, b. Nov. 14, 1901; md. Hilliard Coppedge.


v William Albert7 Sangster, b. Oct. 15,1873; md. Maude Freeman; sans issue.


2 Albert Estes6 Sangster, b. ___ ; never married.


Information as to the genealogy of Cornelia Sarah Rebecca6 Estes was given by Rosa Neal Davis8 Livingston. Revised 1937.


VII Judith Bell6 Estes, b. in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, March 10, 1821; d. in Brownsville, Tennessee, June 28, 1903; bur. in family lot in Oakwood Cemetery, Brownsville; md. in Hay­wood County, Tennessee, Jan. 6, 1846, John Moore, son of Jere­miah Moore and Margaret (West) of Bertie County, North Carolina; d. June 2, 1860, on plantation eight miles from Browns­ville, Tennessee, where all of their children were born.


(Note: In the South before the War between the States, the country was everything, the little county seat of second­ary importance to the aristocratic plantations where the people of wealth and culture lived and reared their families. The “Court House” was the term used in that day for the town where the county seat was, while the rural population were the important citizens.)




1 James West Estes6 Moore, b. Dec. 15, 1850; d. Feb. 3, 1920, at his home in Brownsville; bur. in family lot, Oakwood Cemetery; md. Dec. 8, 1874, in Brownsville, Mary Moore Wood, dau. of James Proudfitt Wood and Anne Greene (Perkins), b. ___ . Quite talented in music and literature. Children:


i Annebel7 Moore, b. Sept. 21, 1876.


ii Mary Virginia7 Moore, b. 1878; d. Dec. 22, 1934. She was very talented in art; studied in New York, Chicago; graduate of the New York School of Art and pupil of William M. Chase, Robert Henri Timmons, Kenneth Hayes Miller, Kenyon Cox and High Breckenridge (see “American Art An­nual,” Vol. XXX). For many years and to the time of her death she was Director of Art in the Memphis City Schools. She left her home filled with beautiful paintings.


iii Wood7 Moore, b. Apr. 27, 1881; d. May 6, 1897.


iv James West Estes7 Moore, Jr., b. Mar. 8, 1887, md. Aug. 11, 1923, Frances Rutland, dau. of Edward Rutland and India (Alexander), b. ——. Child: James Rutland8 Moore, b. Feb. 10, 1926.


James West Estes6 Moore, Sr., was an honor graduate in law; first honors, from Univ. of Va., 1871; practiced law in Brownsville, Tenn., where he was one of the leading attorneys and held position as Attorney for Louisville and Nashville railroad up to time of his death.


2 Joel John6 Moore, b. March 4, 1854; d. March 23, 1927, at his home on plantation 8 miles from Brownsville where he was born and lived.

3Sallie Virginia6 Moore, b. Nov. 26, 1855; d. Feb. 6, 1924, in New York where she was studying vocal music; bur. in family lot in Oakwood Cemetery, Brownsville; graduated June 18,1872, with first honors from Browns­ville Female College.


Information as to history of Judith Bell6 Estes (Moore) was given by Annebel7 Moore. Revised 1938.


VIII Sarah Ann6 Estes, b. in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, Nov. 24, 1823; d. 1848 in Haywood County, Tennessee; md. 1847 in Haywood County, Charles Lewis Read, son of Charles Lewis Read and Sallie (Boyd), b. ——, d. June 30, 1854.




1 Sallie Lewis6 Read, b. June 16, 1848; d. Sept. 27, 1921, in Tenn.; md. Nov. 16, 1869, in Brownsville, Tenn., George Booth Baskervill, son of John Tabb Baskervill and Margaret (Malone), b. March 29, 1847, d. July 31, 1926. Methodist Presiding Elder and plantation owner in Mason, Tenn. Children:


i John Tabb7 Baskervill, b. Nov. 25, 1870; d. Nov. 26, 1870.


ii James Read7 Baskervil’ b. Nov. 17, 1871; d. July 12, 1873.


III Charles Read7 Baskervill, b. April 17, 1872; d. July 23, 1935; md. Aug. 19, 1903, in Bowling Green, Va., Catherine Pendleton Quarles, dau. of Henry Lewis Quarles and Anna (Cowhard), b. July 7, 1882, in Cumberland, Md. Child:


1 Latham8 Basker­vill, b. Nov. 27, 1906. Charles Read7 Baskervill, b. in Covington, Tenn.; graduated from Vander­bilt Univ. in 1896; B. A.; A. M. in 1898; Ph. D. Univ. of Chicago; author; Chairman of English Department in Univ. of Chicago. (See “Who’s Who in America”; “The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy,” Vol. I, page 216.)


iv William Hunt7 Baskervill, b. Jan. 23, 1874; md. Nov. 1904, Kate Allen Taylor, dau. of Samuel Allen Taylor and Kate (Bullock), b. July 19, 1878. Children:


1 Katherine Taylor8 Baskervill, b. Jan. 4,1906; md. Sept. 1930, Clyde Q. Sheely in Miss. Child: i Clyde Q.9 Sheely, Jr., b. March 15, 1937.

2 Sarah Hunt8 Baskervill, b. Feb. 16, 1917 (both born in Rankin Co., Miss.)


v George Booth7 Baskervill, Jr., b. Jan. 6, 1876; d. March 1931; md. Jan. 24, 1911, in Birmingham, Ala., Mary Neal Hurt, dau. of William McIntyre Hurt and Mittie (Robertson), b. Nov. 8, 1886. Children:


1William Hunt8 Baskervill, b. Jan. 21, 1912, in Macon, Miss.


2 Margaret Malone8 Baskervill, b. Aug. 17, 1914, in Birmingham, Ala.


vi Mary Taylor7 Baskervill, b. Sept. 22,1879, in Fayette Co., Tenn.; md. July 1906, William Martin Green. Children:


1 Margaret Baskervill8 Green, b. Aug. 25, 1908.


2 Sarah Lewis8 Green, b. March 3, 1912 (both children b. in Del Rio, Texas).


vii John Pepper7 Baskervill, b. Nov. 10, 1882; d. Jan. 1883


viii Battle Malone7 Baskervill, b. Feb. 7, 1884; d, Nov. 18, 1900.


ix Margaret Lewis7 Baskervill, b. July 21, 1886, in Fayette Co., Tenn.


Information as to Sarah Ann5 Estes Family and descendants was given by Charles Read7 Baskervill and later by his widow, Mrs. Catherine Q. Baskervill; also, by Mary Taylor7 (Baskervill) Green. Revised 1937.


Joel4 Estes, md. (2) June 30, 1831, Mary Lee (Wilson) Sharpe, widow of William Sharpe, dau. of William Lee Wilson and Sarah Chew (Lee), b. April 28, 1799, d. 1871 in Memphis, Tennessee. She was a lineal descendant of the Chews, Worthingtons, Lees and Wilsons of Maryland and Virginia; her grandparents, Josiah and Sarah (Chew) Lee sold their home, “Planters Paradise” in Arundel County, Maryland and came to Tennessee with their sons, Charles W. and James Lee, in 1802. Their daughter Sarah Chew Lee, b. 1778, d. 1836, md. April 1798, William Lee Wilson, b. 1770 in Rudolph, Tennessee.


IX Bedford Mitchell6 Estes, b. Oct. 10, 1832, in Haywood County, Tennessee; d. April 15, 1898, in Memphis, Tennessee; he was a very prominent attorney at Law in Memphis where he was influential in the civic and religious interests of his home city. As an active member and officer of the Presbyterian Church he was well known. In 1861 he was elected to the legislature by the people of Shelby County, Tennessee. In 1862 he was com­missioned by Jefferson Davis as Confederate States District Attorney for the Western district of Tennessee. In 1875 he was one of the commissioners of the Southern Presbyterian Church to the Baltimore conference with the view of restoring fraternal relations between the Northern and Southern churches. In 1876 he was appointed Judge of the Arbitration Court for West Ten­nessee to aid the Supreme Court in disposing of its business.


In 1887 he was appointed Chancellor of the 11th Chancery Division of Tennessee. He was educated at the University of Nashville, Tennessee. Completed legal education at Louisville, Kentucky; he was a lawyer until he went to the bench as Chan­cellor (“Estes Genealogy,” pages 263-64).


He md. (1) May 4, 1854, in Denmark, Tennessee, Sarah Jane Johnston, dau. of James Johnston and Emily (Alston), b. Dec. 4, 1835, d. June 6, 1867. Children:


1 Bedford Mitchell6 Estes, Jr., b. Feb. 10, 1855; d. July 14, 1873.


2 Mary Lee6 Estes, b. Oct. 7, 1856; d. March 17, 1888.


3 Emily Alston6 Estes, b. May 31, 1858; md. Jan. 22, 1880, Rev. James George Snedecor, son of George Gaines Snedecor and Harriett (Godden), b. June 21, 1855, in Louisville, Miss., d. Nov. 20, 1916. Mr. Snede­cor was B. A. from Univ. of Miss., 1872-73; Delta Psi Frat.; two years at Cornell Univ. N. Y., 1874-76; Pres­byterian Home Missionary, Florida and S. Ala.; Bir­mingham, Ala. District, 1890-93; lived in Tuscaloosa, Ala., in charge of Stillman Institute, Theological School, under Southern Presbyterian Church L.L.D.U. of Ala., 1906. Children:





Moreau Pinckney Estes




Albert Carey Estes and Mrs. Mary Quarles (Noel) Estes (Mrs. Moreau Pinckney Estes)


1 George Waddel7 Snedecor, b. Oct. 5,1881; B. A. Univ. of Ala., 1905; M. S.; Univ. of Michigan 1913; Asst, in Physics U. of Mich. 1911-13; Prof. Math. Iowa State College, 1913; Director of StatisticalLab., Ames, Iowa, 1926; Statistical Iowa Agri­cultural Equipment Station 1934; member of Kappa Sigma, Gamma Alpha, Phi Beta Kappa. Author of Correlation and Machine Calculation and numer­ous articles on Statistical methods; md. Dec. 29, 1908, Gertrude Crosier of Davenport, Iowa, b. Nov. 7, 1886. Children:


1 Edward Crosier8 Snedecor, b. in Ames, Iowa, July 1, 1914; d. Jan. 22, 1930.


2 James George8 Snedecor II, b. in Iowa June 9, 1917; Iowa State College 1936; Kappa Sigma.


ii Elizabeth7 Snedecor, b. in Pinellas Co., Fla., Mar. 12, 1883; md. Apr. 26, 1905, James A. Campbell, b. Nov. 5, 1874; d. Jan. 30, 1936, in Decatur, Ga. Children:


1 James A.8 Campbell, Jr., b. June 5,1906, Atlanta, Ga.; B. S. Ala. Polytechnic Institute; Kappa Sigma.


2 Emily Estes8 Campbell, b. Nov. 5, 1908; Ga. State College for Women, 1930.


3 Richard O. Neal8 Campbell, b. July 8, 1912; B. S. Polytechnic Inst. 1934; Kappa Sigma.


4 William Bostwick8 Campbell, b. Sept. 4, 1918; Ala. Polytech. 1936.


iii Harriett7 Snedecor, b. March 18, 1885, Pinella Co., Fla.; Kindergarten, Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y. 1908; md. Jan. 22, 1912, Benjamin Hughes Somerville, b. 1881, Pickens, Co., Ala., d. July 20, 1937. Child: James Snedecor8 Somerville, b. Aug. 21, 1916, Aliceville; Ala. Polytechnic 1935; Kappa Sigma.


iv Ione7 Snedecor, b. June 27, 1886, Clarksville, Tenn.; B. S. Univ. of Ala. 1908; Kappa Delta Pi, 1936; md. Oct. 17, 1911, Jesse Carlos Maxwell, b. Sept. 30, 1878, Tuscaloosa, Ala. Children:


1 Jesse Carlos8 Maxwell, Jr., b. Sept. 23, 1912; Univ. of Ala. 1930; engineering; Kappa Sigma.


2 Mary Emily8 Maxwell, b. Mar. 10, 1914; Univ. of Ala. 1932.


3 Ione8 Maxwell, b. Mar. 19, 1916.


4 James Snedecor8 Maxwell, b. Aug. 20, 1917; Univ. of Ala. 1933; Electrical Engineering.


5 Thomas Estes8 Maxwell, b. July 6, 1918.

6 Palmer Snedecor8 Maxwell, b. March 25, 1925.


v Estes7 Snedecor, b. Dec. 21, 1887, in Pinellas Co., Fla.; B. A., Univ. of Ala. 1908; L. L. B. 1910 Univ. of Mich. 1910; Kappa Sigma. Portland, Oregon, 1911, Rotarian. Pres. International Rotary 1920. Presided at 12th International Convention in Edinburgh, Scotland, 1921; active in Presbyterian Church and in many civic affairs; Md. (1) Dec. 29, 1914, Dearing Searcy, Tuscaloosa. Child:


1 Julie Katharin8 Snedecor, b. April 21, 1917; Mills College, Oakland, Cal.


Md. (2) July 1920, Rachel King, Chicago, Ill. Child­ren:


2 Elliott King8 Snedecor, b. May 10, 1921.


3 Estes8 Snedecor, Jr., b. Apr. 10, 1923.


4 Philip Alston8 Snedecor, b. April 11, 1926.


vi Palmer Godden7 Snedecor, b. Oct. 20, 1891, in Bir­mingham, Ala.; B. S. Univ. of Ala. 1910; M. S. Univ. of Ala. June 1912; Chile, S. America, with A. S. & R. Co. Copper Mining 1917; enlisted in World War July 1918; after Armistice he was with the Texas Oil fields Tampico, Mexico; Cal. and Idaho.


vii J. Goyle7 Snedecor, b. June 11, 1894, in Birmingham, Ala.; Univ. of Ala. 1910-12; Iowa State Col. 1913; Kappa Sigma; md. Sept. 2,1914, Mary E. Richards, b. Sept. 29, 1891, Liberty Co., Nev. Children:


1 Richard Goyle8 Snedecor, b. Oct. 30, 1921, in Sioux City, Iowa.


2 Evelyn Ione8 Snedecor, b. Mar. 27, 1924.


viii Philip Alston7 Snedecor, b. June 11, 1901, in Bir­mingham, Ala.; Univ. of Ala. 1918-20; Kappa Sigma; md. April 6, 1931, Wilna Frances West, b. June 19, 1904, in Plainview, Ark. Children:


1 Philip Alston8 Snedecor, Jr., b. June 30, 1933, in Fort Smith, Ark.


2 Wilna Frances8 Snedecor, b. Feb. 5, 1935, in Pine Bluff, Ark.


4 Sallie Johnston6 Estes, b. May 29, 1860; md. Aug. 11, 1881, James C. Bell, Memphis, Tenn. (son of R. D. S. Bell and Sarah                ); d. 1893 in Chicago, Ill. Children:


i J. Clarence7 Bell, Jr., b. June 6, 1883; d. Feb. 8, 1898 in Memphis, Tenn.

ii Katherin7 Bell, b. May 22, 1892 in Chicago, Til.


5 Ione6 Estes, b. Dec. 6, 1861, in Memphis, Tenn.; md. Nov. 27, 1889, William James Dodd, b. Sept. 22, 1861; sans issue.


6 Kate6 Estes, b. July 14, 1866, in Memphis, Tenn.; md. April 25, 1894, William H. Paton, Athelstone, England, son of William Paton and Jean (McClure), b. ___, d.

March 31, 1902; sans issue.


Bedford Mitchell6 Estes md. (2) Aug. 7, 1868 to Lizzie Guion, dau. of Henry L. Guion and Mary Ann (McMillan), b. Aug. 5, 1841, d. July 22, 1918.




7 Lizzie6 Estes, b. May 7, 1869; d. March 23, 1916; md. Apr. 5, 1891, Harry L. Armstrong (son of W. J. Armstrong and Lula H.), b. Dec. 9, 1869. Children:


i Bedford Estes7 Armstrong, b. Feb. 1892; md. Sept. 25, 1917, Mary Keeler; served in World War, Air, 1917-18. Children:


1 Virginia Elizabeth8 Armstrong, b. Aug. 8, 1918.


2 Guion8 Armstrong, b. Jan. 15, 1920.


ii Henry Guion7 Armstrong, b. May 2, 1893; killed in action in France during World War, Aug. 8, 1918; md. Sept. 25, 1917, Elizabeth Edwards; sans issue.


8 Henry Witherspoon6 Estes, b. Aug. 15, 1870; d. Dec. 30, 1909.


9 Morgan6 Estes, b. Dec. 20, 1871; d. June 1, 1922.


10 Blanche6 Estes, b. Oct. 30, 1879; md. Jan. 10, 1904, George P. Phillips (son of Samuel W. Phillips and Sarah), Memphis, Tenn. Children:


i Elizabeth7 Phillips, b. May 17, 1910; md. Edward Bennet Lemaster, Jr., March 3, 1934. Child:


1 Elizabeth8 Lemaster, b. 1935.


ii Sarah7 Phillips, b. Aug. 28, 1911.


iii George P.7 Phillips, Jr., b. Feb. 28, 1918.


11 Flora6 Estes, b. June 18, 1882; md. Nov. 2, 1904, Rowan Allen Greer, son of James M. Greer and Betty (Allen). Children:


i Rowan Allen7 Greer, Jr., b. Aug. 27, 1907; Yale B. A. 1928; md. April 18, 1931, Janet Carr. Child­ren:


1 Rowan Allen8 Greer, III, b. April 17, 1934.

2 David Carr8 Greer, b. about 1936.


ii Elizabeth Estes7 Greer, b. Aug. 15, 1910.


Information about Bedford Mitchell6 Estes and his family was given by Emily Estes6 Snedecor and Blanche Estes6 Phillips. Revised, 1938.


Descendants of Moreau Pinckney Estes6 of Haywood County, Tennessee


V Moreau Pinckney6 Estes (2nd son of Joel4 Estes, son of Benjamin3, Abraham2, Abraham1, Estes') b. Nov. 14, 1806, in Bedford County, Virginia; d. Oct. 17, 1871, in Haywood County, Tennessee; buried in Estes family private cemetery on plantation of home estate in Haywood County; md. (1) Nov. 10, 1836, in Haywood County, Tennessee, Mary Quarles Noel, dau. of Ewell Noel and Lucy Hilliard (see Noel record), b. Nov. 13, 1820, d. April 16, 1859, in Haywood County; buried in Estes private cemetery.


Moreau Pinckney6 Estes was a prominent, influential, pros­perous plantation owner in Haywood County, Tennessee.




1 Martha Cornelia6, b. Aug. 21, 1837; d. April 22, 1913.


2 Mary Frances6, b. July 1, 1839; d. March 16, 1854.


3 Moreau Pinckney6, Jr., b. Oct. 16, 1840; killed in battle of Atlanta, Ga., July 22, 1864, while resisting Sher­man’s march to the sea.


4 Joel Henry6, b. Feb. 20, 1842; d. May 13, 1923.


5 Thomas Ewell6, b. Jan. 9, 1844; killed July 22, 1864, in battle of Atlanta, Ga., same day and same charge as his brother.


6 Lucy Quarles6, b. July 16, 1845; d. July 22, 1929.


7 Edward Carey6, b. Sept. 10, 1847; d. July 10, 1848.


8 Albert Carey6, b. June 17, 1849; d. July 21, 1887.


9 Sarah Belle6, b. March 3, 1852; d. May 25, 1852.


10 Francis Marion6, b. Aug. 26, 1854; d. June 19, 1909.


Moreau Pinckney6 Estes, md. (2) Katherine Van Buren Sher­rod, widow of Col. Sherrod of Mason, Tennessee. Her first hus­band was Hance Bond of Denmark, Tennessee. She was born
1821, died Aug. 26, 1875, buried in Bond cemetery near Den­mark. She had Bond children but no Estes children.


I Martha Cornelia6 Estes, b. Aug. 21, 1837, in Haywood, County, Tennessee; d. April 22, 1913, in St. Louis, Missouri (at home of her dau. May); buried in Folk family lot in Oakwood Cemetery, Brownsville, Tennessee; md. Nov. 7, 1855, in Hay­wood County, Tennessee, Henry Bate Folk, son of Benjamin Folk and Sarah Legate (Bate) Garrett (widow of John Garrett) of Bertie County, North Carolina, dau. of James Bate and Mary (Spivey), son of Humphrey Bate and Sarah (Legate), b. May 12, 1828, in Bertie County, North Carolina, d. Aug. 20, 1899, at his home in Brownsville; bur. in Folk family lot in Oakwood Ceme­tery; graduated from Wake Forest College, Wake Forest, North Carolina in 1849; practiced law in Brownsville where he was attorney for the Louisville and Nashville railroad. Prominent in civic and business life; active in Baptist Church; ordained to ministry in latter part of life; literary in reading and writing.


Martha Cornelia6 (Estes) Folk was a woman with great vision and lived ahead of her time in views of life and in training her children along spiritual, mental and physical lines. Her home was open to all who enjoyed her hospitality.




1 Edgar Estes7 Folk, b. Sept. 6, 1856, in Haywood Co.; d. Feb. 27, 1917, at his home in Nashville, Tenn.; bur. in family lot in Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Nashville; md. March 6, 1888, Lizzie Handly of Nashville, dau. of William Lytle Handly and Sarah (Matthews), b. Sept. 14, 1859, in Winchester, Tenn., d. Feb. 16, 1936, at home in Nashville; active in Baptish Church work; quiet, modest, unassuming but beloved by all who knew her.


Edgar Estes7 Folk graduated from Wake Forest College, 1877, with A. M. degree; received D. D. from Wake Forest College in 1895; grad, from Southern Baptist Theological Seminary (Louisville, Ky.) in 1882; pastor of Baptist church, Murfreesboro, Tenn., Millersburg, Ky.; Albany, Ga.; Editor of “Baptist and Reflector” (Tennessee State Baptist paper) for 28 years to time of death; held many active and prominent positions in Baptist circles in Tenn. and the South; author of “Mormon Monster”; “Plan of Salvation”; “Baptist Principles”; Southern Pilgrim in Eastern Lands”; numerous lectures and pamphlets. (See Who’s Who in America,” Vol. IX, page 836; “Abridged Com­pendium of American Genealogy,” Vol. I, page 642; Vol. II, page 141.) Children:


i James White8 Folk, b. and d. June 19, 1892.


ii Annie White8 Folk, b. July 24, 1894; literary, artistic in talents; md. Nov. 14, 1919, Wayne Franklin Murphy, son of John Farrington Murphy and Sudie (Lively), b. Dec. 23, 1893, in McMinn­ville, Tenn. Children: 1 Betty Ann9 Murphy, b. Feb. 15, 1923; 2 Wayne Farrington9 Murphy, b. Nov. 30, 1930.


iii Edgar Estes8 Folk, Jr., b. May 7, 1897; md. Oct. 5, 1922, at Wake Forest, N. C., Minta Holding, dau. of Thomas E. Holding and Minta (Royal), b. Feb. 3, 1903. Edgar Estes8 Folk, Jr., grad, from Wake Forest Col.; was in infantry training at Camp Plattsburg, N. Y. at time of Armistice of World War 1914-18; held Chair of Journalism at Mercer Univ., Macon, Ga.; head of English department at Oklahoma Baptist Univ., Shawnee, Okla.; M. A. degree from Columbia Univ., N. Y.; Ph.D. at Peabody College, Nashville; Professor of English at Wake Forest College, N. C. (1937). Child: Edgar Estes9 Folk, III, b. Jan. 17, 1928, at Macon, Ga.


iv Cornelia8 Folk, b. May 30, 1900; artistic in talents; md. March 2, 1926, Lemuel B. Stevens, son of Henry Stevens and ___ (Birthright) of Nashville; successful businessman; Children:


1 Boy9, b. d. Nov. 1931


2 Lemuel9 Stevens, Jr., b. Aug. 3, 1933


3 Cornelia Folk9 Stevens, b. May 30, 1935.


v Joseph Henry8 Folk, b. Feb. 9, 1905, in Nashville; banker; has won distinction in amateur tennis.


Information as to family of Edgar Estes7 Folk was given by Annie White8 (Folk) Murphy and Edgar Estes8 Folk, Jr. Revised, 1938.


2 Mary Frances7 Folk, b. Aug. 6, 1858; d. June 24, 1859; bur. in Estes Cemetery, “Estes Hall,” Haywood, Co., Tenn.

3 Benjamin Moreau7 Folk, b. Nov. 1, 1861; d. Oct. 20, 1862; bur. in Estes Cemetery, “Estes Hall.”


4 Henry Bate7 Folk, b. Oct. 18, 1863, in Haywood Co., Tenn.; d. Sept. 16, 1885, in St. Louis, Mo.; bur. in Folk family lot in Oakwood Cem., Brownsville; graduated from Wake Forest College June 14, 1883; was vale­dictorian of class; received medal; also tied for medal in Greek; was principal of large school in New Orleans, La., when only 20 yrs. of age. In 1884 he entered jour­nalism on staff of Times-Democrat, New Orleans, later transferred to staff of St. Louis Republic (Demo­cratic paper) in St. Louis, Mo. Brilliant intellect with a promising future which death cut short at age of 22. Unmd.


5 Reau Estes7 Folk, b. Sept. 21, 1865, in Haywood Co.; md. Feb. 6, 1901, in Nashville, Tenn., Nannie Dudley Pilcher, dau. of Matthew Barrow Pilcher and Judith (Winston), b. Feb. 18, 1876, in Nashville; president of Ladies’ Hermitage Association for many years; patriotic and social prominence; member of National Committee for preservation of Historic places (1936- 38).


5 Reau Estes7 Folk attended Wake Forest College 1881-83; entered journalism 1887 on staff of “American,” Nash­ville; later associated with News Scimitar, Memphis, Tenn.; clerk of Tenn. House of Representatives, 1893- 99; State Treasurer of Tenn. 1901 to 1911, from 1911 to retirement in 1932 he was agency Manager for East and Middle Tenn. for Equitable Life Insurance Co.; 32nd degree Mason; Kappa Alpha Frat.; member of Sons of American Revolution and other patriotic and civic organizations; member of Immanuel Baptist church. (See “Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy,” Vol. I, page 642; Vol. II, pages 141-42.) Children:


i Winston Pilcher8 Folk, b. Nov. 10, 1901, in Nash­ville; graduated at U. S. Naval Academy, 1923; made full Lieutenant, 1932; md. June 2, 1931, in Washington, D. C., Pauline Brown, dau. of Major General Lytle Brown, U. S. Army, and Louise (Lewis), b. 1909. Child: Floy Lewis9 Folk, b. Jan. 1938


ii Judith Dudley8 Folk, b. July 31, 1912, in Nashville; grad, from Ward-Belmont College, 1929, and from Pine Manor College, Wellesley, Mass. 1932; from Wellesley College, 1934; md. in Nashville April 17, 1937, John Marks Templeton, son of Harvey Templeton and Novella (Handly).


iii Reau Estes8 Folk, Jr., b. Jan. 6, 1917, in Nashville; grad, from Webb’s School (Bell Buckle, Tenn.), June 1934; entered Vanderbilt Univ. Sept. 1934; athletic, literary and well travelled.


Information given by Reau Estes7 Folk. Revised, 1938.


6 Carey Albert7 Folk, b. Dec. 2, 1867, in Brownsville; md. in Haywood Co., June 19, 1894, Emma Harrison Gates, dau. of Col. Robert Gates and Caledonia Jane (Jester), b. Aug. 5,1871, in Jackson, Tenn. She has been president of many clubs and is a leader in literary and social circles; and is known for her gracious hospitality. Carey Albert7 Folk graduated from Richmond College, Va., 1887; won Willoughby Read Reading medal; graduate student John Hopkins Univ., 1893-94; President of Brownsville Female College 1894-99; President Bos­cobel College for Young Ladies, Nashville, 1899-1912; author of article “Tennessee since the War,” published in “South in the Building of the Nation,” Vol. II, Chap. IV Tenn.; established and President of C. A. Folk and Co., General Insurance and Loans, Nashville; Deacon in Immanuel Baptist Church; Mason; member of Sons of American Revolution and other organizations, town and country clubs; Kappa Alpha Frat. (See “Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy,” Vol. I, page 642; Vol. II, page 142.) Children:


1 Virginia Sinclair8 Folk, b. March 26, 1895, in Browns­ville, Tenn.; quite musical and charming personali­ty; md. June 28, 1916, in Jackson, Tenn., Ewing Griffin, son of Charles Griffin and Sarah Pearl (Ivy), b. Feb. 3, 1890; business man. Children: 1 Ewing9 Griffin, Jr., b. Nov. 28,1923; 2 Emily Carey9 Griffin, b. Apr. 18, 1927.


ii Robert Gates8 Folk, b. April 1, 1897, in Brownsville; md. Aug. 1918, in San Antonio, Tex., Rosemary Poindexter Pelham, dau. of Chas. Pelham and Rosemary (Poindexter), b. March 1, 1893, in El Paso, Tex., Robert Gates8 Folk, student at Vanderbilt Univ.; was in aviation training at Austin, Tex., at time of Armistice of World War, 1914-18; Lieutenant in Reserve Aviation Corps.; influential business citizen in El Paso; Pres, of El Paso Motor Co. Children: 1 Robert Gates9 Folk, Jr., b. Sept. 15, 1919; 2 Rosemary Pelham9 Folk, b. Dec. 18, 1923.


iii Eleanor Lewis8 Folk, b. Dec. 25, 1904; graduated from Mary Baldwin College, Va., 1924; artistic talents; md. June 24, 1930, Robert E. McNeilly of Nashville, son of William Eugene McNeilly and Margaret (Calhoun), b. May 2, 1901. Children:


1 Robert9 McNeilly, Jr., b. Aug. 4, 1932, in Nash­ville


2 Carey Folk9 McNeilly, b. Oct. 9, 1934.


iv Jane Carey8 Folk, b. Feb. 13, 1911; graduated from Hollins College, Va., 1931; histrionic in talents; md. Dec. 28, 1935, Robert McGill Thomas of Shelbyville, Tenn. (son of Thomas McGill Thomas and Zadie—), b. Aug. 27, 1906.


Information given by Carey Albert7 Folk. Revised, 1938.


7 Joseph Wingate7 Folk, b. Oct. 28, 1869, in Brownsville, Tenn.; d. May 28, 1923, in New York City at home of his sister, May; buried in Oakwood Cemetery, Browns­ville. Md. Nov. 10, 1896, in Brownsville, Gertrude Glass, dau. of Thomas E. Glass and Sallie (Thomas), b. Feb. 12, 1872; sans issue; president of Morning Choral Society, St. Louis, Mo.; prominent in all musical circles and known for her beautiful hospitality.


Joseph Wingate7 Folk graduated from law at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, 1890, with L.L.B. degree; receiv­ed L.L.D. from Univ. of Mo., 1905, William Jewell College, Mo., 1906; Drury Lane College, 1907; West­minster College, Fulton, Mo., 1907; Southwestern Baptist Univ., Jackson, Tenn., 1908; Baylor Univ., Waco, Texas, 1919; held many positions of trust and prominence and was the author of many statute laws in Mo.; Circuit Attorney of St. Louis, Mo., 1900-04; Governor of Mo., 1905-09; Chief Counsel for Inter­state Commerce Commission, 1914-18; endorsed for President of the United States of America by Mo., State Democratic Convention, 1910 (see published records). In 1919 represented Egypt against British Protectorate; 1922 to time of death, 1923, was Counsel for Peru in Tacna-Arica controversy; member of Baptist church; Sons of American Revolution; other pat­riotic societies and clubs, town and country clubs in St. Louis, Mo., and Washington, D. C.; Kappa Alpha Fraternity.


(See “Who’s Who in America,” Vol. XII, page 1,136; “The National Cyclopedia of American Biography,” Vol. XIII, page 287; also Vol. XXII, page 171, illustrat­ed; “Historical Register,” pages 40-49; “The Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy,” Vol. I, pages 641-42; Vol. II, page 378; other encyclopedias and magazines, books, too numerous to mention.)


8 Mathesia Bell7 Folk, b. July 5, 1873, in Brownsville, Tenn.; md. June 25, 1907, in Brownsville, James Avery Webb, son of Micajah Davis Webb and Minerva Carol­ine (Meadows), b. July 2, 1869, in Ripley, Tenn.; sans issue. James Avery Webb is author of numerous law books used in colleges, libraries and private law offices, A. B., LL. B. (See “Who’s Who in Jurispru­dence”; “Who’s Who in America,” Vol. XI.)


Mathesia Bell (Folk)7 Webb, grad, from Brownsville Female College with A. M. degree; member of the Daughters of the American Revolution; National Society, United States Daughters of 1812; United Daughters of the Confederacy; Colonial Daughters of the 17th Century, through which Society she was instru­mental in marking the grave of Miles Cary in Warwick Co., Va., who was the immigrant ancestor to Va., also instrumental in marking the grave of Captain Joel Estes, of War of 1812; member of Baptist church, Dixie Club and other clubs in New York; co-compiler of CARY-ESTES GENEALOGY.


Information as to Joseph Wingate7 Folk and Mathesia Bell7 (Folk) Webb was given by the latter. Revised, 1938.


9 Humphrey Bate7 Folk, b. July 26, 1875, in Brownsville; md. Jan. 23, 1906, in Midway, Ky., Ruth Parrish, dau. of Philemon P. Parrish and Emma (Magoffin), b. Oct. 25, 1879, in Midway, noted for her charm and social talents.


Humphrey Bate7 Folk attended Southwestern Baptist Univ., Jackson, Tenn., Wake Forest College, Wake Forest, N. C.; Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Ky.; graduating from there in 1903; pastor at Shelbyville, Tenn.; Midway, Ky.; Livingston, Ala., 1903-1912; Secretary of Life and Casualty Insurance Co. of Nashville, Tenn., 1914 to 1922, and Sec’y. and Treasurer of same Co. since the later date; member of Baptist church, country and town Clubs in Nashville; Sons of American Revolution; S.A.E. Fraternity. (See “Abridged Compendium of American Biography,” Vol. I, page 642; Vol. II, page 142.) Children:








i Margaret Emily Magoffin8 Folk, b. June 21, 1907, in Midway, Ky.; attended Goucher College, Balti­more, Md.; literary in talents; md. Nov. 12, 1929, in Nashville, Hilliard D. Phillips, son of Daniel W. Phillips and Lillian (Deck), b. Aug. 16, 1905. Child­ren:


1 Mary Ruth9 Phillips, b. Dec. 8, 1932.


2 Hilliard Folk9 Phillips, b. June 17, 1934.


ii Humphrey Estes8 Folk, b. Sept. 23, 1909, in Livings­ton, Ala.; attended Univ. of the South, Sewanee, Tenn.; banker in Memphis, Tenn.; md. July 29, 1930, Martha Rodgers, dau. of H. N. Rodgers and Martha (Warfield) of Memphis, Tenn. Children:


1 Martha Rodgers9 Folk, b. Aug. 20, 1931.


2 Humphrey Estes9 Folk, Jr., b. Feb. 9, 1936.


Information given by Humphrey Bate7 Folk. Revised, 1938.


10 Lucile Cornelia7 Folk, b. Sept. 8, 1878, in Brownsville, Tenn.; md. in Brownsville May 31, 1901, Dr. Allen Ennis Cox, son of Aris Cox and Margaret (Machen), b. May 11,1872, in Honea Path, S. C.; grad, in medicine from Vanderbilt Univ., 1899; Pres. Tri-State Medical Association 1905-06; prominent physician and surgeon in Tennessee and Arkansas. Lucile Cornelia7 (Folk) Cox, grad, from Brownsville Female College; active in patriotic, literary work in her town and state; organized James Bate Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, 1911; Regent 1911-1915; State Regent, Ark. D.A.R., 1926-28; twice Regent of 20th Century Literary Club, Helena, Ark.; member of Colonial Dames of America through Virginia; General Chairman of Helena Cotton Carnival, 1935; Pres. Phillips Co. Federation Clubs, 1936-38; member of Baptist church. (See “Abridged Compendium of American Genealogy,” Vol. I, page 641; Vol. II, page 142.) Child:

1 Allen Estes8 Cox, b. Nov. 4, 1902, in Brownsville; grad, in literary department at Vanderbilt Univ., 1923; grad, in Law from Yale Univ., 1926, practic­ing attorney in Memphis, Tenn.; member of law firm, Waring, Walker and Cox; member of Univ. Club; Kappa Alpha Frat.; Phi Delta Phi Legal Frat.; Baptist church; md. Feb. 10, 1931, in Jack- son, Tenn., Hortense Beare, dau. of Col. Robert Lee Beare and Mary (Rainey), b. Nov. 17, 1906, in Jackson; prominent in social circles, Baptist church; beloved by all who know her. Children:


1 Allen9 Cox, III, b. Dec. 26, 1932, in Memphis.


2 Robert Lee9 Cox, b. Dec. 20, 1935, in Memphis.


3 Mary Rainey9 Cox, b. Nov. 12, 1937, in Memphis.


Information on above families was given by Lucile Cornelia7 (Folk) Cox. Revised, 1938.


II Mary Frances6 Estes, b. July 1, 1839; d. March 16, 1854. She was remarkable in many respects for one of her age. Her beauty of face and person, her loveliness of disposition, her intelligence and cheerfulness of spirits made her extraordinary. She was never known to utter an impatient word nor to manifest ill-humor.


III Moreau Pinckney6 Estes, Jr., b. Oct. 18, 1840; d. July 22, 1864; killed in Battle of Atlanta, Ga., while resisting Sher­man’s march to the sea. He and his brother, Thomas Ewell Estes, were in the infantry of Joseph E. Johnston and Hood’s Army; both killed same day; unmd.


IV Joel Henry6 Estes, b. Feb. 20, 1842, in Haywood County, Tennessee; d. May 13, 1923, at his home, “Estes Hall,” Haywood County; bur. in Estes private family cemetery on plantation where his father, mother and members of his family are buried. He was a large plantation owner in Haywood County and owned and lived upon the estate of his father and grandfather, where he died. An influential citizen, his civic and religious influence was felt in all of the activities of his county, town and state. Firm yet mild, he was beloved by all who knew him. He was a student at the Universities of Virginia and North Carolina. Md. (l) Feb. 27, 1862, in Haywood County, Martha Ann Mann, dau. of Austin and Phredonia (Bradford), b. June 11, 1843; d. Feb. 17, 1879; bur. in Estes private cemetery. Children:


1 Mary Noel7 Estes, b. Nov. 8, 1863, in Haywood Co.; md. March 27, 1884, Thomas Edwin Moody, son of Henry Shelton Moody and Elizabeth (Minor), b. Jan. 29, 1859, in Crockett Co., Tenn.; d. Dec. 31, 1919, in Athens; successful business man. Mary Noel7 (Estes) Moody is a leader and officer in literary, patriotic, social and Baptist church circles; a versatile writer; her influence of leadership is felt wherever she goes. (See “Who’s Who in America.”) Children:


i Thomas Edwin8 Moody, Jr., b. Sept. 8,1885; md. Dec. 1909, Anna Herron, b. Aug. 12, 1886. Children:


1 Thomas Edwin9 Moody III, b. Oct. 12, 1910; md. April 6, 1933, Mary Grover Knowles, b. Feb. 24, 1914. Child: Thomas Edwin10 Moody, IV, b. Feb. 11, 1935.


2 Frank Herron9 Moody, b. Nov. 23, 1911; md. Hazel Orell Wiggins, Oct. 31, 1931. Children: i Kay10 Moody, b. May 30, 1934; ii Frank Estes10 Moody, b. Aug. 29, 1935; iii Gail10 Moody, b. Sept. 11, 1936.


3 James Shelton9 Moody, b. Dec. 29, 1915.


4 Martha Louise9 Moody, b. Feb. 5, 1920.


ii Henry Shelton8 Moody, b. Feb. 21, 1890; md. Sept. 1917, Anne Luke Ballew, dau. of Wm. Ballew and Anne Luke (Blackmere), b. Apr. 16, 1892.


iii Patrick Mann8 Moody, b. July 15, 1892; md. Dec. 5, 1919, Ida Parks, dau. of David Jefferson Parks and Nancy Florence (Keller), b. Oct. 22, 1893.


iv Gladys Elizabeth8 Moody, b. Aug. 14, 1894; md. June 14, 1922, William Reece Smith, son of Israel Jeffer­son Smith and Dolly (Lee), b. Mar. 23, 1894. Child: William Reece9 Smith, Jr., b. Sept. 19, 1925.


v Gray Estes8 Moody, b. Nov. 23, 1900; d. Oct. 15, 1929; unmd.; Physical Culture teacher in Women’s College in the South.


2 Austin Mann7 Estes, b. Jan. 24, 1866; d. April 10, 1868.


3 Joel Henry7 Estes, b. Oct. 15, 1868; d. April 15, 1873.


4 Nora Bell7 Estes, b. March 12, 1870; d. Oct. 30, 1871.

(All of these children are bur. in Estes private cemetery “Estes Hall.”)


5 Patrick Mann7 Estes, b. Jan. 24, 1872, in Haywood Co., Tenn.; B. A. graduate and Phi Beta Kappa from Rich­mond College, Va.; LL.B. from Washington Univ., St. Louis, Mo., Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville. Founder and General Counsel for Life and Casualty Insurance Co., Nashville; Deputy Governor of Colonial Wars of Ameri­ca; Sons of American Revolution; deacon in Baptist church, Nashville; member of town and country clubs; influential citizen in his state in political and commercial life; successful business man; charitable in thought and action. Actively interested in family genealogy and co­-compiler in this genealogy. (All of the families are indebted to him for his interest and cooperation in compiling the Cary-Estes Genealogy. M. F. W.)


Md. Jan. 12, 1898, in Nashville, Gray McLaughlin, dau. of James McLaughlin and Elizabeth (Warner), b. Nov. 10, 1875, in Nashville. “None knew her but to love her, none named her but to praise,” whether in social, club or home circles. Children:


i Elizabeth Warner8 Estes, b. Dec. 4, 1902, in Nash­ville; attended Peabody College, Vanderbilt, Bryn Mawr, and Univ. of Wisconsin; unusually brilliant intellect; md. (1) Dec. 31, 1924, William Waller, son of Claude Waller and Martha (Nelson), b. Oct. 28, 1898. Child: 1 William9 Waller, Jr., b. Sept. 18, 1925.


Md. (2) April 22, 1930, Will Polk Kirkman, son of Norman Kirkman and Nellie (Mayes), b. Aug. 2, 1901. Child: 2 Patricia Estes9 Kirkman, b. March 1, 1931.


ii Martha Noel8 Estes, b. Feb, 17, 1905, in Nashville; attended Peabody College and Goucher College, Baltimore, Md.; active and leader in Junior League interests and social life; md. Oct. 19, 1927, Sydney Frazer Keeble, son of John Bell Keeble and Emmie (Frazer), b. Nov. 25, 1903. Children: 1 Sydney Frazer9 Keeble, Jr., b. Sept. 30, 1928; 2 Gray McLaughlin9 Keeble, b. Oct. 18, 1930.


iii Patrick Mann8 Estes, Jr., b. Feb. 8, 1912, in Nash­ville; attended Univ. of Vanderbilt and Virginia Institute at Charlottesville, LL.B; Counsel for Life and Casualty Insurance Co., Nashville. Unmd.

 6 Lucy Cornelia7 Estes, b. March 4, 1874, in Haywood Co.; leader in church and literary circles wherever she lives; md. Apr. 29, 1896, Paul Fielding Kefauver, son of J. P. Kefauver and Nannie (Rieves), b. May 18, 1863, in Madisonville, Tenn.; sans issue.


7 Moreau Pinckney7 Estes, b. Mar. 16, 1876, in Haywood Co.; active in law practice in Nashville; md. (1) Sept. 14, 1904, in Gallatin, Tenn., Clarabel Turner, dau. of Col. and Mrs. J. J. Turner, d. 1905; md. (2) Lula B. Epperson, dau. of W. R. Bringhurst. Child:


i Clara Clarke8 Estes, b. Aug. 18, 1912.


Md. (3) Apr. 26, 1916, Lilian Cole, dau. of W. H. Cole and Elizabeth. Child:


ii Moreau Pinckney8 Estes, Jr., b. Oct. 10, 1917, in Nashville.


8 Martha Ann7 Estes, b. Sept. 7, 1878; d. Sept. 29, 1879;


bur. in Estes private cemetery, “Estes Hall.”


Joel6 Estes, md. (2) March 11, 1880, in Hanover County, Virginia, Mildred Henry Anderson, dau. of Edmund Anderson and Emily (Day), b. May 10, 1843, in Hanover County, Virginia, d. Nov. 26, 1901, in Haywood County, Tennessee, bur. in Estes private cemetery at “Estes Hall.”




9 Edmund Anderson7 Estes, b. Dec. 6, 1880; successful planter and 4th generation to live at “Estes Hall”; md. Oct. 10,1899, in Athens, Tenn., Rose Matlock, dau. of G. W. Matlock and Julia (Lane), b. Aug. 9, 1881. Child:


i Joel Henry8 Estes, III, b. Nov. 9, 1911, in Haywood Co.; md. May 16, 1936, Margaret Claire Zeller, dau. of Alexander Zeller and Gertrude (Beers- bower).


10 Emily Day7 Estes, b. Nov. 19, 1883; d. July 15, 1884; bur. in Estes private cemetery, “Estes Hall.”


Joel Henry6 Estes, md. (3) Dec. 9, 1904, in Ripley, Tenn., Minnie Landrum Bacon, dau. of Dr. William Thomas Landrum and Sarah Rebecca (Milner) of Oglethorpe Co., Ga. (widow of Thomas J. Bacon whom she married in 1883). No children of Estes marriage.


Information on Joel Henry6 Estes and family was given by Mary Noel7 (Estes) Moody and Patrick Mann7 Estes. Revised, 1938.


V Thomas Ewell6 Estes, b. Jan. 9, 1844; killed July 22, 1864, in battle of Atlanta, Georgia, in same charge with his brother, Moreau Pinckney; unmd.


VI Lucie Quarles6 Estes, b. July 16, 1845, in Haywood County; d. July 22, 1929, in Lauderdale County, Tennessee; md. Sept. 7, 1865, Charles Stephens Olin Rice, son of Shadrack Rice and Louisa (Linerieux), b. Feb. 12, 1841, in Lauderdale County, d. Dec. 17, 1924, at his home in Lauderdale County.


He was a soldier in the War of 1861-65; member of Tennessee State Legislature, 1875-77; prosperous plantation owner in Lauderdale. She was noted for her sweetness of disposition and gracious hospitality. He and his wife and children are buried in private lot near Durhamville, Tennessee.




1 Mary Irene7 Rice, b. Feb. 18, 1867; d. Oct. 17, 1931, in Dyersburg, Tenn., at home of her brother, Ralph Rice; unmd.; unselfish and beloved by all who knew her.


2 Charles Stephens Olin7 Rice, Jr., b. Aug. 21, 1868; d. Aug. 1, 1869.


3 Louisa Linerieux7 Rice, b. Jan. 24, 1870; d. Aug. 10, 1926, in Durant, Okla.; md. Nov. 18,1891, in Lauderdale Co., Tenn., Alonzo P. Blackwell (son of Alonzo Blackwell and Louisa), b. Dec. 1864, successful business man in Durant, Okla.; sans issue.


4 Marion Estes7 Rice, b. Sept. 20, 1871; d. Nov. 18, 1871.


5 Ernest7 Rice, b. Aug. 31, 1872, in Lauderdale Co.; md. Dec. 20, 1902, in Dyersburg, Tenn., Katherine Klyce, dau. of J. M. Klyce and M. Clementine (Kierolf), b. Jan. 26, 1878, prominent socially wherever she lives. Grad, in law from Lebanon College, Tenn., successful attorney and promoter of railroads in Dyersburg; Pres, of Federal Land Bank of Louisville, Ky.; also General Agent of Farm Credit Administration of Louisville; active member of Methodist Church. Member of clubs in Dyersburg, Memphis, Tenn., and Louisville, Ky. (See “Who’s Who in America,” Vol. XVII, page 1929.)






i Katherine Estes8 Rice, b. Dec. 30, 1904; md. Jan. 15, 1929, Harold Gladstone Lowe of Nashville (son of John Lowe and Annie), b. Aug. 31, 1900. Katherine is a writer of books and magazine articles. Children: 1 Harold Gladstone9 Lowe, Jr. b. Aug. 3, 1933; 2 Katherine Rice9 Lowe, b. Jan. 3, 1936.


ii Ernest8 Rice, Jr., b. June 2, 1908; md. Sept. 23, 1931, in Memphis, Tenn., Gladys Work, dau. of C. F. Work and Annie (Few), b. Apr. 28, 1908. Child: Ernest9 Rice, III, b. July 15, 1933.


iii Henry Klyce8 Rice, b. May 2, 1912.


6 Moreau Ewell7 Rice, b. Mar. 17, 1874; md. Apr. 5, 1899, in Haywood Co., Daisy Anderson, dau. of Samuel Anderson and Alice of Va., b. Sept. 28,1874, in Hanover Co., Va. A prosperous merchant and plantation owner in Lauderdale Co. Children (all born in Lauderdale Co.):


i Ewell Linerieux8 Rice, b. Jan. 16, 1900; d. Aug. 16, 1903.


ii Charles Stephens Olin8 Rice, III, b. June 21, 1903; md. Amelia Young in Memphis, Tenn. Child: Charles Stephens Olin9 Rice, IV.


iii Alice Anderson8 Rice, b. June 21, 1907.


iv Moreau Ewell8 Rice, Jr., b. Dec. 11, 1910; md. Oct. 21, 1934, in Brownsville, Tenn., Eula Estelle Walker, dau. of Empson Walker and Eula (Graves), b. Aug. 20, 1910. Child: Joan9 Rice, b. Nov. 16, 1935.


v David John8 Rice, b. Oct. 31, 1914.


vi Infant dau.8, b. d. Mar. 23, 1916.


7 Mattie Sue7 Rice, b. June 28, 1876; d. June 27, 1929; md. Apr. 23,1896, in Lauderdale Co., Clarence Mott Walker, son of Thomas J. Walker and Bettie (Sweet) of Dyers­burg, Tenn., b. Dec. 18, 1872, in Dyer Co. Prominent educator in Dyersburg. Children:


i Thomas Jefferson8 Walker, b. Dec. 7, 1900; md. June 26, 1928, Annabel Draper Bratton, dau. of John T. Bratton and Georgia (Draper), b. June 9, 1905. Children:


1 Annabel9 Walker, b. Apr. 13, 1929;


2 Thomas Jefferson9 Walker, Jr., b. July 24, 1931.

ii Charles Rice8 Walker, b. Oct. 3, 1909; md. June 12, 1938, Roberta, dau. of Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Durham, Ripley, Tenn.


iii Lucie Estes8 Walker, b. Mar. 24, 1913.


8 Shadrack7 Rice, b. Nov. 18, 1877; md. Dec. 23, 1914, in Ripley, Tenn., Lavinia Flournoy Read, dau. of Ed Read and Cora (Fields), b. Oct. 11, 1898. A prosperous land owner in Lauderdale Co. Children (all born in Lauderdale Co.):


i Mary Irene8 Rice, b. Jan. 25, 1916


ii Annie Flournoy8 Rice, b. Aug. 31, 1923


iii Eugenia Read8 Rice, b. Dec. 7, 1929.


9 Lucie Quarles7 Rice, b. Feb. 7, 1878; d. Aug. 27, 1882.


10 Ralph Estes7 Rice, b. July 3, 1883, in Lauderdale Co. Successful lawyer in Dyersburg; md. (1) in Lauderdale Co., Oct. 5, 1910, Rosa Lee Oldham, dau. of E. R. Old­ham and Mattie Lindsay (Bacon), b. May 21, 1886, d. Feb. 10, 1916, in Phoenix, Ariz. Child:


i Cornelia Linerieux8 Rice, b. Aug. 1, 1914, in Phoenix; md. June 12, 1937, Stephen Hopkins, son of Mr. and Mrs. O. Hopkins, Highland Park, Ill., b. Aug. 15, 1913. Child:


1 Stephen Fenton9 Hopkins, b. Aug. 22, 1938, at Marshfield, Wisconsin.


Md. (2) May 28, 1919, in Haywood Co., Myra Landrum Bacon, dau. of Thomas J. Bacon and Minnie (Land­rum), b. Oct. 24, 1886, in Fulton, Tenn. Children:


ii Ralph Estes8 Rice, Jr., b. Mar. 22, 1920.


iii Milton Bacon8 Rice, b. July 19, 1925.


iv Mary Ann Lindsay8 Rice, b. Sept. 20, 1928.


11 & 12 Twins: Boy7 and Girl7, b. Dec. 5, 1888; girl d. Dec. 13, 1888; boy d. Dec. 29, 1888. No names.


Information as to the family of Lucie Quarles (Estes) Rice was given by Ernest7 Rice. Revised 1938.


VII Edward Carey6 Estes, b. Sept. 10, 1847; d. July 10,1848.


VIII Albert Carey6 Estes, b. June 17, 1849; d. July 21, 1887, at home in Brownsville; md. Nov. 6, 1872, in Brownsville, Leon­ora Perry Mann, dau. of Austin Mann and Phredonia (Brad­ford), b. May 17, 1852, d. March 16, 1887, in Brownsville; both buried in family lot in Oakwood Cemetery, Brownsville.


Albert Carey6 Estes graduated from University of Virginia; leading attorney at Law in Brownsville; large plantation owner in Haywood County; was known for his handsome physique, gracious and courtly manners. Leonora Perry (Mann) Estes was a woman of rare beauty and charm; both members of the Baptist church.




1 Phredonia Bradford7 Estes, b. Aug. 26, 1873; active in leadership in clubs, church, social life; member of Bap­tist church; Daughters of the American Revolution; United Daughters of the Confederacy, and other clubs; graduated from Brownsville Female College; musical and artistic; md. Jan. 14, 1897, in Brownsville, Robert Cooke Kefauver, son of Jacob Peter Kefauver and Nancy (Rieves), b. Aug. 25, 1870, in Madisonville, Tenn., prominent citizen and business man; Children:


i Elizabeth8 Kefauver, b. Dec. 1, 1897; d. Oct. 8, 1901.


ii Robert Fielding8 Kefauver, b. April 19, 1901; d. Aug. 9, 1914.


iii Carey Estes8 Kefauver, b. July 26, 1903; grad, from Univ. of Tenn.; grad, from Yale Law School, 1927; prominent Attorney at Law in Chattanooga, member of Chambliss, Sizer and Kefauver Law firm; awarded medal as outstanding citizen in Chattanooga for year 1936 in civic work; member of Baptist church; Sons of the American Revolution; social and business clubs, town and country; md. Aug. 8, 1935, in Glasgow, Scotland, Nancy Patterson Pigott, dau. of Stephen J. Pigott and Mary (Lewis), b. Jan. 21, 1911, in Glasgow. She possesses rare mentality and charm.


iv Nancy Rieves8 Kefauver, b. Jan. 10, 1907; talented artist.


v Lenora Mann8 Kefauver, b. Apr. 9, 1911; teacher of Domestic Science.


2 Ewell Moreau7 Estes, b. Feb. 24, 1876; d. Sept. 9, 1877; bur. in family lot in Oakwood Cemetery, Brownsville.


3 Albert Carey7 Estes, Jr., b. May 16, 1878; graduated from literary and law departments in Vanderbilt University, Nashville; practiced law in Brownsville; unmd.


Information on Albert Carey6 Estes and family was given by Phredonia Bradford7 (Estes) Kefauver. Revised, 1938.

4 Jefferson Mann7 Estes, b. July 18, 1881; d. Aug. 23, 1924; md. Dec. 11, 1899, in Covington, Tenn., Ruby Grace Wynne, b. about 1882. Children:


i Ada Virginia8 Estes, b. Nov. 18, 1900; md. (1) Joseph Petrie Lyons, Attorney at Law in Memphis, Tenn. Child:


1 William Estes9 Lyons, b. March 1, 1922; he has received distinction as a movie actor and, also in musical circles.


Md. (2) Frederick Minter of Hollywood, Cal. Child: Frederick9 Minter, Jr., b. Dec. 6, 1923.


Md. (3) Nov. 18, 1935, Thomas Prentice, son of Thomas Prentice (Ship owner) and Mary Beatrice (Curtis) of Glasgow, Scotland, and Symington House, Symington. She was featured as a movie star by name of “Virginia Bradford.”


ii Ruby Grace8 Estes, b. Sept. 7, 1901; md. Aug. 24, 1924, George Frederick Cannons, a very well known and established London photographer. Child­ren: 1 Annie Mae9 Cannons, b. Sept. 10, 1925; 2 Robert Estes9 Cannons, b. March 9, 1927; 3 Wini­fred Joyce9 Cannons, b. Aug. 9, 1928; 4 Harry George9 Cannons, b. March 27, 1930; 5 Mary Edith9 Cannons, b. Sept. 28, 1933.


iii Mary Leila8 Estes, b. Feb. 11, 1904.


5 Leonora Perry7 Estes, b. June 8, 1884; mild and gentle in spirit; beloved by all; md. Nov. 6, 1908, Dr. Timothy Daniel Welch, son of Ranson J. Welch and Frances (Rogers) of Miss., b. Feb. 2,1877. Children (all born in Mississippi):


i Phredonia Estes8 Welch, b. Feb. 12, 1912.


ii Frances Rogers8 Welch, b. July 16, 1914; md. Mar. 26, 1938, Harry Eugene Guthrie, son of William Albert Guthrie and Jay Guyula (Endridge), b. Dec. 13, 1916.


iii Olivia Bradford8 Welch, b. May 4, 1916.


iv Richard Noel8 Welch, b. Nov. 19, 1924.


Information on Jefferson Mann7 Estes and his family was given by Ada Virginia8 (Estes) Prentice and Ruby Grace8 (Estes) Cannons and Ruby Grace (Wynne) Estes. Revised, 1938.


Information on Leonora Perry7 (Estes) Welch was given by Mrs. Welch and children. Revised, 1938.

Note: On page 14 “The Cary Family in England,” by Henry G. Cary, Boston, Mass., the author states that the name Cary was changed to Carey, by his father in 1820.


Note: Albert Carey6 Estes was a member of the 7th Tenn­essee Regiment Co. D, Cavalry, Forrest Brigade, Haywood Co. Rangers, in the war between the States, 1861-65; he join­ed the army the day he was 14 years old.


The following memorial Albert Carey6 Estes dedicated to his children:


“My children God bless you and make you noble men and women.


The Estes blood and name is honorable, true and brave.


Prove yourselves worthy members of this ancient family.


Your loving Father,


Albert Carey Estes.”


IX Sarah Belle6 Estes, b. March 3, 1852; d. May 25, 1852.


X Francis Marion6 Estes, b. Aug. 26, 1854, in Haywood County,Tenn.; d. June 19, 1909, at his home in St. Louis, Missouri; bur. in Belfontaine Cemetery, St. Louis; graduated from Univer­sity of Virginia; McGill University, Montreal, Canada; promin­ent Attorney at Law in St. Louis; Judge on Bench of Law; member of Baptist church; clubs of political, patriotic and social interests; was known for his immaculate personal appearance and courtly manners; md. (1) Oct. 13, 1875, in Dyersburg, Tenn., Sarah Fredonia Phillips, dau. of James William Phillips and Martha Almedia (Williamson), b. Dec. 4, 1855, d. June 16, 1902, brilliant mentality and musical.




1 Francis Moreau7 Estes, b. Nov. 15, 1880; an active and influential mining engineer in Mexico and South America; md. March 30, 1914, Mary Phelan, dau. of James Phelan (Congressman from Tennessee) and Mary (Early), b. Sept. 23, 1888, in Memphis, Tenn. Child: i Marion Clayton8 Estes, b. Jan. 17, 1915; md. (1) June 6, 1932, Ensign Laurence William Smythe, U. S. Navy; md. (2) June 12, 1935, at El Paso, Texas, Lt. Ludwell Rector Pickett of U. S. Navy, son of Mrs. L. R. Pickett of Pocahontas, Ark., died in aeroplane accident, 1937.


2 Grace7 Estes, b. Feb. 19,1883, in St. Louis, Mo.; talented in music; president of musical, patriotic and literary clubs; Daughters of the American Revolution in Fred­ericktown, Mo.; md. Dec. 26, 1907, in St. Louis, Charles Thomas Smith, son of James Washington Smith and Sarah Catherine (Thomas), b. July 27, 1876, in Glendale, Ky., mining executive in Mo. Child: i Fairleigh Estes8 Smith, b. Dec. 9, 1908, in Laredo, Tex.; grad, from Va. Military Institute; Chemical Engineer; Post grad, work at M.I.T., Boston, Mass.; md. at New Rochelle, N. Y., March 7,1936, Norna Barry McNab, dau. of Alexander J. McNab and Doris (Bingay), b. July 20,1912, at Thompson, Nev. Child: Alexander Fairleigh Estes7 Smith, b. Feb. 2, 1938, at Cleveland, Ohio.


Francis Marion6 Estes, md. (2) Aug. 5, 1896, in St. Louis, Missouri, Nellie Stockton, dau. of Edward Stockton and Nellie (Mitchell), b. Mar. 31, 1870, in St. Louis, Missouri, known for her musical talents and gracious hospitality.




3 Stockton Marion7 Estes, b. Feb. 16, 1898, in St. Louis; banker and business man in New York; md. Dec. 29, 1925, in Alexandria, La., Cecelia Benjamin Slack, dau. of Rev. William Samuel Slack and Caroline Augusta (Benjamin), b. Sept. 23, 1901, known and beloved for her charm, intellect and social talents. Children:


i Cecelia Benjamin8 Estes, b. Feb. 21, 1928.


ii Richard Stockton8 Estes, b. Sept. 17, 1930.


iii Joel Cutter8 Estes, b. July 9, 1933. (All children were b. in Alexandria, La.)


Information as to Francis Marion6 Estes and his family was given by Grace7 (Estes) Smith and Cecelia Benjamin (Slack) Estes. Revised, 1938.


Excerpt from a letter written by Hon. P. M. Estes, June 4, 1910:


“My dear May: Our Grandfather was Moreau Pinckney Estes who married Mary Quarles Noel. I have a photo of both. I enclose a copy of a letter recently written to my


Father concerning this Mary Noel which explains much that you are acquainted with in the gentle character and loving maternal interest of your Mother and all of their children.”




Cornelius Noel: “Journals of the House of Burgesses of Vir­ginia,” 1659/60-93; November 7, 1666.


(Note: “He must have come to America in 1652 since one had to live here fourteen years before naturalization.”)


“Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,” Vol. XVII, page 244-45, “Cornelius Noel petition for citizenship in this country.” James City, Virginia Journal of the Grand Assembly, November 8, 1666, page 42.


“Whereas Cornelius Noel hath long lived in this Country, servant and Freeman and of the Reformed Religion and hath taken Land with a full resolution to make his constant abode in this Country and to demean himself as a true and faithful servant towards his Majesty and his Leige people, hath peti­tioned he might be admitted a Denizen of this Country.


“It is by the Governor Council and Burgesses of this Grand Assembly Granted and Ordered that the said Cornelius Noel be made a free Denizen.


Ut. in Aliis & Co. William Berkley, Governor.”


“ . . Noel a Mariner came from England to Tappa­hannock, Essex County, Virginia, after 1660 with a party of Huguenots, among whom were some of his own family.” (Probably Cornelius Noel was the mariner.)


“After 1660 the Noel family in Hanover Co., Va., owned the land upon which the Noel’s settled.”


“ . . . Noel, supposed to have been a brother settled in North Carolina.”


“Old Rappahannock Record Deed Book 3,” 1663-68, page 342. Feb. 16, 1666-67. Cornelius Noell, Wm. Coffin, Henry Jearman (later Jarman) and John Powell, divide land they had patented Sep. 25, 1665. (This was patented 1697 on Occupacea Creek. “State Land Office Book 5,” page 469.)

“Old Rappannock Record Will and Deed Book 9,” 1696-99, page 337. Will of Cornelius Noell dated Jan. 10, 1698-9, proved June 20, 1699, wife Elizabeth to son James, land called “New Holland”; dau. Eliz. Noell (who is under age) son Daniel Noell; dau. Mary Clutson, Dau. Margaret Connellie, sons Cornelius and James Noell (who are both under age.)


“Essex Deed and Will Book 10,” 1699-1702, page 56, April 27, 1686. Naturalization granted Cornelius Noell, born in Holland (notice in his will he names his plantation, “New Holland.”


“I suspect he was English by descent, but his parents may have lived in Holland a while as many of the English did. John Custis, altho an Englishman, lived in Rotterdam until he came to Virginia.” H.


Essex County Records


(Essex County was formed in 1692 from a part of Old Rappa-


Cornelius Noel, b. ——-; d. 1699; md. Elizabeth —-—. Child­ren: James, b. by 1678 (since he was of age when his father made his will). This is probably he: “Essex Will Book 6,” page 295: Will of Jas. Noel, dated October 15, 1733, proved April 21, 1741, mentions sons Jas. Cornelius, John, Edward, Joseph and Thomas to whom he leaves land lying on Occupacea Creek; wife Eliz. “to three sons, Rice, Reuben and Richard and 2 daughters, Milly and Hester 3 parts of the rest of my negroes and my per­sonable estate.” Wife extrix. and sons Jas. and Cornelius exor. (This sounds as if he were married twice.)


Wit: Thos. Ramsey, Richard Ellitt, Caleb Ellitt.


“Will Book 6,” page 338, September 15, 1741, Division of Jas. Noell’s estate. The shares of the estate coming to Thos., Rice, Reuben, Rich’d and Milly were left in the hands of the Estrix (showing these children were under age). Esther by this time was married and received her share as Esther Garnett.


(“Virginia County Records I.”) Richard C. Noel of Essex County md. Mary Crutchfield of Spotsylvania County (Deed Book, page 453, No. 1).

(Halifax County Virginia Census 1785) Thomas Noell: 12 white souls, 2 dwellings, 2 other dwellings.


Cornelius Noel, b.               ; d.          ; md. Anna ——•.


Estate appraised Jan. 19, 1767; Will Book 12. Appraisement of estate of Cornelius Noel; Anna Noel, Admtrix; same Will Book, page 438, Dec. 16, 1771, settlement of Anna Noel’s estate; Cornelius Noel, Jr. is mentioned. Mary, eldest dau. of Cornelius Noel (“Virginia County Records, Vol. VI, page 11).


Cornelius Noel, Jr., b. about 1757; d. in Bedford County, Virginia, 1821; md. Sally (probably Ewell of Hanover County, although the last name is not mentioned), dau. of Thomas Ewell and Mary (Bennett) (“Virginia Magazine of History and Biog­raphy,” Vol. XXXI, page 347). Thomas Ewell and Mary Ben­nett Ewell deed to lands in Virginia (“Virginia Magazine of His­tory and Biography,” Vol. XXI, page 298). “Capt. Thos. Ewell for police (“Virginia Revolutionary Army Records,” Mar. 20, 1778).


(Will of Cornelius Noel in full on pages 201-202.)


“Archives Division Virginia State Library, Caroline Chancery Court Papers,” July 2,1792. By this date Mary, dau. of Stapleton Crutchfield, had married Richard, son of Rice Noel of Essex County.


(This information is also given in “Crozier’s Spotsylvania County,” page 453. Rice was a son of Jas. Noel, d. 1741, in Essex County (secured by B.A.C.).


“The records of Hanover County prior to 1865 were destroyed in that year. There are no records here prior to that date."


(Signed) C. W. Taylor, Clerk, November 1937.


Note: We have written innumerable letters trying to verify the last name of Sally (wife of Cornelius Noel, Jr.). From names continued in the Noel and in the Estes families, it seems plausible that Sally was an Ewell and that Ewell Noel was one of the children, although his name is not mentioned in the Will of Cornelius Noel, Jr. The names, Cornelia, Thom­as Ewell and Ewell Noel, Thomas Ewell Estes have passed to several generations. M. F. W.

Ewell Noel, b. 1782, in Hanover County, Virginia; d. Aug. 1856, in Maury County, Tennessee; moved from Hanover County in 1833 and settled in Maury County (now Crockett County,

Tennessee); md. Lucy Hilliard, dau. of ___ . Hilliard and Mary (Quarles), b. Oct. 4,1761, dau. of Henry Quarles and Mary (Williamson) of Hanover County. (Deed: “Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,” Vol. XXV, page 291).


Children of Ewell Noel and Lucy Quarles Hilliard:


1 Maria (or Eliza) Noel.


2 Mary Quarles Noel, b. Nov. 13, 1820, in Hanover Co., Va.; d. Apr. 16, 1859, in Haywood Co., Tenn.; md. Nov. 10, 1836, Moreau Pinckney Estes, son of Joel Estes and Sarah Langhorne (Bates). (See complete genealogy, pages 150-177).


3 Fanny Noel, b. ___ ; d. ___ ; md. Richard Shelton. Children:


i Ella


ii Tom


iii Noel


iv Gus Shelton.


4 Lucy Ann Noel, b. ——; md. (1) Mr. Sweet; (2) Coltrer Midgett.


5 Betty Noel, b. ___ ; md. Tom Moody. Children:


i Ida Moody, md. Mr. Loving (several children)


ii Mattie Moody, md. Mr. Caruthers


iii Moreau Moody, b. ___  


iv John D. Moody


v Will Moody


vi Date Moody, md. Miss Penn.


Ewell Noel, md. (2) Miss Coslem.




6 Ellen Noel, md. Mr. King. Children:


i Augusta King; md. Mr. Goodloe


ii J. W. King


iii Will King.


7 Thomas Edwin Noel, b. May 25, 1824, in Hanover Co., Va.; d. Nov. 6, 1891, in Bells, Tenn. (Crockett Co.); md. three times. Md. (1) Mary Frances Noel, a cousin, probably a dau. of Tom Noel from Campbell Co., Va. Children:


i Mary Edwina Noel, b. Nov. 4, 1857; d. May 22, 1899; md. Apr. 27, 1875, T. Walter Hardy. Child­ren:


1 Mary Noel Hardy, b. Aug. 20, 1877; md. Walter Bell, Nov. 21, 1900.


2 Corinne Hardy, b. July 29, 1879; d. Feb. 7, 1890.


3 T. Walter Hardy, Jr., b. June 27, 1881; md. July 17, 1912, Jane Smith Tillman of Nashville (of prominent Washington and Tillman fami­lies). Children:


i Tillman Hardy


ii T. Walter Hardy


iii Louis Hardy.


4 Florence Hardy, b. Jan. 20, 1884; md. May 30, 1907, Dr. Frederick Bowman of Jacksonville, Fla. Children:


i Mary Noel Bowman, md.


ii Frederick Hardy Bowman, md.     ;


iii Cecelia Bowman.


5 Edwin Hardy, b. Aug. 12, 1888; md. Charlotte Howard Reeden. Child:


i Mary Noel Hardy.


6 Ewell Noel Hardy, b. Dec. 23, 1890; md. Dec. 30, 1922, Edna Strathman. Child: Ewell Hardy.


7 Carey Estes Hardy, b. about 1892; md. Gladys Brown. Child:


i James Hardy.


8 James B. Hardy, unmd.


ii Ewell Noel, b. July 26, 1861; d. March 18, 1912; md. Maud Hicks of Bells, Tenn. Children:


1 Norma Noel, b. ——, md. Stanley Richards, no children.


2 Thomas Edwin Noel, unmd.


3 Corinne Noel, md. Henry Carr.


Thomas Edwin Noel md. (2) Emma Green. Child:


iii Olive Noel, b. Sept. 1, 1880; md. Nov. 24, 1908, William L. Cawthorne. Children:


1 Norma Noel Cawthorne, 

2 Carolyn Cawthorne,  md. Tom Roth. Children:


i Thomas Moses Roth, Jr


ii Wm. Cawthorne Roth


3 Katherine Cawthorne.


Thomas Edwin Noel, md. (3) Katherine Ford of N. C. Child:


iv Laura Gallaway Noel, md. Hendrix Cox Graham.


Information on Ewell Noel and his descendants was given by Olive (Noel) Cawthorne, 1937.


Noell Family in “Virginia Genealogy Magazine,” Vol. IX, No. 2, Feb. 1820.


Cornelius Noell, Sr., died in Bedford County, Virginia, in 1821; he left a will dated 14 Oct. 1820 which was probated in Bedford County, 27 March 1821. In it he mentions his wife, Sally Noell; dau. Ann Cobbs; Sally Milner; Elizabeth Ronald; Peggy Estes (md. Benjamin T. Estes, March 22, 1813, son of Benjamin Estes); Polly Milner, Susan Merritt; Cornelius Noel; Jesse Noell, Simon M.; James; John, Cabel. Simon M., Cornelius and Jesse Noell qualified as executors of the will.


Jesse Noell died in Bedford County, Virginia, October 1821; he left a non-cupative will which was proved and probated in Bedford County 27 November 1821. His wife was Miss Judith Shelton Price, dau. of Charles Price to whom he was married 17 January 1802; he left his estate to his wife and children, Living­stone P. Noell; Lameria A.; Eliza S.; Catherine J., md. William D. Street; Jesse M. Noell.


Subsequently on December 23, 1824, Mrs. Judith S. Noell, widow of Jesse Noell, deceased, united in marriage with John L. Cobbs. The following are the children of that marriage: Vir­ginia L. Cobbs, md. Charles W. Price; Amanda Cobbs; Thomas N. Cobbs, md. Miss Margaret L. Buford.


Mrs. Judith Shelton Cobbs died in 1848, and in 1849 the two sets of children united in a friendly suit in the County Court of Bedford and had the two estates of the late Jesse Noell and Mrs. Judith S. Cobbs equally divided between them.


Thomas Noell died in Bedford County, Virginia 1831. He left a will dated 9 September 1831 which was probated in Bedford County 26 September 1831. His wife is not mentioned in his will; it is presumed she had departed life. He mentions his daughter, Polly P. Noell; Catherine Falls; son, John C. Noell; Zachary Noell; dau. Permeter Douglass, son-in-law, Uriah Hatcher who married daughter, Nancy Noell; son Richard Noell’s two daugh­ters, Mary and Carrisinda; dau. Theodosia Baughn’s nine chil­dren, to wit: Adeline; Johnson; Sarah;Gilliam; Samuel H.Baughn; Richard C. Baughn; Elizabeth Baughn, Frances Baughn; Mill­iard Baughn.


Milliard, Zachary Baughn and John C. Noell qualified as executors of the will.


Charles Noell died in Bedford County, Virginia 1839; he left a will dated 20 August 1833 which was probated in Bedford County Court 28, January 1839. In it he mentions his wife Susan Noell; dau. Mary L. Noell; Nancy D. Noell; Avery G. Noell; Martha H. Noell; son William E. Noell; dau. Elizabeth H. Gaines, wife of Robert F. Gaines; grandson Charles I. Fox, son of dau. Catherine N. Fox; granddau. Sally Ann Fox, dau. of dau. Catherine N. Fox. William E. Noell qualified as executor of will 22 April 1839.


Reference Books And Magazines


“A History of Caroline County, Virginia—From its Formation in 1727 to 1924. Compiled from the Original Records and Authentic Sources and Illustrations,” by Marshall Wingfield


“American Family Antiquity,” by Albert Welles


“Americans of Royal Descent,” by Chas. Browning


“Augusta County Virginia Records,” by Lyman Chankley


“Bates Family,” by Onward Bates


“Beatrice and Isabella d’Este,” by Julia Cartwright


“Bell Family in America,” by William M. Clemens


“British Family Names,” by Rev. Henry Barber


“Biggar and the House of Fleming,” by William Hunter, F. S. A. Scot


“Cary Family in England,” by Henry G. Cary


“Cary Memorials,” by S. F. Cary


“Cavaliers and Pioneers—Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents,” by Nell Marion Nugent


“Colonial Families of the Southern States,” by Stella Pickett Hardy


“Colonial Families of the United States,” Edited by George Norbury MacKenzie


“Collins Peerage of England,” by Sir Egerton Brydges, K.J. “Colonial Virginia Register,” by William G. and Mary Newton Stanard


“Cradle of the Republic,” by Lyon G. Tyler


“Dictionary of Royal Lineage,” by C. M. Allstrom


“Douglas Register of Goochland County, Virginia,” by W. Mac Jones. Transcribed and edited 1928


“Dormant and Extinct Peerage of the British Empire,” by J. Bernard Burke, Esq.


“Estes Family of Henry County, Virginia,” in “History of Henry County,” by Judith Parks America Hill


“Estes Genealogies, 1097-1893,” by Chas. Estes


“Fairbairn’s Book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland,” Revised by Arthur Charles Fox-Davies


“Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain,” by Sir Bernard Burke, Esq.


“Genealogical Tables of the Sovereigns of the World,” by Rev. William Betham


“Genealogical Tables,” by Hereford B. George, M.A., F.R.G.S.


“History of Albemarle County, Virginia,” by Rev. Edgar Woods “History of Augusta County, Virginia,” by J. Lewis Peyton “History of Halifax County, Virginia,” by Wirt Johnson Carring­ton


“History of Henry County,Virginia,” by Judith Parks America Hill “History of Henrico Parish 1611-1904,” by J. Staunton Hoors “History of Orange County, Virginia,” by W. N. Scott “History of Yorkshire,” by Plantagenet-Harrison, Marshal General, H.K.G.


“Historical Collection of Virginia,” by Henry Howe


“Illustrious Families of Italy,” by Conte Pompeo Litta “Index of Printed Virginia Genealogies,” by Robert Armstrong Stewart


“Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia,” 1619-1776 inclusive. Edited by H. R. Mcllwaine


“King and Queen County,” by Alfred Bagby


“Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland,” by J. Bernard Burke, Esq.


“Lewis and Kindred Families,” by John Meriwether McAllister and Lura Boulton Tandy


“Marquis of Montrose,” by John Buchan


“Marshall Family,” by W. M. Paxton


“Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Vir­ginia,” Edited by H. R. Mcllwaine


“Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia,” by Bishop Meade

“Prominent Families of the United States of America,” by- Arthur Meredyth Burke


“Pocahontas and Her Descendants,” by Wyndham Robertson and R. A. Brock


“Royal Families of England, Scotland and Wales,” by Sir Ber­nard Burke, Esq.


“Some Prominent Virginia Families,” by Louise Perquet Du- Bellett


“Spotsylvania County Records, 1721-1800,” Edited by William Armstrong Crozier


“The Encyclopaedia Britannica,” 11th Edition, “House of Este,” by The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the University of Cambridge


“The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales,” by Sir Bernard Burke, C.B., LL.D.


“The Old Free State,” Lunenburg County, Virginia, by Landon C. Bell


“The Planters of Colonial Virginia,” by Thomas J. Wertenbaker “The Proud Servant,” by Margaret Irwin “The Virginia Carys,” An Essay in Genealogy Printed Privately “Tyler’s Quarterly, Historical and Genealogical Magazine,” Edited by Lyon G. Tyler, M.A., LL.D.


“Virginia Counties: Those resulting from Virginia Legislation,” by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson


“Virginia Genealogies,” by Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden “Virginia County Records, ’’Edited by William Armstrong Crozier “Virginia Magazine of History and Biography,” Edited by Wil­liam G. Stanard


“Virginia Statutes at Large,” by William Waller Hening “Virginia Wills and Administrations, 1632-1800,” by Clayton Terrence


“Visitations of the County of Devon,” by Col. J. L. Vivian “Visitations of Yorkshire, 1584/5-1612,” by Glover and St. George


“William and Mary Quarterlies,” Edited by Lyon G. Tyler “Worthies of Devon,” by John Prince


Errata (added by Helen Estes Seltzer in 1979)

Page 57, line 37. Documented date and place of David Bell’s death is un­available.


Ref.: ARGUS, a Richmond, Va. newspaper, Vol. XX, p. 364 was death date of another David Bell who died in his 20’s, perhaps our David Bell’s nephew, son of his brother Henry.


Source: Head Archivist, Va. State Library, Richmond, Va. David Bell lived in Buckingham Co. at the time of his death. All records were destroyed by fire during the Civil War. The microfilm of death records and Wills of all counties surrounding Buckingham was thoroughly examined by the author. Then the Head Archivist advised that we assume that David Bell died at his home, “Bellmont”, in Buckingham Co. This exhaustive research was a vital part of Helen Estes Seltzer’s proof of descendancy from the original immi­grant, Miles Cary, for membership in the National Society of Colonial Dames of America.


Page 58, lines 14 and 15. ii Harrison (11) Branch and iii “a daughter” are children of Rebecca (10) Bell who married a Mr. Branch. They are not Re­becca’s brother and sister, children of Henry (9) Bell.


Source: Since their last name is “Branch” and not “Bell”, it is logical that they belong to Henrietta Bell (10) Branch and her husband, not to her father.


Page 58, line 34. Eliza Violet (10) Gist, b. 10 Nov. 1794.


Source: Elizabeth Blair (14) Douglas (Mrs. Victor Douglas) of Victor, Mont.


Page 58, line 35. Francis Preston Blair, b. 12 Apr. 1791.


Source: Elizabeth Blair Douglas.


Page 59, line 16. Year of birth of Maurice (10) Langhorne: 1755.


Source: Hand-corrected by co-author, May Folk Webb, (Mrs. James Avery Webb) in her personal copy.


Page 61, line 41 and page 62, lines 1-9. Marriage refs, of Elizabeth Cary Bell to Daniel Bates are all incorrect and date 21 May 1776 is not documented. Sources: Ref. 1. Not registered in “Theological Seminary, Alexandria, Va.” They have no such records.


Ref. 2, “Deed Book 13, p. 449” was found to refer to the marriage of Eliza­beth Bell Bates’ daughter, Judith Cary Bates, to John Friend. A copy of this document is included in the Cary Appendix of the CARY-ESTES-MOORE GENEALOGY.


Refs. 3 & 4. “Wm. and Mary Quarterly, Vol. XV, pp. 33-34 and Vol. XVII.” Neither of these refs, mentioned the Bell-Bates marriage.


Ref. 5. “Bates Genealogy, p. 73” contained no information about this mar­riage.



Refs. 6 & 7. “Nat’l Cyclopaedia of Amer. Biography, Vol. VII, pp. 93 & 302, Vol. XXVIII-IX” and “Woods History of Albemarle Co., Records I, V, VI, VII” were non-existent in the knowledge of the Head Librarian of the Va. State Library and the Penna. Hist. Soc.


Page 64, lines 35 and 36. John Evans Uzzell’s descendant, Thomas Uzzell did not come to America with Lafayette.


Source: Will Book 20, p. 342, “appraisement of the estate of Thomas Uz­zell on Feb. 10, 1837.” Among the articles listed of interest were one Quad­rant, one box of surveyor’s instruments and one ‘puter still worm.’ Tradi­tion in Isle of Wight Co. runs that this Thomas was a sea captain. He was known as “Capt. Thomas Uzzell.” This accounts for his possession of the quadrant, and is the basis of the erroneous tradition in the Pecan Point, Ark. branch of the family that they descended from a man who came over from France with Lafayette and commanded a ship. Stephen Uzzell, Lt. Col. - USAR - Ret., Bryn Mawr, Pa. supplied the above data from ISLE OF WIGHT RECORDS RELATING TO THE UZZELL FAMILY.


Page 105, line 8. Spellings are Lucie Gywnne (5) Estes and Lucie Gywne (5) Estes.


Source: Lucie Howard (7) Carter (Mrs. John Otey Carter, Jr.) of Lookout Mt., Tenn. for first spelling; earlier family records give the one “n” version.


Page 136, line 8. Col. Triplett Thorpe (4) Estes.


Source: Death Notice: “Col. Triplett Estes d. at Old Lynsville, 8 Dec. 1857,” from Pattie Percival’s family history supplied by Louis Collier (8) Estes of Atlanta, Ga.


Page 136, line 8. Triplett Thorpe (4) Estes, b. 1773, d. 1857 at age 84. Source: Louis Collier Estes.


Page 136, lines 18 and 19 and page 137, line 38. Charlotte (5) Estes was Wm. Triplett (4) Estes’ first child and was 15 yrs. older than Wm. Triplett (5) Estes, Jr.


Source: Virginia Bragdon Melton Ponton (Mrs. Cooper Ponton) of South- bury, Conn.


Page 136, line 19. Louisa Alston Riddick.


Source: Virginia Ponton.


Page 136, line 23. Margaret Estes md. John Ponton.

Page 136, line 24. Margaret (5) Estes and John Ponton had six children. Source: Virginia Ponton.


Page 136, line 40. Joseph Riddick (6) Estes md. Willie Frank Redd in Columbus, Ga.


Source: Mary Zaretta (8) Brooks Garner (Mrs. Thomas Edwin Garner) of Decatur, Ga.


Page 136, line 28. Henderson (7) Estes’ son’s name is Johnston.


Source: Henderson Estes’ Death Certificate from The Baker Funeral Home, Middletown, Ohio.


Page 136, lines 31 and 32. Henderson Estes was never Attorney General of the State of Ohio.


Source: Records of the Office of the Ohio Attorney General.


Further research uncovered that Henderson Estes was listed as “an Assistant Attorney General” for the year 1937.


Source: The Ohio Reference Library, 1937, the State of Ohio.


Page 137, lines 4 and 5. Louis (6) Estes was the 5th child and Bessie (6) Estes the 6th child of Wm. (5) Triplett Estes, Jr.


Source: Virginia Ponton.


Page 137, line 37. Marian (6) Estes was adopted by the Stanger family. Sources: Mary Zaretta Garner and Virginia Ponton.


Page 156, line 11. Albert Monroe (5) Estes bur. in the Pickett family private cemetery on a farm now owned by Mr. Jamie Elder, in Lauderdale Co., Term. The stone is still standing and the inscriptions legible.


Source: Warner Moore (8) Estes of Haywood Co., Tenn. discovered the stone, reported it to the author and accompanied her to the site to photo­graph it for inclusion in the up-date of this volume, THE CARY-ESTES- MOORE GENEALOGY’


Page 156, line 33. Albert Monroe (7) Estes, III.


Source: He is the third Albert Monroe Estes in succession.


Page 156, line 34 and page 158, line 39. Sallie (7) Estes was christened “Sarah Lois”. The “Sarah” was later changed to “Sallie”, and the “Lois” dropped altogether.


Source: Sallie (7) Estes (Mrs. Albert Monroe Estes, III) of Orysa, Tenn.


Page 156, line 35. Louis Powhatan (6) Estes.



Page 159, line 28. Lloyd C. Taylor, III.


Source: His father was Lloyd C. Taylor, Jr.


Page 159, lines 35 and 36. Edward Wynne (7) Estes, md. 13 Sept. 1929. Source: Himself, of Virginia Beach, Va.


Page 159, lines 37 and 38. Patricia (8) Estes, b. 28 Aug. 1931.


Source: Edward Wynne Estes.


Page 159, line 38. Wm. L. (8) Estes, III, b. 25 Jan. 1934.


Source: Edward Wynne Estes.


Page 164, line 7. Virginia Jefferies.


Source: William Jefferies (9) Mann of Memphis, Tenn.


Page 164, lines 8 and 9. William Jefferies (9) Mann, b. 14 Apr. 1933. Source: Himself.


Page 167, line 28. Louella Whitehead (8) Wilson.


Source: Andrew Mann (9) Wills of Lakeland, Fla.


Page 167, line 31. Louella Wilson Wills.


Source: Andrew Mann Wills.


Page 167, lines 34 and 35. David Womack (9) Wills, b. 24 Nov. 1931. Source: Andrew Mann Wills.


Page 167, lines 35 and 36. John Thomas Thaddeus (9) Wills, b. 27 Sept. 1933.


Source: Andrew Mann Wills.


Page 175, line 11. James George (8) Snedecor, II, grad. Iowa State College 1939.


Source: Himself, Amherst, Mass.


Page 175, line 14. James A. (7) Campbell, d. 8 Sept. 1962.


Source: James A. (8) Campbell, Jr. of Griffin, Ga.


Page 175, line 21. Richard O’Neale (8) Campbell.


Source: Emily Estes (8) Campbell Boland (Mrs. Fay Boland) of Avondale Estates, Ga.


Page 175, line 33. Ione (7) Snedecor, grad. Univ. of Ala. 1906.

Page 175, line 43. Thomas Estes (8) Maxwell, b. 6 July 1919.


Source: James Snedecor (8) Maxwell, Sr. of Tuscaloosa, Ala.; also Ione Snedecor Family Bible record.


Page 177, line 33. Sarah (7) Phillips, b. 26 Aug. 1911.


Source: Rowan Allen (8) Greer, III of New Haven, Conn.


Page 177, lines 35 and 36. Flora (6) Estes, b. 16 June 1882, md. Rowan Adams Greer.


Source: Rowan Allen Greer, III.


Page 181, line 36. Winston Estes Pilcher (8) Folk.


Source: Himself, of Old Lyme, Conn.


Page 181, line 38. Winston Estes Pilcher (8) Folk, md. Pauline Brown 6 June 1931.


Source: Rear Admiral Winston Estes Pilcher Folk, USN - Ret.


Page 183, line 16. Robert McGill Thomas.


Source: Robert McGill (9) Thomas, Jr. of New York City.


Page 185, line 15. Hilliard Folk (9) Phillips, b. 16 June 1934.


Source: Himself, of Nashville, Tenn.


Page 185, line 24. Lucile Cornelia (7) Folk, b. Orysa, Lauderdale Co., Tenn.


Source: May Folk Webb - correction written by her in her personal copy of CARY-ESTES.


Page 186, line 1. Allen Estes (8) Cox, b. Milan, Tenn.


Source: May Folk Webb - handwritten correction.


Page 187, line 5. Mary Noel (7) Estes, b. 1864.


Source: Thomas Edwin (10) Moody, IV of San Antonio, Texas.


Page 187, line 15. Anna Herron, b. 1881.


Source: Thomas Edwin Moody, IV.


Page 187, line 17. Mary Groover Knowles.


Source: Wm. Reece (9) Smith, Jr., of Tampa, Fla.


Page 187, line 25. James Shelton (9) Moody, b. 1914.


Source: PLANT CITY: ITS ORIGIN AND HISTORY, by Quintilla Bruton and D.E. Bailey, Jr., Valkyrie Press, Inc., St. Petersburg, Fla., 1977.



Page 187, lines 27 and 28. Henry Shelton (8) Moody, md. Lukie Dodson. Source: Wm. Reece Smith, Jr.


Page 187, line 33. Gladys Elizabeth (8) Moody, b. 18 Aug. 1894.


Source: Wm. Reece Smith, Jr.


Page 188, line 3. Patrick Mann (7) Estes, b. 27 Jan. 1872.


Source: May Folk Webb - hand-corrected in her personal copy of CARY- ESTES.


Page 189, line 6. Moreau Pinckney (7) Estes, III, and line 14, Moreau Pinckney (8) Estes, IV.


Source: Moreau Pinckney Estes, IV of Brentwood, Tenn.


Page 191, line 6. Omission of Katherine Estes (8) Rice Lowe’s first child: i Barbara Estes; ii Harold Gladstone, Jr.; iii Katherine Rice.


Source: Katherine Rice (9) Lowe of Nashville, Tenn.


Page 191, line 29. Jo Ann (9) Rice.


Source: Herself, now Mrs. Boyd Smith of Rockford, Md.


Page 191, line 36. Clarence Mott Walker, b. 9 Dec. 1872.


Source: Thomas Jefferson (8) Walker of Dyersburg, Tenn.


Page 192, line 10. Annie Floumey (8) Rice, b. 23 Aug. 1923.


Source: Eugenia Read (8) Rice Eubanks (Mrs. W. Gregg Eubanks) of Omaha, Ill.


Page 192, line 28, Marianne Lindsay (8) Rice.


Source: Herself. She is now Mrs. David Wayland Charlton, Jr. of Bristol, Va.


Page 193, line 31. Nancy Rieves Cooke (8) Kefauver.


Source: Herself. She is now Mrs. George Leroy Fooshee of Knoxville, Tenn.


Page 193, line 33. Nora (8) Kefauver.


Source: Herself, of New York City.


Page 196, line 17. Alexander Fairleigh Estes (9) Smith.


Source: His father is 8th generation.


Page 196, lines 20 and 21. Nellie Hancock Stockton, b. 30 Mar. 1870. Source: Stockton Marion (7) Estes of Chester, Conn.

Page 196, lines 26 and 30. Cecilia Benjamin Slack and Cecilia Benjamin (8) Estes.


Sources: Stockton Marion Estes and Joel Cutter (8) Estes of San Diego, Calif.


Page 200, line 19. Betty Noel md. Henry Shelton Moody.


Source: Wm. Reece Smith, Jr., Tampa, Fla.  privacy statement